IC 4 = UGC 123 = MCG +03-01-029 = CGCG 456-040 = PGC 897

00 13 26.9 +17 29 11; Peg

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 12°

 

24" (9/16/17): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 35"x25".  No significant concentration but contains a quasi-stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 31' NW of NGC 57 in a star poor field.

 

Carl Frederick Pechüle discovered IC 4 on 12 Sep 1893 with an 11" refractor at the Copenhagen observatory, probably while searching for a comet.  He reported "very faint, pretty round, 10"-12" diameter, perhaps even bigger, fairly even brightness."  The IC position is 3' too far south, but there are no other nearby candidates.

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IC 6 = MCG -01-01-075 = PGC 1228

00 18 55.0 -03 16 34; Psc

V = 13.3;  Size 0.8'x0.8'

 

24" (9/1/16): at 220x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, gradually increases to the center.  Situated between two mag 12.5 stars 3.4' NW and 4.0' SE.  Forms a pair (identical redshifts) with IC 8 3.8' NE.

 

MCG -01-01-074, located 8.2' SSW, appeared extremely faint, very small, occasionally elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, very low surface brightness.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 6 = Sf. 89 = J. I-4 on 23 Sep 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  His position was 1' SE of PGC 1228, the brighter of a pair with IC 8, which he missed.  The Dearborn discovery list was not published until 1887 and added as an appendix to the NGC the following year.  Stephane Javelle probably was unaware of the prior discovery, and found the galaxy again on 19 Sep 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He reported it as the 4th object in his first discovery list with description, "faint, round, 15" diameter, stellar nucleus of 14th mag."  Dreyer assumed Sf. 89 referred to nearby IC 8 so Javelle was credited with the discovery of IC 6.

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IC 8 = MCG -01-01-076 = PGC 1234

00 19 02.7 -03 13 19; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 129°

 

24" (9/1/16): at 220x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 NW-SE, ~25"x18", weak concentration.  Fainter of a pair with IC 6 3.8' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 8 = J. I-5 on 19 Sep 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "vF, vS, irr E, lbM" and measured an accurate position.  Dreyer assumed Truman Safford's Sf. 89 was an earlier discovery of this galaxy and credited Safford, but he discovered nearby IC 6.

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IC 9 = MCG -02-02-001 = PGC 1271

00 19 44.0 -14 07 19; Cet

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  PA = 122°

 

24" (9/1/16): fairly faint, small, round, 18".  Contains a stellar nucleus embedded in a faint halo.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 9 = J. I-6 on 23 Aug 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "vF, roundish, 1' diameter" and measured an accurate position.  Dreyer assumed Truman Safford's Sf. 89 was an earlier discovery of this galaxy and credited Safford, but he discovered nearby IC 6.

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IC 10 = UGC 192 = MCG +10-01-001 = LBN 591 = PP 5 = PGC 1305

00 20 23.2 +59 17 35; Cas

V = 10.4;  Size 6.3'x5.1';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

18" (9/6/10): this local group dwarf Irregular was immediately picked up at 108x (without a printed finder chart) as a large, low surface brightness hazy glow, ~4'x2.5', roughly elongated NW-SE, though the outer extent increased with averted vision and careful viewing.  A mag 12.7 star is superposed to the southeast of center and a few stars are on the northwest end.  The 1.5' region surrounding the mag 12.7 star is the brightest portion of the galaxy and the W and NW regions have a very low surface brightness and appeared irregular and patchy.  Located 12' NE of mag 7.3 HD 486 and just north of a right triangle of mag 10-11 stars

 

Using 175x, a very small 15" knot was clearly visible about 50" following the mag 12.7 star.  This knot is a giant HII region (site of violent starburst formation) catalogued by Hodge and Lee (1990) as HL 111.  At 285x with direct vision a faint star at its west edge was similar in visibility, but with averted vision the HII knot was more evident.  I probably viewed the brightest component 111c, which has a diameter of 11", of this HII complex.  Two mag 10.5 stars 3.5' S and 5.5' S of the galaxy (part of the right triangle mentioned above) provide a useful guide to pinpoint the location of HL 111.  The HII region is directly on a line and equally spaced with these stars -- just follow the stars to the small knot.

 

18" (7/15/07): at 225x this Local Group member (M31 subgroup) appeared faint, fairly large, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~4.5'x3.5', low even surface brightness except fades at the edges.  A mag 13 star is superimposed west of center and a fainter star follows.  Located 1.4 degrees ENE of mag 2.3 Beta Cas (Caph).

 

18" (10/8/05): picked up fairly easily at 115x as a large, low surface brightness hazy region with a mag 13 star superimposed.  Good view at 160x using the Meade 14mm Ultrawide.  Appeared faint, large, slightly elongated, ~4'-5' diameter (though no distinct borders) with a patchy, mottled appearance, very weak concentration.  Several faint stars (besides the mag 13 star) are superimposed.  Situated within a rich star field and appears similar to a low surface brightness emission or reflection nebula.

 

13.1" (11/5/83): very faint, moderately large, elongated NW-SE.  Unusually low even surface brightness.  A mag 13 star is superimposed near the center.  Located in a very rich star field just 3.3° from the galactic plane!  Member of the Local Group.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 10 = Sw. VII-1 on 8 Oct 1887 and recorded "F * involved in vL, eeeF nebulosity, eee difficult.  In line with 2 stars of equal mag which with a 3rd forms a right angled triangle."

 

Nicholas Mayall first recognized IC 10 as a galaxy in 1935 ("An Extragalactic Object 3° from the Plane of the Galaxy" in PASP, 47, 317).  In 1936, Hubble suggested it might be a member of the local group and called it "One of the most curious objects in the sky" in his 1936 classic "The Realm of the Nebulae."  This wasn't confirmed until 1996 using Cepheid variables and the current distance estimate is ~2.5 million l.y.  This irregular dwarf galaxy is probably a member of the M31 satellite system and it lies only 3.3 deg from the galactic plane.

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IC 11 = NGC 281 = IC 1590 = Cr 8 = LBN 616 = Sh 2-184 = Ced 3 = Pac-Man Nebula

00 52 48 +56 37 42; Cas

Size 35'x30'

 

See observing notes for NGC 281.

 

E.E. Barnard found IC 11 around 1892 using the 6-inch Cooke refractor at Vanderbilt Observatory in Nashville.  The discovery was probably relayed directly to Dreyer as its not mentioned in any of his published papers.  There is nothing at the IC position but Corwin notes that his description points to NGC 281, which is 30 minutes of RA east, and perhaps there was a transcription error.

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IC 18 = Arp 100 NED1 = VV 234 = VIII Zw 25 = MCG -02-02-023 = PGC 1759

00 28 35.0 -11 35 12; Cet

Size 1.0'x0.5';  PA = 29°

 

48" (10/25/14): at 488x; moderately bright, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", weak concentration with an overall fairly low surface brightness.  A mag 16.5 star is adjacent to the center of the galaxy at the east edge.

 

The northern tidal tail was visible as a very faint, narrow extension, ~1' long, to the north-northeast (PA 30°).  The spike stretched roughly twice the length of the galaxy and was slightly brighter or easier to view near where it emerged on the north side of the galaxy.  The tidal plume to the south (not a bridge but extends in the general direction of IC 19) was not seen.

 

24" (9/15/12): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15", low surface brightness.  Fainter of a pair (Arp 100) with IC 19 3.4' SSE.  The long, narrow tidal plume extending to the NNE was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 18 = J. 1-11, along with IC 19, on 31 Aug 1892.  He noted "pF, S, irr, gbM" and measured an accurate position.

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IC 19 = Arp 100 NED2 = Mrk 949 = MCG -02-02-024 = PGC 1762

00 28 39.5 -11 38 27; Cet

Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 30°

 

48" (10/25/14): at 488x; fairly bright, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, , 25'x 20", bright core, stellar nucleus.  Brighter (higher surface brightness) of an interacting pair with IC 18 3.4' NNW.

 

24" (9/15/12): at 322x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 25" diameter, weak even concentration.  Brighter of pair (Arp 100) with IC 18  3.4' NNW.  Located nearly at the midpoint of mag 7.4 HD 2438 and mag 7.4 HD 2553 (17' separation WSW-ENE).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 19 = J. 1-12, along with IC 18, on 31 Aug 1892.  He noted "R, 20" diameter, stellar [nucl] = 14m." and measured an accurate position.

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IC 26 = NGC 135 = PGC 2010 = LEDA 138192

00 31 45.9 -13 20 16; Cet

V = 15.2;  Size 0.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

17.5" (10/21/95): faint, very small, round, weak concentration with a slightly brighter core.  Forms a quadrilateral with three mag 14 stars, all within 2'.  Located 3.5' SW of a mag 9.5 SAO 147324.

 

IC 27, misidentified as NGC 135 in the RNGC and PGC, lies 20' ESE.  It appeared very faint, small, slightly elongated ~N-S, very low surface brightness.  Located 7.9' SSE of mag 8.9 SAO 147331 and 8.6' NW of mag 8.6 SAO 147330.  MCG -02-02-051 lies 13' N.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 26 = J. 1-18, along with IC 27 and 28, on 4 Nov 1891.  This galaxy was discovered earlier by Francis Leavenworth on 2 Oct 1886 and reported in list I-5 (later NGC 135).  His rough position, though, is ~2 minutes too far west, but the identification is secure based on his sketch.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate position for NGC 135 around 1899 (repeated in the IC 2 notes) though Dreyer failed to equate NGC 135 and IC 26.  So, IC 26 is likely an duplicate entry for NGC 135 (or vice versa).  See NGC 135 for more.

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IC 27 = LEDA 143572

00 33 06.2 -13 22 17; Cet

Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

17.5" (12/3/88): very faint, small, slightly elongated ~N-S, very low surface brightness.  Located 7.9' SSE of mag 8.9 SAO 147331 and 8.6' NW of mag 8.6 SAO 147330.  MCG -02-02-051 lies 13' N.

 

The RNGC misidentifies IC 27 as NGC 135.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 27 = J. 1-19, along with IC 28, on 4 Nov 1891 and recorded "faint, ill-defined, slightly elongated along the diurnal movement, 20" long, brighter center."  PGC and RNGC misidentify IC 27 as NGC 135, as well as secondary sources such as Megastar.  PGC 143572 is not identified as IC 27 in HyperLeda (as of 12/15).

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IC 29 = MCG +00-02-072 = CGCG 383-036 = PGC 2042

00 34 10.8 -02 10 39; Cet

V = 14.0;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  First in a quartet with IC 30 5.7' NNE.  The light-travel time is ~750 million years, so a pretty distant group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 29 = J. 1-21, along with IC 30, 32 and 33, on 6 Nov 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 30 = MCG +00-02-074 = PGC 2050

00 34 14.7 -02 05 04; Cet

V = 15.1;  Size 0.7'x0.35';  PA = 23°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; extremely faint and small, 12" (probably the core only).  The galaxy was only occasionally visible though confirmed.  Second and probably faintest in a quartet of IC galaxies with IC 29 5.7' SSW.

 

With a redshift z between 0.79 and .082 (depending on the source), this galaxy has a light-travel time of just over 1 billion years.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 30 = J. 1-22, along with IC 29, 32 and 33, on 6 Nov 1891.  His position is accurate. This is one of the 5 most distant galaxies discovered visually in the NGC/IC.

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IC 32 = MCG +00-02-080 = PGC 2096

00 35 01.7 -02 08 30; Cet

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 1°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; very faint, extremely small, round, 12" diameter.  Forms a close pair with IC 33 just 0.9' E.  IC 32 is collinear with two mag 14/14.5 stars 1.4' WNW and 3.3' WNW. The duo is 12' following IC 29 and 30, forming a quartet.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 32 = J. 1-23, along with IC 29, 30 and 33, on 6 Nov 1891.  His position is accurate to within 30".

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IC 33 = MCG +00-02-082 = PGC 2101

00 35 05.2 -02 08 16; Cet

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; similar or slightly fainter than IC 32, just 0.9' W.  Appeared extremely to very faint, round, 12" diameter, no structure.  Last in a quartet with IC 29, 30 and 32.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 33 = J. 1-24, along with IC 29, 30 and 32, on 6 Nov 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 34 = UGC 351 = MCG +01-02-032 = CGCG 409-044 = PGC 2134

00 35 36.4 +09 07 27; Psc

V = 12.6;  Size 2.4'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 156°

 

24" (9/1/16): at 200x; fairly bright, fairly large, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 1.5'x0.6', bright core.  A mag 15 star is 1.4' S of center, just off the south end.  Forms a pair with UGC 353 7.7' S.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 34 = Sf. 97 = Sw. IX-1 on 22 Oct 1867 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  The discovery list was not published until 1887 and Lewis Swift found the galaxy again on 18 Sep 1889 and reported it as new in his 9th list.  Both Safford's and Swift's position are good and both are credited in the IC.

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IC 39 = NGC 178 = VIII Zw 34 = MCG -02-02-078 = PGC 2349

00 39 08.4 -14 10 26; Cet

V = 12.6;  Size 2.0'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 175°

 

See observing notes for NGC 178.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 39 = J. 1-28 on 26 Aug 1892.  His position matches MCG -02-02-078 = PGC 2349.  This galaxy was discovered first by Ormond Stone on 3 Nov 1885.  Stone's rough position for LM 1-7 (later NGC 178) is 1.5 min too far west, but his description and sketch (examined by Harold Corwin) matches this galaxy.  Herbert Howe later searched for NGC 178 and measured an accurate position in 1898-99 (repeated in the IC 2 notes), though Dreyer failed to equate NGC 178 and IC 39.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 40 = UGC 413 = MCG +00-02-106 = CGCG 383-056 = PGC 2376

00 39 21.4 +02 27 22; Cet

V = 14.1;  Size 1.1'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 14°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 0.6'x0.3', very small bright core.  Located on the south side of the NGC 182 group (24' SE of NGC 182).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 40 = J. 2-510 on 8 Jan 1894.  His position is just off the northeast side of the galaxy.

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IC 41 = LEDA 138206

00 39 40.4 -14 10 28; Cet

Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 162°

 

24" (9/30/16): at 282x; faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, ~20"x15".  Located 3.7' N of NGC 207 and 7.8' E of NGC 178.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 41 = J. 1-29 on 26 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate so there is no doubt about the identification.  Nevertheless MCG misidentifies MCG -03-02-035 = NGC 207 as IC 41.  As a result, the PGC incorrectly equates IC 41 and NGC 207.  See NGC 207 for more identification errors.

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IC 43 = UGC 448 = MCG +05-02-040 = CGCG 500-072 = LGG 014-017 = PGC 2536

00 42 22.1 +29 38 30; And

V = 13.2;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 117°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, 1' diameter, broad concentration, contains a brighter core that gradually increases to the center.  A mag 10.7 star is 3.4' SE.  IC 45 is a very faint pair of stars (mag 15.2/15.7 at ~17"), ~3' ENE.  UGC 449, situated 3.5' N, appeared very faint, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 36"x15", low even surface brightness.  UGC 449 is misidentified as IC 45 in most sources.

 

17.5" (10/5/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.9'x0.7', broad concentration to a slightly brighter core.  A faint stellar nucleus was visible with direct vision.  Located 3.4' NW of a mag 10.4 star.  Member of the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 43 = B. 106 on 15 Nov 1889 and noted "diffuse, with a stellar condensation, and seems slightly eccentric."

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IC 44 = NGC 223 = UGC 450 = MCG +00-02-129 = PGC 2527

00 42 15.8 +00 50 44; Cet

V = 13.2;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 62°

 

See observing notes for NGC 223.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 44 = Sw. X-1 on 12 Nov 1890 and reported "eF; S; R; bet 2 st." His position is ~2' north of NGC 233 Dreyer either assumed it was new or just missed the equivalence.  In any case, NGC 223 = IC 44.  See NGC 223 for more.

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IC 45

00 42 36.4 +29 39 17; And

V = 15.2/15.7

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; very faint pair of mag 15/15.5 stars (less than 20" separation) situated 3' ENE of IC 43.

 

UGC, MCG, PGC and RC3 (and Megastar) misidentify UGC 449, situated 3.5' due north of IC 43, as IC 45.  This galaxy appeared very faint, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 36"x15", low even surface brightness.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 45 = Big. 107, along with IC 43, on 15 Nov 1889.  As reported by Corwin and Thompson, Bigourdan's position for IC 43 is good, but there is nothing at his estimated position for Big. 107.  A decade later, he remeasured IC 43 and could not find Big. 107, but logged a possible cluster nearby.  At his measured position is a mag 15/15.5 double star.  UGC, MCG, PGC and RC3 (and Megastar) misidentify UGC 449, situated 3.5' due north of IC 43, as IC 45.

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IC 48 = IC 1577 = MCG -01-03-001 = MCG -02-03-001 = PGC 2603

00 43 34.5 -08 11 11; Cet

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 171°

 

18" (12/17/11): at 288x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, sharply concentrated with a very small, very bright 15" core surrounded by a much fainter 35" halo.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 48 = IC 1577 on 30 Nov 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while sweeping for comets.  He first reported in his notebook "Picked up a smallish pB neb." He worked out an accurate postion using the nearby offset star HD 3939 and called the nebula "pB, S, R, gbM to stellar nucleus 13m."  His position for 1888 (published in AN 3097) was very accurate, but Dreyer erroneously precessed the declination (to 1880 coordinates) 18' too far south.  Dreyer's IC description “pF, S (? var brightness)” is a brief summary of Barnard’s comments in AN 3097.

 

As far as IC 1577, Dreyer’s description reads “pB, S, R, gbM, stell N”.  This is identical to Barnard’s logbook description on 30 Nov 1888. Furthermore, the IC position (00h 37m 31s -08° 54.3’ in 1860 coordinates) is identical to Barnard’s logbook position of 00h 38m 56s  -08° 45’ (for 1888.0).  I assume Barnard sent this notebook data with a poor position to Dreyer after 1894.  Perhaps he scanned through his old notebooks looking for new nebulae and forgot about his earlier announcement. Whatever happened, it seems clear that IC 1577 = IC 48, both from his 30 Nov 1888 discovery.

 

Barnard believed IC 48 and IC 356 were variable nebulae ("Two Probably Variable Nebulae" in AN 3097, 1892) and wrote "On November 30, 1888 I discovered a small pretty bright nebula in Cetus [IC 48] and was surprised from the brightness of the nebula, to find that it was not in any catalogue.  I carefully measured its position with the micrometer, and examined it the next night, suspecting it to be a comet.  No motion being detected it was observed further.  I have a very distinct recollection of the object and from my description I would estimate that it was between 9th and 10th magnitude.  In its center was a very small stellar nucleus of the 13th mag.  Not having seen the nebula in my subsequent sweeps in that neighborhood, I was led in 1891 to examine its position with the 12-inch.  The nebula was found with some difficulty.  It was extremely faint, and was only identified by the aid of the comparison star of the previous observation.  This was November 22, 1891.  I estimated it to be 13.5 magnitude, 1/2' in diameter, with perhaps a faint nucleus."

 

The galaxy was photographed 6 times between 1915 and 1919 at the Helwan Observatory in Egypt and reported in 1921 as displaying no variability.

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IC 49 = UGC 468 = MCG +00-03-003 = CGCG 384-003 = PGC 2617

00 43 56.1 +01 51 01; Cet

V = 13.7;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 107°

 

24" (9/22/17): at 375x: faint to fairly faint, slightly elongated ~E-W, 45"x35", slight brighter core region but overall low surface brightness.  At moments it appeared a bit more elongated, perhaps 4:3 or 50"x35".  A mag 14.4 star is 2.5' S.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 49 = Sw. X-2 on 18 Sep 1890 and reported "eeeF; pS; R; eee diff.  Faintest object ever seen here [at Warner Observatory]."  His position is accurate.  This statement surprises me as I've observed much fainter galaxies that Swift discovered in Draco.

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IC 50 = MCG -02-03-010 = PGC 2698

00 46 05.7 -09 30 11; Cet

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 168°

 

24" (9/30/16): at 282x; fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter, gradually increases to a faint stellar nucleus.  Situated within a triangle formed by mag 9.1 HD 4306 10' WSW, mag 8.5 HD 4435 7.5' SE and mag 9.7 HD 4410 4' NE.  The latter star has two wide 13.5-14 companions.  In addtion a mag 11.2 star is 2' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 50 = J. 1-32 on 27 Sep 1892.  He noted "faint, appears as a mag 13 star surrounded by nebulosity" and measured an accurate position.

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IC 51 = Arp 230 = MCG -02-03-011 = PGC 2710

00 46 24.2 -13 26 32; Cet

Size 1.3'x1.2';  PA = 30°

 

17.5" (12/11/99): at 280x, faint, fairly small, round, 0.6' diameter.  A mag 15 star is just off the SW edge [52" from center].  Located 28' E of mag 7.6 SAO 147425.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 51 = J. 1-33 on 30 Aug 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, S, bM, slightly mottled."

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IC 53 = UGC 516 = MCG +02-03-005 = CGCG 435-011 = PGC 2951

00 50 40.8 +10 36 01; Psc

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 94°

 

24" (9/8/18): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, fairly small.  The galaxy initially appeared elongated 4:3 or 3:2 E-W, ~30"x20" and brighter along the major axis, but then I realized there was a faint star [mag 15.7] at the western end of the galaxy that enhanced the elongation.  IC 53 is located 21' W of STF 67, an excellent 9.0/9.6 pair at 2.3" that was easily resolved with plenty of black space between.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 53 = Sw. X-3 on 25 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF pS; R; B * in field south.  Others suspected."  His position is about 3' too far northwest, but there are no other nearby galaxies and the description fits (a mag 8.5 star is 11' S).

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IC 59 = Sh 2-185 = LBN 620 = Ced 4a

00 57 14 +61 10.8; Cas

Size 10'x5'

 

18" (12/22/11): best view was unfiltered at 108x.  Appears as a faint, large, irregular glow, roughly 8'x5'. Elongated E-W and extends to a group of a half-dozen stars at the NE end.  This group of stars is also possibly involved with the haze.  There is a slightly brighter patch on the south side.  Located 25' N of Gamma Cas.

 

18" (7/15/07): this large reflection nebula just 20' N of Gamma Cas (Navi) has a low even surface brightness and appears as a large oval-shaped hazy region ~6'x4' and elongated ~N-S.  Fainter of pair with IC 63 located 25' SE.

 

17.5" (11/1/86): located 20' N of Gamma Cassiopeia.  This emission nebula is larger than IC 63 but has a lower surface brightness.  Easy with averted vision and appears large, elongated ~N-S, with a fairly even surface brightness.  IC 63 lies 20' SE.

 

13.1": very faint, fairly large, very diffuse, visible with averted only.  Forms a pair with IC 63.

 

IC 59 and 63 were discovered independently on photographs taken by Max Wolf (probably towards the end of 1893) as well as E.E. Barnard on a plate taken 2 Feb 1894 of 3 hours exposure.  Wolf announced the discovery in AN 134 [3214], 365 (1894), "Ueber einige neue Nebelflecke" (Some New Nebulae).  Barnard stated "before beginning this [second] exposure [on 6 Feb 1894], I carefully examined the sky close to Gamma with the 12-inch and a power of 80, with a field of 42'.  The sky was fine.  It was with the utmost difficulty that I could see these two nebulae.  They were excessively dilute and faint, and never would have detected if the photographic plate (from 2 Feb) had not revealed them."  Roberts photographed the Gamma Cas area earlier on 17 Jan 1890, but his image shows no nebulosity and he failed to mention nebulosity in the field.

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IC 63 = Sh 2-185 = LBN 622 = Ced 4b

00 59 29 +60 54 40; Cas

Size 10'x3'

 

18" (7/15/07): unusual triangular or wedge-shaped nebula just 20' NE of Gamma Cas.  At 115x appears fairly large, elongated SW-NE, ~6' diameter, with the brighter vertex at the west end. The southern edge, which extends towards the SW, is slightly brighter and more sharply defined.  The interior of the wedge is slightly fainter with subtle brightness variations.  The OIII and UHC filter dimmed the object.  IC 63 is brighter than IC 59, which is found 20' N of Gamma.

 

17.5" (11/1/86): distinct fan-shaped nebulosity extending east and NE with the vertex at the west end.  The southern border (extending E-W) has a sharper edge.  Brighter than nearby IC 59 in the field 20' NW.  Located 20' NE of Gamma Cassiopeiae.

 

13.1": very faint, fairly large, very diffuse, fan-shaped.  Forms a pair with IC 63.

 

IC 59 and 63 were discovered independently on photographs taken by Max Wolf (end of Dec 1893) as well as E.E. Barnard (6 Feb 1894).  Wolf announced the discovery in AN 134 [3214], 365 (1894), "Ueber einige neue Nebelflecke" (Some New Nebulae).

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IC 64 = UGC 613 = MCG +04-03-031 = CGCG 480-030 = PGC 3550

00 59 24.4 +27 03 33; Psc

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  PA = 148°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, ~30"x20", low surface brightness, ill-defined slightly brighter core region.  Member of the NGC 326 group at a distance of ~625 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 64 = J. 2-516 on 5 Dec 1893.  His postion matches UGC 613.  The CGCG doesn't label CGCG 480-030 as IC 64.

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IC 65 = UGC 625 = MCG +08-03-005 = CGCG 551-004 = LGG 016-003 = PGC 3635

01 00 55.6 +47 40 55; And

V = 12.8;  Size 3.9'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.3;  PA = 155°

 

17.5" (9/1/02): fairly faint, fairly large, edge-on 4:1 NNW-SSE, 2.5'x0.6'.  Contains a slightly brighter, bulging core.  The outer tips fades into the background, so it was difficult to estimate the full extent.  A faint star is just off the following side of the core and a pair of mag 14 stars is off the southeast extension.  Located in a rich star field 8.5' WSW of mag 8 HD 5982.

 

17.5" (11/26/94): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 NNW-SSE, 3.5'x1.0', weak concentration to a brighter middle but no nucleus.  Several faint stars are near including a mag 14 star at the northwest tip and two mag 14 stars are situated on either side of the south-southeast end.  A brighter mag 12 star is 3.5' NNW of center.  Located 8.6' WSW of mag 7.8 SAO 36857.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 65 = Sw. X-4 on 25 Sep 1890 and recorded "eF; pL; vE; 2 B st. in field; one f[ollowing] the other s[outh]."

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IC 66 = UGC 623 = MCG +05-03-033 = CGCG 501-059 = LGG 014-039 = PGC 3606

01 00 32.5 +30 47 50; Psc

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 125°

 

17.5" (10/5/02): faint, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.3'.  Located 8' N of NGC 338 and 18' SW of IC 69 in the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster (SW of the Pisces Chain).

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 66 = Big. 108 on 12 Nov 1890 with the 12" refractor at the Paris Observatory.

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IC 69 = MCG +05-03-041 = CGCG 501-066 = LGG 014-041 = PGC 3666 = PGC 1929122

01 01 23.8 +31 02 29; Psc

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (10/5/02): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.6', low even surface brightness.  Located 4' SW of mag 8.4 SAO 54358.  IC 66 lies 18' SW.  Member of the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 69 = Sf 66 on 8 Nov 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "F, iF, lbM."

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IC 77 = MCG -03-04-012 = PGC 73653

01 08 43.7 -15 25 15; Cet

Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (11/22/03): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Only visible intermittently.  Located just 2' SW of IC 80 in AGC 151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 77 = J. 1-41, along with IC 80 on 31 Aug 1892.  Harold Corwin notes that Javelle's positions are unambiguous although MCG misidentified IC 80 (a double galaxy) as IC 77.

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IC 78 = MCG -03-04-010 = PGC 4079

01 08 47.6 -15 50 34; Cet

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 124°

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, moderately large, fairly low surface brightness with weak concentration.  Initially just a 40" core was noticed but with extended viewing larger extensions increased the total size to ~1.2'x0.6'.  Possible member of AGC 151 or in a foreground group with IC 79 6.4' S and IC 82 10' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 78 = J. 1-42, along with IC 79 and 82, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 79 = MCG -03-04-011 = PGC 4082

01 08 49.7 -15 56 55; Cet

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, small, slightly elongated, 25"x20", a mag 14 star is just off the NNE edge, 30" from center.  Located between IC 78 6.4' N and IC 82 5' SE in AGC 151 (or possibly a foreground cluster).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 79 = J. 1-43, along with IC 78 and 82, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 80 = MCG -03-04-008 = MCG -03-04-009 = SCG 8 = PGC 4072 = PGC 4071

01 08 51.1 -15 24 23; Cet

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 45°

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 40"x25", low even surface brightness.  This is a double system and the observation probably refers to both components, which were not resolved.  IC 80 forms a close pair with IC 77 2' SW in AGC 151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 80 = J. 1-44, along with IC 77, on 31 Aug 1892.  Although Javelle's positions are unambiguous MCG misidentifies IC 80 as IC 77 and SIMBAD misidentifies MCG -03-04-012 = PGC 4070 as IC 80.

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IC 81 = MCG +00-04-015 = CGCG 385-010 = PGC 4127

01 09 22.3 -01 41 45; Cet

V = 13.5;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  PA = 135°

 

24" (9/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, sharp stellar nucleus, surround by a small 15" halo that was better seen with averted vision.  A mag 13.2 is close southeast [0.8' from center].  Forms a pair with UGC 726 9.4' ESE.  The UGC appeared faint, moderately large, elongated NW-SE but irregular with a low surface brightness, weakly brighter center.  A mag 9.6 star is 5' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 81 = Sw. VII-2 on 18 Oct 1887 and reported "eF;, S; lE; * close nf."  His position is 2.8' WNW of CGCG 385-010 = PGC 4127.  Herbert Howe reobserved the galaxy in 1900 and reported, "I could find no "* close nf."  A star of mag 11 follows 3s, 0.3' south."  He also corrected the position, which was repeated in the IC notes/corrections section.  The MCG lists this galaxy (-00-04-013), but doesn't identify it as IC 81.

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IC 82 = MCG -03-04-013 = PGC 4103

01 09 05.8 -16 00 01; Cet

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 111°

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter, low surface brightness.  Third in the 257x field close south of the core of AGC 151 with IC 79 5' NW and IC 78 10' NW.  Located 6' NW of a mag 10.4 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 82 = J. 1-45, along with IC 78 and 79, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 89 = NGC 446 = MCG +01-04-012 = CGCG 411-016 = PGC 4578

01 16 03.6 +04 17 38; Psc

V = 12.4;  Size 2.0'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

17.5" (12/23/92): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 NW-SE, prominent sharp bright core with a nearly stellar nucleus.  This galaxy is identified as IC 89 in UGC, CGCG and RC3.  NGC 446 lies 19' WSW and NGC 462 is 30' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 89 = J. 1-49 on 20 Aug 1892.  His position matches CGCG 411-016 = PGC 4578.  This galaxy is possibly identical to NGC 446, discovered by Marth on 23 Oct 1864.  Marth's position is 1.0 minute of RA west of IC 89.  UGC, CGCG, MCG and RC3 use IC 89 as the primary designation for this galaxy.  Karl Reinmuth also makes the equivalence NGC 446 = IC 89 and gives the IC position.  UGC, CGCG (411-010) and RNGC identify UGC 794 = PGC 4494 as NGC 446.  This galaxy is located 13 sec of RA east and 7' north of UGC 794, which would require random errors in both directions by Marth instead of a single digit error.

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IC 92 = MCG +05-04-020 = CGCG 502-029 = PGC 4780

01 19 48.4 +32 46 04; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 0°

 

17.5" (12/23/89): extremely faint, small.  A mag 15 star is 1' NW.  Located 10' WNW of NGC 472 = NGC 468.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 92 = Big. 115 on 2 Nov 1885 with the 12" refractor at Paris.  His position is a fairly close match with CGCG 502-029 = PGC 4780.  This galaxy has been assumed identical to NGC 468 = h98, discovered by John Herschel on 22 Nov 1827.  Herschel's position was 4' south of the galaxy and as a result Dreyer added the comment in the IC "? different from h 98", indicating his uncertainty if IC 92 was the same object.

 

In March 2015, Harold Corwin checked JH's observing logs (in response to an inquiry from Courtney Seligman about the identity), and found that Herschel made an error in reducing the position of NGC 468 by 37 seconds (recording the wrong wire).  Once corrected, his position for h98 = NGC 468 is a close match with NGC 472 = UGC 870, a significantly brighter galaxy than IC 92.  So, IC 92 should be the single identity for this galaxy.  See NGC 468 for more.

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IC 93 = IC 1671 = MCG -03-04-043 = PGC 4724

01 19 02.3 -17 03 37; Cet

V = 13.2;  Size 1.3'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 170°

 

18" (11/13/07): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated at least 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.7'x0.2', broad weak concentration.  The tips taper, though there is a strong impression of irregularities at the tips.  Forms a pair with much fainter IC 1667 4.8' W.  The IC 1670 pair lies 15' N.

 

18" (12/18/06): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 0.75'x0.3', weak concentration, slightly asymmetric appearance at the ends.  IC 1667 lies 4.8' W.  Located 11' W of mag 8.5 HD 8061.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 93 = Sw. IX-2 on 28 Sep 1889 and recorded "vF; pS; lE; 8 mag * f 46s and 1' north."  His position and description matches   MCG -03-04-043 = PGC 4724.  He found this galaxy again on 18 Dec 1895 and included it in list XI-18 (later IC 1671).  His position, though, was poor (30 seconds of time too large and 2.3' too far south), so Dreyer naturally assumed it was new.  But Swift's description ("p 7m * nf 47 sec") confirms IC 93 = IC 1671.

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IC 96 = MCG +05-04-023 = CGCG 502-035 = PGC 4840

01 20 33.2 +29 37 01; Psc

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.3';  PA = 43°

 

24" (10/1/16): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, ~30"x15", low even surface brightness.  Forms a pair with IC 1672 5' NNE.  The identification of IC 96 is very uncertain and the number may be a duplicate of IC 1672.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 96 = Sf 69 on 1 Dec 1866 and recorded "pB, pS, vmb MN = 12-13m".  His position is 4.6' NW of CGCG 502-035.  Harold Corwin, Wolfgang Steinicke and NED identifies CGCG 502-035 = PGC 4840 as IC 96, but not PGC or HyperLEDA.  But Safford's position is also 4.6' SW of IC 1672, so his object could be to either object.  Malcolm Thomson and Courtney Seligman favor IC 96 = IC 1672 as Safford only found one object and IC 1672 is roughly a magnitude brighter.  Also his description is a better match with IC 1672, which is not noticeably elongated and has a brighter nucleus.

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IC 97 = NGC 475 = PGC 4796

01 20 02.0 +14 51 40; Psc

V = 15.0;  Size 0.4'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

See observing notes for NGC 475.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 97 = Big. 3-117 on 12 Oct 1888 while searching for NGC 475, which he misidentified as a star.  His position matches NGC 475, which was discovered by Marth on 3 Nov 1864.  The NGC position (supposedly an improved micrometric position from C.H.F. Peters) is 0.3 minutes of RA too far east, so Dreyer mistakenly assumed Big. 117 was a new object and catalogued it again as IC 97.   So, IC 97 = NGC 475, with discovery credit to Marth.

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IC 101 = UGC 949 = MCG +02-04-036 = CGCG 436-039 = LGG 023-003 = PGC 5147

01 24 08.6 +09 55 50; Psc

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 127°

 

18" (12/3/05): faint hazy spot, irregularly round, ~20"-25" diameter.  A mag 14.5 star lies 1' S.  Pair with fainter IC 102 5' SE.  Located 10' SW of NGC 522 in the NGC 524 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 101 = J. 2-523, along with IC 102 and 114, and recorded "vF, E, about 1' long, no central condensation."  It was found again on a Crossley reflector plate taken by Keeler in 1898-1900 and catalogued as a new nebula (#28) in the 1908 Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol VIII.

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IC 102 = UGC 954 = CGCG 436-040 = PGC 5172

01 24 26.3 +09 53 12; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 0.9'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 111°

 

18" (12/3/05): extremely faint, very small, 15" diameter, no details.  Marginal object that was just glimpsed as drifted through the field.  Located 8' SW of NGC 522 in the NGC 524 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 102 = J. 2-524, along with IC 101 and 114, and recorded "eF, S, poorly define, no central condensation."  It was found again on a Crossley reflector plate taken by Keeler in 1898-1900 and catalogued as a new nebula (#29) in the 1908 Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol VIII.

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IC 103 = UGC 963 = MCG +00-04-117 = CGCG 385-107 = WBL 043-001 = PGC 5192

01 24 36.4 +02 02 39; Cet

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 127°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; faint, very small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 25"x20", quasi-stellar nucleus.  First in a triplet (WBL 043) with IC 105 3' NE and IC 109 9' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 103 = J. 1-53, along with IC 105 and 109, on 5 Nov 1891 and recorded "faint, round, 10" diameter."  His positions are all offset ~1' to the northwest, but the identifications are certain.

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IC 105 = CGCG 385-109 = WBL 043-002 = PGC 5206

01 24 46.2 +02 04 31; Cet

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.25';  PA = 47°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; very faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 25"x20".  A mag 12.8 star is 2.2' N and a mag 14.5 star is 1.3' SE.  In a trio (WBL 043) with IC 103 3' SW and IC 109 7' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 105 = J. 1-54, along with IC 103 and 109, on 5 Nov 1891 and recorded "faint, round, 5" diameter, small central condensation."  His positions are all offset ~1' to the northwest, but the identifications are certain.

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IC 106 = NGC 530 = UGC 965 = MCG +00-04-119 = PGC 5210

01 24 41.7 -01 35 14; Cet

V = 13.0;  Size 1.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 134°

 

17.5" (9/19/87): fairly faint, fairly small, oval NW-SE, weak concentration.  A mag 13 star is at the SE end 0.9' from center.  Forms a pair with IC 1696 3' SE within AGC 194.

 

13.1" (9/22/84): moderately bright, edge-on NW-SE, bright core.  A mag 12 star is off the SE end.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 106 = Big. 3-119 on 16 Nov 1887.  This galaxy was discovered a year earlier by Lewis Swift and reported in his sixth list (Sw. VI-9 = NGC 530).  Swift's RA is 15 seconds too large, so Bigourdan and Dreyer missed the equivalence IC 106 = NGC 530 until the field was examined again in 1897 by Herbert Howe.  MCG identifies this galaxy as IC 106 only (NGC 530 is misidentified as MCG +00-04-122) but UGC states NGC 530 = IC 106.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 107 = IC 1700 = UGC 986 = MCG +02-04-041 = CGCG 436-047 = PGC 5271

01 25 24.7 +14 51 53; Psc

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  PA = 6°

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately to fairly bright, small, round, 20", high surface brightness.  Gradually increases towards the center, then a sharp stellar nucleus.  A mag 14.5 star is at the southwest edge.  Brightest in a small trio with IC 1698 1.6' SSW and UGC 978 2.8' WNW.  IC 1704 lies 26' ESE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 107 = Sw. X-5 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "vF; vS; R; * close preceding."  His position is 19 seconds of RA west of UGC 986 = PGC 5271, the brightest of a trio, and this galaxy has a star "close preceding" matching his description.  Coincidentally, his poor position falls near UGC 978, the faintest in the trio, which is misidentified as IC 107 in the CGCG, UGC, MCG, RC 3 and NGC 2000, as well as secondary sources such as Megastar software.   

 

Stephane Javelle independently found PGC 5271 again on 18 Jan 1896 (along with IC 1698, IC 1704 and IC 1706), assumed it was new, and Dreyer catalogued it again as IC 1700.  Most sources identify UGC 986 as IC 1700 due to its unambiguous position, though by historical precedence IC 107 should be the primary designation.

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IC 109 = UGC 980 = MCG +00-04-128 = CGCG 385-117 = WBL 043-003 = PGC 5251

01 25 13.0 +02 04 01; Cet

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 90°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; faint, small, slightly elongated, low surface brightness, 25" diameter, very weak concentration.  A mag 14.7 star is 1.6' W and a mag 15.4 star is off the west side [0.6' from center].  Third in a trio with IC 105 6.7' WNW and IC 103 9' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 109 = J. 1-56, along with IC 103 and 105, on 5 Nov 1891 and recorded "pretty bright, round, 10" diameter."  His positions are all offset ~1' to the northwest, but the identifications are certain.

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IC 113 = LEDA 3617669

01 26 25.5 +19 11 31; Psc

Size 0.35'x0.35'

 

24" (10/1/16): at 375x; very faint to faint, small, round, 15" diameter, low surface brightness.  Situated 2.7' NE of mag 5.4 Rho Psc and 5' SW of mag 5.5 94 Psc!  These stars are very bright and very distracting if within the field!  It was easy to place 94 Psc outside the edge of the field and with a little care Rho Psc could also be moved just outside the edge of the 10mm Zeiss Abbe Ortho.  IC 115 lies 7' ENE.  Located at a redshift-based light travel time of ~585 million years in the cluster AGC 195.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 113, along with IC 115, on 25 Jul 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "vF, 3' nf of * 5m [Rho Psc]" and measured an accurate positon based on the bright star.

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IC 114 = UGC 1015 = MCG +02-04-048 = CGCG 436-050 = PGC 5343

01 26 22.6 +09 54 36; Psc

V = 14.1;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 150°

 

18" (12/3/05): extremely faint, small, appears as a low surface brightness spot ~25" diameter, appears elongated but too faint for details.  A mag 13 star lies 1.8' W.  Located 30' NE of NGC 524 in a large group of galaxies.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 114 = J. 2-526, along with IC 101 and 102, and recorded "eF, vS, R, 20" diameter."

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IC 115 = MCG +03-04-039 = CGCG 459-054 = PGC 5395

01 26 54.4 +19 12 53; Psc

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

24" (10/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, fairly even surface brightness.  Located 3.4' SE of mag 5.5 94 Piscium and 9.6' NE of mag 5.4 Rho Piscium.  IC 115 is the brightest cluster member of AGC 195.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 115, along with IC 113, on 25 Jul 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while examining whether the nearby bright stars were double.  He noted "vF, * 6m [94 Psc] 3.5' npp" and measured an accurate offset with respect to the star.

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IC 117 = NGC 560 = UGC 1036 = MCG +00-04-151 = CGCG 385-145 = PGC 5430

01 27 25.4 -01 54 47; Cet

V = 13.0;  Size 1.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 178°

 

See observing notes for NGC 560.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 117 = J. 1-58 on 6 Nov 1891.  There is nothing at his position but Harold Corwin discovered that Javelle misidentified his offset star.  Once corrected, Javelle's offsets point directly to NGC 558.  So, IC 117 = NGC 558.  See Corwin's write-up on this error.

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IC 119 = UGC 1047 = MCG +00-04-157 = CGCG 385-149 = PGC 5465

01 27 55.0 -02 02 26; Cet

V = 14.2;  Size 1.2'x0.5';  PA = 77°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 E-W, low even surface brightness, 0.6'x0.2'.  The view is significantly compromised by mag 7.0 HD 8943 just 1.6'E!  Also mag 8.6 HD 8930 is 3' N.  Member of AGC 194 with NGC 564 10' N, NGC 560 11' NW, NGC 558 11' WNW and IC 120 8' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 119 = J. 1-59 on 6 Nov 1891 and recorded "faint, elongated E-W, without condensation."  His position matches UGC 1047 in AGC 194.

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IC 120 = CGCG 385-152 = WBL 047-004 = PGC 5484

01 28 13.0 -01 54 56; Cet

V = 14.5;  Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 138°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 30"x12.  Located 6.6' ESE of NGC 564 and 7.7' NNE of mag 7.0 HD 8943.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 120 = J. 1-60 on 3 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 127 = MCG -01-04-057 = PGC 5581

01 29 47.6 -06 58 48; Cet

V = 13.7;  Size 1.7'x0.4';  PA = 110°

 

24" (10/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 1.0'x0.3', slightly brighter core.  The view is somewhat hampered by a mag 12.5 star that is superimposed on the south edge of the southeast extension.  The galaxy extends mostly northwest of this star.  Situated 4.3' WNW of a mag 9.7 star and 24' WSW of NGC 584 in a group (LGG 027 = USGC S056).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 127 = J. 2-530 on 14 Dec 1892.  He noted "faint, pretty small, diffuse, very close to a mag 11.5 star" and measured an accurate position.

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IC 128 = MCG -02-04-063 = PGC 5659

01 31 23.9 -12 37 28; Cet

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 165°

 

24" (10/1/16): at 375x; very faint, small, round, 15" diameter.  IC 128 is the fainter of a pair with IC 129 2.6' SE.  IC 128 appears distorted on the DSS with a tidal plume to the northwest.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 128 = J. I-65, along with IC 129, on 3 Jan 1891. He noted "faint, round, with stellar nucleus" and measured an accurate position.  The MCG incorrectly equates -02-04-062 with IC 128 instead of MCG -02-04-063.

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IC 129 = MCG -02-05-001 = PGC 5675

01 31 31.2 -12 39 16; Cet

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.7';  PA = 78°

 

24" (10/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 WSW-ENE, 24"x16" (central region), contains a small bright nucleus that gradually increases to the center.  Forms a physical pair with IC 128 2.6' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 121 = J. 2-528, along with IC 123 = J. 2-529, on 6 Jan 1894.  Both positions are offset about 1.2' too far NNW, but the identifications are certain.

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IC 131 = M33-A29 = BCLMP 290

01 33 14.6 +30 44 56; Tri

 

18" (12/8/07): faint, quasi-stellar knot to the southeast of a N-S pair of stars (this pair is also collinear with NGC 592 located 6' S of IC 131).  But, according to Harold Corwin this compact HII region was assumed to be a mag 13.5 star by Bigourdan and IC 131 refers to two very small star clouds close following (seen in the 10/25/97 observation below, but missed this time). The nearly stellar knot I observed is catalogued as BCLMP 290B.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): very faint, very small, round, 10" diameter.  This HII region is located 10' WNW of the center of M33 near a wide pair [50"] of mag 11/12 stars.  A mag 14 star is nearby and at first I thought this star was IC 131 (on the DSS this 14th magnitude "star" is a compact HII region and was also described as a star by Bigourdan).  Collinear with IC 133 8' N and IC 132 11.5' N.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 131 = B. 122, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 132 = BCLMP 638

01 33 15.8 +30 56 45; Tri

Size 0.8'x0.6'

 

18" (12/8/07): this faint HII complex in M33 appears as a 20"-25" knot, situated just 1' N of a 10" pair of mag 13 stars and 1.5' W of mag 9.3 HD 9444.  IC 133 lies 3.5' S.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): faint but easily visible HII knot of 20" diameter. Located 1' N of a pair of mag 13 stars at 10" separation and 1.6' W of a mag 9 star.  Forms the northern member of a pair of HII regions with IC 133 3.4' S.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 132 = B. 123, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 133 = M33-A137 = BCLMP 624

01 33 15.8 +30 53 05; Tri

V = 14.3

 

18" (12/8/07): this star cloud/HII complex appeared as a faint, fairly large diffuse patch, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.4'.  Located 15' NW of the center of M33 and 4' SSW of mag 9.3 HD 9444.  IC 132 lies 3.5' N.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): faint, diffuse, hazy HII region of 35" diameter at the NW end of M33 15' NW of the center.  Forms a "pair" with IC 132 3.4' N.  This object is larger than IC 132 at times with averted vision but has a lower surface brightness.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 133 = B. 124, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan's position is "toward the southern end where there appears to be a fairly compact HII region."

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IC 135 = M33-A100

01 34 15.8 +30 37 11; Tri

 

18" (12/8/07): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated N-S, ~1.0'x0.5'.  Located off the ESE side of the core of M33 on the opposite side of the core from NGC 595.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly faint, fairly small, 1' diameter.  This HII region is located 6' ESE of the center of M33 and is symmetrically placed on the opposite side of M33 from NGC 595.  IC 136 lies 3.5' S.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 135 = B. 126, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan made an error with the "estimated offset from M33's nucleus of his comparison star".  It also appears that his offsets were applied with the wrong signs as the relative positions of these objects are reversed in RA as well as declination!  As a result, the IC positions for IC 135, 136, 139, and 140 are incorrect and out of RA order.  But if the relative differences in RA and NPD are reversed and applied to IC 135 at the position given here, then they land on the correct positions for IC 136, 139 and 140.

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IC 136 = M33-A101 = BCLMP 88

01 34 17 +30 34 00; Tri

Size 0.6'

 

18" (12/8/07): faint, fairly large, very low surface brightness patch, ~1.5' diameter, located 3.5' S of IC 135.  Appears roughly circular, though the outline is ill defined.  This object is not as prominent as nearby IC 139/140 (to the west and southwest) and IC 135 to the north.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): very faint, ill-defined hazy region in M33 between IC 135 3.5' N and a mag 11.5 star 2.5' SSE (just west of the line connecting these objects).  Appears as a slightly locally brighter region of 30" diameter and not as noticeable as the other IC HII regions - would have passed over if casually sweeping galaxy.  This star association may have a smaller HII component.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 136 = B. 127, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 137 = M33-A12

01 33 39.1 +30 31 20; Tri

 

18" (12/8/07): very large brightening in the outer spiral arm, ~9' to the SSW of the center of M33, ~2.5'x2.0'.  M33-A14 lies NW.

 

17.5" (7/5/86): very faint HII knot or star association in M33 located along the main southern spiral arm 10' SSW of center of M33.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 137 = B. 128, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  His micrometric position falls within M33-A12; IC 137 is the southwestern part of the association.

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IC 139 = M33-A4

01 33 59.2 +30 34 03; Tri

 

18" (12/8/07): fairly small, ~45"x30, extended N-S, moderately bright HII knot/cluster forming a 1' pair with IC 140 to the south.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly prominent elongated HII region and star association just following a mag 13 star 5.4' SSE of the center of M33.  Extended ~N-S, perhaps 2.0'x0.5' and consists of two brighter knots at both ends (the size appears too large).  Similar view on 7/5/86.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 139 = B. 129, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 140 = M33-A5

01 33 58.1 +30 33 02; Tri

 

18" (12/8/07): this moderately bright knot (cluster) in M33 is ~35" in diameter, roundish and located just 1' S of IC 139.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): located SSW of IC 139 in M33 and visible as an easy knot, ~1' in diameter with ill-defined edges.  There is a second knot close west which is slightly fainter.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 140 = B. 130, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 142 = M33-A67 = BCLMP 301

01 33 55.6 +30 45 26; Tri

Size 0.5'

 

24" (12/28/13): B324, a highly luminous hypergiant and the brightest individual star in M33, appeared as a 15th magnitude star at the north edge of IC 142.  At 325x, it was not resolved from the general glow, but appeared as a sharp stellar point just within the glow on the north side.  IC 142 is nearly collinear with a mag 13.5 star 2.1' NW and a mag 11 star 2.9' NW.  Globular Cluster U49 lies 3.3' NW.

 

18" (12/10/07): fairly bright, small, contains a bright core and faint extensions SW-NE, ~25"x13".  Forms the south vertex of an equilateral triangle with two mag 11 stars 3' WNW and 3' N.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly faint, very small, round.  Stands out nicely 6' N of the center of M33.  Either contains a stellar spot near the center or a faint star is superimposed.  This "stellar spot" is likely B324, the brightest individual star in M33 excluding Luminous Blue Variables.  B324 is an A-type supergiant with a V magnitude of 15.2. IC 142 is the first of three HII regions in the spiral arm containing IC 142, IC 143 and ending with NGC 604.

 

Bindon or George Stoney discovered NGC 595 on 2 Feb 1851 with Lord Rosse's 72" (or perhaps on the 13 Sep 1850 observation, "full of knots") and an offset measured from a star superimposed just north of the core of M33.  The nebula was labeled as "2" on the diagram in the 1861 publication.  No coordinates were ever measured at Birr Castle.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan independently discovered IC 139 = B. 131, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  Bigourdan was credited with the discovery in the IC as Dreyer had no way of confirmng Stoney's #2 was the same object.

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IC 143 = M33-A75

01 34 11.2 +30 46 38; Tri

 

18" (12/10/07): very faint, small, hazy patch, ~25"x20", situated close west of a mag 13.5 star and 4.5' due west of NGC 604.  Immediately noticed at 225x, though diffuse with an ill-defined outline.  Forms a pair with M33-A71 just 1.5' NW.  A71 appeared very faint, small, low surface brightness patch, ~20" diameter.  It is perhaps slightly fainter than nearby IC 143 (= A75), but with averted vision A71 has a better defined border.  IC 143 is primarily a star cloud (no HII emission), while A71 is an HII region.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): appears as a very faint, hazy patch close WNW of a mag 13.5 star.  This HII region (M31-A75) is located 5' W of NGC 604 and 8' NNE of the center of M33.  M33-A71 is another very faint, 20" knot just 1.3' NW that appeared slightly brighter than IC 143. This is the second of three HII regions along with IC 142 3.5' WSW and NGC 604 5' E in the spiral arm attached at the west side of M33 and winding towards the NE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 143 = B. 132, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 146 = NGC 648 = ESO 543-006 = MCG -03-05-011 = PGC 6083

01 38 39.8 -17 49 53; Cet

V = 13.7;  Size 1.3'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 114°

 

17.5" (12/4/93): faint, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.6', weak concentration.  A bright uneven double star h2067 = 7.6/11.6 at 34" lies 10' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 146 = J. 1-70 on 30 Sep 1892.  His position matches ESO 543-006 = PGC 6083.  This galaxy was probably discovered earlier by Leavenworth at the Leander McCormick Observatory in 1886.  Leavenworth's rough position for J. 1-70 (later IC 146) is 1.6 min of RA east of this galaxy, a typical error.  Because of the poor position, Bigourdan was unable to recover the galaxy and Javelle assume his observation was new.  Herbert Howe reobserved and measured an accurate position for NGC 648 around 1900 (repeated in the IC 2 notes), though neither Howe nor Dreyer noticed the equivalence NGC 648 = IC 146.  ESO states the equivalence NGC 648 = IC 146.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 148 = UGC 1195 = MCG +02-05-011 = CGCG 437-010 = LGG 029-001 = PGC 6292

01 42 27.0 +13 58 37; Psc

V = 12.9;  Size 3.4'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 45°

 

17.5" (12/18/89): faint, moderately large, oval SW-NE, low even surface brightness.  Located 22' NNW of NGC 660.  This galaxy is possibly IC 148.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 148 = Sw. X-6 on 30 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; v diff.; np of [NGC] 660.  There is nothing at his postion -- nearly 10' due west of NGC 660.  However, exactly 20' north is UGC 1195 and Harold Corwin identifies this galaxy as UGC 1195.  This galaxy is "np of 660" as in the description and a 20' digit error in declination accounts for the position.  Still, this identification is uncertain and neither the UGC, CGCG, MCG, PGC or HyperLeda identify their entries as IC 148.  NED lists IC 148 as UGC 1195 (loaded by Corwin) as well as SIMBAD.

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IC 149 = MCG -03-05-015 = PGC 6289

01 42 25.4 -16 18 01; Cet

V = 14.2;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  PA = 81°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 124x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 E-W, 40"x20", weak concentration.  Situated just west of the line connecting a mag 11.8 star 1.2' NE and a mag 12.6 star 1.8' SSE.  Located 26' E of mag 8.1 HD 10318 and 32' SW of mag 3.5 Tau Ceti.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 149 = J. 2-533 on 7 Dec 1893 and recorded "faint, elongated E-W, about 40" long, slightly brighter middle."  His position and description matches PGC 6289.  MCG fails to label its MCG -03-05-015 as IC 149.

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IC 151 = UGC 1271 = MCG +02-05-040 = CGCG 437-036 = PGC 6657

01 49 00.1 +13 12 40; Ari

V = 13.1;  Size 1.7'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 95°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, very small bright core.  Located 10' NNW of NGC 677 (brighter of a close pair with NGC 675). UGC 1279, located 11' NE, appeared faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 NW-SE, ~30"x18", low surface brightness.

 

17.5" (12/18/89): fairly faint, very small, round, compact, very small bright core, fairly high surface brightness.  Picked up 10' NNW of NGC 677 near edge of field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 151= Sw. X-7, along with IC 152, on 11 Aug 1890 and recorded "eF; pS; np of 2."  There is nothing at his position and Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson originally concluded this number was lost.  The only reasonably bright galaxy near Swift's position is UGC 1200, located ~17' WSW of Swift's position, but there's no evidence this was the intended object.

 

But in 2017, Harold Corwin found that if Swift made a 5 minute error in his RA position, then IC 151 = UGC 1271 and IC 152 = NGC 677.  The declinations match within an arcminute, so these identification appear likely.  Just earlier I had suggested identifications for IC 153 and IC 157, found by Swift in September 1890, based on 4 minutes of time corrections.  So, Corwin looked for a similar correction for these two numbers.

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IC 152 = NGC 677 = UGC 1275 = MCG +02-05-042 = CGCG 437-039 = PGC 6673

01 49 14.0 +13 03 19; Ari

V = 12.2;  Size 2.0'x2.0';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

See observing notes for NGC 677

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 152 = Sw. X-8, along with IC 151, on 11 Aug 1890 and recorded "eF, S, R, vF * close, sf of 2 [with IC 151]."  There is no pair of galaxies in the area matching his relative separations.  CGCG identifies CGCG 437-016 = PGC 6368 as IC 152.  This is the closest galaxy (2.7' to the NW) to Swift's position, but may be too faint to be one of Swift's galaxies and furthermore, there is no "vF * close".

 

After I suggested to Harold Corwin the possible identities IC 153 = UGC 1260 and IC 157 = UGC 1274 (with ~4 minute errors in RA), also Swift discoveries, he found that a 5 minute error in the position of IC 152 would match with NGC 677.  The "vF * close" might refer to the 14th magnitude star less than 1' NW of center or even NGC 675.  This identification is not certain, but certainly reasonable particularly given the other matches.

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IC 153 = UGC 1260 = Mrk 575 = CGCG 437-031 = PGC 6633

01 48 33.1 +12 36 50; Ari

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7'

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Weak concentration but appears to have a brighter bar through the center oriented SW-NE [later confirmed on the DSS].  A mag 10.8 star is 2.5' NW.  UGC 1274 (likely IC 157) lies 17' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 153 = Sw. X-9, along with IC 157, on 25 Sep 1890 and reported "eF, pS, R, sp of 2 [with IC 157]."  There is nothing at his position and Corwin concludes this object is nonexistent.  The nearest galaxy he might have picked up is CGCG 437-018 = PGC 6381, located 12' S of his position, but there is nothing at his relative offset to IC 157 (~21' NE).

 

In 2017, I noticed that exactly 4 minutes of RA east of Swift's position is UGC 1260 (dec matches within 1') and 17' NE of this galaxy is UGC 1274.  Is this pair IC 153 and 157?  Swift's descriptions in this case are not very helpful, but regarding IC 157 he states: "D * and wide D p, nf of 2."  Do these comments apply to UGC 1274?  About 8' northwest of UGC 1274 is a 10th magnitude star (SAO 92644) that has a wide companion, and also 8' southwest is a closer and fainter double star.  So, I think these conditions are met and Corwin concurs this identification is likely.

 

Following my suggestion, Corwin found that IC 151 and IC 152, found by Swift on 11 Aug 1890, might have similar RA errors of 5 minutes, matching UGC 1271 and NGC 677.  The declinations match to within 1' and the RA differences match as well.

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IC 154 = UGC 1229 = MCG +02-05-023 = PGC 6439

01 45 16.4 +10 38 57; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 1.4'x0.2';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 66°

 

17.5" (12/18/89): very faint, fairly small, appears as a very thin sliver WSW-ENE.  A mag 13.5 star is at the preceding end 40" WSW of center.  Member of the NGC 665 group and forms a pair with IC 156 6' SSE.  NGC 665 lies 14' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 154 = J. 2-535, along with IC 156, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "F, vS, lbM, * 11.5 sp."

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IC 156 = UGC 1231 = MCG +02-05-025 = PGC 6448

01 45 29.3 +10 33 09; Psc

V = 13.5;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (12/18/89): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE.  A mag 14 star is 0.9' N.  Located 2.5' W of mag 8.7 SAO 92617.  Member of the NGC 665 group with IC 154 6' NNW and NGC 665 11' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 156 = J. 2-536, along with IC 154, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "pB, R, 30" diameter, mbMN = * 12 mag."

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IC 157 = UGC 1274 = MCG +02-05-043 = CGCG 437-038 = PGC 6670

01 49 11.6 +12 51 12; Ari

V = 14.0;  Size 1.5'x0.4';  PA = 108°

 

24" (9/23/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, moderately surface brightness, elongated 5:2 ~E-W, ~40"x16", small brighter core.  UGC 1260 (likely IC 153) lies 16' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 157 = Sw. X-10, along with IC 153, on 25 Sep 1890.  There are no nearby galaxies he might have picked up and both Corwin and Thomson concluded these numbers were lost.  Looking at the general region, I noticed that if Swift made a 4 minute error in RA, it's possible that IC 153 = UGC 1260 and IC 157 = UGC 1274, though in the latter case the offset in RA is close to 3.5 minutes in RA.  Corwin agrees this is a reasonable hypothesis, and 5 minutes errors in RA also accounts for IC 151 = UGC 1271 and IC 152 = NGC 677, found by Swift a month earlier.

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IC 161 = VV 54a = UGC 1266 = MCG +02-05-036 = CGCG 437-033 = Mrk 1007 = LGG 031-015 = PGC 6644

01 48 43.7 +10 30 28; Psc

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 65°

 

24" (12/28/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~E-W, 0.4'x0.25', well concentrated with a very bright core than increases to a stellar nucleus.  An extremely faint companion off the SE side (together forming VV 54) was not seen.  Forms a pair with IC 162 = VV 55 = Arp 228 2.5' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 161 = Sw. IX-3 on 3 Oct 1889 or 8 Jan 1891 and recorded, "eeF; S; cE, between 2 dist star in meridian."  He returned to the field in January 1891 and recorded IC 161 again, as well as IC 162 (list X-11 and X-12).   It's not certain whether his first observation in 1889 refers to the southwest or northeast member of this pair.  To further confuse the situation, the entry for List X-11 is 10' too far south and Dreyer used the erroneous dec for IC 161.

 

UGC, CGCG and MCG all misidentify IC 161 = UGC 1266 as IC 162 and don't assign an IC designation to IC 162 = UGC 1267.  See Corwin's notes on IC 161 and 162 as well as Malcolm's Thomson's IC Corrections.

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IC 162 = Arp 228 = VV 53a = UGC 1267 = MCG +02-05-038 = CGCG 437-034 = LGG 031-009 = PGC 6643

01 48 53.4 +10 31 17; Psc

V = 12.7;  Size 1.4'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (12/28/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, fairly well concentrated with a small bright core.  The halo increases in size to at least 0.8' with averted vision.  In a small group with MCG +02-05-039 = PGC 6653 just 1.0' SE, IC 161 2.5' WSW and UGC 1268 4.0' N.  PGC 6653 appeared very faint, small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 24"x12".

 

Arp placed IC 162 in his category of "concentric rings".  V-V classified this galaxy as an interacting pair (VV 53), but the galaxy looks single on the SDSS.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 162 = Sw. X-11 in January 1891 or perhaps earlier on 3 Oct 1889 (list IX-3).  The interpretation depends on which single galaxy he picked up in 1889.  Furthermore, Swift's position for List  XI-11 is 10' too far south.  The UGC, CGCG and MCG misidentify IC 161 (southwestern member of the pair) as IC 162.  See Harold Corwin's notes and Malcolm Thompson's IC Corrections.

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IC 163 = UGC 1276 = MCG +03-05-018 = LGG 034-001 = PGC 6675

01 49 15.0 +20 42 40; Ari

V = 13.1;  Size 1.8'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 90°

 

24" (8/29/19): at 375x; fairly faint, oval 2:1 or 5:2 ~E-W, brighter along the major axis like a bar, ~50"x20", bulges slightly at the center.  The "bar" is slightly offset to the east in the halo.  A mag 14.1 star is less than 1' S and another is 2' E.

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; nearly in the moderately bright category, elongated ~5:2 E-W or perhaps ENE-WSW, slightly brighter core region.  Sometimes appeared slightly brighter along the major axis like a bar. Situated just north of the westernmost star in slightly curved trio of similar 14th mag stars.  Member of the NGC 691 Group.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 163 = Sf. 72 = Sw. IX-4 on 27 Dec 1866 and recorded "pB, pS, bM N = 13m."  His position is 1' N of UGC 1276.  The Dearborn observatory discoveries weren't published until 1887.  Lewis Swift discovered the galaxy again on 25 Nov 1889 and reported it as new in his 9th list (#4) with description "eeeF; pL R."  His RA was 12 seconds too large.  Dreyer credited both observers in the IC and used Swift's position, though Safford's was more accurate.

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IC 164 = MCG -01-05-037 = PGC 6666

01 49 08.4 -03 54 16; Cet

V = 12.8;  Size 1.4'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

24" (11/7/18): at 260x; moderately bright, moderately large, round, sharply concentrated a very bright small core and a diffuse halo which fades out without a perceptible edge. The galaxy is nearly collinear with a mag 10 star 3.5' SSW and a mag 12 star 3' NNE.

 

MCG -01-05-036, located 13' N, appeared fairly faint, diffuse, ~0.6' diameter, no significant core.  A mag 13.9 star is at the southeast edge of the halo, with the galaxy spreading northwest of the star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 164 = Sw. IX-5 on 23 Oct 1889 and recorded "pF; S; R; bet. 2 stars, ? cluster of eeF st[ars]."  His position is 3.8' ESE of PGC 6666.  Howe measured an accurate micrometric position in 1897-98 with the 20" refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver.

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IC 165 = NGC 684 = UGC 1292 = MCG +04-05-017 = CGCG 482-022 = KTG 8C = PGC 6759

01 50 14.0 +27 38 48; Tri

V = 12.4;  Size 3.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 90°

 

See observing notes for NGC 684.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' son, found IC 165 = Sw. IX-6 on 18 Jan 1890 while "searching for Swift's Comet."  It was reported in the 9th discovery list as "eF; S; lE; vF * close f."  The position is 1' S of NGC 684.  In Astronomische Nachrichten #3429, Isaac Roberts noted the equivalence of IC 165 and NGC 684 and Dreyer mentioned the identity in the IC 2 notes.

 

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IC 166 = Tombaugh 3 = OCL-334 = Lund 60

01 52 22 +61 51 18; Cas

V = 11.7;  Size 5'

 

18" (12/22/11): easily picked up at 175x though at this power appeared as a faint, fairly small, roundish glow.  At 285x ~10-12 mag 14-15.5 stars are resolved with a couple at the edge of visibility over a mottled background.  Roughly 3.5' diameter.  A brighter mag 12.5 star is at the west edge.

 

17.5" (8/5/97): position identified at 100x using a GSC chart, although only a couple of stars are plotted.  Appears as a very faint circular glow with a couple of faint stars superimposed.  Located 7' E of a wide pair of mag 9/11 stars [at 38" separation].  Does not resemble a cluster in appearance and would have otherwise thought this was a Milky Way patch. At 220x, the glow is ~4' in diameter and there are a sprinkling of ~10 very faint stars, mostly mag 14.5-15.5 with one mag 13 star.  The glow has an irregular surface brightness with a mottled appearance and the periphery is not well defined.

 

William Denning discovered IC 166 around 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer.  The IC position corresponds with the faint open cluster Tombaugh 3 = OCL-334 = Lund 60.

 

Clyde Tombaugh independently found IC 166 in Jan/Feb of 1941 while surveying the circumpolar region from Lowell Observatory with the 13-inch Lowell telescope.  He tentatively identified "Tombaugh 3" as an open cluster, though thought is might be a loose globular or "even a midget galaxy just beyond the border of our Milky Way System".

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IC 167 = Arp 31 = UGC 1313 = MCG +04-05-021 = CGCG 482-025 = Holm 123 = LGG 034-008 = PGC 6833

01 51 08.6 +21 54 46; Ari

V = 13.1;  Size 2.9'x1.8';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 95°

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, elongated 4:3, 0.8'x0.6', low surface brightness.  Located 5.5' SSE of NGC 694 in a NGC 697 group (also called the NGC 691 group) and 3.9' S of a mag 10.5 star.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 167 = Big 133 on 4 Jan 1889.  He noted a mag 10.5 star was at 4' separation in PA 358° (N).

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IC 168 = MCG -02-05-058 = PGC 6763

01 50 27.6 -08 31 23; Cet

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.35';  PA = 104°

 

24" (11/7/18): at 375x; moderately bright, small, high surface brightness!  Elongated 2:1 E-W, 30"x15", very small bright nucleus.  A mag 11.5 star is less than 4' E.  Located 15' WSW of NGC 707.

 

LEDA 1002631, located 3.5' E, appeared extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Situated 40" S of a mag 11.5 star.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham Burnham discovered IC 168 = J. 2-539 on 7 Oct 1891 while observing and measuring NGC 707.  His position (published in 1892) is accurate.  Javelle found this galaxy again on 17 Dec 1892, also while measuring NGC 707.  Jermain Porter also found it independently in 1908 with the 16-inch Clark refractor at the Cincinnati Observatory and reported it as a nova.  A micrometric position was published in a long table of mostly NGC positions.

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IC 170 = MCG -02-05-066 = PGC 6890

01 51 57.5 -08 31 03; Cet

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  PA = 92°

 

24" (11/7/18): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, round, compact, 24", occasional stellar nucleus. Located 7.6' ESE of NGC 707 in a scattered group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 170 = J. 540 on 17 Dec 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 171 = UGC 1388 = MCG +06-05-050 = CGCG 522-064 = PGC 7139

01 55 10.3 +35 16 52; Tri

V = 12.2;  Size 2.5'x2.2';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 105°

 

17.5" (12/19/87): fairly faint, slightly elongated ~E-W, 1.0'x0.8', weak central concentration, stellar nucleus.  A mag 10 star is off the NE edge 45" from center.  Almost collinear with a double star mag 12/13 at 18" located 2.5' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 171 = Sw. VIII-1 on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "pB; pS; cE; * nr nf."  His RA is 10 seconds too large but the identification is certain.

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IC 176 = UGC 1426 = MCG +00-06-004 = CGCG 387-005 = KUG 0154-022 = FGC 216 = RFGC 416 = PGC 7306

01 56 53.4 -02 01 09; Cet

V = 14.1;  Size 1.8'x0.35';  PA = 94°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 375x; very faint to faint, very thin edge-on 6:1 or E-W, 60"x10", very slightly brighter core but no central bulge.  Once picked up I could just hold it continuously with careful averted.  Located 17' WNW of mag 6.6 58 Ceti.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 176 = J. 1-74 on 3 Dec 1891 and noted "pretty bright, small".  His position is accurate.

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IC 178 = UGC 1456 = MCG +06-05-070 = CGCG 522-094 = LGG 037-014 = PGC 7488

01 58 54.8 +36 40 30; And

V = 13.3;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 170°

 

17.5" (9/1/02): this member of the AGC 262 cluster appeared faint, small, round, 0.5' diameter, weak concentration.  Located 4.6' NNE of mag 7.3 HD 12007.  A wide pair of mag 11.5/13 stars is 1.5' SE.

 

17.5" (12/19/87): fairly faint, fairly small, round, brighter core.  Located 4.7' NNE of mag 7.2 SAO 55161.  Member of AGC 262 with CGCG 522-098 10' NNE.

 

17.5" (11/14/87): fairly faint, small, round, slightly brighter core. A wide pair (35" separation) of mag 12 and 13 stars is 1.5' SE of center.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 178 = Sf 67 on 8 Nov 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  The discovery list was not published until 1887 so Safford is not credited in the NGC.  His position is 4' south of CGCG 501-066 = PGC 3666.

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IC 179 = UGC 1475 = MCG +06-05-075 = CGCG 522-101 = PGC 7581

02 00 11.5 +38 01 17; And

V = 12.6;  Size 1.8'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 110°

 

24" (11/24/14): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, round, high surface brightness (central region), 25" diameter, weak concentration to the center, possible very low surface brightness halo.

 

UGC 1493 lies 14' NE and appears fairly faint to moderately bright, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 E-W, 0.8'x0.3', fades at tips.  Seems to have a sharper light cut off on the north side. A string of four mag 13-14.5 stars is close NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 179 = Sw. X-13 on 28 Jun 1890 with the 16-inch refractor at the Warner Observatory and recorded "pB, S, lE, 9m * near nf."  His position is 8 second of time too far west.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate micrometric position around 1900 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes).

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IC 180 = MCG +04-05-029 = CGCG 482-040 = PGC 7558

02 00 00.4 +23 36 16; Ari

V = 14.3;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  PA = 150°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; faint, small, elongated 2:1 or 5:2 NW-SE, 25"x10", occasional stellar nucleus.  Close companion of NGC 776, located 2.7' to its SSE.

 

17.5" (12/8/90): very faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE.  In a trio with NGC 776 3' NNW and IC 181 3.0' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 180 = J. 2-544, along with IC 181, while observing the field of NGC 776 on 15 Dec 1892.

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IC 181 = MCG +04-05-030 = CGCG 482-040 = PGC 7559

02 00 02.3 +23 39 31; Ari

V = 14.9;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 55°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Close companion of NGC 776 2.0' SW.

 

17.5" (12/8/90): extremely faint and small, round.  Faintest of a close trio with NGC 776 2' SW and IC 180 3.0' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 181 = J. 2-545, along with IC 180, while observing the field of NGC 776 on 15 Dec 1892.  CGCG and the UGC notes to NGC 776 fail to identify this galaxy as IC 181.

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IC 184 = MCG -01-06-021 = PGC 7554

01 59 51.2 -06 50 25; Cet

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 177°

 

48" (10/24/14): fairly bright, moderately large, elongated 5:2 N-S, 0.6'x0.25'.  Contains a bright core and a very bright nucleus.

 

IC 184 is a Seyfert 2 galaxy and the brightest in a small group that includes the three brightest members of HCG 14, located ~13' S.

 

17.5" (12/23/97): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, broad concentration.  Located 2.7' NNW of a mag 10-11 star.  This galaxy was picked up while searching for HCG 14 which is located 14' due south and is brighter than the two primary galaxies in HCG 14.  NGC 788 lies 19' E (also stumbled across in the area).

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 184 = LM(S) 55 on 15 Oct 1887 and recorded it as #55 in the Leander-McCormick Observatory catalogue of Southern Nebula (1893).  Stone noted mag 15.0 and 0.2' diameter and his micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 187 = UGC 1507 = MCG +04-05-037 = CGCG 482-048 = LGG 041-009 = PGC 7683

02 01 30.7 +26 28 51; Tri

V = 12.9;  Size 2.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 70°

 

24" (12/22/14): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.25'.  Contains a small, brighter rounder core with fairly low surface brightness extensions that increased in size with averted.  Brighter member of an double system with PGC 2800932 at the east-northeast edge.  The companion was faint, small and barely detached.  An evenly matched 10" pair of mag 12.5-13 stars lies 6' SSW.  NED does not include redshift data on the companion, so this may be either be a merging or overlapping pair.

 

18" (12/22/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.3'.  Broad concentration with a brighter and rounder 15" core.  Forms a double system with PGC 2800932 = MAC 0201+2629.  The fainter companion was at or just off the east end and appeared as very faint, small, roundish glow that was sometimes detached, depending on if the halo (arms) of IC 187 was visible or not.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 187 = Sw. IX-7, along with IC 188, on 18 Jan 1890 while searching for "Swift's Comet".  The RA is 21 sec of time too large, but matches in declination.

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IC 188 = UGC 1510 = MCG +04-05-038 = CGCG 482-049 = LGG 041-010 = PGC 7706

02 01 46.5 +26 32 49; Tri

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 45°

 

24" (12/22/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 24"x12", nearly even surface brightness.  Located 5' NE of the double system IC 187.

 

18" (12/22/11): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 20"x15", weak concentration to center but no nucleus.  Located 5' NE of IC 187.  The IC designation (from Corwin) is uncertain due to a poor declination by Swift.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 188 = Sw. IX-8, along with IC 187, on 18 Jan 1890, while searching for "Swift's Comet".  Described as "eeef, vS; R; 2 stars point to it."  There is nothing at his position, but 10 sec of RA west and 30' south is UGC 1510, and there is a pair of 12th magnitude stars to the north-northwest that could fit Swift's description. 

 

But due to the large error in declination Malcolm Thomson rejects UGC 1510 as IC 188.  He argues that no similar error occurred with nearby IC 187, and if he did find this galaxy, the description would have mentioned "sp of 2" and "nf of 2." for the pair.   No modern catalogue identifies UGC 1510 as IC 188.  So this identification is quite uncertain.  See Harold Corwin's IC identification notes as well as Courtney Seligman's summary.

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IC 189 = MCG +04-05-039 = CGCG 482-051 = PGC 7716

02 01 52.9 +23 33 05; Ari

V = 14.8;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter, low even surface brightness. A small group of 4 stars mag 13.5-14 forming a "Y" asterism is close west.  Pair with IC 190 3.3' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 189 = J. 2-550, along with IC 190, on 15 Dec 1892.  His position matches CGCG 482-051 (both positions are offset about 30" ESE).

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IC 190 = MCG +04-05-040 = CGCG 482-052 = PGC 7731

02 02 07.3 +23 32 59; Ari

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 95°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, slightly elongated ~E-W, 25"x20", contains a very small brighter core. Forms a pair with slightly fainter IC 189 3.3' W.  UGC 1524, situated 8' NE, appeared faint, fairly small, elongated ~4:3 N-S, 20"x15", low surface brightness.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 190 = J. 2-551, along with IC 190, on 15 Dec 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 191 = NGC 794 = UGC 1528 = MCG +03-06-024 = CGCG 461-031 = PGC 7763

02 02 29.3 +18 22 23; Ari

V = 12.7;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 45°

 

See observing notes for NGC 794.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 191 = Sw. IX-9 on 20 Oct 1889 and reported "pB; pL; lE."  His position is at the west edge of NGC 794.  Dreyer perhaps assumed it was new due to Swift's description, which differed significantly from WH's "eF, vS, stellar,240 showed it very plainly." Dreyer added the parenthetical comment "probably = [NGC 794]" in the IC description and certainly NGC 794 = IC 191.

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IC 193 = UGC 1529 = MCG +02-06-016 = CGCG 438-017 = PGC 7765

02 02 31.0 +11 05 35; Ari

V = 13.7;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  PA = 158°

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 55"x45", broad weak concentration, no distinct core.  Located 8' NW of mag 6.5 HD 12512.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 193 = Sw. VII-3 on 8 Oct 1887 and recorded "eF; pS; lE or irr R; B* sf; pF * nr f."  His position is ~3' too far ESE, but this is the only nearby galaxy and it clearly matches his description.

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IC 194 = UGC 1542 = MCG +00-06-026 = CGCG 387-030 = PGC 7812

02 03 05.2 +02 36 51; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 1.6'x0.25';  PA = 13°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint, thin edge-on 5:1 N-S, ~0.9'x0.2', very small brighter nucleus. A mag 10.6 star is 3.8' E. Located 18' SE of mag 4.1 Alpha Psc (Alrescha).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 194 = J. 2-552 on 6 Jan 1894.  He noted "very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, no concentration.  Difficult because of a vicinity of the comparison star."

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IC 195 = Arp 290 NED1 = VV 309b = UGC 1555 = MCG +02-06-017 = CGCG 438-019 = PGC 7846

02 03 44.6 +14 42 33; Ari

V = 13.0;  Size 1.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 126°

 

48" (10/29/16): at 488x and 610x; fairly bright, moderately large, sharply concentrated with a bright, elongated 2:1 core NNW-SSE and highlighted by a stellar nucleus.  The halo or spiral arms are very low surface brightness and extend 5:2 NW-SE, ~1.0'x0.4'.  A distracting 15" pair of mag 10.4/12.7 stars is 2.3' W.  Forms an interacting pair (Arp 290) with IC 196 2.2' NE.

 

17.5" (11/17/01): faint, small, bright core, faint extensions NW-SE, 0.4'x0.2'.  A mag 12 star lies 1.4' S.  Forms a close pair (Arp 290) with brighter IC 196 2.2' NE.  Preceding by just 2.2' is a nice mag 10.5/12.5 pair at 15" with two additional mag 12 stars to the SSW of the closer pair.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 195 = Sw. IX-10, along with IC 196, on 20 Oct 1889 and recorded "eeF; S; R; F * nr south; sp of 2 [with IC 196]."  His position and description is a good match with UGC 1555.

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IC 196 = Arp 290 NED2 = VV 309a = UGC 1556 = MCG +02-06-018 = CGCG 438-020 = PGC 7856

02 03 49.8 +14 44 21; Ari

V = 12.9;  Size 2.8'x1.4';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 5°

 

48" (10/29/16): at 488x and 610x; bright, large, very elongated but irregular 5:1 ~N-S, ~2.0'x0.4', well concentrated with a small, round bright core.  A fairly thin long arm or tail extends due south from the core and then curls southwest towards IC 195.  It appears to spread out and dim on the southwest end [0.9' from center].   A shorter arm extends north from the core ~30" and dims abruptly.  But a very low surface brightness, elongated N-S patch is detached on the northern end (part of an outer tidal tail or loop) ~1' from the center.  A companion (LEDA 212903) is just northeast of this patch, 1.3' NNE of center.  It appeared faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 15"x9".

 

17.5" (11/17/01): fairly faint, fairly small, nearly edge-on 4:1 SSW-NNE, 1.2'x0.3'.  Contains a rounder, bright core and stellar nucleus.  Forms a close pair with IC 195 2.2' SW.  This galaxy is actually an interacting quartet, although only the main galaxy was observed along with IC 195.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 196 = Sw. IX-11, along with IC 195, on 20 Oct 1889 and recorded "pF; pS; R; trap with 3 st; nf of 2 [with IC 195]."  His position and description is a good match with UGC 1556, though Howe measured an accurate micrometric position in 1898.

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IC 198 = UGC 1592 = MCG +01-06-040 = CGCG 413-040 = PGC 8011

02 06 03.1 +09 17 44; Psc

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 53°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 375x; fairly faint, small, oval 4:3 SW-NE, 30"x22", very weak concentration.  First of 3 IC galaxies (HDCE 117) with IC 199 5.8' SE and IC 202 22.5' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 198 = J. 2-554, along with IC 199, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "pretty bright, small, round, 30" diameter, brighter center."

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IC 199 = IC 1778 = UGC 1594 = MCG +01-06-041 = CGCG 413-041 = PGC 8026

02 06 19.4 +09 13 39; Psc

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 24°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SSW-NNE, 40"x27", slightly brighter core.  Second in trio (HDCE 117) with IC 198 5.8' NW and IC 202 17.5' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 199 = J. 2-555, along with IC 198, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "faint, small, round, bright core."  He recorded the same galaxy a second time on 29 Jan 1897 as J. 3-192 with the desciption "faint, round, 30", gradually brighter middle, similar to a 14th mag star."  He actually made a comment that it was found while measuring IC 198, though apparently he didn't realize he had already placed it in his second discovery list along with IC 198.  So, IC 199 = IC 1778.

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IC 200 = UGC 1577 = MCG +05-06-002 = CGCG 503-085 = CGCG 504-007 = LGG 042-008 = PGC 7967

02 05 26.8 +31 10 30; Tri

V = 12.9;  Size 2.2'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 85°

 

18" (12/22/11): fairly faint, moderately large, irregularly round, 0.8' diameter, broad concentration with a small brighter core.  Forms the northeast vertex of a right triangle with mag 8.8 SAO 55246 7' W and mag 8.7 SAO 55245 10' SW.  Several additional 11th and 12th magnitude stars are scattered around SAO 55246.  Member of the NGC 777 Group (LGG 042).  CGCG 504-012 (often identified as IC 200) lies 18' E.  It was logged as faint, small, round, 18" diameter, low even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (11/26/94): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, about 1.5' diameter.  Low but uneven surface brightness, weak concentration with one or two brighter spots near the center.  A mag 14.5 star is just off the west edge 1.1' from the center.  Located 27' NE of NGC 804.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 200 = Sf 71 on 4 Dec 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "pB, pL, R, bM."  There is nothing at his position but two minutes west is UGC 1577, which fits his description.  CGCG and PGC likely misidentify CGCG 504-012 = PGC 8064 as IC 200.  This 15th magnitude galaxy is closer to Safford's position -- off by 34 seconds of RA -- though Harold Corwin notes "[this galaxy] is probably too faint to have been seen by Safford, and the description does not match in any case."

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IC 202 = UGC 1610 = MCG +01-06-043 = PGC 8101

02 07 28.7 +09 10 06; Cet

V = 14.3;  Size 1.4'x0.25';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 132°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 375x; faint, small, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 25"x10", slightly brighter nucleus.  A mag 14.7 star is just beyond the southeast end, 0.9' from center.  A mag 10.4 star is 4' SSE and two mag 10.5 stars are a similar distance NNE.  IC 202 is the third in a trio (HDCE 117) with IC 199 17.5' WNW and IC 198 22.5' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 202 = J. 2-557, along with IC 201 and IC 203, on 5 Dec 1893 and recorded "very faint, very small, diffuse, without condensation."

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IC 206 = MCG -01-06-053 = Holm 57a = PGC 8238

02 09 30.7 -06 58 06; Tri

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 138°

 

18" (11/22/03): second of trio with IC 209 10' SW and IC 207 3.6' NE.  Appears very similar to IC 207: very faint, small, round, 25" diameter (elongated 5:2 on DSS image so probably viewed core only), weak concentration.  The IC positions are incorrect due to a mix-up by Javelle with his offset star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 206 = J. 1-77, along with IC 207, on 26 Jan 1892.  There is nothing at his position, but both Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star.  Applying his offsets to the correct star (SAO 129729) matches this identification.

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IC 207 = MCG -01-06-054 = Holm 57b = PGC 8251

02 09 39.3 -06 55 20; Tri

V = 13.9;  Size 2.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 99°

 

18" (11/22/03): third of 3 with IC 206 3.6' SW and IC 209 13' SW.  IC 206 and IC 207 for an equilateral triangle with a mag 11.4 star 3.4' WNW.  Although this galaxy is quite elongated I must have just recorded the brighter core as appeared very faint, small, round, 25", weak concentration.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 207 = J. 1-78, along with IC 206, on 26 Jan 1892.  There is nothing at his position, but both Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star.  Applying his offsets to the correct star (SAO 129729) matches this identification.

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IC 208 = UGC 1635 = MCG +01-06-044 = CGCG 413-045 = LGG 047-002 = PGC 8167

02 08 27.7 +06 23 42; Cet

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.2

 

24" (1/25/14): fairly faint, fairly large, round, 1.5' diameter, very low though irregular surface brightness, no core or nucleus.  Located 4.5' NNW of NGC 825.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 208 = B. 134 on 3 Dec 1888 and recorded "mag 13.4-13.5; very diffuse; 1.0'-1.5' dia; no nucleus."  His position is 1.5' too far south but the description is accurate.

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IC 209 = MCG -01-06-051 = Holm 56a = PGC 8200

02 08 58.7 -07 03 32; Tri

V = 13.1;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 60°

 

18" (11/22/03): brightest in trio with IC 206 10' NE and IC 207 13' NE.  Appears moderately bright, fairly small, irregularly round, 1.2'x1.0', weak concentration, irregular surface brightness.  Surprisingly easy for an IC galaxy.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 209 = J. 1-79 on 28 Jan 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 210 = MCG -02-06-032 = PGC 8232

02 09 28.3 -09 40 49; Cet

V = 13.1;  Size 2.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 66°

 

18" (10/21/06): fairly faint, fairly large, edge-on 6:1 WSW-ENE, 1.8'x0.3', very low even surface brightness.  Located 3.4' SW of a mag 9.3 star (SAO 129724).  MCG -02-06-035 lies 11' E.  Located 27' due north of NGC 835 (HCG 16).

 

Aaron Skinner, an assistant to Truman Safford, discovered IC 210 = Sf 101 on 23 Oct 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  As the discovery list wasn't published until 1887 (too late for inclusion in the main NGC table), Dreyer credited Safford with the discovery in the IC 1.  The discovery position is just off the north edge of the galaxy, so the identification is certain.

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IC 211 = UGC 1678 = MCG +01-06-053 = CGCG 413-057 = PGC 8360

02 11 08.0 +03 51 09; Cet

V = 13.4;  Size 2.3'x1.8';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 50°

 

24" (1/25/14): faint, moderately large, slightly elongated SW-NE, low surface brightness and difficult to estimate diameter, increases in size with averted but at least 1.0'x0.8', slightly brighter core.  Located 4.5' NNW of NGC 851.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 211 = J. II-559 on 5 Dec 1893 and recorded "F, R, 40" dia, vS core."  His position is accurate.

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IC 214 = UGC 1720 = CGCG 413-064 = MCG +01-06-057 = Mrk 1027 = KUG 0211+049 = PGC 1279308 = PGC 8562

02 14 05.6 +05 10 24; Cet

V = 14.2;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (9/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small.  The main body is elongated 5:3 NW-SE, ~25"x15".  With averted vision, a very low surface brightness, diffuse extension spreads to the north of the main body.  With careful viewing it appeared attached to the southeast end of the galaxy.  Located 13' NE of mag 6.5 HD 13683.  IC 214 is apparently the disrupted collision or merger of two galaxies with the "main body" catalogued as IC 214 NED1 and the extension to the north is IC 214 NED2 = LEDA 1279289.

 

Forms a pair with LEDA 212941 2.5' WSW.  The companion (B = 16.5, 0.6'x0.25') appeared extremely faint, very small, ~15"x10", low surface brightness.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 214 = J. 2-562 on 29 Dec 1893.  He reported "Pretty bright , diffuse, little extended , gradually condensed; seems mottled".  His position is accurate.

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IC 217 = IC 1787 = MCG -02-06-046 = 2MFGC 1761 = PGC 8673

02 16 10.4 -11 55 36; Cet

V = 13.6;  Size 2.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 35°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, ~1.4'x0.25'.  Fairly low surface brightness but surface seems distinctly irregular or mottled at 375x with some slightly brighter sections [PANSTARRS image shows the galaxy is crossed by multiple dust lanes]. A star is very close to the south end, which somewhat confuses the view (galaxy seems bent).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 217 = J. 2-563 on 7 Dec 1893.  He described it as "faint, a little elongated nearly in the meridian (N-S), spindle 1' x 20", without condensation."  Lewis Swift found the galaxy again on 12 Oct 1896, reported Sw. XI-37 (later IC 1787) as "eeF; eeE; a ray bet 2 st p[receding] and f[ollowing]; 8m star near [north-following]."  His position is 1.5' too far south, but a perfect match in description.  Dreyer didn't catch the equivalence, but IC 1787 = IC 217.

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IC 218 = MCG +00-06-061 = CGCG 387-066 = PGC 8716

02 17 07.2 +01 16 56; Cet

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.25';  PA = 75°

 

24" (1/25/14): very faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE, 25"x8", low even surface brightness.  A mag 15 star is close off the ENE edge [35" ENE of center].  Located 2.4' NNE of NGC 875

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 218 = J. 2-564 on 26 Dec 1893 and recorded "vF, poorly defined, slightly elongated, close to a *13.5."  His position and description is accurate.

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IC 223 = ESO 545-008 = MCG -04-06-031 = KTS 16B = LGG 056-004 = PGC 8998

02 22 01.1 -20 44 45; Cet

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 152°

 

24" (10/3/13): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NW-SE, broad concentration, 30"x20".  Forms the vertex of a triangle with a mag 11.5 star 1.8' N and a mag 12.5 star 2.5' ENE.  Second in a trio (KTS 16) with brighter NGC 899 5' SSW and NGC 907 14' ENE.

 

17.5" (12/4/93): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, broad concentration.  Forms an isosceles triangle with a mag 11.5 star 1.8' N and a mag 12.5 star 2.5' ENE.  Forms a pair with NGC 899 5' SSW. NGC 907 lies 14' ENE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 223 = LM(S) 71 = Big. 135 on 19 Nov 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick. It was recorded as #71 in the 1893 catalogue of "Southern Nebulae" with the description "iR, sbM, stell nucleus?"  Bigourdan independently discovered it on 1 Dec 1888.  The IC position is accurate.

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IC 226 = UGC 1922 = MCG +05-06-046 = PGC 9373

02 27 45.9 +28 12 32; Tri

V = 14.2;  Size 1.7'x1.4';  Surf Br = 15.0

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, fairly small, very sharply concentrated with a small, round bright core embedded in a very low surface halo perhaps 0.6' diameter (no distinct edge).  Two mag 14/15 stars (15" separation) are just off the northwest side.  A mag 9.6 star is 1.8' NNW and mag 8.6 HD 15271 is 6.2' WNW.  The two stars are collinear with the galaxy.  IC 226 forms a 4.4' pair with IC 227 to the southeast.

 

Rudloph Spitaler discovered IC 226 = Spitaler 2, along with IC 227, on 31 Dec 1891 with the 27" refractor at the Wien Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  His description (summarized in the IC) is "pF, S, R, bM, 2 F st n."

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IC 227 = UGC 1932 = MCG +05-06-048 = CGCG 504-087 = PGC 9383

02 28 03.6 +28 10 31; Tri

V = 14.5;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.6;  PA = 70°

 

24" (2/7/16): at 200x; slightly brighter and larger of a pair with IC 226 4.4' NW.  Appears fairly faint or moderately bright (the listed mag may be too faint), fairly large, slightly elongated, ~1.0'x0.8', the diffuse halo fades out gradually so the size is difficult to estimate.  Sharply concentrated with a well defined, relatively large core that gradually increases to the center.  Mag 8.6 HD 15271 lies 4.6' NNE.  I also picked up LEDA 213001 11.5' ESE, but missed nearby UGC 1958, an extremely low surface brightness edge-on.  LEDA 213001 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.

 

Rudloph Spitaler discovered IC 227 = Spitaler 3, along with IC 226, on 31 Dec 1891 with the 27" refractor at the Wien Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  His description (summarized in the IC) reads "F, pS, R, lbM."

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IC 228 = NGC 944 = MCG -03-07-016 = PGC 9300

02 26 41.6 -14 30 57; Cet

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 15°

 

See observing notes for NGC 944.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 228 = J. 1-85 on 7 Dec 1891.  His position corresponds with PGC 9300.  This galaxy was discovered earlier by Leavenworth on 1 Jan 1886, but his rough position for LM 1-55 (later NGC 944) was 1.5 minutes too far east so Javelle thought it was a new object.  Corwin verified that Leavenworth's discovery sketch matches PGC 9300.  So, IC 228 = NGC 944.

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IC 230 = MCG -02-07-016 = PGC 9436

02 28 47.3 -10 49 53; Cet

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 87°

 

24" (12/22/14): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Easily seen despite a mag 15.7B.  Located 5.5' due west of the double system NGC 942/943.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 230 on 8 Oct 1891 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while observing the double system NGC 942 and 943.

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IC 231 = UGC 1978 = MCG +00-07-025 = CGCG 388-026 = PGC 9514

02 29 56.4 +01 10 45; Cet

V = 14.3;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 162°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 225x; fairly faint, very small, round, 18".  I missed the low surface brightness halo and only picked up the much brighter core region.  Situated just 1.7' NW of a relatively bright mag 10 star.  In a group with IC 232 19' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 231 = J. 2-567 on 29 Dec 1893.  His position is 1' NNW of UGC 1978 and the identification is certain.

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IC 232 = UGC 1994 = MCG +00-07-028 = CGCG 388-030 = WBL 074-001 = PGC 9588

02 31 11.6 +01 15 56; Cet

V = 13.4;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  PA = 155°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 225x; fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 0.5'x0.4'.  This is the high surface brightness core region of the galaxy and it increased to a sharp stellar nucleus!  I suspected a very low surface brightness halo, but difficult to confirm.  BAL 956, a 3.1" equal pair of 12th magnitude stars, lies 3.5' ESE. Brightest in a group (WBL 074) that includes IC 231 19' WSW, UGC 1995 6' NE and UGC 2005 11.5' ESE.

 

UGC 1995 was fairly faint, fairly small, oval ~2:1 WSW-ENE, ~40"x20", slightly brighter along the major axis but no defined core region. A mag 10.7 star is 3.7' SE.

UGC 2005 appeared fairly faint, round, 0.6' diameter.  Contains a very small bright core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  A mag 13.3 star is off the east side [1.2' from center].  CGCG 388-39, just 2.3' NW, appeared fairly faint, very small, round, 18" diameter, very small bright core, stellar nucleus.  MCG +00-07-034, 2.5' SW of UGC 2005, appeared faint, small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 232 = Sw. VII-4 on 15 Oct 1887 and reported "vF, S, R."  His position is 1.7' due W of UGC 1994.  Dreyer questioned if IC 232 was a duplicate of IC 231, but these are separate galaxies.

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IC 238 = UGC 2070 = MCG +02-07-016 = CGCG 439-018 = PGC 9835

02 35 22.7 +12 50 16; Ari

V = 13.0;  Size 1.4'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 35°

 

24" (11/7/18): at 260x; fairly faint, oval halo 2:1 SW-NE, ~0.9"x45", well concentrated with a bright, round core.  A mag 13 star is 2' SE and a mag 12 star is 3' N.  Located 29' NW of mag 5.7 31 Aries (HD 16234).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 238 = Sw. VII-5 on 12 Oct 1887 and noted "vF; vS; R; mbM."  His position is 2' W of UGC 2070 and there are no other nearby galaxies, so the identification is certain.

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IC 239 = UGC 2080 = MCG +06-06-065 = CGCG 523-071 = LGG 070-002 = PGC 9899

02 36 27.9 +38 58 08; And

V = 11.1;  Size 4.6'x4.2';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 3°

 

18" (11/26/03): at 115x appears as a large, round, low surface brightness glow, ~3.5' with a broad, weak concentration to a slightly brighter 30" core.  With extended viewing the surface brightness is somewhat irregular with a hint of structure.  IC 239 is located just north of a mag 8.6 (2.2' from center) that somewhat hinders viewing.  A distinctive curved string of mag 10-11 stars close west cradles the galaxy.  Member of the NGC 1023 group.

 

17.5" (8/6/02): at 274x appeared faint, fairly large, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~3' diameter.  The galaxy exhibited only a broad, weak concentration with no defined core.  The halo faded at the edge and was ill defined.  Situated between mag 8.6 SAO 55698 just off the south end 2.2' from center and a mag 9.6 star 3.3' N within a distinctive asterism of 5 brighter stars.  Located ~45 due west of NGC 1023.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 239 in 1893 and it was announced in MNRAS 54, 371 (1894), "Photograph of a 'New' Spiral Nebula in Perseus."  He noted "the convolutions of the spiral is very faint, but clearly visible on the negative, and involved in them are four 14-15 mag stars and 6 or 7 stars, or star-like condensations, less bright than 16th mag.  The convolutions are symmetrical, and proceed from a very faint star-like nucleus."

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IC 241 = UGC 2115 = MCG +00-07-058 = CGCG 388-071 = PGC 9969

02 37 54.5 +02 19 40; Cet

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 150°

 

18" (11/18/06): fairly faint, small, low surface brightness halo surrounding a very small brighter core.  Located 8' N of a mag 9.5 star and 14' NW of NGC 1016 in a cluster.

 

18" (10/21/06): faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, fairly faint stellar nucleus.  Located 12' SE of mag 7.2 HD 16314 in the NW corner of the NGC 1016 cluster.  A fainter galaxy, NGC 1009, lies 6' ESE. 

 

17.5" (10/17/87): fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated, weak concentration.  Located 6.2' W of NGC 1009 in the NGC 1016 cluster.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 241 = B. 137 on 19 Nov 1886 and recorded "mag 13.3; round, 35"-40" diameter, stellar nucleus."  His position matches UGC 2115.

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IC 244 = MCG +00-07-074 = CGCG 388-088 = KUG 0236+025 = PGC 10061

02 39 24.7 +02 43 44; Cet

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 175°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; extremely faint, very small, 15" diameter, low surface brightness.  Initially difficult to glimpse but once identified could mostly hold with averted.  A mag 10 star is 4' NNW.  Member of the NGC 1016 group (USGC U137)

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 244 = J. 2-571 on 11 Jan 1894.  His position is 1.2' too far SSE (perhaps an error in the position of his offset star).

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IC 246 = MCG +00-07-078 = CGCG 388-093 = PGC 10116

02 40 28.6 +02 28 43; Cet

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  PA = 48°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; nearly in the fairly faint bin; small, round, 20"-24" diameter.  Contains a very small brighter core and stellar nucleus.  Forms the vertex of an isosceles triangle with a mag 10.8 star 5' SW and a mag 10.6 star 5' SE.  A mag 15.1 star is just off the SW side.  IC 244, a fainter galaxy, lies 22' NW. Member of the NGC 1016 group (USGC U137)

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 246 = Sw. VII-6 on 15 Oct 1887 and recorded "eeF; vS; R; triangle with 2 st.; eee diff."  Swift was probably referring to two mag 10.5 stars 5' SW and 5' SSE.  His RA was 22 seconds too small, though Herbert Howe corrected the RA based on a micrometric measure at the Denver observatory (repeated in IC 2).

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IC 248 = UGC 2170 = MCG +03-07-044 = CGCG 462-043 = PGC 10197

02 41 25.8 +17 48 44; Ari

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 145°

 

17.5" (1/20/90): fairly faint, fairly small, gradually brighter middle, almost round, diffuse halo.  Located 11' WNW of a mag 8.2 SAO 93057 in the NGC 1020 group.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 248 in Sep 1891 while unsuccessfully searching for NGC 1059 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory (Publ of Lick Observatory, II). His position is accurate.

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IC 249 = NGC 1051 = NGC 961 = MCG -01-07-033 = UGCA 40 = PGC 10172

02 41 02.4 -06 56 09; Cet

V = 12.6;  Size 2.3'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 45°

 

See observing notes for NGC 1051.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 249 = J. 1-92 on 28 Jan 1892 and recorded "pB, almost round, 20" diameter, uniform appearance."  He added the note "distinct from NGC 1051".  His position corresponds with NGC 1051 despite his comment.  This galaxy was probably first discovered by Ormond Stone in 1886, though Harold Corwin found he made a 10 minute error in RA in LM 2-338 (later NGC 961).

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IC 253 = MCG -03-07-058 = PGC 10226

02 42 05.7 -15 02 50; Cet

V = 13.5;  Size 0.3'x0.25'

 

17.5" (12/20/95): IC 253 is in a compact group (SCG 19) and forms a pair with NGC 1065 2.7' S.  Fairly faint, fairly small, round, small bright core, stellar nucleus, 30" diameter.  Interestingly, IC 253 appeared slightly larger and brighter than NGC 1065!  Located 9' NE of mag 7.6 SAO 48549.  PGC 144985, situated just 1.2' SW, was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 253 = J. 1-96, along with IC 254, on 5 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate. It seems strange that Swift, who discovered NGC 1065, missed this object.

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IC 254 = LEDA 3642494

02 42 05.0 -15 06 24; Cet

PA = 55°

 

17.5" (12/20/95): appears as an extremely faint, round, barely nonstellar spot just 1.0' SSW of NGC 1065 in a small group with IC 253.  It required averted vision to glimpse and appeared less than 10" in diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 254 = J. 1-97, along with IC 253, on 5 Dec 1891.  Despite a good position, the RNGC and LEDA incorrectly equates IC 254 with nearby NGC 1065.

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IC 256 = V Zw 280 = PGC 10737

02 49 40.3 +46 57 17; Per

V = 15.3;  Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

17.5" (10/24/87): extremely faint and small, slightly elongated N-S, ~15"x10".  Located 26" N of an easier mag 15 star.  Requires averted and visible ~50% of the time.  Situated 1.6' SW of IC 257 (2nd in V Zw 280, a trio of three compact ellipticals).  Identification not certain.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 256 = Sw. VIII-2, along with IC 257 and IC 260, on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; lE; S; in vacancy. 1st of 3."  His position is 5 sec of RA west and 0.3' south of IC 257.  The galaxy described here is 1' due south of this offset.  It's possible, though, it's too faint to have been seen by Swift, but it was detected in my scope (knowing the exact location in advance) and Swift has a few other faint discoveries in the same ballpark.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 257 = UGC 2298 = MCG +08-06-011 = CGCG 554-008 = PGC 10729

02 49 45.5 +46 58 34; Per

V = 12.6;  Size 2.2'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 155°

 

17.5" (10/24/87): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.5'.  The slightly brighter core contains a quasi-stellar nucleus at moments.  A trio of very faint galaxies lies close SW (including IC 256?).  IC 260 lies 13' E.

 

William Herschel discovered IC 257 = Sw. VIII-3 on 11 Dec 1786 (sweep 645) and recorded "a few very small stars mixed with very faint seeming nebulosity, in the direction of the meridian [north-south]; most probably only a patch."  He didn't assign this nebula an internal discovery number or H-designation due to his uncertainty so it was never published, but his position is just 2' north of IC 257 and the orientation of the galaxy (PA 155°) is a reasonable match with his description.  Steinicke confirms this observation (email April 2015).

 

Lewis Swift rediscovered this galaxy on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded Sw. VIII-3 (later IC 257) as "eF; pS; R; in vacancy; v diff.  2nd of 3 [with IC 256 and IC 260]."  Swift, of course, is credited in the IC.  MCG misidentifies this galaxy as IC 256.

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IC 258 = UGC 2306 = CGCG 539-107 = PGC 10730

02 49 46.1 +41 03 06; Per

V = 14.1;  Size 1.4'x1.2';  Surf Br = 14.5;  PA = 165°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x fairly faint to faint, slightly elongated N-S, 30"x24", small brighter nucleus.  A mag 10 star is 1.9' ENE and interferes a bit with viewing.  IC 258 is the brighter of a close pair with IC 259 1.0' WNW.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 258, along with IC 259, on 3 Sep 1891 while observing double stars with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The identifications of IC 258 and IC 259 are reversed in most modern sources.  See notes on IC 259.

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IC 259 = CGCG 539-106 = PGC 10721

02 49 40.9 +41 03 18; Per

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 126°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, stellar nucleus.  A star (close double on the DSS) is at the northwest edge [17" from center]."  Forms a close pair with IC 258 1.0' ESE.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 259, along with IC 258, on 3 Sep 1891 while observing double stars with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He measured the offsets for both objects correctly with respect to 10th magnitude BD +40°608.  But he applied his RA (time) offset in the wrong direction for the western object, which he described as double.  So the computed position for IC 258 is east of IC 259, placing these objects out of RA order in the sky.  As a result, the identifications of IC 258 and IC 259 are reversed in UGC, CGCG, PGC, HyperLeda, WikiSky, etc.  NED has the correct identifications.

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IC 260 = UGC 2325 = MCG +08-06-014 = CGCG 554-011 = PGC 10812

02 51 00.9 +46 57 17; Per

V = 13.1;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 175°

 

17.5" (10/2/99): faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, ~30"x24", weak concentration.  A pair of mag 11.5 stars is close southwest (0.7' and 1.4') and collinear with the galaxy.  In a group with IC 257 located 13' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 260 = Sw. VIII-4, along with IC 256 and IC 257, on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; in line with 2 nr faint stars. 3rd of 3."  His position is accurate.

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IC 261 = NGC 1120 = MCG -03-08-028 = PGC 10664

02 49 04.1 -14 28 15; Eri

V = 13.2;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 40°

 

17.5" (11/18/95): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter.  Even concentration to a bright core and nearly stellar nucleus.  A faint, close double star lies 4.2' SSW and 5' NW is a small group of four mag 13 stars (includes a 30" pair).

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 261 = J. 1-98 on 7 Dec 1891.  His position matches MCG -03-08-028 = PGC 10664.  This galaxy was discovered by Leavenworth on 1 Jan 1886 and catalogued as list 1-72 (later NGC 1120), but Leavenworth's RA (to the nearest minute) is 1 minute too small (common error).  Corwin confirms Leavenworth's sketch matches this galaxy, so it is certain IC 261 = NGC 1120. Some sources, such as the MCG, label this galaxy IC 261 although NGC 1120 should be the primary designation.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 262 = UGC 2335 = MCG +07-06-080 = CGCG 539-114 = PGC 10850

02 51 43.3 +42 49 42; Per

V = 13.6;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 36°

 

24" (11/7/18): at 260x and 375x; fairly faint, dominated by a bright elongated core or bar running ~40"x15" NNW-SSE.  The bar is encased in a faint, roundish halo ~50" diameter.  Situated in a very rich star field with a mag 10 star 2.5' N.  A mag 13 star (unequal double) is 1.5' SSE.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 262 = Sw. VIII-5 on 3 Nov 1888.  The description reads "eeF; pS; R; bet. a F and a pB *; ee diff." and the position is just off the west side of UGC 2335.  The 10th magnitude star 2.4' N is probably the "pB *" mentioned in the description.

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IC 263 = CGCG 389-027 = PGC 10716

02 49 40.0 -00 04 12; Cet

Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 167°

 

18" (1/15/07): faint, very small, slightly elongated, 20"x15", even surface brightness, seen with direct vision.  Located 20' NE of NGC 1104 and 105' due east of M77.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 263 = J. 1-99 on 9 Nov 1891.  There is nothing at his position, but Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star, which should have been GSC 4699-221.  When his offsets are applied to this star, the position lands on this galaxy.  This galaxy is not identified in IC 263 in any of the modern catalogues, except for NED.

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IC 265 = MCG +07-07-006 = CGCG 539-127 = CGCG 540-009 = AWM 7-3 = PGC 10978

02 54 44.0 +41 39 19; Per

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

18" (11/18/06): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  Located 5.5' NE of NGC 1129 in the cluster AWM 7 and 4.5' NW of a mag 9.7 star in a cluster.  PGC 10962 lies 3' W.  Appears brighter than the CGCG magnitude of 15.7pg.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 265 = Sw. VIII-6 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "eeF; eS; R; [NGC] 1129 near."  His position is fairly accurate.

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IC 266 = MCG +07-07-010 = CGCG 540-012 = CGCG 539-130 = PGC 11002 = LEDA 2195448

02 55 04.6 +42 15 47; Per

V = 14.4;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 128°

 

24" (11/7/18): at 260x and 375x very small but high surface brightness, ~20" diameter, contains a bright stellar nucleus.  Situated in a rich star field with a string of five mag 13.5-14.5 stars is off the west side, trailing south towards a mag 10.7 star 5' SSW.  IC 266 is located 25' ENE of NGC 1122.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 266 = Sw. VIII-7 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "eF; eS; R."  His position is pretty accurate, although MCG fails to label MCG 07-07-010 as IC 266.

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IC 267 = UGC 2368 = MCG +02-08-028 = PGC 10932

02 53 50.2 +12 50 57; Ari

V = 13.0;  Size 2.0'x1.6';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 15°

 

24" (12/21/16): at 282x; moderately bright, fairly large, elongated ~4:1 NNW-SSE, ~1.7'x0.4', irregular surface brightness.  This appears to be a central bar (verified on the DSS) rather than an edge-on galaxy.  Either a star is superimposed at the center or the galaxy has a bright stellar nucleus!  Located 10' SSE of NGC 1134.

 

17.5" (10/21/95): faint, moderately large, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 1.8'x0.3', broad weak concentration.  Located 10.3' SSE of NGC 1134.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 267 = Sw. VII-7 = Big 138 and recorded "eeF; pS; E; sf of GC 620 [NGC 1134]."  His RA is 35 seconds too large.  Bigourdan independently found it again on 28 Nov 1888 and measured an accurate position.  Both are credited in the IC.

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IC 268 = MCG -02-08-024 = PGC 11032

02 55 27.0 -14 06 11; Eri

Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 68°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; extremely to very faint, elongated 2:1 or 5:2 SW-NE, ~25"x12", very low surface brightness.  Forms a pair with IC 269 2.2' N with a mag 10.7 star the same distance ENE.  Faintest in a quartet with IC 270 and 272.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 268 = J. 1-101, along with IC 269, 270 and 272, on 1 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 269 = MCG -02-08-023 = PGC 11033

02 55 26.5 -14 04 01; Eri

V = 14.4;  Size 1.2'x0.35';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 126°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 or 3:1 NW-SE, ~40"x15", very small bright core/nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 268 2.2' S and a quartet with IC 270 and 272 to the SW.  A mag 10.7 star 2.2' SE forms an isosceles triangle with IC 269 and 268.  Situated 8' ESE of mag 7.1 HD 18183.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 269 = J. 1-102, along with ICs 268, 270 and 272, on 1 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 270 = MCG -02-08-028 = PGC 11061

02 55 44.2 -14 12 28; Eri

Size 1.3'x1.2'

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 45"x35".  Contains a bright core that gradually increases to the center.  A mag 14.6 star is at the southwest edge.  Situated close east of an isosceles triangle of mag 11.2/11.8 and 12.6 stars [sides 1.3', 1.7', 1.7'].  In a quartet with IC 272 5.5' ENE and IC 268 and 269 ~8' NNW.  IC 270 appears to the brightest in a larger group at a mean z = .03 (distance ~400 million l.y.) including NGCs 1150, 1151, 1157 and 1158.

 

17.5" (10/17/98): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SW-NE, ~0.9'x0.6'.  Forms the northeast vertex of a small trapezium with three mag 12 stars 1.0' SW, 1.5' WNW and 2.2' SW.  Forms a pair with IC 272 5.5' ENE.  NGC 1158, which is a fainter galaxy, lies 24' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 270 = J. 1-103, along with IC 272, on 1 Dec 1891 with the 29-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. His position matches MCG -02-08-028.  IC 270 and IC 272 appear to be the brightest in a cluster of faint galaxies (or superimposed on a more distant cluster).  IC 270 was the host of SN 2004go.

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IC 272 = MCG -02-08-030 = PGC 11086

02 56 06.4 -14 11 12; Eri

Size 0.9'x0.6';  PA = 27°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; very faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 35"'x25", low even surface brightness, visible continuously with averted.  Last in a quartet with brighter IC 270 5.5' WSW.  IC 268 and 269 are 11' and 12' NW.

 

17.5" (10/17/98): extremely faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, ~0.8'x0.6'.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 270 5.5' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 272 = J. 1-104, along with IC 270, on 1 Dec 1891 with the 29-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. His position matches MCG -02-08-030.

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IC 275 = V Zw 309 = PGC 11388 = PGC 11389 = PGC 11390

03 00 57.3 +44 20 54; Per

Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (12/12/17): at 375x; faint, fairly small, roundish, ~24" diameter, low irregular surface brightness.  IC 275 is a triple system with the two closer components (IC 275 NED1 and NED2) separated by 15" N-S.  I was confident that 2 or 3 extremely faint stellar or quasi-stellar nuclei were glimpsed and made a diagram of the orientation.  Checking the SDSS at home, my diagram matches NED2 (north) and NED2 (south), along with a mag 15.8 star 18" NW of NED 2.  I apparently missed IC 275 NED3, which is 30" E of NED2 and probably the faintest of the trio.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 275 = Sw. VIII-9 on 31 Oct 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; F * nr p; D * nr sp; bet. 3 st.; f of 2 [with IC 274]."  His position matches V Zw 309, a triple system, with the brighter two components forming a 15" pair oriented N-S.  Although the three components are listed in the PGC (from V Zw 309), neither HyperLeda nor SIMBAD labels any of the 3 as IC 275.  Swift's "Double * near south-preceding" may be a ~30" pair ~2.5' SW

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IC 277 = UGC 2460 = Mrk 602 = MCG +00-08-064 = CGCG 389-060 = LGG 079-005 = PGC 11336

02 59 59.6 +02 46 17; Cet

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 45°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 36"x24", very small brighter core.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 277 = J. 2-576 on 6 Jan 1894 and recorded "pB, R, 40" diameter, Nucl = 12.5, a little mottled."

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IC 281 = NGC 1177 = MCG +07-07-020 = CGCG 540-033 = PGC 11581

03 04 37.1 +42 21 46; Per

V = 14.5;  Size 0.4'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

See observing notes for NGC 1177

 

Lewis Swift found IC 281 = Sw. VIII-11 on 1 Nov 1888 and recorded "eeeF; vS; * close n; 1175 nr."  His position falls between NGC 1175 and NGC 1177, but the description mentions the star to the north, so IC 281 = NGC 1177.  Surprisingly, Dreyer didn't catch the equivalence. See Corwin's notes.

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IC 282 = NGC 1198 = UGC 2533 = MCG +07-07-024 = CGCG 540-038 = PGC 11648

03 06 13.3 +41 50 56; Per

V = 12.5;  Size 1.9'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 120°

 

See observing notes for NGC 1198.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 282 = Sw. VIII-12 on 27 Oct 1888 and reported "eF; S; R; bet. 2 nr. st."  There is nothing at Swift's position but 1 minute of RA further east is NGC 1198, discovered by Stephan in 1880, and his description applies to this galaxy.  Because of the discrepancy in positions, Dreyer probably assumed IC 282 and NGC 1198 were different objects.  Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson agree IC 282 = NGC 1198.  This galaxy is identified  as NGC 1198 only in all sources except NED, which equates the numbers.

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IC 284 = UGC 2531 = MCG +07-07-023 = LGG 082-003 = PGC 11643

03 06 10.2 +42 22 18; Per

V = 11.5;  Size 4.1'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 13°

 

24" (1/25/14): at 200x and 375x appeared moderately bright, large, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, at least 3'x1.5', weak concentration to a brighter core.  Two mag 15 stars are superimposed on the east edge of the core.  V Zw 319 = PGC 11646 is on the southwest edge of the halo, 0.7' SW of center!  The companion appeared very faint, round, only 12" diameter. A 17" pair of mag 11.5 stars lies 2.5' NW.  IC 288 lies 15' E.

 

NED has no distance info on V Zw 319, though there is no indication of interaction on the SDSS and an arm from IC 284 is silhouetted on V Zw 319, indicating it may be a background object.

 

17.5" (10/24/87): faint, moderately large, diffuse, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, gradually increases to a small bright core.  A mag 11 double at 16" separation is 2.5' NW.  Located 18' E of NGC 1175.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 284 = Sw. VIII-13 on 27 Oct 1888 with the 16" refractor at Warner Observatory.  He noted "eeF, pL, lE, D * np, bet 2 st".  His position is 12 sec of RA west of UGC 2531 but the comment "D * np" pins down the identification.

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IC 285 = MCG -02-08-044 = PGC 11557

03 04 06.2 -12 00 56; Eri

Size 1.1'x0.2';  PA = 117°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; nearly fairly faint, fairly small, elongated at least 2:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness, ~40"x18".  Located 3.2' SE of NGC 1200 in a distinctive quartet.  The major axis of the galaxy points to the center of NGC 1200.

 

17.5" (10/20/90): very faint, small, elongated 5:2 WNW-ESE, very low even surface brightness.  Last of four in the NGC 1200 compact group with NGC 1200 3' WNW.

 

Pietro Baracchi discovered IC 285 = J. 2-578 on 7 Dec 1885, during an observation of NGC 1200 with the Great Melbourne Telescope.  He commented "almost as faint as [NGC 1195] and as small; vvF, vvS.  Indistinct outline." His diagram of the field includes NGC 1200, along with NGCs 1195 and 1196. IC 285 is accurately placed with the note "[NGC 1200] and new."

 

Stephane Javelle rediscovered IC 285 = J. 2-578 on 7 Dec 1893 while viewing NGC 1195, 1196 and 1200. As Baracchi's discovery was never published, Javelle received credit in the IC.

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IC 287 = LEDA 170040

03 04 57.8 -12 04 14; Eri

Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 9°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 25"x20", small slightly brighter core region.  This galaxy was surprisingly easy with B magnitude of 15.4.  Located 16' ESE of NGC 1200 in a group (USGC S110).  A mag 10.8 star is 2.2' E and a mag 8.6 star (HD 19178) is 6.4' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 287 = J. 2-579 on 7 Dec 1893.  His position was accurate, though since this galaxy was not included in the PGC, the IC designation is not attached to LEDA 170040.  NED uses the IC designation.

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IC 288 = UGC 2544 = MCG +07-07-027 = CGCG 540-043 = LGG 088-001 = PGC 11702

03 07 32.9 +42 23 15; Per

V = 13.9;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 42°

 

24" (1/31/14): moderately bright, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.2', sharply concentrated with a very small bright core.  IC 284 lies 15' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 288 = Sw. VIII-14 on 31 Oct 1888 with the 16" refractor at the Warner Observatory and recorded "vF, vS, R, 2 pB st nf point to it, r[esolution] suspected".  His position is 1.6' SW of UGC 2544 = PGC 11702, though the two "pB" stars are south-following.  MCG +07-07-027 does not label their entry as IC 288.  The NGC 2000.0 classifies this galaxy as an open cluster, probably as Dreyer changed "r suspected" to "? S Cl".

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IC 289 = PK 138+2.1 = PN G138.8+02.8 = Hb 1

03 10 19.2 +61 19 01; Cas

V = 13.5;  Size 42"x28"

 

48" (10/27/16): at 610x unfiltered; bright, fairly large, slightly elongated NW-SE.  Annular with an irregularly brighter rim that is brightest on the northwest side.  The northern end is slightly brighter in general (less than a 90° arc).  A faint central star was visible most of the time.  We didn't look for the outer halo at lower power.  IC 289 resides in a rich star 1.8' NNW of a mag 10.1 star.

 

48" (10/25/14): at 375x unfiltered; fairly bright, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.6'x0.5'.  Weakly annular with a slightly brighter rim and irregularly lit darker center that contains a very faint central star.  A thin, very low surface brightness outer halo is more elongated along the minor axis, creating a roughly circular halo.

 

18" (11/13/07): at 300x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~35"x30" with an irregular surface brightness.  The rim was very slightly brighter than the interior with a strong impression of irregularities.  The rim sometimes appeared slightly brighter along the north side or contained a very faint stellar knot.  At 450x, there was an occasional faint sparkle in the interior, but I was uncertain if it was the central star.  Located 1.8' N of a mag 10 star.  A mag 14 star lies just 45" NE.

 

17.5" (1/16/02): at 140x, IC 289 was seen as a fairly faint, 35" to 40" disc with a modest contrast gain using a UHC filter.  Situated 2' N of a mag 10 star and near the tip of two curving strings of stars which head north and NW from IC 289.  Excellent view at 380x - the planetary is slightly elongated and has a mottled appearance with a marginally brighter rim, particularly on the W or NW side, giving an impression of weak annularity.  At moments, there was a brief sparkle at the center, possibly the central star.  A mag 14 star is 45" NE of center and a mag 13 star lies 1.3' following.

 

13" (12/7/85): at 79x and OIII filter appears faint, small, round.  At 166x and UHC filter can just hold steadily with averted vision, fairly small, almost round.

 

8": at 100x and UHC filter this planetary is very faint, very small.  Situated near the tip of two converging rows of mag 10-12 stars.  Several difficult positive sightings made from poor transparency in El Cerrito!

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 289 = Sw. VIII-15 on 2 Sep 1888 and recorded "pB; pL; R; bet 2 vF st."

 

Hubble included this object in a 1921 paper titled "Twelve New Planetary Nebulae" in PASAP, Vol 33, No 193, p. 174 available at http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?1921PASP...33..174H. Included in his table are NGC 2818, NGC 6072, NGC 7048, NGC 7635, IC 289, IC 1470, IC 4670, Hb 4, Hb 5, Hb 7, Hb, 8 and Hb 12.

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IC 290 = IC 1884 = UGC 2561 = CGCG 540-047 = PGC 11817

03 09 42.7 +40 58 27; Per

V = 14.6;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 131°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, elongated ~5:2 NW-SE, ~25"x10", low nearly even surface brightness.  Located 17' E of Algol and 2.8' NNW of mag 8.7 SAO 38614.  IC 1883 = NGC 1212 is 4.9' S.

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, very small, appears as a tiny elongated streak, ~25"x8".  Located 5' N of IC 1883 (= NGC 1212) and 2.8' NNW of mag 8.7 SAO 38614 at the west side of AGC 426.  Two mag 12/13 stars lie 50" E and 1.3' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 290 = Sw. VIII-16, along with IC 292, 293 and 294, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R: in field with Algol."  His position is just off the northwest edge.  Barnard independently discovered the galaxy (as well as the other Swift discoveries) on 26 Nov 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He communicated the result directly to Dreyer who didn't notice the equivalence with the previous entry.  As a result, IC 290 = IC 1884. UGC identifies this galaxy as IC 1884, although IC 290 should be the primary designation by prior discovery.

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IC 292 = IC 1887 = UGC 2567 = MCG +07-07-030 = CGCG 540-049 = PGC 11846

03 10 12.9 +40 45 56; Per

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 75°

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.9'x0.4', very weak concentration.  Located 2.4' S of a mag 10 star at the west edge of AGC 426.  NGC 1212 lies 10' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 292 = Sw. VIII-17, along with IC 293, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; * nr s; bet 2 st.; in field with Algol."  His position is fairly accurate.  E.E. Barnard independently discovered this galaxy (as well as IC 293) on 23 Nov 1888 while sweeping near Algol with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer and he recatalogued it as IC 1887.  So, IC 292 = IC 1887.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 293 = IC 1888 = MCG +07-07-031 = CGCG 540-053 = LGG 087-006 = PGC 11873

03 10 56.2 +41 08 14; Per

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 90°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 375x; faint, small, round, 20" diameter, broad and weak concentration.  Situated in a rich star field 6' SW of mag 8.1 HD 19663 (a wide pair).  This member of AGC 426 lies 14' SSW of NGC 1224, which was the previous target.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 293 = Sw. VIII-18, along with IC 292, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; S; R; in finder field with Algol."  His position is less than 1' W of PGC 11873. E.E. Barnard independently discovered this galaxy (as well as IC 292) on 23 Nov 1888 while sweeping near Algol with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer and he recatalogued it as IC 1887.  So, IC 293 = IC 1887.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 294 = IC 296 = IC 1889 = UGC 2574 = MCG +07-07-033 = LGG 088-012 = PGC 11878

03 11 03.1 +40 37 20; Per

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  PA = 106°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Three similar stars are near; a mag 14.5 star is 0.6' NW, a mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW and another mag 14 star is 1.1' WSW.  IC 292 lies 13' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 294 = Sw. VIII-19, along with IC 290, 292, 293 and 295, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; iR; in finder field with Algol."  Barnard independently found this galaxy (along with IC 292 and 293) while sweeping near Algol on 23 Nov 1888 and noted "faint, moderately size, follows several stars."  Barnard send the discovery notice directly to Dreyer at some point resulting in the designation IC 1889.

 

Swift placed IC 295 close southeast, but there is nothing there.  IC 296 = Sw. VIII-21, discovered by Swift just 3 nights later, is perhaps another observation (position matches and nothing else nearby he might have picked up, except for faint stars).  So, IC 294 = IC 296 = IC 1889 (and perhaps IC 295!).  CGCG labels this galaxy as IC 296 while MCG and RC3 lists it as IC 294.

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IC 296 = IC 294 = IC 1889 = UGC 2574 = MCG +07-07-033 = LGG 088-012 = PGC 11878

03 11 03.1 +40 37 20; Per

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  PA = 106°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Three similar stars are near; a mag 14.5 star is 0.6' NW, a mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW and another mag 14 star is 1.1' WSW.  IC 292 lies 13' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 296 = Sw. VIII-21 on 14 Sep 1888 and described as "eF, pS, irr R, F D * p."  His position is a good match with UGC 2574.  This galaxy was probably discovered 3 nights earlier by Swift and recorded as VIII-19 (later IC 294).  Some sources identify this galaxy as IC 294, others as IC 296 or both.  IC 1889 is an independent discovery by Barnard a couple of months later.

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IC 298 = Arp 147 = I Zw 11 = VV 787 = UGCA 57 = CGCG 390-016 = MCG +00-09-015 = PGC 1190197 = PGC 11890

03 11 18.9 +01 18 53; Cet

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 126°

 

48" (10/23/11): at 488x both components of this ring system were easily resolved.  The eastern "collider" component (identified as IC 298A in PGC but IC 298B in NED) appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:2 N-S, 24"x9", very small brighter core.  The ring component (no nucleus) just west is a faint, small, irregularly round glow, ~20" diameter with a low but very uneven surface brightness.  The rim was slightly brighter, creating a weak annular appearance, particularly on the east side.  The system is located 3' NW of a mag 9.3 star.

 

18" (1/26/09): at 285x appeared very faint and small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, ~18"x9", low even surface brightness.  Located 3' NW of mag 9.3 SAO 111034.  This is a remarkable pair of disrupted galaxies (Arp 147) forming a "10" or "IC" on images.  The fainter western component (collisional Ring), forming the "C" or "0" was not visible.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 298 = J. 2-580 on 29 Dec 1893 and recorded "Small, nearly round, 1 'in diameter. It looks like the nebula covers two very small bright spots."  Based on his description, it appears Javelle saw both components described in my observation.  MCG appears to misidentify IC 298 as MCG +00-09-015 instead of MCG +00-09-014.  Although IC 298 applies to both systems, PGC identifies the ring as IC 298 and the eastern component as IC 298A, while NED identifies the ring as IC 298A and the eastern system as IC 298B.

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IC 300 = LEDA 2198416

03 14 16.0 +42 24 55; Per

V = 14.8;  Size 0.55'x0.55'

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; faint, very small, round, ~15" diameter [core of the galaxy], nearly even surface brightness.  This member of AGC 426 is situated 9' SW of mag 6.1 HD 20063 and 13' NNW of IC 301.

 

Alternate identification of IC 300:  UGC 2590 at 03 13 03.1 +42 27 26

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, stellar nucleus.  A mag 14.5 star is barely off the SW side [30" from center].  Located 11' NE of mag 6.2 HD 19736.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 300 = Sw. VIII-23 on 15 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; S; R; 8 mag * in field sp; p of 2 [with IC 301]."  There is nothing at his position but 2.5' SE is LEDA 2198416, which Corwin identifies as IC 300.  He remarks, though, "his description should read 'bet 2 sts 9, np and sf" instead of "* 9 sp.'"  Also, this galaxy is at least a magnitude fainter than IC 301, though both were described as "eF".  So, Corwin mentions its possible the position is well off and this is not the intended object.

 

I noticed that if Swift recorded or transcribed his RA by 1 minute too large, then his position would correspond with UGC 2590.  And there is a bright star to the southwest as required, though HD 19736 (11' SW) is 6th magnitude, so a couple of magnitudes brighter than Swift suggested.

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IC 301 = UGC 2606 = MCG +07-07-036 = CGCG 540-063 = PGC 12074

03 14 47.7 +42 13 22; Per

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x1.1'

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, contains a small brighter core and very small nucleus.  A mag 14.7 star is on the NW end.  Located 1.2° NW of NGC 1275 in AGC 426.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 301 = Sw. VIII-23, along with IC 300, on 15 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; f of 2 [with IC 300]."  His position is just 1.2'  WNW of UGC 2606 and there are no other nearby galaxies, so the identification is secure.

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IC 302 = UGC 2595 = MCG +01-09-002 = CGCG 416-004 = PGC 11972

03 12 51.3 +04 42 25; Cet

V = 12.8;  Size 1.9'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 21°

 

24" (12/1/16): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, 0.8' diameter, fairly low nearly even surface brightness.  No distinct core, but occasionally a faint stellar nucleus seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 302 = J. 2-581 on 15 Dec 1892 and described "pretty faint, pretty small, round, 40" diameter, stellar nucleus."

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IC 304 = UGC 2609 = MCG +06-08-005 = CGCG 525-010 = LGG 089-001 = PGC 12080

03 15 01.4 +37 52 55; Per

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 27°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, elongated ~5:3 SSW-NNE, ~25"x15", slightly brighter nucleus.  A mag 14 star is 30" SE and a mag 13 star is 1.2' SE.  Forms a pair with IC 305 1.4' SSE.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 304, along with IC 305, while searching for double stars on 12 Sep 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The micrometric position (measured by Barnard) is accurate.

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IC 305 = CGCG 525-012 = MCG +06-08-006 = PGC 12083

03 15 03.8 +37 51 36; Per

Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 45°

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, very small bright nucleus, compact, 15" diameter.  Appears brighter (higher surface brightness) than CGCG mag of 15.7 suggests.  A mag 13 star is 50" NE.  Forms a close pair with IC 304 1.4' NNW.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 305, along with IC 304, while searching for double stars on 12 Sep 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.

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IC 308 = UGC 2619 = PGC 12152

03 16 15.8 +41 10 51; Per

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  PA = 3°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; nearly fairly faint, small, round, very small brighter nucleus with a diffuse 20" halo. A mag 14.6 star is at the south edge.  Situated in a rich star field on the southwest side of the Perseus Galaxy Cluster (AGC 426), ~45' WSW of NGC 1275.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 308 = Sw. VIII-25 on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; iR; resolvability suspected."  His position is at the east edge of UGC 2619.  Neither UGC, PGC nor HyperLeda label UGC 2619 as IC 308. The same night he discovered a number of galaxies in the Perseus cluster.

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IC 309 = MCG +07-07-043 = CGCG 540-072 = LGG 091-001 = PGC 12141

03 16 06.3 +40 48 16; Per

V = 13.5;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, round, even surface brightness.  Situated between two mag 12 stars 1' NW and 1.4' SE.  UGC 2617 lies 5' NNW but was not seen.  Member of AGC 426.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 309 = Sw. VIII-26 on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; bet 2 st."

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IC 310 = UGC 2624 = MCG +07-07-045 = PGC 12171

03 16 43.1 +41 19 29; Per

V = 12.7;  Size 1.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x fairly bright, moderately large, round, ~45" diameter, strong concentration with a bright core that increases to an intense quasi-stellar nucleus.  Located at the southwest end of the mainline of AGC 426.  UGC 2626 is 3.7' NE and NGC 1259 is 7.4' NE.  A mag 14.5 star is 1.3' SW.

 

17.5" (12/19/87): moderately bright, fairly small, round, bright core, faint stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with UGC 2626 3.7' NE.  Member of AGC 426.

 

17.5" (12/3/88): fairly faint, fairly small, round, small bright core.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 17 year-old son, discovered IC 310 = Sw. VIII-28 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; [NGC] 1259, 1260 in field."  The position matches UGC 2624, which is probably the brightest member of AGC 426 that is not in the NGC.

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IC 311 = UGC 2625 = CGCG 540-076 = PGC 12177

03 16 46.7 +40 00 13; Per

V = 14.1;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  PA = 114°

 

24" (12/6/18): at 375x; nearly fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter, low nearly even surface brightness.  A faint star (mag ~14.5) is attached at the SW edge.  Situated in a rich star field on a line between a mag 10.6 star 3.8' WSW and a mag 9.5 star (HD 275082) 6' ENE.  This galaxy is probably an outlying member of AGC 426 (1.6° S of the center of the cluster) and has an unusual double dust lane on the SDSS image!

 

STF 369, an attractive mag 6.7/8.0 pair at 3", lies 29' N.  The stars have a subtle color contrast with a very pale orange primary and a blue-white secondary.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 311 = Sw. VIII-27 on 10 Oct 1888 and reported "eF, pS, iR, bet 2 st, vF * v. close f."  His RA is 7 seconds too small, but the description is a perfect match with UGC 2625.

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IC 312 = UGC 2644 = MCG +07-07-051 = CGCG 540-086 = LGG 088-004 = PGC 12279

03 18 08.4 +41 45 16; Per

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 125°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 282x; moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.4', small bright core.  PGC 12288, just 1.9' SE, appeared faint, small, elongated ~3:1 SSW-NNE, ~20"x7".  A mag 14-14.5 star is at the northeast end.  NGC 1265, a low surface brightness galaxy with a bright star superimposed, lies 6' NNE of IC 312.

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, oval NW-SE.  A mag 13 star is 1.2' E of center.  Forms a pair with PGC 12288 1.9' SE within AGC 426.  The companion appeared very faint, very small, elongated SW-NE.  A mag 15 star is just off the NE edge.

 

17.5" (8/12/88): faint, small, elongated NW-SE, brighter core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 312 = Sw. VIII-29 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; nearly bet. 2 stars."  His position is accurate though MCG doesn't doesn't equate MCG +07-07-051 with IC 312.

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IC 313 = UGC 2682 = MCG +07-07-073 = CGCG 540-111 = LGG 097-005 = CR 45 = PGC 12558

03 20 58.1 +41 53 38; Per

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 42°

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, slightly brighter nucleus.  A double star 14.5/14.5 (separation ~6") is 30" SE, just off the southeast edge.  A superimposed star barely south of the nucleus was not noticed.  IC 316 lies 4.6' NE and a mag 10.5 star is 2.5' N.

 

17.5" (1/7/89): very faint, very small, almost round.  A mag 14 star (close double) is off the southeast edge 30" from center.  Forms a pair with IC 316 4.5' NE within AGC 426.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 313 = Sw. VIII-33, along with IC 316, on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; vS; R; e close D * v near south."

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IC 314 = NGC 1289 = UGC 2666 = MCG +00-09-054 = CGCG 390-055 = PGC 12342

03 18 49.8 -01 58 24; Eri

V = 12.6;  Size 1.8'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 100°

 

See observing notes for NGC 1289.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 314 = Big. 140 on 14 Dec 1887.  His position matches UGC 2666 = PGC 12342.  This galaxy was discovered by Lewis Swift on 1 Sep 1886 and described as "vF; S; R; 4 st following in a row.", but his RA was off by 11 seconds.  Howe measured an accurate micrometric position for NGC 1289 and reported "the "4 st following" are of about mag 10, and are not close together, the farthest being perhaps 10' from the nebula."  It's clear that IC 314 = NGC 1289, although Dreyer didn't make the connection.

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IC 316 = UGC 2688 = MCG +07-07-074 = CGCG 540-112 = PGC 12576 +12578

03 21 19.9 +41 55 50; Per

V = 14.1;  Size 1.4'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 64°

 

24" (2/7/16): IC 316 is a spectacular interacting/merging pair of spiral galaxies with the nuclei of the two galaxies separated by only 11".  The close duo is embedded in a irregular common halo about 1' across.  At 226x, a single fairly faint glow was seen, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~25" diameter.  At 452x (10mm ZAO + 2x Powermate), I immediately noticed a nearly stellar nucleus [of the northern face-on spiral] offset near the north edge creating an unusual appearance.  Often a very faint "spike" [the southern edge-on spiral] was seen close south of the stellar nucleus, angling towards the southeast, ~15"x5".

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, oval ~N-S, weak concentration.  Located 5' ENE of IC 313 in AGC 426.  A companion is superimposed 0.2' S, but the merged systems were not resolved.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 316 = Sw. VIII-34, along with IC 313, on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R."  So, Swift did not resolve the two nuclei.

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IC 320 = UGC 2732 = MCG +07-08-007 = CGCG 541-006 = PGC 12819

03 25 59.2 +40 47 20; Per

V = 14.2;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  PA = 48°

 

24" (12/20/17): at 225x and 375x; faint, small, slightly elongated WNW-ESE, 20"x15" (core region only), faint stellar nucleus.  A very faint star [mag 15.3] is superimposed on the SW side that is similar in brightness to the nucleus, and a brighter mag 14.5 star is off the WNW edge [27" from center].  UGC 2730, an extremely low surface brightness edge-on 2.8' SSW, appeared  extremely faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, ~20"x6"?.  IC 320 is an outlying member of AGC 426 at the southeast edge of the cluster, 1.4° from NGC 1275.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 320 = Sw. VIII-35 on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; vF * close p."  His position is just off the west edge of UGC 2732 and the description of the nearby star matches.

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IC 324 = NGC 1331 = ESO 548-019 = MCG -04-09-012 = IC 324 = PGC 12846

03 26 28.3 -21 21 19; Eri

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

See observing notes for NGC 1331.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 324 on 3 Dec 1888.  His position matches ESO 548-019 = PGC 12846, which was discovered by William Herschel in 1799 and catalogued as H III-959 (later NGC 1331).  His single position on this sweep is 22 seconds of RA too small and happens to fall close to ESO 548-016 = PGC 12827, a galaxy too faint to have been seen by Herschel. In the "Scientific Papers of William Herschel", Dreyer notes for NGC 1331: "This is IC 324, 11 seconds following, 1.2' S of NGC 1332.  NGC 1331 is to be struck out."  The RNGC misidentifies ESO 548-016 as NGC 1331.

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IC 329 = MCG +00-10-001 = CGCG 391-002 = WBL 102-001 = PGC 13109

03 32 01.4 +00 16 46; Tau

V = 14.3;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 63°

 

24" (12/1/16): at 225x;    First in an trio with IC 331 4.5' E (roughly symmetrically placed on the east side of the bright star) and IC 330 4.7' NNE.  The three galaxies (catalogued as the group WBL 102) form an isosceles triangle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 329 = J. 1-115, along with IC 330 and IC 331, on 4 Dec 1891.  He reported "faint, very small, round, with slight condensation."

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IC 330 = MCG +00-10-002 = CGCG 391-004 = WBL 102-002 = PGC 13117

03 32 08.0 +00 21 12; Tau

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  PA = 78°

 

24" (12/1/16): at 225x; fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE, 30"x10", small brighter core.  A mag 11.8 star is 1.4' NNE.   Situated 3.9' N of mag 8.3 HD 21926 in a trio with IC 329 and IC 330.  These two galaxies lie  ~2' W and 2.5' E of the bright star, respectively, so the trio has a striking arrangement with IC 330 forming the northern vertex of an isosceles triangle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 330 = J. 1-116, along with IC 329 and IC 331, on 4 Dec 1891.  He reported "faint, roughly round, 15" diameter, slightly brighter center."

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IC 331 = MCG +00-10-003 = CGCG 391-005 = WBL 102-003 = PGC 13119

03 32 19.1 +00 16 57; Tau

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (12/1/16): at 225x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, very small bright nucleus.  IC 331 lies 2.6' E of mag 8.3 HD 21926 and is the third in a trio with IC 329 (2' WSW of the bright star) and IC 330.  It's slightly brighter and larger than IC 329.  Although none of these galaxies are bright, the arrangement with the bright star is striking.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 331 = J. 2-117, along with IC 329 and IC 330, on 4 Dec 1891.  He reported "mag 13 star surrounded by nebulosity, nebulous character uncertain."

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IC 332 = MCG +00-10-004 = CGCG 391-006 = PGC 13137

03 32 37.4 +01 22 57; Tau

V = 13.7;  Size 0.95'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 43°

 

24" (2/24/20): at 260x and 375x; between faint and fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 20" (core region), very low surface brightness halo ~0.6'x0.4' SW-NE.  A mag 10.7 star is 4.4' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 332 = J. 2-587 on 29 Dec 1893 and reported "F, vS, R, 20" diameter.  Like a faint star surrounded by nebulosity."

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IC 334 = UGC 2824 = MCG +13-03-007 = CGCG 346-006 = PGC 13759

03 45 16.9 +76 38 17; Cam

V = 11.3;  Size 2.5'x1.9';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 58°

 

17.5" (1/9/99): surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy!  The center is sharply concentrated with a bright 1' core and a much fainter irregular halo at least 2.5' in diameter.  A faint star is superimposed at the south side of the core.  Situated in a starry field with several mag 12/13 stars within a few arc minutes.

 

William Denning discovered IC 334 on 30 Sep 1891 with his 10-inch reflector.  He called it "tolerably bright, pretty small" and noted "an extremely faint star involved on the S. side of the nebula.  The latter is fairly conspicuous with a power of 60, and much brighter in the middle."

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IC 335 = IC 1963 = ESO 358-026 = MCG -06-08-031 = LGG 094-008 = PGC 13277

03 35 31.0 -34 26 49; For

V = 11.9;  Size 2.6'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 84°

 

18" (1/21/04): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated ~E-W, 1.5'x0.4', slightly brighter core, tapering extensions (spindle-shaped).  Located 7.5' E of a mag 11.5 star.  This is one of the brighter non-NGC galaxies in the Fornax I cluster.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 335 = Sw. VII-8 on 15 Oct 1887 and recorded "pF pS; eE; east and west."  His position is 30 seconds of RA west of ESO 358-026 = PGC 13277.  Swift found this galaxy again on 7 Sep 1897 and logged "pB; S; eeeE; a hair line 90°.  See note."  The note mentions "these [along with IC 2135] are the most interesting nebulae I have ever seen, especially No. 56 [IC 1963], which is a nebulous hair-line of one uniform size from end to end."  His second position was 37 seconds of RA too far west (both positions have the same declination) though clearly refers to the same edge-on.  Dreyer assumed they were different, but IC 335 = IC 1963.  Swift included both IC 335 and IC 2135 in a short article on "Remarkable Nebulae" in the 1902 Popular Astronomy after his observing career was over.

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IC 342 = UGC 2847 = MCG +11-05-003 = PGC 13826

03 46 48.6 +68 05 47; Cam

V = 8.4;  Size 21.4'x20.9';  Surf Br = 14.9

 

24" (3/21/20): at 124x and 200x; this obscured galaxy contained a very bright 30" nucleus that gradually increased to a sharp stellar point.  The nucleus was surrounded by a fairly faint core/central region with a diameter of at least 1'.  A 12th mag star is just 1' N of the nucleus.  This star is the middle of 3 nearly in a line with a mag 12 star 2' E and a mag 11 star 2.5' WSW.  A very diffuse halo of low but irregular surface brightness extends ~15', best viewed at 124x.  A distinctive string of 6 stars oriented NW-SE cuts across the halo to the southwest of the nucleus.  Spiral arm structure was very subtle and only seen in patches or sections, one on the north side, roughly 5' from the core.

 

UGC 2826, located 21' NW, appeared fairly faint, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, ~0.6'x0.4', low but uneven surface brightness, weak concentration.

 

17.5" (12/16/95): very unusual galaxy, appears as a very faint, very large glow surrounding a 1' high surface brightness core that increases to a bright stellar nucleus.  The irregular halo is difficult to trace but extends to ~10' diameter with a number of superimposed stars including a striking 6' string of six mag 10.5-12.5 stars oriented NW-SE on the southwest side of the halo.  No arm structure was seen.  The core forms a small triangle with two similar superimposed mag 11 stars 1.0' N and 2.0' NE.  Situated just 10.6° above the galactic plane and suffers from significant dust obscuration.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 144x the nucleus is prominent as a mag 12 "fuzzy" star.  At this power the outer halo disappears.

 

8" (3/21/20):  the small core/nucleus was very noticeable, as well as a very large, roundish outer halo ~15' diameter with a diaphanous appearance.  The halo seemed to fill in the gaps between the numerous surrounding stars.

 

8" (10/13/81): very faint, large, very diffuse outer halo, very small prominent 12th magnitude nucleus.  A line of three stars is superimposed.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 342 on 11 Aug 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He sketched it at 150x as well as 500x and noted, "with 500x it is quite a bright object, 1/2' dia and quite [?], mbM, not cometary.  Object 1' S of this star [shown on sketch] and following 3 or 4 seconds." His rough position and sketch (showing the superimposed linear strings of stars) is an excellent match.

 

William Denning independently discovered IC 342 on 19 Aug 1892 while comet hunting with his 10-inch reflector.  The discovery was announced in a short note, "New nebula", Astronomy and Astro-Physics, 12, 189 (1893).  He called it "rather faint, with nucleus about 12th magnitude, and very small, but it was sufficiently conspicuous to be discovered with a power of 40 only on my 10-inch reflector."  As Barnard never published his discovery or informed Dreyer, Denning was credited with the discovery in the IC.

 

In a note by Hubble and Seyfert titled "A Spiral Nebula of Unusually Large Dimensions" (Harvard College Observatory Bulletin No. 899, pp.16-17): "In a letter written to Dr. J. L. Dreyer before 1894, Mr. W. F. Denning, the well known meteor observer of Bristol, included in a short list of new nebulae an object in the position 3h 37m 8s, +67d 46.9' (1900), which was simply described as "pretty bright, very small, star of 12th magnitude close to nucleus."

 

Hubble and Humason (1934), first recognized this object as a spiral galaxy and suggested it was possibly a Local Group member (heavily reddened) based on its recessional velocity, though it was later shown to be too distant.  IC 342 is one of the brightest members of the IC 342/Maffei Group that includes NGC 1560, NGC 1569 and highly obscured Maffei I and 2.

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IC 343 = ESO 548-066 = MCG -03-10-029 = LGG 100-003 = PGC 13495

03 40 07.1 -18 26 37; Eri

V = 13.2;  Size 1.6'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 118°

 

17.5" (12/11/99): faint, small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 30"x20".  Situated between two mag 13 stars 1.6' E and 2.0' SW of center.  Located 8' N of NGC 1407 in a group of 8 NGC galaxies.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 343 = LM(S) 160 on 14 Oct 1887 and noted "lE 90°, dif."  His micrometric position in the 1893 catalogue of "Southern Nebulae" (#160) matches ESO 548-066.

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IC 344 = MCG -01-10-020 = PGC 13568

03 41 29.5 -04 39 58; Eri

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

13.1" (12/7/85): first of three on a line with NGC 1417 and NGC 1418.  Extremely faint, round, very diffuse.  Detectable with averted vision only 20% of time.  Located 7.3' WNW of NGC 1417.

 

John Herschel discovered IC 344 = h305 = LM(S) 163 = Sw. IX-13 on 17 Oct 1827 and simply recorded "the first of 3 [with H II-455 and H II-456]".  His position matches MCG -01-10-020 = PGC 13568, although he assumed this nebula was identical with H. III-569 = NGC 1397. As a result both the GC (756) and NGC (1397) misidentify h305 as H III-569.  h305 (later IC 344) did not receive a separate NGC designation and it's his only discovery with an IC designation.  This galaxy was also observed at Birr Castle, though also missed on several occasions.

 

Lewis Swift independently found the galaxy on 23 Dec 1889 and reported Sw. IX-13 as "eeF; pL; R; passed in line with 1417-18; cometary; unable to refind it; seeing good.  Failed also at Harvard College Observatory [during a visit]."  Swift published a note in AN 126, 225 that "in description of nebula no. 13 for "passed" read "1st of 3".  Calling attention to apparently so trivial a matter may seen unimportant, but it has more significance than at first sight appears, as I strongly suspect it to have been a comet, as at two subsequent examinations it could not be found.  It was in in line with NGC 1417 and 1418 and all three were seen simultaneously."  Swift gave an even more detailed review of this object in Astronomy and Astro-Physics (formerly Popular Astronomy, 11 (1892), so he clearly put a lot of effort and time on it.  Frank Muller also found IC 344 in late 1887 while measuring positions for NGC 1417 and 1418.  Dreyer credited both JH (h305) and Swift in the IC.  Sherburne Burnham measured IC 344 (Publ of Lick Observatory, II) and correctly sorted out the confusion with JH's observation.

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IC 345 = ESO 548-074 = MCG -03-10-032 = PGC 13552

03 41 09.1 -18 18 51; Eri

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 37°

 

24" (1/1/19): at 260x; faint, very small, round, 18" diameter, compact appearance.  Located 21' NE of NGC 1407 (brightest member of a group).  IC 346 lies 13.5' ENE.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 345 = #168 on 22 Oct 1887.  The micrometric measurements (3 observations) matches MCG -03-10-032.

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IC 346 = ESO 548-078 = MCG -03-10-035 = PGC 13575

03 41 44.7 -18 16 01; Eri

V = 12.6;  Size 1.6'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 69°

 

24" (1/1/19): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, contains a very small brighter nucleus surrounded by a 30" core and a very low surface brightness halo that was ill defined, but up to 1' in diameter.  IC 345 lies 9' WSW.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 346 = #171 on 21 Oct 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory and noted, "E 80° (WSW-ENE), 1.0'x0.8', mag 15.5, diff."  His position matches ESO 548-078.  But the IC position is based on an observation by Ormond Stone and there is nothing at his position.  Swift found the ESO galaxy again and reported it as new in his 11th discovery list.

 

Herbert Howe suggested Muller's object was identical to Sw. XI-60 and Dreyer made the following note in the IC 2: "The place and description should be 03 35 26, 108° 43.0', eF, pL, E 80°, dif (my mistake).  Is no doubt identical with Sw. XI 60; 03 35 13, 108° 39.8'."  Dreyer gave no explanation of how the mistake was made, but perhaps he had meant to use Muller's observation instead or he noticed that Swift's observation closely matched Muller's.  In any case, Dreyer's corrected position matches object #171 in the Leander-McCormick Southern Nebulae catalogue.   Harold Corwin suggests that Stone's erroneous position may be due to a misidentified offset star.

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IC 347 = MCG -01-10-024 = PGC 13622

03 42 32.6 -04 17 55; Eri

V = 12.7;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 40°

 

13.1" (12/7/85): fairly faint, small, almost round, stellar nucleus.  Surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy.  Located 26' N of NGC 1418 in the NGC 1417 group.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 347 = Sw. IX-14 on 25 Dec 1889 and recorded "eF; vS; R; stellar."

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IC 348 = IC 1985 = Cr 41 = OCL-409 = vdB 19 = LBN 758 = Ced 20

03 44 36 +32 10; Per

V = 7.3;  Size 10'x10'

 

17.5" (12/16/95): IC 348 is an unusual object consisting of a scattered group of stars with associated nebulosity (vdB 19) situated near a large dark cloud virtually devoid of stars.  The cluster consists of 15 stars of varying magnitudes in a 6' group and is located 5'-10' S of Omicron = 38 Persei (V = 3.8).  The brightest star in the group is mag 8.4 SAO 56680, which has two nearby companions and the group is clearly encased in a fairly bright reflection nebula, ~3' diameter.  The star at the southwest end of the cluster is a nice close evenly matched double (∑437 = 9.8/10 at 11").  The immediate 50' low power field to the south is strangely devoid of almost all stars! (Barnard 3 and 4).  Omicron also has a halo but this appears to be scattered light.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 348 = Sf 70 on 1 Dec 1866 and recorded "vL, pB, vgbM."  He added the footnote "a loose cluster with nebula" and his position is accurate.  E.E. Barnard independently discovered the nebulosity near Omicron Persei (though not a cluster) on a plate taken 6 Dec 1893 at Lick Observatory and Dreyer catalogued it again as IC 1985.

 

The Lynga position for the scattered cluster is about 8' too far north and this error is repeated in the Sky Catalogue 2000.

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IC 349 = vdB 22 = Ced 19i = Barnard's Nebula

03 46 20.1 +23 56 23; Tau

Size 0.5'

 

48" (10/31/13):  IC 349 is a reflection knot just 36" SSE of Merope.  We used 813x and carefully placed Merope barely outside the north edge of the field.  The orientation was easy to judge using two 15th magnitude stars 1.8' S and 1.8' SSW of Merope and the elongated glow fell between the diffraction spikes.  Despite the glare from Merope making the observation much more difficult, I was surprised this small reflection nebula was fairly bright and elongated (roughly pointing south from Merope) with a straighter western edge, perhaps 20"x10" in size.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 349, a fan-shaped knot of nebulosity just 0.6' SSE of Merope, visually on 14 Nov 1890 using the Lick 36" refractor.  It was announced in a discovery note in AN 3018.  "On Nov. 14 while examining the cluster, I discovered a new and comparatively bright round cometary nebula close south and following Merope, every precaution was taken to prove that it was not a ghost of Merope by examining the other stars of the group under the same conditions.  I have since seen it several times and on Dec. 8th I could see it with some difficulty in the 12-inch by occulting Merope with a wire in the eyepiece.  With the great telescope the nebula can be seen fairly well with Merope in the field and is conspicuous when the star is placed just outside the north edge of the field.  It is about 30" in diameter, of the 13th mag, gradually brighter in the middle, and very cometary in appearance.  It was examined with powers of 300, 520 and 1500, with all of which it was comparatively easy."

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IC 351 = PK 159-15.1 = PN G159.0-15.1

03 47 33.0 +35 02 49; Per

V = 11.9;  Size 8"x6";  PA = 10°

 

17.5" (3/1/03): swept up at 100x as a fuzzy mag 12 "star".  Nice view at 380x, which reveals a moderate surface brightness 7" disk.  Fairly evenly illuminated but the halo has a slightly irregular surface brightness.  A mag 15 star is 20" WNW of center with a slightly fainter star further north.  Located 3.4' NW of mag 9.5 SAO 56707.  A mag 11 and 13 stars complete a trio to the SE. 

 

17.5" (1/8/00): picked up at 100x as an out of focus mag 11 "star".  At 220x, this high surface brightness PN was clearly nonstellar and slightly oval with a hint of a sparkle (central star) at the center.  At 500x, appeared as a small, well-defined disc, elongated 4:3 SW-NE with dimensions ~7"x5".  The quasi-stellar center was brighter with a small, fainter halo that seemed irregular.  A couple of faint stars are close west and north.  Located 3.5' NW of a distinctive trio of mag 10/11/13 stars.

 

8" (12/4/80): fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE.  A wide trio of stars is about 3.5' SE consisting of mag 9 SAO 56707, a mag 10.5 star and a mag 12.5 star (separations of 32", 36" and 58").

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 351 on 5 Dec 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory, while examining the region near Comet Zona.  He estimated a diameter of 4.6" and a magnitude of 10.5-11.  Sherburne Burnham measured a diameter of 10".

 

Based on a Crossley photographs, Curtis (1918) described, "central star can be made out and is perhaps as bright as mag 14.  The nebula shows a minute elliptical disk, which is 8"x6" in PA 10° in a 5 minute exposure.  An elongated brighter patch is in the center."

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IC 356 = Arp 213 = UGC 2953 = MCG +12-04-011 = PGC 14508

04 07 46.5 +69 48 45; Cam

V = 10.5;  Size 5.2'x3.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 90°

 

48" (2/18/12): bright, large, oval 3:2 E-W, 3.0'x2.0', large brighter core.  There appears to be a very slightly brighter streak extending from the core to the southwest.  Several stars are superimposed on the halo.  UGC 2955 is 9' SSE and PGC 166486 = 2MASX J04083779+6950160 lies 4.7' NE.

 

17.5" (11/2/91): moderately bright, fairly large, elongated 3:2 E-W, 2.25'x1.5'.  Contains a large brighter core 30" diameter with a fairly faint stellar nucleus.  A mag 14 star is embedded in the NE portion of halo.  Located 3.5' S of mag 8.6 SAO 13024.  This is one of the brightest IC galaxies.

 

8" (11/28/81): very faint, round, diffuse, even surface brightness.  Located south of a mag 9 star.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 356 on 23 Aug 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His simple eyepiece sketch clearly identifies the neighboring stars.  Barnard didn't publish his discovery until 1892 (AN 3097) in response to an independent discovery by William Denning on 7 Nov 1890 (Observatory, 15, 104 (1892)).  Barnard's article was titled "Two Probably Variable Nebulae".  In the article he mentions "from its brightness it is not possible that it has been so conspicuous for any great length of time, or it would surely have been found by Swift and others."

 

Both Barnard and Denning are credited in the IC.  Denning was a bit peeved about Barnard's late discovery note and wrote "Mr. Barnard claims to have discovered [IC 356] in August 1889 whereas I did not pick it up until Nov 1890.  While admitting this claim, I would venture to remark that anyone who makes a discovery ought to be prompt in announcing it, as a delay of several years is very likely to cause misconception and unnecessary trouble to others.  I think that in ordinary cases priority of announcement ought to be accepted as priority of discovery."  He also questioned Barnard's claim that the nebula had recent brightened, stating "I have picked up this object many times during the last two years  without noticing any change in it other than can be fully accounted for by differences  in atmospheric conditions."

 

But perhaps Barnard wasn't the first to discover this galaxy.  Swift claimed (Astro-Physics, Vol XI, 566) an earlier discovery before 1879 based on marking the object on his Burritt's star atlas, though he didn't record or remember any particulars, stating he thought his early discoveries were all known!

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IC 357 = UGC 2941 = MCG +04-10-016 = CGCG 487-016 = PGC 14384

04 03 44.0 +22 09 33; Tau

V = 13.2;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 175°

 

24" (2/14/15): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, contains a very small brighter core.  A mag 12 star lies 1.5' E and two additional stars form an isosceles triangle (sides 2', 2' and 3').  Located 14' WNW of 4.3-magnitude 37 Tauri.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 357 = Sf. 73 on 1 Jan 1867 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He reported "F, S, R, Nucl = 13.5m".

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IC 359 = UGC 2980 = MCG +05-10-009 = CGCG 508-008 = PGC 14653

04 12 28.4 +27 42 08; Tau

V = 13.9;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (3/1/03): easily swept up at 100x.  At 280x appears faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration to a slightly brighter core and nucleus.  A mag 15 star is just off the WSW edge [26" from center].  A mag 15.5 star is ~1.5' ~1' E (other nearby stars surround the galaxy on the DSS).

 

This number is incorrectly applied to the reflection nebula GN 04.15.5 = LBN 782 at 04 19.0 +28 17 (2000) in NGC 2000, Lynds, Neckel and Vehrenberg, etc.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 359 = Sw. II-29 = Sw. X-14 on 20 Aug 1885 and reported "vF; pL; R; lbM."  His position is just 2.7' W (12 seconds of RA) of IC 359.  He added a long note: "Resembles a Comet.  Moonlight and clouds prevented verification until Sept. 6, when it could not be found.  Am certain of its place, and of its configuration with 4 stars.  Have examined the place three times and am certain of its absence.  Seeing on one occasion as good as when discovered."  He also stated in the introduction, "No. 19 [from list I] must therefore be struck out, and with great probability No. 29 of this Catalogue also."  As a result, Dreyer didn't assigned Sw. II-29 an NGC designation.

 

Swift rediscovered this galaxy on 25 Dec 1891 and recorded "eeF; pL; R; Not no. 29 cat. 2.  That is still missing."  There is nothing at his position but UGC 2980 lies 1 minute of time west and despite his comment, Sw. II-29 almost certainly applies to the same object.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 359 in MCG (+05-10-009) and IC 359 is misidentified as the reflection nebula GN 04.15.5 = DG 29 = LBN 782 at 04 19.0 +28 17 (2000) in NGC 2000, Lynds, MOL, Neckel and Vehrenberg, etc (private communication with Corwin on 10/3/94).  LBN 782 is 6.5 min of RA following Swift's position and according to Dave Riddle, is the tail of cometary nebula Ced 30 = Hubble 4 = Hubble's "nebulous star".

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IC 361 = Cr 48 = Mel 24 = OCL-393 = C 0414+581

04 18 51 +58 15 00; Cam

V = 11.7;  Size 6'

 

18" (11/26/03): very faint cloud of partially resolved stars, ~4' in diameter.  A number of fairly uniform mag 14-15 stars are just resolved over haze, though it's difficult to tally a total. A brighter 7' string of mag 11-12 stars oriented NW-SE passes along the north edge of the cluster.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 361 on 10 Oct 1890 with the 6 1/2" refractor at Lick Observatory.  He recorded in his logbook, "In 6 1/2 inch it is apparently a very faint nebula between two or three stars.  In 12-inch (175x) it is pL, excessively faint and seems to be an excessively faint cluster or extremely faint stars, with possibly some nebulosity - power too high."  His simple sketch shows the cluster on line with two 6th magnitude stars to the southwest and the identity is certain. Barnard never published his discovery or notified Dreyer.

 

William Denning found it again on 11 Feb 1893 with his 10-inch reflector (see The Observatory, 41, 140).  On 14 Sep he logged, "Cluster large and faint.  It is really a nebula with minute stars strewn about it. With power 252 the nebulous matter vanishes, but power 40 shows it very conspicuously."  Denning was credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 362 = MCG -02-11-031 = PGC 14782

04 16 42.4 -12 12 00; Eri

V = 13.2;  Size 1.7'x1.1';  PA = 3°

 

24" (12/1/16): fairly faint to moderately bright, oval 3:2 N-S, 36"x24", brighter core, very small brighter nucleus with direct vision.  Lies ~2' N of a pair of a wide pair [40" separation] of mag 13 stars.

 

MCG -02-11-030 lies 12' S.  This galaxy appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 NW SE, 30"x18", small bright nucleus.  A mag 12 star is 1.3' ESE of center and mag 9.4 HD 27112 is 3' SW.  This galaxy has an identical redshift, so apparently is a physical companion.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 362 = J. 1-121 on 14 Oct 1891 and reported "pretty bright, round, 10" diameter".  His position is accurate.

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IC 366 = CGCG 393-002 = PGC 14887

04 19 41.5 +02 21 35; Tau

Size 0.35'x0.2';  PA = 20°

 

24" (12/28/16): at 282x; faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Closest galaxy to NGC 1550 in a large group at z = .012.

 

24" (12/22/14): faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 3.1' SSE of much brighter NGC 1550.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 366 on 5 Oct 1890, while observing NGC 1550 with the 36" refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "That found by d'Arrest [NGC 1550] is at least six or eight times brighter than the other.  There is a faint star, about 13m, between the two."  His micrometric offset from NGC 1550 is very accurate.

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IC 367 = MCG -02-12-001 = PGC 14917

04 20 41.0 -14 46 52; Eri

V = 13.4;  Size 1.5'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 140°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 45"x15", slightly brighter along the spine of the central part of the major axis.  Located 16' SE of mag 7.8 HD 27499.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 367 = J. 1-122 on 7 Dec 1891 and recorded "pB, pL, diffuse."  His position matches MCG -02-12-001 = PGC 14917.

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IC 368 = MCG -02-12-009 = PGC 14994

04 22 42.7 -12 36 55; Eri

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 169°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25"-30" diameter, slightly brighter core, faint stellar nucleus.  A 9' chain of mag 11.5-14 stars oriented SW-NE extends across the east side at 200x (13mm Ethos).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 368 = J. 1-123 on 15 Oct 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 372 = LEDA 177340

04 30 04.2 -05 00 36; Eri

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  PA = 30°

 

24" (2/24/20): moderately faint, fairly small, small bright nucleus, very faint halo extended 3:2 or 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15".  IC 373 is 13' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 372 = J. 2-594 on 11 Feb 1893.  His position is accurate.  HyperLeda doesn't recognize LEDA 177340 as IC 372.

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IC 373 = MCG -01-12-013 = PGC 15335

04 30 42.7 -04 52 13; Eri

V = 13.4;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  PA = 108°

 

24" (2/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, sharp stellar nucleus.  Bracketed between a mag 11.8 star 2' N and a mag 10.6 star 2.5' S, with a mag 12.5 star 3' W.  Also two mag 8 stars are 7' E and 7' SE.  IC 372 is 13' SW.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter.  Gradually increases to a brighter core.  In a line of 3 stars oriented N-S and ~2' from two mag 11 stars to the north and south.  Located 19' NW of NGC 1600 in a group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 373 = J. 2-595 on 11 Feb 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 374 = MCG +03-12-001 = CGCG 467-001 = PGC 15474

04 32 32.8 +16 38 03; Tau

Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 85°

 

17.5" (1/31/87): faint, extremely small, round, brighter core, possibly elongated ~E-W.  Visible with direct vision at 220x.  Located 3.2' NE of a mag 9 star.  Two stars mag 11/12 7' E and 9' ENE are collinear with the mag 9 star.  Located 48' W and 7' N Aldebarran.  Appears almost stellar on the POSS.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 374 = Spitaler 4 on 28 Oct 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 381 = NGC 1530A = UGC 3130 = MCG +13-04-007 = CGCG 347-006 = PGC 15917

04 44 28.5 +75 38 24; Cam

V = 12.3;  Size 2.4'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.4

 

17.5" (3/1/03): picked up at 100x as a moderately large, low surface brightness galaxy.  Brightens somewhat towards the center.  A mag 13 star is superimposed near the edge of the halo.  At 220x, the star is at the north edge and the galaxy is elongated 4:3 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.6', although the edge of the halo is difficult to define.

 

William Denning discovered IC 381 on 26 Aug 1889 while comet-seeking at 32x with his 10-inch reflector in England.  At first he thought it might be identical to NGC 1530, but suspected it was new due to the discrepancy in position. The following year he accidentally ran across NGC 1530 and was certain his find was new.  He commented "with a power of 145 it is pretty faint, rather small, and there is a star of the 12th mag. on its N.W. border.  Two or three other extremely minute stars closely outlie the object, but they are near the limits of my aperture."  IC 381 was called "NGC 1530A" by Philip Keenan's in a table of new nebulae found on Yerkes plates and published in 1935 and deVaucouleurs used this designation in his 1964 Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies.

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IC 382 = MCG -02-12-049 = PGC 15691

04 37 55.5 -09 31 10; Eri

V = 12.2;  Size 2.3'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 0°

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint, moderately large, round, 1.5' diameter, gradually increases to small bright core.  A 10' string of stars extends towards the NW.  Appears brighter and larger than NGC 1632 30' ENE!  Misidentified in the RNGC as NGC 1632.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 382 = J. 2-587 on 6 Feb 1893.  His position is accurate.  RNGC and NGC 2000.0 incorrectly equates IC 382 with NGC 1632.  See NGC 1632.

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IC 386 = NGC 1632 = PGC 15769

04 39 58.5 -09 27 23; Eri

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 40°

 

17.5" (1/23/93): very faint, small, round, weak concentration, low surface brightness.  Located 3.1' SSW of a mag 10.5 star.  IC 382 lies 30' WSW.  Misidentified in the RNGC as IC 382.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 386 = J. 2-601 on 6 Feb 1893.  His position corresponds with PGC 15769.  This galaxy is probably NGC 1632, discovered by Frank Muller in 1886.  Muller's position is 0.8 minutes too far east, a common error in the Leander McCormick positions.  RNGC and NGC 2000.0 identify IC 382 as NGC 1632. Although IC 382 is brighter than IC 386, it is 4' off in declination and so less likely to be Muller's object.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 391 = UGC 3190 = MCG +13-04-011 = CGCG 347-009 = PGC 16402

04 57 21.7 +78 11 25; Cam

V = 12.7;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

17.5" (3/1/03): easily swept up at 100x; fairly faint, moderately large, round, fairly even surface brightness.  At 220x, embedded in the middle of a scattered group of stars, 1' diameter, nearly uniform surface brightness, possibly slightly elongated ~E-W, 1.0'x0.9'.

 

William Denning discovered IC 391 on 7 Nov 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector from England.  He simply noted "F, S, R." and measured a fairly accurate position.

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IC 392 = UGC 3158 = MCG +01-13-001 = CGCG 420-002 = LGG 120-014 = PGC 15973

04 46 25.9 +03 30 22; Ori

V = 12.3;  Size 1.6'x1.2';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 170°

 

17.5" (2/11/96): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 1.0' diameter, even concentration to a very small brighter core.  Located 2.3' WNW of a mag 10 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 392 = J. 2-604 on 6 Jan 1894.  His position matches UGC 3158, although neither UGC nor MCG equate their entry with IC 392.

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IC 395 = NGC 1671 = UGC 3178 = MCG +00-13-015 = Holm 80a = PGC 16095

04 49 34.1 +00 15 10; Ori

V = 12.9;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 130°

 

17.5" (2/11/96): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 45" diameter.  At first appeared elongated but this illusion was caused by a mag 14.5 star at the following edge 25" from center.  Another mag 13.5-14 star is 1' W.  This galaxy may be NGC 1671 with a very poor position.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 395 = Sw. IX-15 on 20 Oct 1889 and reported "eF; vS; R; F * close f."  His position is 10 seconds west of UGC 3178. Howe measured an accurate position around 1900 and noted the faint star follows by 1.5 seconds of time.  It is possible NGC 1671 = Sw. V-63 also refers to this galaxy, though this requires Swift's earlier position to be off by 45 seconds in RA and 1 degree in declination.  His description "pB * nr sp" applies, though, to IC 395.

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IC 396 = UGC 3203 = MCG +11-07-002 = CGCG 306-007 = CGCG 307-001 = PGC 16423

04 57 59.0 +68 19 23; Cam

V = 12.0;  Size 2.1'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 85°

 

17.5" (3/1/03): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 3:2, 1.2'x0.8', small bright core is extended NNW-SSE.  This galaxy is fairly bright for the IC galaxy and was immediately swept up at 100x.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 396 on 20 Sep 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted a "small, indef, 12 1/2 mag, field marked by 3 or 4 pairs of stars.  The neb = 3/4' diameter, somewhat brighter in the middle [difficult to read]." His rough position is off by 16', but he made an accurate field sketch that clearly identifies this galaxy.  He later computed an accurate position using the coordinates for his offset star (HD 30530). William Denning independently discovered it just a month later (19 Oct 1890), describing "F, S, R< bMN, F double star Sf."  Denning was credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never notified Dreyer.

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IC 399 = Mrk 1090 = LGG 123-007 = PGC 16582

05 01 44.1 -04 17 19; Eri

V = 14.8;  Size 0.3'x0.3'

 

48" (11/2/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, 18", fairly high surface brightness with a very small bright nucleus.  Located 2.3' SE of the HCG 31 quartet.  A mag 11.4 star lies 1.5' NW, between IC 399 and the quartet.

 

17.5" (2/8/97): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  This galaxy is located just 2.3' SE of NGC 1741 = HCG 31A and 2.5' SE of a mag 12 star on a line, although it was not listed as a group member.  Nevertheless, it is part of the same group, with a similar redshift as HCG 31A, 31B and 31C.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 399 = Spitaler 35 on 25 Feb 1892 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  The MCG and NGC 2000 incorrectly equate IC 399 with NGC 1741.  See Malcolm Thomson's IC identification notes.

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IC 401 = Mrk 1092 = MCG -02-13-040 = LGG 126-002 = PGC 16672

05 04 19.6 -10 04 36; Eri

Size 1.6'x0.6';  PA = 56°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, ~40"x18", sharply concentrated with a small bright nucleus and low surface brightness extensions (arms).  Situated at the midpoint of mag 9.7 HD 32646 4.4' S and a mag 11.6 star 4.2' N.

 

Arp 187 lies 13' SE.  It appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NNW-SSE, ~25"x12", weak concentration.  Arp 187, a remnant merger, is a disrupted radio galaxy with radio jets and extremely faint narrow tidal tails to the north and south (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 401 = J. 2-605 on 9 Feb 1893 and noted "very faint, round, 20" diameter, very small nucleus."  His position matches PGC 16672.

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IC 402 = UGCA 99 = MCG -02-13-043 = LGG 126-004 = PGC 16742

05 06 14.8 -09 06 27; Eri

V = 13.7;  Size 2.3'x1.5';  PA = 146°

 

24" (12/20/17): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~30" diameter.  A very faint star (mag ~15.5) is at the southwest edge. The halo fades into the background, so the size and shape were difficult to determine.  Based on the catalogued magnitude (V = 13.7), this galaxy was fainter than expected.  Located 14' ENE of NGC 1779.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 402 = Stone #212 and recorded "iR, dif", with an estimated mag and size as 15.5 and 1.5'.  His recomputed RA using his offset star matches UGCA 99, although the declination is off by ~1.5'.  Still, there are no other nearby objects, so the identification is nearly certain.  MCG estimated a photographic mag of 13.5, although Paturel et al give 14.4B.

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IC 405 = LBN 795 = Sh 2-229 = Ced 42 = vdB 34 = Flaming Star Nebula

05 16 12 +34 16; Aur

Size 30'x19'

 

18" (1/20/07): IC 405 was barely visible without filter as a very low surface brightness hazy region mainly to the north of the mag 6 "runaway star" AE Aurigae.  The H-beta filter somewhat increases the contrast of the nebulosity.  The haze is brightest in the region surrounding AE and extends mostly in a broad fan for 10'-15' to the north and northeast.

 

17.5" (2/8/86): the "Flaming Star" nebula is a very faint, large, diffuse nebulosity extending mainly north of AE Aurigae without filter.  Enhanced with an H-beta filter.

 

13.1" (12/7/85): very low surface brightness haze at 62x using an H-beta filter, though nebulosity seen to 15' diameter and extending generally to the north and northeast of AE Aurigae.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): nebulosity highly suspected on east side of AE Aurigae.

 

John Martin Schäeberle discovered IC 405 photographically on 21 Mar 1892 using the Willard lens strapped to the 6-inch Clark refractor at Lick Observatory.  An announcement ("A Large New Nebula in Auriga") and description was given in PASP, Vol 4, No. 22.  Max Wolf also photographed it on 25 Sep 1892 (AN 131 [3130], 159) and in 1903 reported this nebula "looks like a burning body from which several enormous curved flames seem to break out like gigantic prominences".  He urged his colleagues to aim their spectroscopes at this "flaming star" - hence the name "Flaming Star Nebula".

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IC 407 = MCG -03-14-013 = PGC 17056

05 17 42.6 -15 31 24; Lep

V = 13.5;  Size 1.9'x0.35';  PA = 165°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 3:1 ~N-S, 45"x15", fairly low surface brightness, broad concentration but no distinct core or nucleus.  Located 6.7' NNE of mag 8.6 HD 34528.

 

John Dreyer discovered IC 407 = J. 1-134 on 25 Jan 1875 as an assistant on Lawrence Parsons' 72-inch.  His description reads "cE 163.1° [NNW-SSE]. *10m Pos. 200.3°, Dist. 408.5".  The orientation and offset to the brighter star (HD 34528) are a perfect match with this galaxy.  But Dreyer assumed the observation refered to NGC 1832 (GC 1043), located 1.4° WSW, so he didn't assign a new NGC number.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 7 Dec 1891 and called it "faint, little elongated N-S."  Javelle measured an accurate position and Dreyer gave him discovery credit, not aware of his own prior discovery.

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IC 408 = IC 2121 = ESO 486-053 = PGC 17110

05 19 44.9 -25 03 52; Lep

V = 12.8;  Size 1.9'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 160°

 

See observing notes for IC 2121.  Identification uncertain.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 408 = Sw. VIII-38 on 2 Feb 1889, along with IC 411, while using the 12-inch Lick refractor during a visit to Barnard in California.  His description reads "vF; pS; E; 5' n of 8 1/2 mag star."  In a note added to his 8th list, Swift wrote, "During an almost momentary use of the 12 inch at Lick Observatory, I detected four nebulae in one field.  In response to my query if he could see them, Prof. Barnard replied that he could see six.  He gave me the places of two of mine nos. 38-9 [IC 408 and IC 411].  Arriving home too late and the weather being unfavorable, I was unable to get positions of the other two as I expected.  From their low altitude and the interference of the eletric street lights, it is doubtful if I shall ever be able to see them from here, and therefore I shall be obliged to depend on the kindness of Prof. Barnard for their places, when they shall again come into favorable position."  Barnard includes the positions and descriptions in his logbook, but there is no additional information.

 

There is nothing at Barnard's position for IC 411 (in list VIII and copied correctly into the IC).  Corwin suggests the observation may refer to a double star at 05 18 04.2  -25 10 16.  Its position is off by over 5', but there is a mag 7.5 mag star 5.5' SE.  I think a more likely possibility is IC 408 refers to IC 2121 (later discovered by Swift on 26 Dec 1897), which is nearly 2 minutes of RA further east and has a mag 7.0 star 4.8' SW.

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IC 409 = MCG +01-14-024 = CGCG 421-026 = PGC 17105

05 19 33.6 +03 19 06; Ori

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 25°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 450x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated.  A stellar or quasi-stellar nucleus is offset at the SSW end with an occasional second extremely faint stellar nucleus close northeast.  The two nuclei are separated by only 7"!  Situated in a busy star field 7.5' SW of mag 9.9 HD 242763.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 409 = J. 2-607 on 12 Jan 1894 and recorded, "pretty bright, nearly round, the central condensation is possibly double."  His position matches  CGCG 421-026 = PGC 17105.

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IC 410 = LBN 807 = Sh 2-236 = Ced 43

05 22 36 +33 31; Aur

Size 40'x30'

 

24" (1/4/14): at 125x unfiltered; emission nebulosity was evident surrounding and beyond the borders of open cluster NGC 1893, but only a large patch to the northwest of the cluster stood out well.  A UHC filter transformed the nebula to a showpiece and it appeared bright, very large (~30' diameter), very irregular with a large darker patch to the west of the central portion of the cluster.  The brightest section of nebulosity was to the NW of the cluster (as noticed without a filter), though mag 9.0 HD 242908 (a hot 04-type star) at the NW tip of the cluster is at the east edge of this bright, 6' circular patch.  Somewhat fainter nebulosity enveloped the entire cluster but an extensive field of nebulosity continued south of the cluster for an additional 10'.  It was difficult to see a clean edge on the south and west side as the nebulosity seemed to gradually fade away, but the entire diameter was at least 25'.

 

The cometary "Tadpoles" nebulae Simeis 130 and 129, which contain recently minted stars, lie on the east end of the cluster.  The "head" of Simeis 130 was immediately picked up at 200x as a very small, fairly high surface brightness knot with at least one star involved.  At 260x and 375, two very close "stars" oriented WSW-ENE were embedded in the glow, with the ENE object quasi-stellar (would not focus to a sharp point) and perhaps a very tight pair. Although impressive on images, there was no sign of the wavy tail extending from the "head" towards the NE.  Mag 9.1 BD+33 1028, 3' E of Simeis 130, along with a 6' group of a half-dozen mag 10-11 stars, were visually detached to the NE of the main cluster.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): very faint nebulosity involved with open cluster NGC 1893.  The brightest portion is at the NW edge of cluster.  A dark "hole" is just south of this nebulosity.  More extensive nebulosity is suspected but difficult to confirm due to the general background haze of the cluster.  Enhanced with UHC and OIII filters.

 

13.1" (2/25/84): nebulosity is evident preceding the NW star of the triangle of stars surrounding the cluster.  Very faint but definite with a filter in poor transparency.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 410 on 25 Sep 1892 on a Heidelberg plate.  In AN 3130, p159, he noted the plate revealed a group of stars and a large nebula surrounding the star BD +33°1023.  His position matches the brightest star (mag 9.0 HD 242908) in the nebula.  NGC 1893 refers only to the open cluster, which was discovered by John Herschel.

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IC 411 = ESO 486-056 = MCG -04-13-011 = PGC 17130

05 20 18.6 -25 19 28; Lep

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  PA = 129°

 

24" (2/13/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 35"x25".  The surface brightness is moderate and fairly even.  A number of brighter stars are in the field, particularly to the east.  Located 16' SE of mag 7.0 HD 34867.  IC 2121 lies 21' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 411 = Sw. VIII-39 on 2 Feb 1889, along with IC 408, while using a 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory during a visit to E.E. Barnard.  His description reads "vF; pS; R." and the position (measured by Barnard) is within 45" of ESO 486-056.  See IC 408 for more on his observation at Lick.

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IC 412 = IC 2123 = UGC 3298 = MCG +01-14-034 = CGCG 421-041 = VV 225b = VV 630 = WBL 114-002 = PGC 17180

05 21 56.7 +03 29 11; Ori

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 30°

 

48" (10/27/19): IC 412 and 412 form an interacting pair (VV 225) with the centers separated by 35" WNW-ESE.  A mag 12.3 star only 30" NE forms a small triangle with the two galaxies.  At low power (375x), IC 412 appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 25"x16", with a bright elongated core or bar.  We didn't try higher power to resolve the spiral arm extending north.

 

24" (1/12/13): both members of this interacting pair (VV 225) are fairly faint, small, roughly 20"-25" in size, and each contains small bright cores.  IC 412, the northwest component, is larger and more elongated , roughly 5:3 SW-NE, 25"x15".  IC 413 is just off the ESE side, 35" between centers. A mag 12.3 star is 30" ENE (at the north edge of IC 413).  The stretched spiral arm or tidal tail to the north was not seen. The pair is 14' WSW of the bright double 23 Ori = STF 696 (5.0/7.2 at 32").  IC 414 lies 8.5' S.

 

Member of a group (WBL 114 = LGG 130) at a distance of ~180 million l.y. with UGC 3294, 34' WNW.  This spiral appeared moderately bright and large, contains a very diffuse, low surface brightness halo perhaps 1.3'x0.6' NW-SE with a small brighter core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  The outer halo changes appearance with averted vision (no sharp edge) based on what part catches my averted vision.  Situated 4' W of mag 6.5 HD 34959 and the glare affects the view -- best with star placed outside the field.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): this is the northwest member of an unusual close pair of interacting galaxies with IC 413 -- just 35" separation (in PA 115°) and both members appearing to extend from a mag 12 star (30" from centers to star)!  Both galaxies are faint, very small, slightly elongated, ~25"x15", with small brighter cores.  IC 412 is elongated SSW-NNE and 30" SW of the mag 12 star - with the NE end just west of the star.  Located 6' SSW of mag 7.6 SAO 112679 and 14' WSW of the (32") mag 5/7 double 23 Orionis.  A third galaxy, IC 414, is in the field 8.5' S, forming the poor galaxy cluster WBL 114.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 412, along with IC 413, on 30 Oct 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch telescope of Lick Observatory.  He noted "the nebulae are very small, roundish, mbM.  Close south of a small star."  His field sketch confirms the identification.  Sherburne Burnham, who discovered nearby IC 414, also observed and measured the pair at Lick Observatory (Publ of Lick Observatory, II). Stephane Javelle independently found the pair on 12 Jan 1894 and Barnard and Javelle are both credited with the discovery in the IC 1.

 

But Barnard must have later sent his original discovery to Dreyer, who assigned it as IC 2123 using Barnard's notebook description from 1888.  There are similar cases where Barnard sent a discovery to Dreyer after it already had been assigned an IC desingation.  Dreyer apparently missed the nearly identical positions.

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IC 413 = IC 2124 = UGC 3299 = MCG +01-14-035 = CGCG 421-042 = VV 225a = VV 630 = WBL 114-003 = PGC 17181

05 21 58.9 +03 28 56; Ori

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 135°

 

48" (10/27/19): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, very slightly elongated, 24"x20", sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus.  A mag 12.3 star is only 0.4' N of center.  Forms an interacting pair with IC 412 just 0.6' NW.

 

24" (1/12/13): this is the southeast component of the close interacting pair VV 225.  At 375x it appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, ~22"x17", sharply concentrated with a very small, high surface brightness nucleus.  A mag 12.3 star is just 25" N of center and a mag 16.2 star is 46" SSW. IC 412 is just 35" NW and roughly similar in appearance.  IC 414 lies 8.5' S.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): the southeast member of an unusual interacting pair (tidal tails on DSS image) of similar galaxies with IC 412 just 35" NW and both galaxies straddle a mag 12 star!  IC 413 appears similar to IC 412 - ~25"x15", slightly elongated NW-SE with a small brighter core.  The northwest tip of the galaxy is virtually in contact with the mag 12 star.

 

See notes for IC 412 = IC 2123.

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IC 414 = MCG +01-14-033 = CGCG 421-040 = WBL 114-001 = PGC 17179

05 21 55.0 +03 20 31; Ori

Size 0.4'x0.3';  PA = 135°

 

24" (2/5/13): faint to fairly faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Located 8.5' S of the interacting pair VV 225 = IC 412/413.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): faint, small, round, 25" diameter.  Located 9' S of the IC 412/413 pair and 2' NW of mag 9.4 SAO 112675.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 414 on 8 Nov 1891 with the 36" refractor at Lick Observatory while sweeping for IC 412 and 413.  The latter pair was discovered earlier by Barnard using the 12-inch at Lick.

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IC 416 = MCG -03-14-014 = PGC 17229

05 23 56.4 -17 15 37; Lep

V = 13.3;  Size 1.4'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 68°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; fairly faint but easy, elongated ~5:3 WSW-ENE, 0.5'x0.3', fairly low and even brightness.  Located 19' SSW of mag 5.65 HD 35505.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 416 = J. 2-610 on 18 Feb 1893 and recorded, "faint, poorly defined, little elongated, gradually condensed."  His position matches MCG -03-14-014 = PGC 17229.

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IC 417 = LBN 804 = Sh 2-234 = Ced 46

05 28 06 +34 26; Aur

Size 13'x10'

 

18" (1/20/07): large, irregular faint haze, ~8'-9' diameter.  Involved with open cluster Stock 8 (35-40 stars at 115x) in the field of 5.2-magnitude Phi Aurigae.  Mild contrast gain with a UHC filter.  NGC 1931 lies 45' ESE and NGC 1907 is 53' N.

 

17.5" (2/9/02): this large HII region encases the open cluster Stock 8 and is situated ~6' SE of 5th magnitude Phi Aurigae.  At 140x, the cluster consists of 40-50 stars including two mag 10 (the brightest is the wide double ∑707 = 9.7/11.4 at 18") and numerous mag 12-14 stars.  With a UHC filter (or OIII filter at 100x), the cluster is encased in a moderately bright glow, ~8'x5'.  The nebulosity is brightest in a triangular wedge, tapering towards the south with the two mag 10 stars oriented N-S (2' separation) along the western boundary.  The glow is irregular but has a fairly sharp border along the western edge.

 

8" (12/6/80): faint nebulosity involved with three stars mag 9-11 including ∑707 = 9.7/11.4 at 18".  The brightest portion is located 8' SE of Phi Aurigae (V = 5.1).  Embedded in the open cluster Stock 8.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 417 on 25 Sep 1892 on a Heidelberg plate.  In AN 3130 (131), p159, he noted a "vast nebula envelopes the star cluster" and his position is within the cluster.

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IC 418 = PK 215-24.1 = PN G215.2-24.2 = Spirograph Nebula = Raspberry Nebula

05 27 28.2 -12 41 50; Lep

V = 9.1;  Size 12"

 

48" (2/18/12): at 488x, the sharply defined, vivid raspberry annulus appeared relatively thin and extended NNW-SSE, ~14"x12".  The high contrast central dark hole was striking surrounding the bright central star.  Surrounding the annulus is a faint outer halo, increasing the size to roughly 20".

 

48" (4/2/11): truly impressive view at 375x and 488x, which revealed a very high surface brightness, slightly elongated halo, ~14"x12", surrounding the very bright central star.  I was surprised to see the planetary was clearly annular with a very bright, irregular rim that varied slightly in thickness and a fairly high contrast darker hole surrounding the central star.  The ring's outer rim was a shocking, deep raspberry color.  The color was more intense at 375x and slightly more saturated along one-half of the annulus.

 

18" (1/26/09): striking view at 175x with the mag 10.5 central star blazing within a 10" disc with a crisply defined halo.  Excellent contrast gain using an H-beta filter with the central star nearly lost with the high surface brightness disc.  There appears to be a very faint, thin envelope surrounding the main 10" disc extending a few arc seconds.  At 285x, the planetary is slightly oval NNW-SSE with subtle variations in surface brightness; slightly weaker around the central star and slightly brighter along portions of the rim.

 

18" (1/15/07): at 115x, the bright mag 10.5 central star is surrounded by a small 10" disc with a noticeable raspberry tint.

 

17.5" (2/22/03): at 100x, the bright 10.5 magnitude central star was centered in a 10" round halo with a definite rosy or raspberry tint at the outer edge of the halo, though the effect is fairly subtle.  Using an H-beta filter, the central star is strongly dimmed but the halo is significantly enhanced, dramatically changing the view of this planetary.  At 380x, no color was visible but the halo was a bit asymmetrical with a "softer" edge and possible double shell structure.  The center was very slightly darker around the central star.

 

17.5" (12/30/99): at 82x the mag 10.5 central star was enveloped in a very small round halo which appeared to have a slight reddish tinge at its edge.  This is a low-excitation PN and using a H-beta filter, the halo brightened and the central star faded, leaving a more noticeable disc.  At 220x, the prominent central star was surrounded by a well-defined 10" halo that partially "blinked" on and off switching from averted to direct vision.  At 280x, the small halo was possibly surrounded by an extremely faint envelope, but this could not be confirmed.  380x and 500x presented a superb view of the inner disc which appeared weakly annular.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): unusually bright mag 10.5 central star surrounded by a small high surface brightness halo.  At 220x, this planetary has a distinct "blinking" effect; staring at central star partially washes out the halo and with averted the halo is more dominant.  At 82x, an unusual rosy tinge is evident at the edge of the small halo, although the effect is fairly subdued.  The seeing was not steady enough for high power viewing of the outer shell.

 

17.5": high surface brightness planetary, appears very bright at 481x.  Contains a bright "fuzzy" central star with a bright inner portion surrounded by a second fainter shell slightly elongated N-S.

 

13.1" (10/20/84): very bright, small, takes 350-410x well, bright central star, subtle shell structure.

 

8" (2/5/81): nearly stellar at 100x, bright, appears as a mag 10 star with a small, faint bluish halo.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 418 on 26 Mar 1891 based on a spectrum plate taken at Harvard College Observatory.  In a letter communicated by Pickering in AN 3049, she mentioned the hydrogen spectrum [H-beta] was unusually large for a planetary.  Pickering was attributed with the discovery in the NGC.  W.W. Campbell, who credited Fleming with the discovery, made the first visual observation.  In 1891 he reported "it is a beautiful object as seen in the 36-inch telescope [Lick], consisting of a 9th magnitude star surrounded by a circular disc of blue light nearly 15" in diameter."

 

Based on Crossley photographs, Curtis (1918) reported, "central star of mag 19, surrounded by a bright somewhat elliptical ring 14"x11" in outside diameter, and about 12"x10" along its central line; pa 163°."  Walter Scott Houston may have made the first visual observation in 1945 using a 10" reflector.

 

A star is plotted at this position on the Uranometria 2000.0 Atlas because the BD catalogue included the central star.

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IC 420

05 32 09.5 -04 31; Ori

Size 8'

 

18" (2/19/09): large, extremely faint reflection nebula surrounding mag 8.2 HD 36540.  Appears roughly 6' in diameter.  The surrounding field seems weakly luminous, but the glow surrounding the star is slightly more evident and extends roughly to mag 8.8 HD 36559 located 4.5' SE.  Located 45' W of the bright, scattered cluster NGC 1981 and 50' NW of the bright nebulous cluster NGC 1977 (north of M42).

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 420 = HN 63 on 27 Jun 1888 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate.  She noted "very faint nebulosity preceding and a little south of DM -4°1162.  Not confirmed by Plate 2414."  Edward Pickering announced the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  Photographs taken with the Bache telescope, a photographic 8-inch f/5.5 doublet, covering 10 degrees square, were examined by Fleming with a magnifying glass.

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IC 421 = UGCA 111 = MCG -01-15-001 = PGC 17407

05 32 08.5 -07 55 05; Ori

Size 3.2'x2.8';  PA = 80°

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, very large, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~2' diameter, broad fairly weak concentration, so the surface brightness of this reddened galaxy is fairly low.  A wide double star (HJ 2271 = 10/11.5 at 19") is 6.4' NNW.  MCG -01-15-002 = VV 848 is 14' NE.  This disrupted galaxy appeared faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 24"x18", contains a slightly brighter nucleus.  The tidal tail to the southwest was not seen.

 

17.5" (2/14/99): very faint, moderately large low surface brightness glow, ~2' diameter, very weak concentration, ill-defined halo fades into background.  A mag 13 star lies 2.3' ESE of center.  The galaxy is collinear with two wide brighter unequal pairs 6' NNW and 13' NNW.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 421 = HN 66 on 27 Jun 1888 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate of the M42 region.  She described "faint nebulosity about 2' in diameter."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annal publication (1890AnHar..18..113P) and he was credited with the discovery in the IC.  The published position is 10' too far south.

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IC 422 = IC 2131 = MCG -03-15-001 = PGC 17409

05 32 18.6 -17 13 26; Lep

Size 0.95'x0.9'

 

24" (2/13/18): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus within a bright core.  A mag 13 star is 1' SE and mag 8.2 HD 36715 is 10' ESE.

 

LEDA 885859, situated just 3.4' SSE, was faint, very small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 18"x12", gradually increases to the center.  IC 422 and this galaxy have identical redshifts, so appear to form a physical pair.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 422 = J. 2-611 on 19 Feb 1893.  His position matches MCG -03-15-001 = PGC 17409.  Lewis Swift found this galaxy again on 16 Oct 1896 and reported it as new (#80 in list XI).  His position is 4' too far SW, but when Dreyer catalogued it as IC 2131, the position was modified and falls at the west edge of IC 422.  Corwin notes that Swift apparently send Dreyer a better position, though the equivalence with IC 422 was not picked up.  So, IC 422 = IC 2131.

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IC 423 = LBN 913 = Ced 52

05 33 24 -00 37 00; Ori

Size 6'x4'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, large, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~5' diameter.  A couple of mag 12.5 stars are superimposed.  The edges fade into the background.  Photographically, this reflection nebula has an irregular ring shape.  Located 28' SE of mag 2.2 Delta Orionis (top star in Orion's Belt).  Nearby IC 424 to the NE was not noted, though observed on 2/19/09.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 423 = HN 58 on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 region at the Harvard College Observatory.  She noted a "irregular oval ring having diameters 3' by 5'.  The position angle of the larger axis is about 165°." Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P) and is credited with the discovery in the IC.  Fleming examined photographs taken with the Bache telescope, an 8-inch f/5.5 doublet covering 10 degrees square, with a magnifying glass.

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IC 424

05 33 36 -00 25; Ori

Size 2.0'x1.0'

 

18" (2/19/09): faint, fairly small reflection nebula, ~2' in diameter.  Involving 4 or 5 stars with the two brightest at mag 13-14 forming a 35" pair oriented E-W.  Located 3' NE of mag 8.3 HD 36683 and 25' ESE of mag 2.2 Mintaka (Delta Orionis).  IC 423 (observed previously) is located 12' SSW.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 424 = HN 56 on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 region at the Harvard College Observatory.  Edward C. Pickering announced the discovery in the 1908 Harvard Annals publication and he is credited with the discovery in the IC.  IC 423 was described as a "Nebula about 2' in diameter, brightest on the following side."

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IC 426 = LBN 921 = Ced 55j

05 36 31 -00 17 54; Ori

Size 5'x5'

 

18" (11/22/03): at 115x, surprisingly large reflection nebula just following a mag 8.6 star.  Appears ~7'x5' in diameter and oval E-W, though the outline is ragged.  There are a number of brighter stars nearby and the nebula is situated northeast of a distinctive N-S chain of 5 stars mag 8.6-10.  A distinct border runs E-W just following the mag 8.6 star.  An OIII filter killed the nebula, though I didn't try either a UHC or H-beta filter.  Located 1° NNE of Alnilam (middle star in Orion's belt).

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 426 = HN 57, along with IC 423 and 424, on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 region at the Harvard College Observatory.  Edward C. Pickering reported the discovery in the 1908 Harvard Annals publication and he is credited with the discovery in the IC.  IC 423 was described as a "faint nebula about 5' in diameter."

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IC 428 = Bernes 120

05 36 23 -06 27 02; Ori

 

18" (2/5/11): at 108x, this difficult reflection nebula appears as a very faint, hazy glow just west of mag 8 HD 37210, which detracts from viewing.  A mag 11 star may be involved.  Located 15' N of NGC 1999.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 428 = HN 64, along with IC 427, on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate on 27 Jun 1888 and noted "perhaps this object should have been included with No. 15 [IC 427]."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 429 = PP 37 = V883 Ori

05 38 19.2 -07 02 24; Ori

 

18" (1/21/04): this cometary nebula appears as a very weak, small enhancement, ~10" diameter, about 2' NE of a wide pair of mag 13 stars located 13' NW of mag 4.8 49 Orionis.  At moments it appeared stellar or an extremely faint star is involved.  Located at the northwest tip of reflection nebula IC 430, which extends primarily to the northwest of mag 4.8 49 Orionis

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 429 = J 2-612 on 6 Feb 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  Dave Riddle noted the equivalence with Parsamyan-Petrossian 37.

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IC 430 = Ced 55k

05 38 33.2 -07 05 07; Ori

Size 11'x11'

 

18" (1/21/04): very faint, fairly large low surface brightness glow to the northwest of mag 4.8 49 Orionis, ~4'.  Extends to a wide pair of mag 13 stars.  This reflection nebula needs to be reconfirmed as the bright star may have confused the observation.   See IC 429, which lies at the northwest tip of IC 430.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 430 = HN 65 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted a "nebulous band 3' wide extending 10' north preceding from DM -7° 1142."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P)."

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IC 431 = LBN 944

05 40 13.5 -01 27 45; Ori

Size 5'x3'

 

24" (1/1/19): at 200x; fairly faint reflection nebula surrounding mag 7.8 HD 37674, round, perhaps 3' diameter. The glow was evident comparing to similar mag stars.  A brighter mag 7.1 star (HD 37660) is 3' NW and mag 10 stars lie to the S and SW.  IC 432, a brighter reflection nebula, is 11' ESE.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): very faint, hazy glow surrounding mag 7.7 SAO 132436 and 11' WNW of brighter IC 432, which encases a mag 7.5 star.  Located 30' NNW of Zeta Orionis!

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 431 = HN 61 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted "nebulosity surrounding DM -1° 1001."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 432 = LBN 946 = Ced 55m

05 40 56.3 -01 30 26; Ori

Size 8'x4'

 

24" (1/1/19): at 200x; moderately bright, large, irregularly round, ~4' diameter, surrounding mag 7.2 HD 37776. A mag 12.6 star is ~40" W and a very faint star is at the east edge.  IC 431 is 11' WNW.

 

13.1" (1/11/86): very faint glow surrounding mag 7.5 SAO 132446, diffuse appearance.  Located 27' N of Zeta Orionis.

 

8" (12/6/80): faint, diffuse, 4' diameter, envelops a mag 8 star.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 432 = HN 60 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted "well-marked nebulosity surrounding DM -1° 1005.  Unlike most nebulous stars, the nebulosity does not fade away towards the edges.  It looks rather like an irregular oval nebula on which a star was superimposed."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 434 = LBN 953 = Sh 2-277 = Ced 55n

05 41 00 -02 24; Ori

Size 60'x10'

 

24" (2/13/18): I was surprised to easily pick up the IC 434 strip extending south of Zeta Orionis unfiltered at 124x (21mm Nagler). Although the Horsehead wasn't prominently visible, I could also see the notch unfiltered!

 

13.1" (1/11/86): using an H-beta filter IC 434 appears a very faint, very large, very elongated strip of nebulosity running south of Zeta Orionis for almost one degree in a N-S direction.  There is a well-defined sharp edge along the east side while the west side fades off into the background.  Contains the famous dark nebula B33 = "Horsehead Nebula" as a dark "notch".  IC 434 extends beyond NGC 2023 off the east edge and the star density drops off significantly east of IC 434 whereas a number of faint stars are pepper the field to the west of IC 434.  This is one of the few emission nebulae that responds very well to a H-Beta filter.  Extremely difficult without filter.

 

24" (1/21/12): the view of the Horsehead through a 24" f/4.1 Starmaster using a Collins I3 image intensifier mated with a narrowband H-alpha filter at the Mauna Kea visitor center (9300') was absolutely stunning.  The outline stood out in extremely sharp relief like a photograph and the dark cloud was pitch black against the bright background.  I'm not sure of the magnification used but the field was 30' or less and the Horsehead was large enough to show exquisite detail in the outline.

 

17.5" (12/26/00 and 12/28/00): at 100x using an H-beta filter, the huge IC 434 strip was very prominent and easy to follow south from Zeta Orionis throughout the entire 50' field of view.  The boundary was razor-sharp along its eastern edge against a background sky darkened by the H-beta filter.  The Horsehead was very easy to view as a nearly black, semi-circular 4' indentation that protruded into the nebulosity.  With averted vision there was a short extension or knob on the north side.  This forms the snout of the horse and with concentration faint nebulosity is visible just below (east) of the snout.

 

17.5" (10/8/88): easily held with direct vision using the H-beta filter.  The head or snout protrudes to the north.

 

17.5" (9/14/85 and 10/12/85): the Horsehead Nebula appears as a jet black dark nebula using an H-beta filter at 84x superimposed against the fairly prominent emission nebula IC 434.  Appears as a semi-circular indentation or "bite" of 5' diameter along the sharply defined eastern edge of IC 434 "strip" which extends through field in a N-S orientation.  Significant contrast gain with and H-Beta filter which renders the background sky and B33 extremely dark.  Difficult to see the "snout" feature which protrudes to the north but it is detectable.  Mag 8.5 SAO 132451 lies 8' N.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): visible with direct vision with H-Beta filter and striking with averted.  The snout was suspected.  The contrast between B33 and the sky was high with the background jet black and sharply outlined against the easy glow of IC 434.  Best view with 24mm.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 434 on Harvard College Observatory plates in 1883. Edward Pickering announced the discovery (along with a number of other Orion nebulae) in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  She also described the dark notch (later dubbed the "Horsehead") as "A large nebulosity extending nearly south the Zeta Orionis for about 60'.  More intense and well marked on the following side with a semicircular indentation 5' in diameter 30' south of Zeta. All good plates of this region show this object, and it has been used here as a test for some time." Dreyer didn't mention the "indentation" in the IC description.

 

Harold Corwin comments that "Some people have suggested that it was actually found by William Herschel.  This is not true; WH's comment (see Latusseck, J. Astron. Data 14, 4, 2008 where it is reprinted) "Wonderful black space included in Nebulosities" refers to NGC 2024, not to IC 434."

 

But Wolfgang notes that on 1 Feb 1786 (sweep 518), WH recorded a large region of nebulosity extending roughly 2° north-south, not far east of IC 434.  He noted "I am pretty sure the places of which these are the boundaries are all full of diffused milky nebulosity; but notwithstanding I used every means of ascertaining it by motion of the telescope, my range was neither far enough, nor sufficiently quick to put it beyond doubt.  He assigned it internal discovery number (1321), which became H. V 35 (first of 4 different fields associated with that designation).  Wolfgang Steinicke feels it may apply to IC 434, though Herschel's RA is about 3 minutes too large, so this identification is very uncertain.

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IC 435 = Ced 55q

05 43 00.6 -02 18 45; Ori

Size 5'x3'

 

24" (1/1/19): at 200x; bright reflection nebula surrounding mag 8.3 38087, large, round, 3' to 4' diameter, moderately high surface brightness, seems brighter close to the star, though this may be due to glare.  Located 20' ESE of NGC 2023.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 88x with OIII filter (wrong filter to use) appears as a very faint and difficult circular nebulosity surrounding mag 8.3 SAO 132478.  Located 20' ESE of bright NGC 2023.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 435 = HN 59 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888 and noted "Nebulosity surrounding DM -2°1350."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  Photographs taken with the Bache telescope, a photographic 8-inch f/5.5 doublet, covering 10 degrees square, were examined by Fleming with a magnifying glass.

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IC 438 = UGCA 115 = ESO 555-009 = MCG -03-15-025 = LGG 134-003 = PGC 18047

05 53 00.1 -17 52 34; Lep

V = 12.0;  Size 2.8'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 55°

 

17.5" (3/8/97): fairly faint, moderately large, nearly 2' diameter.  Appears as a diffuse roundish glow with a very weak, broad concentration.  A mag 14.5 star is attached at the NE end 1.0' from the center.  A 1' pair of mag 10 stars precedes by 3.5'.  Located 8' SSE of mag 8.6 SAO 150914.  Forms a pair with IC 2151 7.7' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 438 = Sw. X-15 on 7 Jan 1891 and recorded "eeF; pS; E in meridian; wide D * nr preceding."  He found it again on 7 Oct 1897 and described Sw. XI-88 as "vF; pL; R; v wide D * near p[receding]."  Howe noted the equivalence in his survey of IC objects (Monthly Notices, Nov. 1900) and also discovered nearby IC 2151.

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IC 440 = UGC 3427 = MCG +13-05-021 = PGC 18807

06 19 13.3 +80 04 07; Cam

V = 13.3;  Size 1.7'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 36°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, sharply concentrated with a fairly high surface brightness core ~25" diameter.  Very low surface brightness extensions were barely glimpsed extending SSW-NNE.  A mag 14.2 star is just off the southwest edge.  Located just off the line connecting mag 9.0 star (HD 41373) 6.8' SW and a mag 8.3 star (HD 42249) 9' NE.

 

UGC 3404, situated 14' WSW, appeared fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20"-24" diameter, gradually increases to a faint stellar nucleus.  An extremely low surface brightness outer halo wasn't seen.  Located 14' WSW of IC 440.  UGC 3396 lies 11.6' WSW.  Several stars are nearby including a mag 10.7 star just 1.8' N.

 

UGC 3396, situated 26' WSW, appeared fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20"-24" diameter, gradually increases to a faint stellar nucleus.  A mag 9.7 star is 2.8' N.

 

William Denning discovered IC 440 on 16 Nov 1890 while comet hunting in Camelopardus with his 10-inch reflector.  He noted "vF, S" and his position matches UGC 3427.

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IC 442 = UGC 3470 = MCG +14-04-003 = CGCG 362-022 = CGCG 363-005 = PGC 19306

06 36 11.9 +82 58 06; Cam

V = 12.9;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

24" (2/7/16): IC 442 was picked up at 226x (10mm ZAO) as a fairly faint, fairly small round glow, ~18" diameter.  Adding a 2x Powermate (452x), two extremely close nuclei [separated by 8"] were resolved within the halo!  The nucleus in the south-southwest part of the halo (PGC 2787456) was almost seen continuously in periods of fairly steady seeing, while the north-northeast nucleus (PGC 19306) was a bit more subtle.  Both were stellar or quasi-stellar and towards the outer edges of the halo.

 

William Denning discovered IC 442 on 9 Nov 1890 while comet seeiking in Camelopardus with his 10-inch reflector.  He noted "F, S, R, mbM"

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IC 443 = LBN 844 = Sh 2-248 = Ced 73 = Simeis 40 = SNR G189.1+03.0 = Jellyfish Nebula

06 16 54 +22 47; Gem

Size 50'

 

18" (2/23/06): easily visible at 73x and OIII filter.  The brightest portion is a 5' elongated strip that very gently curves WNW-ESE.  Faint haze extends out from this strip towards the south and west.  An extremely faint extension of the strip continues to the SE and curves towards an obtuse triangle of three stars, increasing the length of the edge of the shell to over 10'.

 

17.5" (1/16/02): at 64x and OIII filter, the most prominent section of this supernova remnant is a gently curving band of nebulosity oriented NW-SE, ~10'x3' with a well-defined edge along the eastern (bowed-out) boundary. A larger region of low surface brightness haze, ~20' in size, spreads out to the west of the northern end.  At the SE end, the band dims and seems to hook to the SW towards a small arrowhead of stars.  Located ~2.5 degrees SE of M35 and following mag 3.3 Eta Geminorum.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): at 82x with OIII filter this supernova remnant appears moderately bright, large, elongated 5:2 NW-SE.  Appears a bit larger and brighter at the NW end.  Much fainter nebulosity is close south off the west end and a couple of mag 10 stars are superimposed. Surprisingly easy to view with an OIII filter.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 62x with filter, appears as a very faint elongated strip of nebulosity, perhaps 10' in length.  Not visible without a filter.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 443, along with IC 444, on 25 Sep 1892 with a 2 1/4" lens.  In AN 3130 (1892), he recorded finding "[Two] Very large and bright nebulous masses are visible there [near Mu and Eta Geminorum], which very roughly have their centers at approximately 6h 14m +24° [IC 444] and 6h 08m +22° [IC 443]."

 

E.E. Barnard independently discovered these two nebulae in 1894. He reported in "Astronomy and Astro-Physics", Vol 8, No. 3, "On this same plate [taken on 1 Feb 1894 with a 2h 10m exposure] is a faint narrow curved nebulosity in about, 1860.0, 6h 8m + 23° 0'.  It is nearly 1/2° long, extending north and south and convex to the east."

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IC 444 = LBN 840 = Ced 74

06 19 22.5 +23 16 28; Gem

Size 8'x4'

 

17.5" (2/11/96): fairly easy, round reflection nebula surrounding mag 7.0 SAO 78225 (12 Gem), ~3' diameter.  Visible without filter in comparison with other nearby comparable stars.  This star forms the southern vertex of an equilateral triangle with mag 7 stars 12' N (SAO 78222 = 11 Gem) and a mag 7.5 star 13' NE.  The illuminating star is at the northwest edge of a large, scattered 15' triangular group of mag 9-13 stars (Cr 89?), with most of the stars forming the outline.

 

See IC 443.

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IC 445 = UGC 3497 = MCG +11-09-001 = PGC 19328

06 37 21.3 +67 51 36; Cam

V = 13.4;  Size 0.85'x0.7';  PA = 19°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, weak concentration.  Situated 3.8' SSE of mag 9.1 HD 46146.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 445 = Sw. VIII-42 on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF, S, R, B * sf."  His position is off the northeast side of UGC 3497.  The bright star is northwest of the galaxy, not southeast.

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IC 446 = IC 2167 = LBN 898 = Ced 77

06 31 07 +10 27 18; Mon

Size 5'x4'

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint reflection nebula surrounds a mag 10-11 star. This bi-polar nebula is fairly large, about 2.5' diameter.  Appears to extend further (or is brighter) on the south side.  Bordered by three collinear mag 13 stars on the south side.

 

E.E. Barnard visually discovered IC 446 = IC 2167, along with IC 2169, on 11 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He wrote in his notebook, "a 9 1/2 mag star with largish faint nebula, a little heavier following." 

 

He found it again photographically on 24 Jan 1894 with the 6" Willard lens and reported on it in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Cluster Connected with the Milky Way" (Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol XIII, No 3).  Barnard mentioned that he first found it visually around 1888 "while sweeping over this region" as a "10 mag nebulous star about half a degree north preceding 2245."  Apparently Barnard directly sent his original visual discovery to Dreyer, hence the two IC designations (visual and photographic), IC 446 = IC 2167.  This object is a bi-polar reflection nebula. Listed in article on bi-polar nebulae by Ronald Stoyan in Deep Sky Observer #12.

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IC 447 = IC 2169 = LBN 903 = Ced 78 = vdB 76 = vdB 77 = vdB 78

06 31 12 +09 54; Mon

Size 25'x20'

 

24" (1/31/14): picked up unfiltered at 200x, though low contrast as the entire field is patchy in faint stars and affected by some dust.  Seems roughly 20'x10, elongated N-S and includes several bright stars (Cr 95) with mag 7.9 HD 46005 near the center (illuminating star), mag 8.9 HD 258853 near the south end, and a mag 9.3 star at or beyond the NW end.  The contrast is significantly improved at 125x using a NPB filter and the outline is better defined, particularly at the southern end.  Although the nebulosity is slightly brighter to the south of HD 46005, there are no high surface brightness sections.

 

18" (2/4/08): at 175x unfiltered, this is a huge, interesting reflection nebula, ~25'x18', elongated N-S with an irregular outline and subtle variations in brightness.  A number of mag 8-10 stars are superimposed, including mag 8 HD 46005 (illuminating star) which is part of a 10' N-S string of four brighter stars on the east side. Nearby reflection nebulae include NGC 2245 ~30' NE, IC 446 35' N and NGC 2247 40' NE (this group forms the association Monoceros R1).

 

IC 2169 is located two degrees due west of the Christmas Tree cluster and the whole region of bright and dark nebulosity is part of the same molecular cloud complex Mon OB1.

 

E.E. Barnard visually discovered IC 447 = IC 2169, along with IC 446 = IC 2167, on 11 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "1 radius of 80x field [21'] south and 1 radius [21'] preceding the 7 1/2' m star [NGC 2245] is a large nebulosity, faint, that involves several 9 or 9 1/2 mag star.  Nearly 1/2° in size, irregular(?)".  His offset lands in the southern part of the nebula, though clearly he was referring the entire portion.  He picked it up again on 26 Feb 1889 and logged "22' S and 22' p. the neb NGC 2245 is a vL neby, with some bright stars in it.  It is extended N & S nearly, 15 x 12' +/- diam.  There are 3 or 4 9th and 10th mag stars in a curve seemingly connected with it."

 

Barnard found this reflection nebula again photographically on 24 Jan 1894 with the Willard 6" lens though and announced it in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Cluster Connected with the Milky Way" (Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol XIII, No 3).  Barnard stated he first found it visually around 1888 "while sweep over this region, I found a very large, weak, diffused nebulosity some half a degree south of the nebula NGC 2245. This was mixed up with several considerable stars."  His earlier visual discovery was not published but apparently he sent it later to Dreyer, so it was catalogued again as IC 2169.

 

Barnard retracted his discovery of IC 447 in Lick Publications, Vol 11, incorrectly claiming it to be identical to NGC 2245.  Hubble included this object in his 1922 paper "A general study of diffuse galactic nebula" in Contributions from the Mount Wilson Observatory / Carnegie Institution of Washington, vol. 241, pp.1-38.

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IC 449 = UGC 3515 = MCG +12-07-014 = CGCG 330-012 = PGC 19554

06 45 41.1 +71 20 38; Cam

V = 12.5;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 70°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; moderately bright and large, slightly elongated E-W, ~45"x35".  Contains a relatively large brighter core.  Situated 4.1' WSW of mag 8.4 HD 47725.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 449 = Sw. VIII-43 on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "pF, S, R, bM, bet 2 D st."  His position matches IC 449, so there's little doubt about the identification, though I'm surprised he didn't mention the nearby 8.5-magnitude star.

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IC 450 = UGC 3547 = Mrk 6 = MCG +12-07-018 = CGCG 330-017 = PGC 19756

06 52 12.3 +74 25 37; Cam

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 129°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; faint,  small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, sharp stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 451 4' NE.

 

William Denning discovered IC 450, along with IC 451, around 1890 with his 10-inch reflector.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer as it was not published.   The IC positions for both galaxies are 6'-7' too far southeast.  Corrected positions were published in the 1937 paper "A study of faint northern galaxies" by Seyfert and Shapley (1937AnHar.105..219S).

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IC 451 = UGC 3550 = MCG +12-07-019 = PGC 19775

06 52 52.0 +74 28 51; Cam

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 144°

 

24" (1/28/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, even surface brightness.  Forms a pair with IC 450 4.2' SW.

 

William Denning discovered IC 451, along with IC 450, around 1890 with his 10-inch reflector.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer as it was not published.   The IC positions for both galaxies are 6'-7' too far southeast.  Corrected positions were published in the 1937 paper "A study of faint northern galaxies" by Seyfert and Shapley (1937AnHar.105..219S).

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IC 452 = NGC 2296 = MCG -03-18-003 = PGC 19643

06 48 39.1 -16 54 06; CMa

Size 1.9'x1.4';  PA = 145°

 

See observing notes for NGC 2296.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 452 = Big. 147, along with IC 453 = Big. 148 on 9 Mar 1890 while searching for NGC 2296.  Swift's discovery position was 0.7 min of RA too far east and 1' too far south, so Bigourdan assumed Big. 147 (later IC 452) was new.  Herbert Howe later measured an accurate RA for NGC 2296 in 1898 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes) so, NGC 2296 = IC 452.  His position for Big. 148 (IC 453) points directly to a star, according to Corwin.

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IC 454 = UGC 3570 = MCG +02-18-002 = PGC 19725

06 51 06.3 +12 55 19; Gem

V = 13.4;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 140°

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.3'.  A star (mag 13.5-14?) is superimposed near the northwest end.  Contains a slightly brighter nucleus, which is close southeast of the star.  There may be one or two additional mag 15.5-16 star near the periphery.  Since the galaxy appears to extend from the brighter star it has a comet-like appearance.  Situated in a rich Milky Way star field.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 454 = Sw. IX-16 on 23 Jan 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "a faint nebula, elongated with 13 mag star attached to end N.p."  His rough RA (in his notebook) is about 24 seconds too large, but his small field sketch matches.  The discovery was probably not communicated to Dreyer as Barnard isn't credited in the IC.

 

Lewis Swift independently found this galaxy on 27 Dec 1889 and simply noted "eeF; S; e diff."  Swift's RA is 9 seconds too large and he received the credit in the IC.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898 and noted, "One or two stars are involved in this nebula."

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IC 455 = UGC 3815 = MCG +14-04-033 = CGCG 362-044 = CGCG 363-030 = LGG 145-012 = PGC 21334

07 34 57.7 +85 32 14; Cep

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 82°

 

18" (8/2/11): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~30"x25", fairly sharply concentrated with a small bright core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  Located 11' SSE of NGC 2300 in a group of far northern galaxies near +85° declination.

 

18" (3/13/04): fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration to a slightly brighter core.  With direct vision, a sharp stellar nucleus is intermittently visible.  Located 16' ESE of NGC 2276 and 11' SSE of NGC 2300.  This galaxy is the 5th closest to the celestial pole in the NGC or IC (2nd in the IC) and 3 of these 5 are visible in the same low power field!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 455 on 20 Sep 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  While comet hunting in the north, Barnard found NGC 2276, 2300 and IC 455.  He was confused on his pointing direction this far north, but made a field sketch including nearby stars and labeled the nebulae A (NGC 2276), B (NGC 2300) and C (IC 455, outside the 150x field).  He noted "C is 10' S and 3' foll B.  A is 2' diameter, faint, vglbM."  The sketch clearly identifies the three galaxies.  William Denning independently discovered IC 455 less than a month later on 17 Oct 1890 with his 10-inch reflector.  Denning is credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never published his discovery or notified Dreyer.

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IC 456 = ESO 427-024 = MCG -05-17-002 = PGC 19993

07 00 17.5 -30 09 50; CMa

V = 12.0;  Size 2.1'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 110°

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, fairly small, round, gradually increases to a small bright core.  Located just 1' SW of mag 9 SAO 197461 and 6' SE of mag 7.1 SAO 197448.  Also mag 8.7 SAO 197447 lies 7' WNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 456 = Sw. X-16 on 19 Dec 1890 and recorded "vF; pS; R; B * close nf; B * with pB dist comp np."

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IC 457 = NGC 2330 = MCG +08-13-078 = CGCG 234-074 = WBL 133-001 = PGC 20272

07 09 28.4 +50 09 08; Lyn

V = 14.7;  Size 0.4'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.2

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x fairly faint, small, nearly round, 20" diameter, even surface brightness.  Located 2' SSW of NGC 2332.  A mag 15.1 star is between this galaxy and NGC 2332.  Note: This galaxy is identified as IC 457 in the CGCG and UGC.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): extremely faint and small, round.  A mag 15 star is 1' NE.  Located 2' SW of NGC 2332.

 

Hermann Kobold found IC 457 on 4 May 1893, along with 8 galaxies besides NGC 2332 and 2340, with the 18-inch refractor at Strasbourg.  His position matches PGC 20272, which was discovered by Bindon Stoney at Birr Castle on 2 Jan 1851.  Although placed fairly accurately on a constructed diagram, no absolute positions were determined so Dreyer relied on Bigourdan's measurement.  Unfortunately, Bigourdan's position refers to a faint star so the NGC position for NGC 2330 is erroneous.  Assuming PGC 20272 is the galaxy Dreyer had in mind as NGC 2330 (Malcolm Thomson disagrees), then NGC 2330 = IC 457 = PGC 20272.  UGC and CGCG label this galaxy as IC 457 and don't use the NGC designation.  See RNGC Corrections #5 and Corwin's notes for much more on this complicated story!

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IC 458 = UGC 3713 = MCG +08-13-085 = WBL 133-004 = PGC 20306

07 10 34.3 +50 07 06; Lyn

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 175°

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 N-S, ~30"x20", small brighter core but no distinct nucleus.  A mag 13.5 star is just off the south edge [0.6' from center].

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 0.6'x0.4', weak concentration to center.  A mag 12.5 star is just off the south edge 0.6' from center.  In a small group with NGC 2340, IC 458, IC 461, IC 464, IC 465.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, very small, elongated 5:2 N-S, small bright core.  A mag 13 star is off the south end 36" from center.  In a field of four galaxies with NGC 2340 7' ENE, IC 464 5.0' ENE and IC 465 12' NE.

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 458, along with IC 459, 461, 464 on 31 Jan 1851.  The 1861 publication didn't include any details of the Birr Castle discoveries so this nebula was not included in the GC or GC Supplement.  Lewis Swift found this galaxy again on 14 Sep 1888 (list VIII-44), as well as Hermann Kobold on 15 Apr 1893 (all 3 are credited in the IC).  Kobold's position (used in the IC) matches UGC 3713.  The MCG misidentifies +08-13-089 as IC 458.

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IC 459 = CGCG 234-082 = PGC 20311

07 10 38.7 +50 10 38; Lyn

Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x: very faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x15", low surface brightness, can hold steadily once identified.  Located 5' W of NGC 2340 and 3.4' NW of mag 10 HD 233347 in the center of the galaxy cluster.  IC 460 lies 1.8' NE and IC 458 is 3.6' S.

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness, no concentration.  Located 5' due west of NGC 2340 in the core of the cluster and 3.6' N of IC 458.

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 459, along with IC 458, 461, 464 on 31 Jan 1851.  Hermann Kobold discovered it independently at Strasbourg on 2 Dec 1893 (both Rosse and Kobold are credited in the IC).

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IC 460 = MCG +08-13-089 = CGCG 234-084 = WBL 133-007 = PGC 20318

07 10 44.3 +50 12 09; Lyn

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.5'

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, brighter center.  A mag 13.2 is at the southwest edge [18" from center] and a second mag 13 star is 0.8' NW. IC 460 is located 4.6' WNW of NGC 2340 in the core of the cluster.  IC 459 lies 1.8' SSW.

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint galaxy in the core of the NGC 2340 group.  Just visible with averted vision and concentration as a 10" knot just off the northeast side of a mag 13 star [only 18" separation].  This star forms a pair with another mag 13 star 44" NW.  Located 4.5' WNW of NGC 2340 and 1.8' NNE of IC 459.

 

Hermann Kobold discovered IC 460 on 2 Dec 1893 with the 18" refractor at Strasbourg Observatory.  This galaxy was missed at Birr Castle when the cluster was observed in January 1851.

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IC 461 = MCG +08-13-088 = CGCG 234-083 = WBL 133-006 = PGC 20319

07 10 45.0 +50 04 53; Lyn

Size 0.6'x0.35';  PA = 35°

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x; faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 SW-NE, 0.4'x0.3', low even surface brightness.  A string of three mag 12-13 stars oriented SW-NE follows closely.  A mag 15.5 star is at the southeast edge of the galaxy.  Located 7' SW of NGC 2340 and 2.8' SE of IC 458.

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 0.3'x0.2'.  This small galaxy is just preceding a 1.5' string of 3 mag 12-13 stars angling from SW to NE and 2.8' SE of IC 458 in the NGC 2340 group (second faintest of 7 in the field at 280x).

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 461, along with IC 458, 459, 464 on 31 Jan 1851.  Lewis Swift found this galaxy again on 14 Sep 1888 (list VIII-45) and by Kobold on 8 Dec 1893.  All 3 are credited in the IC as Kobold's position was used.

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IC 463 = LEDA 3717953

07 11 00.9 +50 07 04; Lyn

Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 85°

 

24" (2/13/18): at 375x; very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Can barely hold continuously with averted vision.  Located in a group, 1.3' SSW of IC 464 and 3.8' SSW of NGC 2340 (in a line).

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 463, along with IC 458, 459, 461, 464 on 31 Jan 1851.  He labeled it Iota on the diagram of the field.  Hermann Kobold discovered it again independently at Strasbourg on 2 Dec 1893 (both Rosse and Kobold are credited in the IC).  This galaxy is not in the PGC and hasn't been assigned a LEDA designation.

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IC 464 = CGCG 234-087 = MCG +08-13-092 = WBL 133-009 = PGC 20332

07 11 04.8 +50 08 13; Lyn

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.4;  PA = 60°

 

24" (2/13/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 2:1 SW-NE, 50"x25", bright core.  Located 2.4' SSW of NGC 2340 in a rich galaxy group.  IC 463 is 1.3' SSW.

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.35', even concentration but with no defined core of nucleus.  Located 2.5' SSW of NGC 2340 in a rich group of galaxies with NGC 2350, IC 458, IC 459, IC 460, IC 461 and IC 465 in the same 280x field!

 

17.5" (1/20/90): faint, small, oval SW-NE.  Located 2.5' SSW of NGC 2340 in a group with IC 458 5.0' WSW and IC 465 8.1' NE.

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 464, along with IC 458, 459, 461 on 31 Jan 1851.  Lewis Swift probably found this galaxy again on 14 Sep 1888 (list VIII-45).  Kobold measured an accurate position on 18 Jan 1893.

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IC 465 = NGC 2334 = MCG +08-13-098 = CGCG 234-095 = WBL 133-012 = PGC 20357

07 11 33.6 +50 14 53; Lyn

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 70°

 

24" (2/15/18): at 375x; moderately bright, moderately large, round, strong concentration with a high surface brightness core that increases to a very small brighter nucleus.  Located 5.8' NE of NGC 2340 in a fairly rich group.

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', gradually increases to a very small, brighter core.  Furthest NE in a group of 7 galaxies in the field and 5.8' NE of the brightest member, NGC 2340.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): faint, small, round, bright core.  Last of four galaxies in a 20' field and located 5.8' NE of NGC 2340.

 

Hermann Kobold found IC 465 on 4 May 1893, along with 8 galaxies besides NGC 2332 and 2340, with the 18-inch refractor at Strasbourg.  His position matches PGC 20357, which was discovered by Bindon Stoney at Birr Castle on 2 Jan 1851.  Although placed fairly accurately on a constructed diagram, no absolute positions were determined so Dreyer relied on Bigourdan's measurement.  Unfortunately, Bigourdan's position refers to a faint star so the NGC position for NGC 2334 is erroneous.  Assuming PGC 20357 is the galaxy Dreyer had in mind as NGC 2330 (Malcolm Thomson disagrees), then NGC 2334 = IC 465 = PGC 20357.  MCG, CGCG, PGC, SIMBAD all label this galaxy as IC 465 and not NGC 2334.  NED and HyperLeda give the equivalence.

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IC 466 = Sh 2-288 = LBN 1013 = Ced 92

07 08 36 -04 19; Mon

Size 1'x1'

 

17.5" (2/28/87): mag 12.5 star in an easy, very small, round nebulosity.  Located 1.5' SSW of a mag 10.5 star.  A wide pair of mag 10 stars lie 7' SW.  Enhanced with a UHC filter at 220x.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 466 = J 2-616 on 18 Feb 1893 with the 30-inch f/23 refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 467 = UGC 3834 = MCG +13-06-007 = PGC 21164

07 30 17.3 +79 52 21; Cam

V = 12.6;  Size 3.2'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 80°

 

17.5" (2/22/87): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated ~E-W, weak concentration.  A faint mag 15 star is near the SW end.  Located 20' SSE of NGC 2336.

 

William Denning discovered IC 467 on 7 Nov 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while comet hunting and recorded "vF, pS, 22' ssf of NGC 2336."  Although his position is poor, the identification is certain based on the description.

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IC 469 = UGC 3994 = MCG +14-04-038 = CGCG 362-047 = CGCG 363-035 = CGCG 364-001 = LGG 145-004 = PGC 22213

07 55 59.1 +85 09 32; Cep

V = 12.6;  Size 2.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 90°

 

18" (8/1/11): fairly bright, fairly large, elongated 5:2 E-W, ~2.0'x0.8', broad concentration, brighter core increases to a slightly brighter nucleus.  This galaxy, NGC 2300 and IC 512 are the three brightest within 5 degrees of the north celestial pole.  IC 469 resides within an isosceles triangle formed by a mag 9 star 3.8' N, a mag 10 star 4.5' SW and a mag 10.5 star 3.7' SSE.  A 3' group of mag 11-13 stars is close NE, so the surrounding field is very distinctive.

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 2:1 E-W, 2.0'x1.0', large brighter middle, broad concentration but no nucleus.  Surrounded by three mag 8.5-9.5 stars.  Mag 8.5 SAO 1236 just 3.8' N is at the west edge of a scattered group of 10 stars including a close, faint double (mag 14/14 at 10").  Mag 9.2 SAO 1224 lies 4.4' SW and mag 9.5 SAO 1237 is 3.6' S.  This galaxy is relatively bright for an IC galaxy.  UGC 3993 lies 14' S.

 

William Denning discovered IC 469 on 14 Sep 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while sweeping for comets.  It was found in the field of NGC 2300 "and about 40' SE of it."  He noted the "object lies central within a very curious semicircle of small stars.  It is faint, pretty large, extended, and a little brighter in the middle hunting and recorded "F, S, E, 46' sf of NGC 2336."

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IC 471 = UGC 3982 = MCG +08-14-035 = CGCG 235-033 = PGC 21659

07 43 36.4 +49 40 03; Lyn

V = 13.3;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

24" (2/7/16): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, well concentrated with a small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 472 3.9' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 471 = Sw. IX-17, along with IC 472, on 20 Apr 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; np of 2 [with IC 472]."  His RA is 15 seconds too small, a similar offset as IC 472.

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IC 472 = UGC 3985 = MCG +08-14-036 = CGCG 235-034 = PGC 21665

07 43 50.3 +49 36 51; Lyn

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 167°

 

24" (2/7/16): at 260x; fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated ~N-S, 30"x24", well concentrated with a roundish bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 471 3.9' NW.   Double star Es 1082 = 10.1/11.1 at 5.6" lies 4.7' SE and is collinear with the two galaxies.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 472 = Sw. IX-18, along with IC 472, on 20 Apr 1890.  He recorded "eeF; pS; R; sf of 2 [with IC 471].  D * nr sf nearly points to both."  His position is 3' too far northwest, a similar offset as IC 471, and the double star is Es 1082.

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IC 476 = MCG +05-19-006 = CGCG 148-018 = WBL 152-002 = PGC 21796

07 47 16.3 +26 57 03; Gem

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.45';  PA = 102°

 

24" (2/16/15): at 300x appeared very faint, small, slightly elongated, 15"x12".  Appeared brighter at Willow Springs 3000 than two nights ago from Lake Sonoma.

 

24" (2/14/15): at 300x and 375x; extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Required averted vision and could not hold steadily.  Located just 1.5' NW of NGC 2449.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 476 = J. I-138 on 30 Jan 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 478 = CGCG 148-055 = PGC 22109

07 53 41.6 +26 29 34; Gem

V = 14.7;  Size 0.65'x0.45';  PA = 12°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; faint to fairly faint, small, round, 15" to 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  A mag 14.5 star lies 2' W and a similar star is 1.6' NW.  IC 478 is located 4.5' SSW of mag 7.6 HD 64207, which detracts from viewing, and 16.5' SSE of mag 5.0 Phi Gem.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 478 = J. 1-140 on 2 Mar 1892 with the 30" Nice refractor.  He reported "very faint, very small, diffuse and without central condensation" and an accurate position.

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IC 479 = MCG +05-19-020 = CGCG 148-058 = PGC 22138

07 54 22.2 +27 00 32; Gem

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, ~22"x18", weak concentration with no zones.  Forms an equilateral triangle with mag 13.5 star 1.4' NW and a mag 14.1 star (unequal double) 1.3' W.  Located 18.5' NE of mag 5.0 Phi Gem.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 479 = J. 1-141, along with IC 478, on 2 Mar 1892 with the 30" Nice refractor.  He reported "pretty faint, round, 20" diameter."

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IC 480 = UGC 4096 = CGCG 148-062 = WBL 160-001 = PGC 22188

07 55 23.2 +26 44 36; Gem

V = 14.2;  Size 1.7'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 168°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 6:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.15', slightly brighter core.  Bulges very slightly but no nucleus seen.  Situated in a busy star field with a mag 15.5 star 1.2' S (collinear with the major axis).  A mag 10.9 star lies 2.5' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 480 = J. 1-142 on 18 Mar 1892 with the 30" Nice refractor.  He reported "very faint, very pale, fairly large, elongated N-S."

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IC 484 = CGCG 148-084 = WBL 165-003 = PGC 22419

08 00 01.1 +26 39 57; Gem

V = 14.5;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 49°

 

24" (2/7/15): faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, ~18"x12".  A mag 15.5 star is 0.8' SW.  IC 485 is 4.8' NE and IC 486 is 5.5' SE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 484 = Spitaler 11, along with IC 485 and IC 486, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 30 Jan 1892.  Both measured accurate micrometric positions.

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IC 485 = UGC 4156 = CGCG 148-088 = WBL 165-006 = PGC 22443

08 00 19.8 +26 42 05; Gem

V = 14.5;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  PA = 153°

 

24" (2/7/15): at 260x; very faint, small, slightly elongated, 15"x10".  Faintest in a trio forming an equilateral triangle with IC 484 4.7' SW and IC 486 5.3' S.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 485 = Spitaler 12a, along with IC 484 and IC 486, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna.  He noted it made an equilateral triangle with IC 484 and 486 though didn't measure a position.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 30 Jan 1892 and measured an accurate position.

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IC 486 = UGC 4155 = MCG +04-19-018 = CGCG 148-087 = WBL 165-005 = PGC 22445

08 00 21.0 +26 36 49; Gem

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 139°

 

24" (2/7/15): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 18"x12", small brighter core.  Brightest in a trio with IC 484 5.5' NW and IC 485 5.3' N.  The trio, along with a few CGCG galaxies, from the small group WBL 165, and lies at a distance of ~380 million l.y.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 486 = Spitaler 12, along with IC 484 and IC 485, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 2 Mar 1892 and measured an accurate position.

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IC 487 = NGC 2494 = UGC 4141 = MCG +00-21-001 = CGCG 003-002 = PGC 22377

07 59 07.0 -00 38 17; Mon

V = 13.1;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 95°

 

17.5" (1/23/88): moderately bright, oval ~E-W, fairly small, bright core.  A nice triple star lies 4' ESE; the closer components are mag 11/12 with separation 19".

 

Lewis Swift found IC 487 = Sw. VII-10 on 11 May 1890 and reported "eeF; vS; R".   His position is 2' SE of UGC 4141 = PGC 22377, the only nearby galaxy.  Howe remarked the nebula was elongated at 110° (ESE-WNW).  This galaxy was discovered by Marth in 1864, but his RA for #110 in his discovery list (later NGC 2494) was 1.0 minute too large and neither Swift nor Dreyer connected NGC 2494 with IC 487.  UGC, MCG and CGCG label this galaxy IC 487 because of the positional match but NED, HyperLeda and SIMBAD equate the numbers.  See Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 491 = CGCG 148-106 = PGC 22631

08 03 55.0 +26 31 14; Cnc

V = 14.9;  Size 0.6'x0.25';  PA = 114°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x and 520x; very faint to faint, small, round, 12" - 15" diameter, quasi-stellar or stellar nucleus.  Situated within a N-S string of mag 9 to 10.5 star including a mag 10.2 star 1.5' NW.  IC 491 forms a very close pair (non-physical) with PGC 1779405 0.5' NW.   This 16th magnitude galaxy appeared extremely faint and small, 6" diameter, only occasionally pops.  The nearby bright star makes the detection difficult.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 491 = J. 1-149 on 18 Mar 1892 and reported "very faint, very small, round, around 10" diameter."

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IC 492 = UGC 4212 = MCG +04-19-024 = CGCG 118-059 = PGC 22724

08 05 38.7 +26 10 05; Cnc

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.9'

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 N-S, ~30"x20", slightly brighter core.  A mag 14.5 star is close off the southeast edge, 30" from center.  Situated just 3.4' NNE of mag 8 HD 66662.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 492 = Spitaler 15 = J. 1-150 on 5 Feb 1891 with a 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while searching the Winnecke's Comet.  He reported "13m; R; vgbM; *13.5m 1/4' sf [south-following]." and measured an accurate micrometric position with respect to HD 66662.  Rudolph Spitaler found it again 4 nights later with the 27-inch refractor at Vienna (presumably while also searching for the comet).  He called it a fairly bright comet-like nebula northeast of BD +26°1713.  Finally, Stephane Javelle found it a third time on 2 Mar 1892 (along with several others) with the 30-inch refractor at Nice, France.  All three are credited in the NGC.

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IC 494 = UGC 4224 = MCG +00-21-004 = CGCG 003-010 = PGC 22755

08 06 24.1 +01 02 10; CMi

V = 13.4;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  PA = 49°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 45"x30", brighter core (fairly well defined) that gradually increases to a faint stellar nucleus.  Located 9' SSE of mag 7.3 HD 67029 in the southeast corner of Canis Minor.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 494 = Big. 150 on 12 Dec 1888.

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IC 496 = IC 2229 = MCG +04-19-028 = CGCG 188-066 = CGCG 119-001 = LEDA 93095 = PGC 22903

08 09 44.2 +25 52 54; Cnc

V = 14.6;  Size 0.55'x0.3';  PA = 30°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; IC 496 was resolved into a close pair (physical), separated by just 19" E-W.  The brighter western component (LEDA 93095) appeared faint, very small, round, 10"-12" diameter. The fainter eastern galaxy (PGC 22903) was very faint, extremely small, round, 6" diameter.  An 18" pair of mag 13.5/14 stars lies 1.5' SSE.  Located 7' WNW of mag 6.4 13 Cancri (K0-type).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 496 = J. 1-152 on 2 Mar 1892 and reported "faint, small, round, little brighter in the middle."  He found it again on 11 Feb 1896 and reported J. 3-1025 (later IC 2229) as "faint, roughly round, 30", granular, avec star of mag 13.5-14.  Both positions are very accurate, so its surprising neither he nor Dreyer noticed IC 496 = IC 2229.

 

NED identifies the western galaxy as IC 496, while HyperLeda identifies the eastern galaxy as IC 496.  Probably the number should apply to the pair (IC 496A and 496B?).  The eastern object is apparently an interacting (merged) double system.

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IC 497 = MCG +04-20-001 = CGCG 118-067 = CGCG 119-002 = KTG 20A = PGC 22918

08 10 06.1 +24 55 19; Cnc

V = 14.3;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  PA = 177°

 

24" (3/22/14): at 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.4'x0.2', weak concentration. A 12" double (mag 12.5-13 stars) lies 1' N and a mag 14 star is just off the NNW side [27" from center].  Brightest in the KTG 20 triplet.

 

UGC 4257 = KTG 20C lies 2' SE and appeared as an extremely faint, thin edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.1', very low even surface brightness.  A mag 15.5 star is just off the west edge.  CGCG 118-068 = KTG 20B, just 1.0' S, was extremely faint to very faint (slightly higher surface brightness than UGC 4257), round, just 10" diameter.  A mag 13 star is 33" SE of center.

 

24" (1/25/14): at 375x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 24"x12", bright core.  A 12" pair of mag 12.5-13 stars lies 1' N and a mag 14 star is 27" NW of center.  This galaxy is the brightest member of the KTG 20 triplet with UGC 4257 2' SSE and CGCG 118-68 3' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 497 = J. 1-153 on 2 Mar 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 498 = UGC 4255 = VV 526 = CGCG 031-059 = PGC 22895

08 09 30.3 +05 16 51; CMi

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x1.0';  PA = 60°

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter, broad weak concentration but no core/nucleus.  A distinctive group of stars is to the south including E-W and N-S strings.  The N-S string is roughly collinear with the galaxy.  A mag 13.5/14 double at 10" separation is 2' SW.

 

CGCG 031-060, situated 5.6' E, appeared faint, very small, round, 12" diameter (this is the core region), well defined.  A mag 8.3 star is 5' E with CGCG 031-060 nearly at the midpoint of IC 498 and this star.  LEDA 1280679 (B = 16.23), situated 9' ESE, appeared extremely faint and small, round, 6" diameter.  Mag 8.3 HD 67874 is 1.5' NE and greatly detracts from viewing so it had to be kept just outside the edge of the field. A string of stars is close west.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 498 on 11 Nov 1888 with the 27" refractor at the Wein University in Vienna.  His position is accurate.

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IC 499 = UGC 4463 = MCG +14-04-054 = CGCG 363-046 = CGCG 364-005 = LGG 145-006 = PGC 24602

08 45 16.9 +85 44 24; Cam

V = 12.5;  Size 2.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 80°

 

18" (8/1/11): moderately bright, moderately large, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~50"x35".  Very low surface brightness outer halo with a fairly bright central region that is sharply concentrated to a very small bright nucleus.  A mag 14 star is superimposed on the SW side and a brighter mag 12 star is off the NE side, 1.2' from center.  Located 5.7' SW of mag 8.5 SAO 1370. UGC 4297 lies 20' SW.  This is the closest IC galaxy to the north celestial pole!

 

William Denning discovered IC 499 on 8 Sep 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while sweeping for comets.  He noted it was in the same field as IC 512 and called it "pretty faint, small and much brighter in the middle.  There is a telescopic star just on its N. side, and an exceedingly faint star is involved with the nebula, which lies in an irregular widely scattered group.  It bears magnifying well, and is relatively much brighter than [IC 512]."

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IC 504 = UGC 4372 = MCG +01-22-005 = CGCG 032-008 = WBL 179-001 = PGC 23495

08 22 41.2 +04 15 45; Hya

V = 12.9;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  PA = 139°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint or moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0.4'.  Contains a relatively large bright core with a fairly thin halo.  A mag 11.0 star is 1' SE, the first in an equally spaced looping chain of 4 stars that leads directly to CGCG 032-012, 4.7' ENE.  The surrounding star field in general is pretty rich.

 

IC 504 is the brightest of a group of 7 galaxies (WBL 179) including CGCG 032-009 4' N, IC 506 12.5' ENE and IC 505 12' NE.  But the redshift of IC 504, along with CGCG 032-012, is half the remaining members so there appears to be two superposed groups at different distances.

 

CGCG 032-012, 4.7' ENE, appeared fairly faint, very small, round, 15"-18" diameter.  A mag 11.9 star is 40" SW, the first in a chain extending to IC 504.

CGCG 032-009, 4.0' N, appeared as a faint soft glow, 18", fairly smooth surface brightness.

CGCG 032-013, 8.5' NNE, appeared faint, small, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 25"x10".

CGCG 032-011, 7' SE, appeared faint, small, roundish, 15" diameter.  A mag 13.8 star is at the south edge.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 504 = Sw. VII-11, along with IC 505 and 506, on 8 Mar 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; nr. p end of 4 st. in an arc of a circle.  1st of 3."  His RA is ~10 seconds too small, but the identification is certain as the description is a perfect match.

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IC 505 = UGC 4382 = MCG +01-22-008 = CGCG 032-015 = WBL 179-006 = PGC 23528

08 23 21.7 +04 22 21; Hya

V = 13.1;  Size 1.3'x1.0';  PA = 144°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, small bright core.  The halo extends further on the southeast end, so the core appears offset from center.  Located on the northeast side of the IC 504 group = WBL 179, with IC 506 5' SSE and CGCG 032-013 6' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 505 = Sw. VII-12, along with IC 504 and 506, on 8 Mar 1888 and recorded "eF; S; R; lbM. 2nd of 3."  His RA is 9 seconds too small (similar offset as IC 504), but the identification is certain.

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IC 506 = MCG +01-22-009 = CGCG 032-016 = WBL 179-007 = PGC 23536

08 23 30.7 +04 17 58; Hya

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 171°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, quasi-stellar nucleus.  Member of the IC 504 group (WBL 179) with IC 505 5' NNW and IC 504 12' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 506 = Sw. VII-13, along with IC 504 and 505, on 8 Mar 1888 and recorded "eeF; eS; R; ee diff.; 3rd of 3."

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IC 507 = NGC 2590 = UGC 4392 = MCG +00-22-010 = CGCG 004-020 = PGC 23616

08 25 01.9 -00 35 31; Hya

V = 13.1;  Size 2.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 77°

 

See observing notes for NGC 2590.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 507 = Sw. VIII-47 on 3 Feb 1888 and recorded "eeF pS; vlE; bet 2 st; sev pB st nr; driving clock failed."  His RA matches NGC 2590 (despite noted uncertain), but the declination is 9' too far north.  Apparently he only picked up the central portion as the outer portions are clearly elongated.  This galaxy was discovered by Stephan in 1878 and his position is accurate.  Corwin notes that Dreyer made an error of 30 seconds in RA in precessing Swift's position to 1860 coordinates and Howe was unable to find IC 507 on 3 nights (MN, Nov. 1900) because of the poor NGC position.

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IC 511 = NGC 2646 = UGC 4604 = MCG +12-09-019 = CGCG 331-069 = CGCG 332-019 = LGG 162-003 = PGC 24838

08 50 22.0 +73 27 46; Cam

V = 12.1;  Size 1.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.5

 

See observing notes for NGC 2646.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 511 = Sw. VIII-48 on 1 Sep 1888 and reported "vF, S, cE, wide D * nr. sf; sp of 2 [with IC 520]."  His position is fairly close to UGC 4510, the galaxy modern catalogues take as IC 511, though the "wide D[ouble] star nr south-preceding" is north-preceding (NW).  In August 2017 Courtney Seligman followed up on a group email with Harold Corwin and myself regarding a 10 minute RA error that Swift made on the discovery night,  and found the same correction could be applied to IC 511.  The resulting position (and Swift's description) matches NGC 2646.  This galaxy is "sp of 2" [with IC 520], whereas UGC 4510 and IC 520 are nearly a degree apart.

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IC 512 = UGC 4646 = MCG +14-05-002 = CGCG 363-049 = CGCG 364-008 = LGG 145-010 = PGC 25451

09 03 49.8 +85 30 06; Cam

V = 12.2;  Size 1.8'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 175°

 

18" (8/1/11): moderately bright, fairly large, slightly elongated N-S, ~1.5'x1.2'.  Asymmetric appearance with an irregular surface brightness.  Appears to have a brighter "bar" though not centered in the glow.  A faint pair of stars is off the south side and a 10' string of stars oriented NNW to SSE is off the east side.  Located 12' WSW of mag 7.9 HD 75797.  This is the third closest IC galaxy to the north celestial pole.

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, moderately large, round, almost even surface brightness.  A 10' string of stars just east is oriented roughly N-S with a mag 9 star at the north end.  Lies 12' W of mag 8.0 SAO 1443.

 

William Denning discovered IC 512 on 23 Aug 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector while sweeping for comets at 40x. When he determined it was missing from the NGC, he initially thought it was probably a comet, but reobserved it several times on the morning of the 24th without detecting any motion and concluded it was a new nebula.  Using 145x, he reported it was "very distinct, round, and a little brighter in the middle.  There is a triangle of rather bright telescopic stars on the east side of it."

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IC 514 = CGCG 004-066 = WBL 188-001 = PGC 24119

08 35 22.3 -02 02 49; Hya

V = 14.9;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 160°

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  A mag 16 star is attached at the south edge.  Located 12' SSW of NGC 2616 in a group (WBL 188) and 3.5' NE of a mag 10.1 star.  Forms a pair with CGCG 004-065 2.4' S.  I'm surprised that Javelle, who discovered IC 514, missed the CGCG as it's similar in brightness and size.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 514 = J. 2-621, along with IC 517, on 20 Mar 1893 and recorded "vF, elongated in the meridian [N-S], no central brightening."  The next night he discovered nearby IC 515 and IC 516.

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IC 515 = UGC 4488 = CGCG 004-068 = WBL 188-003 = PGC 24125

08 35 31.3 -01 54 04; Hya

V = 14.5;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 32°

 

24" (2/5/13): faint, very small, slightly elongated, 18"x14", soft even glow.  Located 3.1' SSW of NGC 2616 in a group and 2.6' NE of a mag 11.4 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 515 = J. 2-622, along with IC 516, on 21 Mar 1893.  He noted it was distinct from NGC 2616, which was also measured.

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IC 516 = CGCG 004-075 = WBL 188-007 = PGC 24155

08 35 50.8 -01 52 16; Hya

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 65°

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, extremely small, slightly elongated, 12"x8", stellar nucleus.  Located 4.4' ESE of NGC 2616 in a group (WBL 188) and 5.2' NE of IC 515.  CGCG 004-072 lies 4.5' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 516 = J. 2-623, along with IC 515, on 21 Mar 1893.  He noted it was distinct from NGC 2616, which was also measured.

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IC 517 = CGCG 004-082 = WBL 188-008 = PGC 24179

08 36 22.1 -02 03 20; Hya

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 29°

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter. A mag 12 star lies 1.7' SW and a mag 14.5 star is closer at 0.9' SW.  Located 17' SE of NGC 2616 in the WBL 188 group (brightest member NGC 2616, along with 4 IC galaxies).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 517 = J. 2-624, along with IC 514, on 20 Mar 1893 and recorded "vF, S, irr figure, no central brightening."  The next night he discovered nearby IC 515 and IC 516.

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IC 520 = UGC 4630 = MCG +12-09-026 = PGC 24970

08 53 42.2 +73 29 27; Cam

V = 11.7;  Size 1.9'x1.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 0°

 

17.5" (3/20/93): this is an unusually bright IC galaxy and appears moderately bright, slightly elongated 4:3 N-S with a prominent small bright core and stellar nucleus.  A mag 13.5 star is at the SE edge 46" from the center.  NGC 2646 lies 14' W.

 

13" (1/11/86): fairly faint, small, round. A faint star is near the south end.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 520 = Sw. VIII-49 on 29 Aug 1888 and recorded "pB; pL; R; bM; nearly bet a nr and a distant *; nf of 2 [with IC 511]; another suspected." Swift's position is accurate.  It's unusual that the Herschels, d'Arrest and Tempel examined this area and missed this galaxy.

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IC 522 = UGC 4654 = MCG +10-13-031 = CGCG 288-010 = PGC 25009

08 54 34.9 +57 10 00; UMa

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 165°

 

24" (3/21/20): at 260x and 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated 5:4 NNW-SSE, ~40"x32", strong concentration with a relatively bright, round core and a diffuse outer halo.  At 375x the core increases to a very small bright nucleus.  Mag 8.3 HD 85697 lies 8' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 522 = Sw. IX-19 on 8 May 1890 and reported "pF; pS; R; BM; pB * np; ?eeF D* involved."  His position is accurate and the "pretty bright star north-preceding" is mag 8.3 HD 75697, though there are no stars involved in the glow of the galaxy.

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IC 523 = UGC 4652 = MCG +02-23-009 = CGCG 061-018 = PGC 24948

08 53 11.3 +09 08 53; Cnc

V = 13.1;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

17.5" (2/14/99): extremely faint, small, round, 25" diameter, low surface brightness, very weak concentration.  The view was perhaps hindered by mag 8.4 SAO 117225 3.3' NW and dew on my secondary.  Located 20' NW of the giant PN Abell 31.  Nearby are MCG +02-23-008 and CGCG 061-020.

 

At 100x using an OIII filter, Abell 31 appeared as a faint, huge, roundish glow encompassing a mag 10 star which is southeast of center.  With averted vision it spanned ~8' in diameter with a very low but irregular surface brightness.  The edge of the halo was not crisply defined.  The bright star is part of a distinctive parallelogram with sides roughly 9'.  The PN doesn't reach the mag 10 star 8' W although on photographs it extends this far.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 523 = J. 2-627 on 13 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position is a little too far north as the offset star is slightly misplaced in declination.

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IC 527 = UGC 4810 = MCG +06-20-039 = CGCG 180-049 = PGC 25821

09 09 41.9 +37 36 04; Lyn

V = 13.2;  Size 1.7'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

17.5" (4/5/97): faint, fairly small, round, 1.2' diameter, gradually increases to a slightly brighter core.  On line with mag 12.5 and 10.5 stars to the NW [2.3' and 5.2', respectively].  Located 13' E of NGC 2759. Forms a pair with CGCG 180-050 6.5' NNE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 527 = Sw. IX-20 on 19 April 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pL; R; ee dif; 2759 in field sf."  His position is a good match with UGC 4810 although NGC 2759 lies to the west-northwest.

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IC 528 = HCG 36A = UGC 4811 = MCG +03-24-001 = CGCG 091-008 = PGC 25783

09 09 22.6 +15 47 46; Cnc

V = 14.1;  Size 1.5'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 163°

 

48" (4/1/11): at 488x appeared bright, moderately large, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.4', sharply concentrated with a small, very bright core.  Brightest of 5 close galaxies in HCG 36 with "C" 50" NW, "B" 1.1' NE, "D" 1.1' S and SDSS J090920.83+154747.3 25" W.  Located 1.8' SE of mag 8.9 HD 78574, which hampers the view of HCG 36B.

 

17.5" (4/5/97): faint, moderately large, elongated ~3:1 NNW-SSE, 1.4'x0.4'.  Contains a brighter core with faint tapering extensions.  View hampered by a mag 9 star (SAO 98393) just 1.8' NE.  This galaxy is the brightest in HCG 36 and the only member viewed, though it lies in the foreground of the other members of the quartet.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 528 = J. 2-631 on 12 Dec 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, mottled, Nucl =13m" and measured an accurate position.

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IC 529 = UGC 4888 = MCG +12-09-035 = CGCG 332-038 = PGC 26295

09 18 32.7 +73 45 37; Cam

V = 11.9;  Size 3.6'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 145°

 

17.5" (4/5/97): moderately bright, fairly large irregular glow, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ill-defined halo up to ~2.8'x1.4', broad concentration to an ill-defined core.  A mag 14 star is just north of the SE end [1.2' from center] and a second mag 13.5-14 star is close NE [1.9' from center].  The outer halo increases with averted vision beyond the star off the SE end.

 

William Denning discovered IC 529 around 1890 with his 10-inch reflector .  The discovery was apparently communicated directly to Dreyer.

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IC 538 = NGC 2885 = UGC 5037 = MCG +04-22-058 = CGCG 121-098 = PGC 26943

09 27 18.5 +23 01 12; Leo

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 80°

 

17.5" (4/13/91): faint, very small, round, stellar nucleus.  A mag 15 star is 40" E of center and a mag 14 star is 2' NW.  Located 8' NW of mag 8.5 SAO 80841.  Brightest in a trio with CGCG 121-099 1.8' ENE and IC 2474 1.8' NW.  Incorrect identification in RNGC.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 538 = Big. 154 on 21 Mar 1890.  His position (from 4 observations) matches NGC 2885.  This galaxy was discovered by John Herschel on 24 Feb 1827, but his RA (noted as uncertain) was 25 seconds too large and Bigourdan noted "does not appear to be NGC 2885". Dreyer noted the possible equivalence, though, in the IC description. MCG labels NGC 2885 as IC 538 only.  See NGC 2885 for more.

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IC 539 = UGC 5054 = MCG +00-24-017 = CGCG 006-047 = PGC 26909

09 29 08.2 -02 32 57; Hya

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.9'

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated ~25"x20", weak concentration with slightly brighter nucleus.  Two small chains of mag 13 and fainter stars extend to the north and northwest.  IC 539 is located 13' N of mag 4.9 Tau1 Hya.  A mag 7 companion is 1.1' to its north and the pair (cataloged as HJ 1167) is collinear with the galaxy.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 539 = J. 2-636 on 9 Mar 1893.  His position is good.

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IC 542 = MCG -02-24-031 = PGC 27012

09 31 06.2 -13 10 53; Hya

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  PA = 95°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:1 E-W, fairly even surface brightness, 30"x10".  A half-dozen mag 13-13.5 stars are within 4'.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 542 = J. 1-161 on 22 Apr 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 546 = MCG -03-25-007 = PGC 27234

09 34 50.2 -16 23 04; Hya

Size 1.1'x0.7';  PA = 100°

 

24" (2/13/18): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated E-W, 25"x20" diameter.  A mag 13.7 star is attached on the north side.  Located 5' WNW of NGC 2924 and 3' E of mag 7.8 HD 82927, a wide unequal pair.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 546 = J. 1-164 on 23 Apr 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 547 = NGC 2947 = IC 2494 = MCG -02-25-004 = PGC 27309

09 36 05.8 -12 26 13; Hya

V = 12.4;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 25°

 

17.5" (3/25/95): fairly faint, round, 1.2' diameter, almost even surface brightness, well-defined outer edge to halo.  Two mag 11 stars are off the SE edge 1.6' and 2.1' from the center.  Incorrectly listed as nonexistent in the RNGC.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 547 = J. 1-165 on 20 Apr 1892 and recorded "pB, small, round, 20" diameter, weak concentration".  His position matches MCG -02-25-004 = PGC 27309.  This galaxy was discovered by Leavenworth on 6 May 1886, but his rough position was 2 minutes of RA too large.  Since NGC 2947 matches in declination, and the Leander McCormick positions are generally 1 to 2 minutes of RA too large, the identification NGC 2947 = IC 547 is likely.  This galaxy was found a third time by Swift and catalogued as Sw. XI-95 (later IC 2494), with an accurate position from Howe.  Dreyer missed the two IC equivalences.  MCG labels the galaxy as IC 547 only.   Corwin notes "It is, so far as I know now (May 2003), the only object to have an entry in all three of Dreyer's catalogues."

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IC 548 = CGCG 063-024 = WBL 228-003 = PGC 27463

09 38 19.3 +09 26 46; Leo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.2';  PA = 166°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; faint, very small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, ~15"x8".  Situated between stars; a mag 15.5 star 0.9' NE and a mag 15.7 star 0.6' SSW.  IC 548 is the third in a trio (line of sight) with NGC 2939 5.5' NW and NGC 2940 11' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 548 = J. 2-638 on 13 Apr 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 554 = IC 555 = UGC 5178 = MCG +02-25-020 = CGCG 063-047 = PGC 27716

09 41 56.9 +12 17 47; Leo

V = 13.5;  Size 1.3'x0.5';  PA = 18°

 

See observing notes for IC 555.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 554 = Sw. 10A-1 on 28 Mar 1892 and recorded "eeF, eS, almost stellar."  This was the first object in a short list of 8 nebulae published in MNRAS Vol. LIII, p.273, in his last year observing at the Warner Observatory in Rochester.   There is nothing near his position, but 9' SSE is IC 555 (discovered by Javelle just 6 nights earlier!).  So, likely IC 554 = IC 555.  Courtney Seligman questions this identification due to the discrepant descriptions but Javelle was using a much larger telescope.

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IC 555 = IC 554 = UGC 5178 = MCG +02-25-020 = CGCG 063-047 = PGC 27716

09 41 56.9 +12 17 47; Leo

V = 13.5;  Size 1.3'x0.5';  PA = 18°

 

24" (2/8/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2  SSW-NNE. 35"x15", sharply concentrated with a bright elongated core and stellar nucleus.  The extensions have a low surface brightness.  A mag 10.8 star lies 3.7' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 555 = J. 1-167 on 22 Mar 1892.  The galaxy was probably found again by Lewis Swift 6 nights later and reported as the first object in a short list that appeared between his 10th and 11th formal lists.  Swift's declination for Sw. 10A-1 (later IC 554) was 8' too far north.

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IC 556 = NGC 2984 = UGC 5200 = MCG +02-25-025 = CGCG 063-053 = PGC 27838

09 43 40.4 +11 03 39; Leo

V = 13.4;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

17.5" (4/1/00): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration.  The halo, which fades at the edges, increases to ~0.6' with averted vision.  A mag 14.5 star is close SSW (33" from center) and a slightly brighter star lies 0.9' NE.

 

NGC 2984 forms a pair with IC 557 7' SE.  The companion appeared faint, very small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15", weak concentration, very faint stellar nucleus at moments.  The elongation was not always evident, so often I was just viewing the slightly brighter core.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 556 = J. 1-168 on 22 Apr 1892 and reported "F, vS, R, nucleus = 14th mag".  His position matches UGC 5200.

 

This galaxy was probably discovered by William Herschel on 15 Mar 1784 and catalogued as H III-34 (later h633 and NGC 2984), but his position was unusually poor -- 1 min 19 sec of RA west and 3.5' south of IC 556.  Karl Reinmuth mentioned he couldn't find NGC 2984 in Dreyer's place using Heidelberg plates and questioned if it was equal to IC 556.  This is likely the case as there are no other reasonable candidates for NGC 2984 in the vicinity.  UGC, CGCG and MCG label this galaxy as IC 556 and RNGC calls it NGC 2984.  See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 557 = MCG +02-25-027 = CGCG 063-055 = PGC 27866

09 44 02.4 +10 59 17; Leo

V = 14.1;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 40°

 

17.5" (4/1/00): faint, very small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15", weak concentration, very faint stellar nucleus at moments.  The elongation was not always evident, so often was just viewing the slightly brighter core.  Located 7' SE of NGC 2984.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 557 = J. 1-169 on 22 Apr 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 560 = UGC 5223 = MCG +00-25-013 = CGCG 007-030 = PGC 27998

09 45 53.4 -00 16 06 ; Sex

V = 13.4;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  PA = 18°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S.  Contains a very small, round bright core with a low surface brightness halo extending 0.6'x0.3'.  A mag 10.8 star is just off the south side [36" SSW of center] and a mag 14.3 star is 45" W.  Located 5' SSE of mag 9.0 HD 84499.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 560 = J. 2-644 on 9 Mar 1893.  His position is 1' too far south due to an error in the dec of his offset star.

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IC 561 = MCG +01-25-019 = CGCG 035-049 = Holm 143C = WBL 239-001 = PGC 28002

09 45 58.9 +03 08 42 ; Sex

V = 14.7;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  PA = 6°

 

24" (2/24/20): at 200x; between faint and fairly faint, small, round, fairly low uniform surface brightness, 20"-24" diameter.  The close pair IC 563/564 (Arp 303) lies 7' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 561 = J. 2-645 on 21 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 562 = MCG -01-25-036 = PGC 28011

09 46 03.9 -03 58 16; Sex

V = 14.2;  Size 1.4'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 147°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 375x; fairly faint, very thin attractive edge-on, ~7:1 NNW-SSE, ~70"x10".  Contains a slightly brighter elongated core, but no nucleus or noticeable bulge.  A mag 15.3 star is off the NNW tip [56" from center].  A rough parallelogram of mag 10 stars (sides ~6'x4') lies east, with the closest star 6' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 562 = J. 2-646 on 8 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 563 = Arp 303 NED1 = MCG +01-25-022 = CGCG 035-053 = Holm 143B = WBL 239-002 = PGC 28032

09 46 20.3 +03 02 44; Sex

V = 13.9;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  PA = 111°

 

24" (2/24/20): at 200x; between faint and fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 or 5:3, , 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Forms a close pair (Arp 303) with brighter IC 564 1.6' N.  A 4' chain of four mag 11 and fainter stars extends towards the SW.  In a trio (WBL 239) with IC 561 8' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 563 = J. 2-647, along with IC 564, on 12 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 564 = Arp 303 NED2 = MCG +01-25-022 = CGCG 035-053 = Holm 143a = WBL 239-003 = PGC 28032

09 46 21.1 +03 04 17; Sex

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x0.4';  PA = 68°

 

24" (2/24/20): at 200x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, moderately large, elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE, 1.1'x0.35'.  Contains a relatively large, slightly brighter central region but no distinct nucleus.  Forms a close pair (Arp 303) with IC 563 1.6' S, and brightest in a trio (WBL 239) with IC 561 7' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 564 = J. 2-648, along with IC 563, on 12 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 568 = UGC 5285 = MCG +03-25-031 = CGCG 092-057 = PGC 28368

09 51 08.3 +15 43 50; Leo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  PA = 16°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; faint, fairly small, slightly elongated E-W, ~30"x24", low irregular surface brightness with only a very weak central brightening.  In a faint quartet (USGC U264) with IC 570 10' ENE and IC 571/572 20' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 568 = J. 2-651, along with IC 570, 571 on 15 Jan 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 570 = MCG +03-25-032 = CGCG 092-060 = PGC 28407

09 51 51.0 +15 45 21; Leo

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  PA = 60°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 375x; extremely faint and small, round, 12" diameter, low even surface brightness, requires averted to glimpse.  Located 10' W of IC 571 in a faint quartet (USGC U264) with IC 572 and IC 568.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 570 = J. 2-652, along with IC 568, on 15 Jan 1894.  His position is accurate.

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IC 571 = MCG +03-25-035 = CGCG 092-063 = PGC 28445

09 52 31.6 +15 46 32; Leo

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  PA = 0°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter, slightly brighter stellar or quasi-stellar nucleus.  Similar to IC 572 3.1' N.  Member of a quartet (USGC U264) with IC 570, 571 and 572.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 571 = J. 2-653, along with IC 572, on 15-16 Dec 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 572 = Ark 220 = MCG +03-25-036 = CGCG 092-064 = PGC 28456

09 52 32.8 +15 49 37; Leo

V = 14.2;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; faint to fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, very weak concentration.  Similar to IC 571 3.1' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 572 = J. 2-65, along with IC 571, on 16 Dec 1893.

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IC 573 = NGC 3058 = MCG -02-25-026 = VV 741 = PGC 28513

09 53 35.7 -12 28 55; Hya

V = 12.5;  Size 1.3'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 35°

 

28" (4/12/18): at 366x; moderately bright, fairly small, elongated ~3:2 SW-NE, ~40"x25", very small slightly brighter nucleus.  A mag 13.6 star is 1.1' W.  A very close, faint pair (~6" separation)  is 1.1' SSE.

 

NGC 3058 is interacting with NGC 3058 NED1 = LEDA 3442467, only 18" NW of center. The companion was very faint, extremely small, ~10" diameter, virtually attached to NGC 3058.

 

17.5" (4/15/93): faint, fairly small, round, low even surface brightness.  A mag 13 star is 1.0' W.  A wide mag 12/13 pair at 45" separation lies 2' SSW and a mag 12/13.5 pair at 30" separation E-W lies 3.5' W.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 573 = J. 1-171 on 20 Apr 1892.  His position is a good match with the double system MCG -02-25-026 = PGC 28513.  This galaxy discovered by Leavenworth on 6 May 1886, but his rough RA for LM 1-159 (later NGC 3058) was two minutes too large.  Leavenworth noted it was "double or bi-nuclear", so this identification is secure.  Howe later measured an accurate position for NGC 3058, matching NGC 3058 with IC 573.  Because of the unambiguous position for IC 573, MCG only uses the IC designation for MCG -02-25-002

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IC 574 = MCG -01-25-056 = PGC 28569

09 54 27.0 -06 57 12; Sex

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

18" (4/14/12): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 N-S, 24"x18", small brighter core.  IC 575 = Arp 292 lies 6' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 574 = J. 2-655, along with IC 575, on 9 Mar 1893.  He noted "pB, S, R, 20" dia, mbM, * 12 s." and measured an accurate micrometric position

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IC 575 = Arp 292 = VV 111 = MCG -01-25-058 = PGC 28575

09 54 32.9 -06 51 27; Sex

V = 13.2;  Size 1.6'x1.1';  PA = 126°

 

48" (2/20/12): this unusual system has a dust lane along the major axis and a polar-ring like disc. The galaxy appears as a fairly bright oval, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.4', with a small bright core.  There was only a hint of the dust lane but narrow extensions or spikes were visible poking out on the NW and SE end, with the SE extension brighter. A mag 15.2 star is 1.3' NNE and two mag 13 and 14.5 stars are 2.3' SE and 1.7' SE, respectively

 

There are two close companions but I only noted 2MASX J09543313-0650143 1.2' N.  The observation was made during a period of fairly poor transparency and seeing so this galaxy would be worth revisiting.  IC 575 is listed as a polar ring candidate in Whitmore et al "New observations and a photographic atlas of polar-ring galaxies" (1990AJ....100.1489W)

 

18" (4/14/12): at 246x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 NW-SE, ~28"x21", only a very weak broad concentration with no core or zones.  The extensions seen in the 48" were not resolved.  IC 574 lies 6' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 575 = J. 2-656, along with IC 574, on 9 Mar 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 577 = UGC 5334 = MCG +02-26-001 = CGCG 064-002 = PGC 28662

09 56 04.0 +10 29 56; Leo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.55'x0.5'

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x; very faint, small glow with a mag 14.5 star superimposed at the south edge, 25" diameter.  Forms a pair (KPG 220) with IC 578 3' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 577 = J. 1-173, along with IC 578, on 22 Mar 1892.  His position is accurate.  The description should read "F * s[outh]", instead of "F * n"

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IC 578 = UGC 5337 = MCG +02-26-002 = CGCG 064-004 = PGC 28674

09 56 16.1 +10 29 10; Leo

V = 14.2;  Size 1.1'x0.45';  PA = 70°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~WSW-ENE, ~30"x20", very small slightly brighter nucleus.  Forms a physical pair (KPG 220 at z = .03) with IC 577, 3' WNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 578 = J. 1-174, along with IC 577, on 22 Mar 1892.  His position is just off the northwest edge of UGC 5337 (similar offset as IC 577, so probably due to poor coordinates of the offset star).

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IC 580 = NGC 3069 = MCG +02-26-005 = CGCG 064-010 = PGC 28788

09 57 56.7 +10 25 57; Leo

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 166°

 

13.1" (4/10/86): very faint, very small.  Located on a line with NGC 3070 5.0' SSE and 30" pair of mag 13/14.5 stars 2' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 580 = J. 1-175 on 22 Mar 1892 and recorded "pF, vS, irr form."  His position is very close north of NGC 3069.  CGCG labels this galaxy IC 580, but it is clear NGC 3069 = IC 580.  J.L.E. Dreyer discovered NGC 3069 on 15 Mar 1877 as LdR's assistant.  While observing NGC 3070 he noted "5' nnp is an object which I have little doubt is a vF, vS, neb, perhaps lE.  Clouds."

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IC 582 = UGC 5362 = MCG +03-26-011 = CGCG 093-016 = Holm 155a = PGC 28838

09 59 00.2 +17 49 02; Leo

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.8'

 

24" (4/13/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, irregularly round, ~36"x30".  Slightly irregular surface brightness with a very small slightly brighter nucleus.  Forms a close (physical) pair (Holm 155 at z = .025) with fainter IC 583 1.2' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 582 = J. 2-658, along with IC 583, on 16 Dec 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 583 = UGC 5363 = MCG +03-26-012 = CGCG 093-017 = Holm 155B = PGC 28844

09 59 05.1 +17 49 17; Leo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.9'x0.15';  PA = 113°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 375x; faint, fairly small, elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness, ~30"x10".  Forms a close pair with brighter IC 582 just 1.2' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 583 = J. 2-658, along with IC 582, on 16 Dec 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 585 = UGC 5371 = MCG +02-26-014 = PGC 28897

09 59 44.2 +12 59 18; Leo

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (3/29/97): faint, small, round, bright core, 40" diameter.  Located 4.4' SW of NGC 3080 and 2.9' SSW of a mag 13.5 star (mentioned in observation of NGC 3080).  Very similar size and magnitude as NGC 3080 and surprisingly, possibly easier visually due a brighter core.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 585 = Big. 157 on 18 Mar 1890.  His Comptes Rendus position is about 2' too far north (but matches in RA) and there is no mention of nearby N3080.

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IC 590 = UGC 5443 = MCG +00-26-018 = CGCG 008-037 = PGC 29316

10 05 50.2 +00 37 59; Sex

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.9'

 

24" (4/14/18): at 282x and 375x; fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE.  The twin nuclei (separation 13") of this merged double system were immediately resolved within a common halo.  With careful viewing two overlapping haloes were visible, each ~15"-20" diameter.  The nuclei are oriented NW and SE with the NW nucleus slightly brighter and clearly stellar.  The eastern halo is possibly slightly larger and the nucleus was quasi-stellar.  A mag 12.6 star is 1' WNW.  Located 1.1° NW of mag 4.5 Alpha Sextans.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 590 = J. 2-664 on 11 Mar 1893 and wrote "faint, diffuse, appears as a double star surrounded by nebulosity".  Javelle's description implies he resolved both nuclei in this close double system.

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IC 591 = UGC 5458 = MCG +02-26-025 = Todd 22 = PGC 29435

10 07 27.8 +12 16 26; Leo

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 170°

 

17.5" (2/13/88): faint, small, slightly elongated, even surface brightness.  Located 15' W of center of dwarf galaxy Leo I in the same 140x field (35')!

 

David Todd discovered IC 591 = Todd 22 = J. 1-177 on 6 Feb 1878 during his search for a trans-Neptunian planet using the 26-inch Clark refractor at USNO.  It was not assigned an NGC designation as no position was given.  But Harold Corwin found his sketch is a good match with UGC 5458 (specifically a mag 13 star 86 seconds of time west).  Javelle independently discovered this galaxy on 31 Mar 1892, so the IC position is accurate.  UGC doesn't label UGC 5458 as IC 591.

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IC 592 = UGC 5465 = MCG +00-26-020 = CGCG 008-045 = PGC 29465

10 07 58.8 -02 29 50; Sex

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.7'

 

24" (4/14/18): at 282x; faint, small, round, at most 30" diameter, low surface brightness.  The view was significantly affected by mag 7.7 HD 87888, just 1.5' SSW.  Forms a pair with IC 593 5' ESE.  Part of a small group (USGC U282) at z = .02 (~275 million l.y.)

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 592 = J. 2-665, along with IC 593, on 21 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 593 = UGC 5469 = MCG +00-26-021 = CGCG 008-047 = PGC 29482

10 08 18.0 -02 31 36; Sex

V = 14.4;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 97°

 

24" (4/14/18): at 282x; faint, small, round, 25" diameter, fairly low even surface brightness.  Located 5' E of mag 7.7 HD 87888, far enough away to keep outside the field.  Forms a pair with IC 592 5' WNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 593 = J. 2-666, along with IC 592, on 21 Mar 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 598 = UGC 5502 = MCG +07-21-016 = CGCG 211-017 = KUG 1009+433 = PGC 29745

10 12 48.6 +43 08 44; UMa

V = 13.1;  Size 1.4'x0.45';  PA = 7°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; moderately bright and large, elongated 3:1 N-S, 1.0'x0.35'.  Contains a small high surface brightness core with much fainter wings N-S.  Located 49' WNW of mag 3.4 Lambda UMa (Tania Borealis).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 598 = Sw. VIII-51 on 27 Mar 1889 and reported "vF; vS; R; BM. Almost stellar."  There is nothing at his position, but 6.6' SSW is UGC 5502, the brightest nearby galaxy.  This is almost certainly IC 598, though I'm surprised Swift called it round as it was clearly elongated.

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IC 600 = VV 97 = MCG +00-26-034 = CGCG 008-085 = UGCA 209 = PGC 30041

10 17 10.9 -03 29 52; Sex

V = 12.5;  Size 2.3'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 25°

 

17.5" (3/25/95): faint, moderately large, 1.5' diameter, irregularly round, broad concentration, low surface brightness.  Forms the vertex of an obtuse isosceles triangle with a nice double star 5' N (mag 11/12 at 18" separation) and a mag 9 star (SAO 118106) 5.6' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 600 = J. 2-671 on 3 May 1893. His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 601 = MCG +01-26-033 = CGCG 036-087 = Holm 176b = PGC 30086

10 18 15.3 +07 02 19; Leo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 41°

 

17.5" (3/25/00): extremely faint, very small streak, ~20"x5".  Visible with averted vision only and could not hold continuously.  Located 1.3' SW of brighter IC 602.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 601 = J. 2-672, along with IC 602, on 10 Apr 1893.

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IC 602 = UGC 5561 = MCG +01-26-034 = CGCG 036-089 = Ark 237 = Holm 176a = PGC 30090

10 18 19.7 +07 02 57; Leo

V = 13.1;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.1;  PA = 177°

 

17.5" (3/25/00): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.8'x0.4', small bright core.  A mag 12 star is just off the SW end.  A group of 4 stars (trapezoid outline) is 4' NE.  Forms a pair with much fainter IC 601 1.3' SW (see notes).  MCG +01-26-032 (identified as NGC 3186 in RNGC) lies 11' SW.

 

17.5" (3/22/96): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 0.8'x0.6'.  A mag 12.5-13 star is just off the SW side 35" from center.  A nearly square asterism of mag 11.5-14 stars with sides ~1.5' lies 4' NE.  Forms a pair with IC 601 1.3' SW (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 602 = J. 2-673, along with IC 601, on 10 Apr 1893.  IC 602 may be identical to NGC 3186.  See that number for the story.

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IC 604 = NGC 3220 = UGC 5614 = MCG +10-15-073 = CGCG 290-034 = Holm 182b = WBL 265-004 = PGC 30462

10 23 45.2 +57 01 38; UMa

V = 13.0;  Size 1.7'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 96°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3220.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 604 = Sw. IX-22 on 8 Aug 1890 and reported "eeeF; vS; eeE; spindle; ? several eeF st[ars] in a line."  His position and description matches NGC 3220 = UGC 5614.  William Herschel discovered this galaxy on 8 Apr 1793 and also recorded an accurate position (offset).  Dreyer apparently missed the match in position, but NGC 3220 = IC 604.

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IC 606 = NGC 3217 = Mrk 721 = VIII Zw 074 = MCG +02-27-006 = CGCG 065-017 = Todd 29 = PGC 30448

10 23 32.6 +10 57 35; Leo

V = 14.5;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 30°

 

18" (3/11/07): faint, small, slightly elongated, 0.4'x0.3', weak concentration.  Situated in a small group of mag 13-14 stars and a mag 11.6 star 2.6' SE.  Discovered by David Todd in his search for a trans-Neptunian planet and equivalent to IC 606.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 606 = J. 2-676 on 18 Apr 1893.  His position matches CGCG 065-017 = PGC 30448.  David Todd discovered this galaxy on 4 Mar 1878 using the 26-inch Clark refractor at the US Naval Observatory during his search for a trans-Neptunian planet.  His position for Todd 29 (later NGC 3217) was 2.1 minutes of RA too far west and 4' too far south, but his sketch shows two nearby stars that match this galaxy.  So NGC 3217 = IC 606.  PGC, MCG, CGCG and SIMBAD (and amateur software such as Megastar) use the IC designation only and RNGC misclassifies NGC 3217 as nonexistent.  NED and HyperLeda equate the two identities.

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IC 607 = Arp 43 = UGC 5628 = MCG +03-27-018 = CGCG 094-030 = PGC 30496

10 24 08.6 +16 44 31; Leo

V = 13.2;  Size 1.8'x1.4';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 110°

 

28" (4/12/18): at 285x; fairly faint, moderately large, irregular round, ~0.8' diameter.  Contains a small, slightly brighter nucleus.  Occasionally a slightly brighter spot appeared on the north side [brightening at the end of the central bar]. A mag 14.3 star is just off the SW side [45" from center].  Two mag 12.5 stars lie 3' and 4' SE

 

24" (3/28/17): at 260x; fairly faint, moderately large, round, low surface brightness, ~50" diameter, slightly brighter core, very faint nucleus (possibly stellar).  A mag 14.3 star is 45" SW. A 1' pair of mag 12/12.5 stars 3'-4' SE is collinear with the galaxy.  Located 28' SW of NGC 3239 = Arp 263.

 

CGCG 094-033 lies 6' ESE.  It appeared extremely faint, very small, seems elongated (difficult to confirm) NW-SE, 15"x10", requires averted.  A mag 12 star is 1.9' due west.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 607 = Sw. VIII-52 on 29 Mar 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; * near sp; 2 near sf point to it; ee difficult."  His position is 2' too far north, but the description is a perfect match with Arp 43.

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IC 609 = Arp 44 = VV 354a = UGC 5641 = MCG +00-27-009 = CGCG 009-026 = PGC 30600

10 25 35.5 -02 12 56; Sex

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 10°

 

17.5" (3/29/97): faint, moderately large, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 1.2'x0.8', very weak concentration.  An unequal pair of mag 13/14.5 stars [at 36" separation] lies 3.5' W.  The nearby companion PGC 1097822 (not a physical pair) was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 609 = J. 2-678 on 21 Mar 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 610 = IC 611 = UGC 5653 = MCG +03-27-034 = CGCG 094-052 = FGC 1067 = PGC 30670

10 26 28.4 +20 13 42; Leo

V = 13.9;  Size 1.8'x0.25';  PA = 28°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; moderately faint, very nice edge-on, fairly large, pretty uniform in thickness and brightness, ~1.6'x0.25', just a very slight central brightening and bulge.  A wide pair of mag 10/11 stars at 1.1' separation is 5' N.  IC 610 is located 4.8' SE of mag 9.1 HD 90360 (a double star is 1' to its south) and 48' NE of the NGC 3226/3227 pair (Arp 94).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 610 = Sw. VIII-53 on 20 Apr 1889 and reported "eeF; pS; cE; in center of semicircle of 3 wide D st; ee diff."  His RA is 12 seconds west of UGC 5653 and his description applies.  He apparently found this edge-on galaxy again just 2 nights later and called Sw. VIII-54 "eF; S; lE."  His position is just 1.4' NW of the galaxy, though the description is pretty generic.  As the positions are fairly similar, it's surprising neither Swift nor Dreyer questioned if they were identical.

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IC 611 = IC 610 = UGC 5653 = MCG +03-27-034 = CGCG 094-052 = FGC 1067 = PGC 30670

10 26 28.4 +20 13 42; Leo

V = 13.9;  Size 1.8'x0.25';  PA = 28°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; moderately faint, very nice edge-on, fairly large, pretty uniform in thickness and brightness, ~1.6'x0.25', just a very slight central brightening and bulge.  A wide pair of mag 10/11 stars at 1.1' separation is 5' N.  IC 610 is located 4.8' SE of mag 9.1 HD 90360 (a double star is 1' to its south) and 48' NE of the NGC 3226/3227 pair (Arp 94).

 

Lewis Swift found IC 611 = Sw. VIII-54 on 22 Apr 1889 and reported "eF; S; lE."  His position is less than 2' NW of IC 610, discovered two night earlier by Swift!  See IC 610.

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IC 612 = MCG +02-27-019 = CGCG 065-039 = PGC 30729

10 27 05.8 +11 03 17; Leo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 0°

 

17.5" (5/19/01): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Forms the northern vertex of a small triangle with two mag 13 stars 40" SSW and 46" SE.  Located in the core of AGC 1016 with IC 613 lies 2.7' S and IC 615 4.2' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 612 = J. 2-679, along with IC 613 and 615 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 613 = MCG +02-27-018 = CGCG 065-038 = PGC 30728

10 27 07.8 +11 00 39; Leo

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.8'

 

17.5" (5/19/01): faint, small, round, 0.6', low surface brightness.  A mag 11 star lies 1.9' W.  In the core of AGC 1016 with IC 612 2.7' N and IC 615 5.4' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 613 = J. 2-680, along with IC 612 and 615 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 614 = MCG +00-27-015 = CGCG 009-039 = WBL 272-002 = PGC 30699

10 26 51.9 -03 27 53; Sex

Size 0.75'x0.5';  PA = 17°

 

48" (4/18/15): at 697x; this Ring galaxy appeared moderately bright, round, sharply concentrated with a small bright core about 12" diameter and a low surface brightness halo ~30" diameter.  The ring feature (brighter rim) was not seen.

 

IC 614 is classified as a Collisional Ring Galaxy in Madore's 2009 "Atlas and Catalogue of Collisional Ring Galaxies".  The collider is supposedly on the north side of the ring, but there is no distinct object at this position on the SDSS.  The nucleus is a Sy2.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 614 = J. 2-681 on 3 May 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 615 = UGC 5665 = MCG +02-27-020 = CGCG 065-041 = PGC 30751

10 27 22.1 +11 04 47; Leo

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  PA = 143°

 

17.5" (5/19/01): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness.  Extended towards a mag 13 star 2' SE of center.  Brightest of trio in core of AGC 1016 with IC 613 4.2' SW and IC 612 5.4' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 615 = J. 2-682, along with IC 612 and 613 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 617 = NGC 3280 = NGC 3295 = MCG -02-27-006 = MCG -02-27-007 = PGC 31153 = PGC 31156

10 32 43.7 -12 38 15; Hya

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

See observing notes for NGC 3280.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 617 = J. 1-179 on 19 Apr 1892.  His position matches MCG -02-27-006/007 = PGC 31153/31156 (a third component may have been too faint).  This galaxy was discovered earlier by both Andrew Ainsley Common in 1880 and Francis Leavenworth in 1886 and catalogued as NGC 3280 and 3295, respectively.  Both of the earlier positions were very poor, so Javelle assumed this was a new discovery, but NGC 3280 = NGC 3295 = IC 617.  See Harold Corwin's identification notes and Malcolm Thomson's IC Research Database for more.

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IC 618 = NGC 3296 = PGC 31155

10 32 45.4 -12 43 03; Hya

V = 13.9;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

See observing notes for NGC 3296.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 618 = J. 1-180 on 19 Apr 1892 and reported "faint, small, elongated E-W, slightly brighter center."  His position matches PGC 31155.  This galaxy was discovered by Leavenworth on 26 Feb 1886, but his rough RA for LM 1-174 (later NGC 3296) is 2.7 minutes too large.  Howe measured a corrected position for NGC 3296 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes section), which clearly establishes NGC 3296 = IC 618. See Corwin's notes.

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IC 622 = NGC 3279 = UGC 5741 = MCG +02-27-027 = CGCG 065-059 = FGC 1100 = Todd 30 = Holm 201a = PGC 31302

10 34 42.8 +11 11 50; Leo

V = 13.4;  Size 2.9'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 152°

 

17.5" (4/13/91): faint, moderately large, edge-on 6:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness. UGC 5737 lies 12' W.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 622 = Sw. IX-23 on 29 Jan 1890 and reported "vF pS; E; 9m * s[outh]."   His position is 2' W of UGC 5741 = PGC 31302 and the identification is certain, though the bright star is north, not south.  This galaxy was discovered by David Todd on 5 Mar 1878 during his search for a trans-Neptunian planet with the 26-inch Clark refractor at the USNO and listed as object #30 (later NGC 3279) in his search results.  His position is roughly 2 minutes of RA west of UGC 5741 (not an unusual error) but his sketch shows a very elongated galaxy surrounded by stars matching the sky, so the identification NGC 3279 = IC 622 is certain.  UGC and MCG label this galaxy as IC 622 and don't apply the NGC designation.

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IC 629 = NGC 3312 = ESO 501-043 = MCG -04-25-039 = LGG 210-002 = PGC 31513

10 37 02.5 -27 33 55; Hya

V = 11.9;  Size 3.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 175°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3312.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 629 = Big. 158 on 26 Feb 1887.  His position matches NGC 3312, discovered by John Herschel in 1835.   Apparently neither Bigourdan nor Dreyer questioned the equivalence of IC 629 with NGC 3312, though there is no doubt.

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IC 632 = UGC 5792 = MCG +00-27-035 = PGC 31673

10 39 11.9 -00 24 35; Sex

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 30°

 

17.5" (3/22/96): faint, small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.8'x0.5', weak concentration.  Forms a pair with IC 632 3.3' NE.  Located 13' SSW of NGC 3325.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 632 = J. 2-691, along with IC 633, on 9 May 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 633 = UGC 5796 = MCG +00-27-037 = PGC 31691

10 39 24.1 -00 23 22; Sex

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0;  PA = 102°

 

17.5" (3/22/96): very faint, small, very elongated 3:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  A mag 11 star is 1.0' NNE of center.  Forms a pair with IC 632 3.3' SW.  Located 11' S of NGC 3325.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 633 = J. 2-692, along with IC 632, on 9 May 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 642 = UGC 5905 = MCG +03-28-010 = CGCG 095-022 = PGC 32278

10 48 08.1 +18 11 19; Leo

V = 12.8;  Size 1.4'x1.3'

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly out of round, 50" diameter, contains a bright core that increases to a relatively faint stellar nucleus.  Situated in a sparce star field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 642 = Sw. VII-15 on 12 Apr 1888 and reported "vF; pS; lE; forms a curve with 2 st. f[ollowing]."  His RA is 9 seconds too large, but the description fits and the ID is certain.

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IC 644 = NGC 3398 = UGC 5954 = MCG +09-18-038 = CGCG 267-018 = PGC 32564

10 51 31.5 +55 23 27; UMa

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 78°

 

17.5" (4/22/95): brighter of a pair of galaxies oriented N-S.  NGC 3398 is a faint, narrow edge-on streak 4:1 E-W, 1.0'x0.25'.  IC 646, 4.6' NNE, is very faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0.4'.  Located 4.7' NW of mag 8.1 SAO 27802.

 

Some catalogues refer to this galaxy as IC 644.  UGC 5976 (identified as NGC 3398 in CGCG and UGC) lies 13' NNE (see observation).

 

Lewis Swift found IC 644 = Sw. IX-24 on 8 May 1890 and reported "eeeF; pS; lE; B * sf; sp of 2."  His position is ~1' E of UGC 5954 and the description fits so the identification is certain.  This galaxy was discovered by William Herschel on 17 Apr 1789 and catalogued as H. III-792 (later NGC 3398). UGC, CGCG and RC3 label this galaxy IC 644.  See NGC 3398 for more.

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IC 646 = MCG +09-18-039 = CGCG 267-019 = PGC 32568

10 51 35.2 +55 27 57; UMa

V = 14.4;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0.4'.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 3398 4.6' SSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 646 = Sw. IX-25 on 8 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 644 = NGC 3398]."  Swift's RA is 12 seconds too large.  PGC and RC3 (as well as Megastar) misidentify IC 646 as NGC 3398.  See NGC 3398 for more.

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IC 647 = LEDA 946616

10 50 34.4 -12 51 16; Hya

Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

18" (3/29/03): at 300x this tiny companion to NGC 3411 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, required averted vision.  Located 2.1' ESE of NGC 3411.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 647 = J. 1-184 on 21 Apr 1892 and noted it was distinct from NGC 3411.  The HyperLeda listing for PGC 946616 doesn't list IC 647 as an identity.

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IC 652 = NGC 3421 = MCG -02-28-013 = PGC 32514

10 50 57.6 -12 26 55; Hya

V = 13.7;  Size 2.0'x1.6';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 175°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3421.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 652 = J. 1-187 on 19 Apr 1892.  There is nothing at his position, but Harold Corwin found that Javelle misidentified his offset star.  His corrected position matches NGC 3421 (10' N of his position), although the NGC position from Common is also poor.

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IC 656

10 55 07.9 +17 36 48; Leo

V = 14.9/15.5;  Size 12"

 

24" (2/22/14): at 260x a 12" pair of mag 15 stars were resolved.  The SDSS shows a third fainter star, as well as a very faint galaxy (not seen).  Located 4.4' E of NGC 3457 = NGC 3460.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 656 on 15 Mar 1887 with the 12" refractor at the Paris Observatory.  At his position is a triple star plus PGC 1537008, an extremely faint galaxy on the southeast side.  I think the galaxy is probably too faint too have been seen by Bigourdan, but the stars certainly could have appeared nebulous.  Corwin notes that NGC 3467 = h793, observed by John Herschel and guest Francis Bailey, *may* apply to IC 656 as the description "Stellar. 2 or 3 stars with a nebulous blur observed by Mr. Bailey", applies better to IC 656 than to the fairly bright galaxy 4.4' W.  But the galaxy is close to JH's position and much brighter, of course.  See Corwin's and Thomson's IC notes.

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IC 663 = CGCG 066-087 = PGC 33182

11 00 37.3 +10 26 14; Psc

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 175°

 

17.5" (4/25/98): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter, required averted vision.  This is the third brightest of four galaxies viewed in the core of AGC 1142.  Located 6.4' SW of NGC 3492, midway between a mag 10.5 star 3.2' N and a mag 13 star 2.2' S.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 663 = Sw. X-18, along with IC 664, on 29 Mar 1891.  The description reads "eeF; pS; R; triangle with 2 F st; 1st of 3; NGC 3492 in field."  Stephane Javelle independently found this galaxy again at the Nice Observatory on 1 Mar 1892 and reported it in list 1-190.

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IC 664 = MCG +02-28-042 = CGCG 066-091 = PGC 33191

11 00 45.3 +10 33 11; Psc

V = 13.0;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (4/25/98): this is the second brightest of four viewed in AGC 1142, located 4.1' NW of NGC 3492.  Appeared faint, small, slightly elongated [SW-NE], 30" diameter, stellar nucleus at moments with direct vision.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 664 = Sw. X-19 (along with IC 663) on 29 Mar 1891.  The description reads "eF; pS; R; 2nd of 3; NGC 3492 near."  Stephane Javelle independently found it at the Nice Observatory on 22 Mar 1892.

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IC 666 = CGCG 066-097 = Mrk 1276 = PGC 33232

11 01 14.8 +10 28 52; Psc

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3

 

17.5" (4/25/98): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Last and most difficult of four found in AGC 1142 and observation confused by a mag 15 star 40" following. Difficult to view both simultaneously.  Located 4.6' SE of NGC 3492.  Viewed hampered by hazy sky conditions due to smoke.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 666 = J. 1-192 = Sw. 10A-2 on 1 Apr 1892.  Lewis Swift independently found it two weeks later on 16 Apr 1892 and logged "eeF, vS, ee diff.  NGC 3492 near.  4th of 4."  Swift was credited first in the IC, though Javelle deserves credit.

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IC 674 = UGC 6221 = MCG +07-23-027 = CGCG 213-031 = PGC 33982

11 11 06.4 +43 37 59; UMa

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 120°

 

24" (4/13/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, ~30"x25", strong concentrated with a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  With careful viewing, very low surface brightness wings [spiral arms] were occasionally glimpsed extending NW-SE increasing the dimensions to very roughly 50"x25".  Three stars to the SSW are collinear with the galaxy; an 11th mag star 3.6' SSW, another 11th mag star 2.5' SSW with a 12th mag companion at ~10" separation.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 674 = Spitaler 36 on 24 May 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 676 = UGC 6245 = MCG +02-29-009 = CGCG 067-032 = PGC 34107

11 12 39.9 +09 03 21; Leo

V = 11.8;  Size 2.1'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 10°

 

18" (3/5/05): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, 1.2'x0.8'.  Contains an elongated brighter core and brighter along the major axis.  At low power, collinear with a mag 10 star 9' WNW and a mag 10 star 14' ESE.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 676 = Sw. X-20 on 8 Apr 1891 and reported "vF; pS: lE; bet 2 distant stars."  The position matches UGC 6245.

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IC 682 = NGC 3649 = UGC 6386 = MCG +03-29-038 = CGCG 096-036 = PGC 34883

11 22 14.8 +20 12 30; Leo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 140°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3649.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 682 = Sw. VIII-56 on 22 Apr 1889 and reported "eF; eS; R; vF * close np."  There is nothing at his position but 1 minute of RA is NGC 3649.  Arguing against this identification is there is no "vF * close np" of NGC 3649, but there is a very faint star at the south edge.  So, this identification is questionable.

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IC 683 = CGCG 039-138 = WBL 324-007 = PGC 34807

11 21 31.8 +02 45 07; Leo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 175°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 375x; faint, small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Can just hold continuously. Located 3.6' S of NGC 3644.

 

Forms a close pair with CGCG 039-134 1.3' WSW. This galaxy, though a magnitude fainter, is misidentified as IC 683 in many sources.  It appeared  extremely faint, very small, round, 15", only occasionally popped but verified.  Forms a pair with IC 683 1.3' ENE. 

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 683 = Big. 162 on 14 Apr 1888.  His position matches CGCG 039-138, but CGCG, UGC, PGC, HyperLEDA (and secondary sources such as MegaStar) misidentify CGCG 039-134 = PGC 34793 (just 1.3' WSW) as IC 683.  HyperLEDA labels CGCG 039-148 as IC 683E.

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IC 684 = NGC 3644 = UGC 6373 = MCG +01-29-037 = CGCG 039-139 = PGC 34814

11 21 32.9 +02 48 37; Leo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.5'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 63°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3644.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 684 = Big. 163 on 14 Apr 1888 and recorded a "small nebula with a mag 12.8 situated in PA 214° at 0.5'." His position and description matches NGC 3644.  So, NGC 3644 = IC 684.  See Harold Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 687 = MCG +08-21-032 = CGCG 242-033 = PGC 35029

11 24 17.3 +47 50 51; UMa

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.8'

 

24" (6/21/20): at 375x; nearly fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter, very small bright nucleus.  A mag 14 star is 1.1' W and another mag 14 star is 13' NW.  Observed 7 hours past the meridian at only 18° elevation.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 687 = Sw. IX-26 on 11 May 1890 and reported "eF; eS; R; stellar to Nu[cleus]; F * nr f; another susp. nr. p."  His position is a good match with CGCG 242-033 = PGC 35029, although the nearest faint star is close west and not east.

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IC 689 = NGC 3661 = MCG -02-29-022 = PGC 34986

11 23 38.4 -13 49 51; Crt

V = 14.0;  Size 1.7'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 137°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3661.

 

Ormond Stone found IC 689 on 1 Jan 1889 with the 26-inch at the Leander-McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric offsets (#421 in the LM Southern Nebulae list) matches NGC 3661, although both he and Dreyer matched the equivalent position. So, IC 689 = NGC 3661.

 

 

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IC 691 = UGC 6447 = Mrk 169 = PGC 35206

11 26 44.4 +59 09 20; UMa

V = 13.9;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.4;  PA = 150°

 

17.5" (3/19/88): fairly faint, very small, bright core, slightly elongated.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 691 = Sw. VII-17 on 17 Apr 1888 and recorded "pF; pS; R; forms right angle with 2 st."  His position is 1.5' too far west (within his usual errors) and the description is a perfect match.

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IC 694 = Arp 299 NED1 = VV 118c = MCG +10-17-002a = PGC 35325

11 28 27.3 +58 34 43; UMa

V = 15.8;  Size 0.3'x0.25'

 

48" (5/12/12): IC 694, roughly 1' NW of the interacting pair NGC 3690, was easily visible as a fairly faint, slightly elongated glow, 15"x12", weak concentration.

 

17.5" (4/1/95): this threshold object was barely glimpsed 1.1' NW of the interacting double system NGC 3690.  It was just visible momentarily as an extremely small knot with averted vision but observation verified several times.  This object is probably IC 694 although the identification is not 100% certain.

 

George Johnstone Stoney, Lord Rosse's assistant, discovered IC 694 = Sw. 10A-3 on 27 Jan 1852. He described an "appendage about one object diameter northwest [of NGC 3690]."  Lewis Swift apparently found this galaxy on 18 Apr 1892 and noted "vS, close D[ouble] with 3690, suspected with 132, verified with 200x.  His position is -7 seconds of RA, +30'' of Dec with respect to NGC 3690, close to PGC 35325, an extremely faint and small galaxy 1.1' NW of the interacting double system NGC 3690.

 

Modern catalogues apply IC 694 to one component of the brighter double system.  Despite the good match in position with PGC 35325, I feel it is more likely possible Swift saw the second component of NGC 3690, which is much more obvious in the eyepiece.

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IC 696 = UGC 6477 = MCG +02-29-034 = Holm 257a = PGC 35332

11 28 39.9 +09 05 55; Leo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

18" (5/3/11): faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, fairly low surface brightness, weak concentration.  In a group of IC galaxies with much fainter IC 2857 2.3' W and slightly brighter IC 698 6' ENE.  This galaxy is a face-on Sc or Sd with a very small nucleus.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): fairly faint, fairly small, diffuse, only a weak concentration.  This is the 2nd brightest in the IC 698 group with IC 698 6.0' ENE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 696 = Spitaler 38, along with IC 698 and 699, on 31 Mar 1892 with the 27-inch refractor at Wien University Observatory.  Spitaler missed nearby IC 2857, which was discovered later by Wolf on a photographic plate of the region.

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IC 698 = UGC 6482 = MCG +02-29-035 = Holm 257b = PGC 35364

11 29 03.9 +09 06 42; Leo

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 147°

 

18" (5/3/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated nearly 2:1 NNW-SSE, ~35"x20", broad concentration to a brighter, elongated core that increases to a faint nucleus with direct vision.  Initially seen as slightly elongated, but then the outer extensions were noticed.  This is probably the highest surface brightness member of a 16' group of 6 IC galaxies including IC 696, 699, 2850, 2853 and 2857.  The nearest is IC 696, 6' WSW.  IC 698 is located 18.5' SW of NGC 3705.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): fairly faint, fairly small, oval NW-SE, brighter core.  Brightest in the IC 698 group and 3rd of 4 brighter galaxies with IC 696 6.0' WSW.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 698 = Spitaler 39, along with IC 696 and 699, on 31 Mar 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 699 = UGC 6485 = MCG +02-29-036 = Holm 257d = PGC 35365

11 29 06.6 +08 59 18; Leo

V = 13.9;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 12°

 

18" (5/3/11): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 40"x20".  The halo is broadly concentrated then increases suddenly to a small brighter nucleus.  Located 7.5' S of IC 698 in a small group of 6 IC galaxies (unrelated to nearby NGC 3692 and NGC 3705).  The SDSS image shows a very compact, bright nucleus surrounded by a smooth ring.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): faint, small, bright core, stellar nucleus, faint extensions SSW-NNE.  Fourth brightest in the IC 698 group with IC 698 7.5' N.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 699 = Spitaler 40, along with IC 696 and 698, on 31 Mar 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 700 = HCG 54A = UGC 6487 NED2 = VV 498 NED2 = Rose 27 NED2 = MCG +04-27-047 NED2 = UGC 126-067 NED2 = PGC 35382

11 29 15.3 +20 35 00; Leo

V = 13.0;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.1

 

48" (4/16/15): at 610x, the main (central) component of HCG 54 = Rose 27 appeared moderately bright and large, elongated 5:3 WSW-ENE, ~30"x18", fairly even surface brightness. The three fainter components flank HCG 54A and together nearly merge to create an irregular extended glow ~50"x18", bending to the north on the east end.

 

HCG 54B, at the southwest end, is faint to fairly faint (B = 16.2), very small, round, ~8"-10" diameter. This is the second brightest of the 4 members.  On the SDSS, HCG 54B appears as a very compact, bright blue knot just 15" SW of center of IC 700.

 

HCG 54C was easily seen as a faint (B = 17.2), small, round, 10" knot.  HCG 54C is squeezed between fainter HCG 54D and HCG 54A (18" NE of the center of HCG 54A).

 

HCG 54D was not noticed at 613x.  At 813x it appeared very faint (B = 18.5), round, only a 6" knot.  HCG 54D is the faintest member of the quartet and sits at the northeast end of the chain.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 ~E-W, 1.0'x0.4', low (but probably irregular) surface brightness.  A mag 14 star lies 1' S. At a couple of moments there appeared to be an extremely faint "star" at the west edge (this is probably HCG 54B).  Located ~15' SE of HCG 53!

 

17.5" (4/1/95): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 1.0'x0.4', even surface brightness.  A mag 13 star is 1.1' S of center.  Located 4.8' NE of a mag 10 star.  NGC 3697 (brightest in HCG 53) lies 14' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 700 = J. 1-198 on 28 Apr 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at Nice.  His position matches HCG 54A = UGC 6487.  Harold Corwin notes that "his description "Nearly round, about 40 arcsec in diameter, a little brighter toward the middle" suggests he saw at least the brightest three of the objects, blended into a single image."  HCG 54 is considered a post-merger of 2 or more galaxies.

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IC 701 = Arp 197 NED1 = VV 3a = UGC 6503 = MCG +04-27-051 = CGCG 126-074 = PGC 35494 = LEDA 86632

11 31 00.7 +20 28 08; Leo

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 105°

 

48" (5/12/12): at 488x, IC 701 = Arp 197 appeared fairly bright, oval 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.3', contains a small bright core.  A very low surface brightness hazy plume extends to the NE about 30".  Occasionally VV 3b, an extremely faint hazy spot, was glimpsed at the northeast tip of the tail.  In Arp's class "galaxies with material ejected from nuclei".  CGCG 126-073, a thin edge-on described by Arp as a shred of IC 701, lies 2.5' SSW.  It appeared as a faint, extremely thin streak, 8:1 WNW-ESE, ~40"x5", fairly low surface brightness.  Situated very close west of a mag 13-14 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 701 = Sw. VIII-57 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eF; vS; R; 2 pB stars south following."

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IC 705 = MCG +08-21-049 = CGCG 268-050 = PGC 35644

11 32 56.3 +50 14 31; UMa

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 34°

 

24" (6/21/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 25"x20", small brighter core, occasional faint stellar nucleus.  Surrounded by several 13th-14th mag stars.  UGC 6535 (very faint edge-on) lies 4.5' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 705 = Sw. IX-27 on 11 May 1890 and reported "eeF; vS; R."

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IC 708 = UGC 6549 = MCG +08-21-056 = PGC 35720 = Papillon Galaxy

11 33 59.4 +49 03 42; UMa

V = 13.0;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 95°

 

17.5" (4/22/95): brightest in AGC 1314 cluster.  Fairly faint, slightly elongated, 0.8' diameter.  Fairly high surface brightness, well concentrated with a bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 709 2.7' SE.  Nearby are IC 712 8.2' E and IC 711 9.9' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 708 = Sw. IX-28 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eF; S; R.  1st of 4 [with IC 709, 711 and 712]."

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IC 709 = MCG +08-21-057 = CGCG 242-049 = PGC 35736

11 34 14.5 +49 02 35; UMa

V = 13.9;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter core.  A mag 15 star is just 23" NW of center.  Located 2.7' SW of IC 708 in the core of AGC 1314.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 709 = Sw. IX-29 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R.  2nd of 4 [with IC 708, 711 and 712]."

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IC 711 = MCG +08-21-062 = CGCG 242-053 = PGC 35780

11 34 46.6 +48 57 22; UMa

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, extremely small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.0' NE of a mag 14.5/15.5 double star in the core of AGC 1314. On the DSS the fainter "star" is a compact galaxy, IC 712 lies 7.3' N and brightest member IC 708 is 10' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 711 = Sw. IX-30 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; F * close sp.  3rd of 4 [with IC 708, 709 and 712]."

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IC 712 = MCG +08-21-063 = CGCG 242-054 = PGC 35785

11 34 49.3 +49 04 39; UMa

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (4/22/95): fairly faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Even concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  Located 1.9' SSW of mag 8.4 SAO 43812.  Located in the core of galaxy cluster AGC 1314 with IC 711 7.3' S and IC 709 6.1' SW and brightest member IC 708 8.2' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 712 = Sw. IX-31 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R; pB * nr nf.  4th of 4 [with IC 708, 709 and 711]."

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IC 714 = NGC 3763 = MCG -02-30-009 = PGC 35907

11 36 30.3 -09 50 48; Crt

V = 12.7;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

See observing notes for NGC 3763

 

Francis Leavenworth found IC 714 = LM 3-430 on 25 Feb 1887.  His micrometric position with respect to Theta Crateris matches NGC 3763 = PGC 35907.  This galaxy was discovered by Andrew Common in 1880 and placed fairly accurately but neither Common nor Dreyer noticed the possible equivalence. So, NGC 3763 = IC 714.

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IC 717 = NGC 3779 = MCG -02-30-013 = PGC 36084

11 38 51.3 -10 35 01; Crt

V = 13.7;  Size 2.1'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 85°

 

See observing notes for NGC 3779.

 

Frank Muller found IC 717 on 14 Feb 1888 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory and described it as "1.0'x0.8', E 90°, dif."  With respect to NGC 3775, he measured an offset of +53.92 seconds in RA but no delta for declination.  Apparently he made a 30 second error as NGC 3779 follows by +24 seconds in RA.  His description "E 90° [E-W]" seems to clinch the identification IC 717 = NGC 3779.

 

Andrew Common discovered NGC 3779 in 1860 with his 36" reflector.  With respect to NGC 3775, he noted "another 5' nf ".  Close to this offset is MCG -02-30-013 = PGC 36084.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate position, that was repeated in the IC 2 notes.

 

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IC 720 = MCG +02-30-016 = CGCG 068-035 = KPG 298 = PGC 36333

11 42 22.3 +08 46 04; Vir

Size 1.1'x0.6'

 

28" (4/12/18): at 285x; fairly faint, fairly small, overall elongated ~2:1 N-S, ~0.8'x0.4'.  Resolved into two very small glows with merged outer halos [centers separated by 16"].  The northern galaxy is slightly larger and brighter, ~0.4' diameter, with a quasi-stellar nucleus.  The southern component appeared as a faint knot, ~15" diameter.

 

The IC 720 duo is a member of the small USGC U411 group (z = .02) with LEDA 3091447 4' N.   This tiny galaxy appeared very faint, round, 12" diameter, stellar nucleus.  Other members include CGCG 068-038 8' NE, IC 722 13.5' NNE and IC 724 20' NE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 720 = Spitaler 43 on 25 Mar 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 722 = MCG +02-30-019 = CGCG 068-039 = PGC 36365

11 42 43.8 +08 58 27; Vir

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 76°

 

28" (4/12/18): at 285x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~35"x25", low even surface brightness.  A mag 11 star is 2' NNE. Located 12.7' WNW of brighter IC 724 in a small group (USGC U411).

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 722 = Spitaler 44, along with IC 724, on 25 Mar 1892.  His position is poor because he misidentified his offset star according to Harold Corwin, but his description clearly pins down the correct galaxies.

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IC 724 = UGC 6695 = MCG +02-30-022 = CGCG 068-045 = PGC 36450

11 43 34.7 +08 56 33; Vir

V = 12.8;  Size 2.3'x0.9';  PA = 60°

 

28" (4/12/18): at 285x; fairly bright, fairly large, oval 5:2 SW-NE, ~1.3'x0.5'.  Contains a prominent elongated core and very small bright nucleus.

 

IC 724 is the brightest in a small group (USGC U411) with IC 722 12.7' WNW. CGCG 068-038, located 13.5' WSW, appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 724 = Spitaler 45, along with IC 722, on 25 Mar 1892.  His position is poor because he misidentified his offset star according to Harold Corwin, but his description clearly pins down the correct galaxies.

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IC 727 = UGC 6715 = MCG +02-30-025 = CGCG 068-050 = FGC 1300 = PGC 36536

11 44 28.6 +10 47 02; Leo

V = 14.1;  Size 1.6'x0.25';  PA = 161°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; very faint, very thin low surface brightness streak, ~8:1 NNW-SSE, brighter core, ~0.8'x0.1'. A mag 8 star (HD 101932) is 9' SW.  NGC 3839 lies 8.4' W.  Member of the NGC 3817-3839 group (USGC U412), which includes HCG 58.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 727 = J. 1-201 on 23 Apr 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 730 = NGC 3849 = MCG +01-30-013 = CGCG 040-040 = Todd 10 = PGC 36658

11 45 35.2 +03 13 54; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 35°

 

48" (4/16/15): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 or 5:3 SW-NE, 0.5'x0.3', small bright core, fairly high surface brightness.  A mag 16.3 star is off the southeast side [27" from center].  An extremely faint "star" was noted off the northwest side [25" from center].  After later checking the SDSS, I discovered this is a compact galaxy (SDSS J114534.52+031417.8) with V = 17.8.  An extremely faint edge-on poking out of the east side of IC 730 was not seen.

 

17.5" (4/9/99): faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 25" diameter, no concentration.  Visible steadily with direct vision.  A mag 15 star lies 1.6' SSW.  This is a Todd discovery and due to a poor position is listed as nonexistent in RNGC.  This galaxy is listed as IC 730 (good position from Javelle) in modern catalogues.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 730 = J. 2-728 on 22 Mar 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position matches CGCG 040-040.  This galaxy was first discovered by David Todd on 11 Feb 1878 in his search for trans-Neptunian planets with the 26-inch refractor at the Naval Observatory and reported as Todd 10 (later NGC 3849).  Todd noted a "large and nebulous" object with a star 2' in PA ~210° (SSW).  There is nothing at his rough position, but using Todd's discovery sketch, Harold Corwin identified Todd 10 as CGCG 040-040.  So, IC 730 = NGC 3849.

 

Most modern catalogues label this galaxy as IC 730 due to the poor NGC position, though Deep Sky Field Guide and Uranometria Sky Atlas use NGC 3849.  See Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 731 = MCG +08-21-096 = CGCG 242-079 = CGCG 243-003 = PGC 36626 = LEDA 2346923

11 45 18.1 +49 34 14; UMa

V = 15.4;  Size 0.6'x0.35';  PA = 83°

 

24" (5/20/20): very faint, small, round, low surface brightness, no distinct shape (too faint), ~20" diameter.  UGC 6726, situated 9' NNW, appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WNW-ESE, 35"x25", very small brighter nucleus.

 

The UGC galaxy is probably more likely to be Swift's IC 731 than MCG +08-21-096 based on visibility, but all modern sources identify as IC 731 as it is a better match in position.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 731 = Sw. IX-32 on 11 May 1890 and reported "vF; vS; R."  There is nothing at his position but 43 seconds of RA west is MCG +08-21-096, which most sources identify as IC 731, though not MCG.  This galaxy is faint enough that Swift would have likely called it "eeF" or even "eeeF".

 

Yann Pothier proposed that IC 731 may be UGC 6726, which is a much brighter galaxy, but off by +52 seconds in RA and -9 arcminutes in Dec.  Corwin lists this as a slightly more likely possibility (colons).  Finally, IC 731 could be a duplicate of NGC 3870, which lies 38 arcminutes due north of Swift's position.  So, there are no less than 3 reasonable identities, though is no persuasive candidate. See Corwin's notes for more.

 

Based on the low surface brightness and small size of MCG +08-21-096, I feel Swift would have described this galaxy as "eeF" instead of "vF".  So, I believe that UGC 6726 is more likely the correct object despite being off in both RA and Dec.

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IC 732 = MCG +04-28-050 = CGCG 127-051 = Holm 290a = Holm 290b = PGC 36688 = LEDA 83488

11 45 59.8 +20 26 20; Leo

Size 0.8'x0.5+0.5'x0.2'

 

17.5" (2/20/88): very faint, very small, very elongated.  Located 4' NW of brighter NGC 3884 in AGC 1367.  This system is a contact pair (not resolved).

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 732 = Big. 165 on 29 Mar 1886.  Harold Corwin notes there are two galaxies very near Bigourdan's position and he may have glimpsed both of them.

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IC 736 = HCG 59B = MCG +02-30-037 = CGCG 068-068 = [Rose 7] = WBL 358-001 = PGC 36853

11 48 20.1 +12 42 59; Leo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x; HCG 59B is moderately bright, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, contains a small bright nucleus.  PGC 1415034 (not a member of HCG 59, but part of the group) lies 0.8' NW.  Using 697x, this 17.5-18 magnitude companion appeared extremely faint and small, very low surface brightness.  It was visible only ~1/3 of the time.  Slightly brighter IC 737 = HCG 59A lies 1.9' ENE.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): HCG 59B is the fainter of two visible in HCG 59 and located 1.9' WSW of IC 737 = HCG 59A.  Very faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  With averted vision, the halo is closer to 30" (similar to IC 736) but the surface brightness is slightly lower.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 736 = J. 1-203, along with IC 737, on 23 Apr 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position correspond with HCG 59B = CGCG 068-068 and HCG 59A = CGCG 068-070, respectively.  Several catalogues (including RC3, MCG and CGCG) misidentify HCG 59A as IC 736 and HCG 59D = MCG +02-30-040 = CGCG 068-072 as IC 737.  When I took a look at this group, this immediately seemed odd as the brightest pair of galaxies are clearly HCG 59A and HCG 59B and I missed HCG 59D.  The correct identifications are

 

IC 736 = HCG 59B = MCG +02-30-037 = CGCG 068-068 = PGC 36853

IC 737 = HCG 59A = MCG +02-30-039 = CGCG 068-070 = PGC 36861

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IC 737 = HCG 59A = MCG +02-30-039 = CGCG 068-070 = [Rose 7] = WBL 358-002 = PGC 36861

11 48 27.5 +12 43 38; Leo

V = 14.0;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x; moderately bright, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0. 4', contains a small bright core.  IC 737 = HCG 59A is the brightest member of HCG 59 with IC 736 = HCG 59B 1.9' WSW, MCG +02-30-040 = HCG 59D 0.8' E, CGCG 068-073 = HCG 59C 1.8' SE and HCG 59E 2.7' NW.  A mag 13.5-14 star is 1.4' E.

 

HCG 59D = MCG +02-30-040 (often misidentified as IC 737) is faint, fairly small, diffuse, no core or zones, very low surface brightness.  It is squeezed between HCG 59A 0.8' W and a mag 13.5-14 star 0.6' SE.  HCG 59C is the largest member of the quintet.  It appeared fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 E-W, ~48"x16", slightly brighter core.  HCG 59E is the faintest in the quintet and appeared very faint, small, elongated 3:2 or 2:1 SW-NE, ~15"x8", even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): faint, small, elongated 4:3 ~WNW-ESE (difficult to pin down orientation).  Appears slightly brighter than similar HCG 59B 1.9' WSW.  A mag 13.5 star follows by 1.3'.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 737 = J. 1-204, along with IC 736, on 23 Apr 1892.  See identification notes for IC 736.

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IC 740 = NGC 3913 = UGC 6813 = MCG +09-20-001 = CGCG 268-092 = CGCG 269-004 = PGC 37024

11 50 38.9 +55 21 13; UMa

V = 12.6;  Size 2.6'x2.6';  Surf Br = 14.5

 

See observing notes for NGC 3913.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 740 = Sw. IX-33 on 8 May 1890 and reported "eeF; pL; iR; 3916-3921 in field."  This galaxy was discovered by William Herschel in 1789.  Both positions are close enough to each other, that I'm surprised neither Swift nor Dreyer noted the possible equivalence.

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IC 742 = UGC 6822 = MCG +04-28-068 = CGCG 127-073 = PGC 37056

11 51 02.3 +20 47 59; Leo

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; faint, small, round, low surface brightness, 0.6' diameter.  A mag 10.8 star is 4.4' SW.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 260x; faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter, low nearly even surface brightness with just a slightly brighter nucleus.  Located 27' SW of NGC 3940 and 26' NW of NGC 3937.  Member of the USGC U427 group, which includes NGCs 3910, 3919, 3925, 3929, 3937, 3940, 3943, 3946, 3947, 3954.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 742 = Sw. VIII-60 on 22 Apr 1889 and reported "eeeF; pS; R; pB * sp".  His position is 6 seconds of RA too far west (within his usual errors) and the description matches.

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IC 749 = UGC 6962 = MCG +07-25-008 = KTG 40A = Holm 313a = PGC 37692

11 58 34.0 +42 44 03; UMa

V = 12.4;  Size 2.3'x1.9';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 150°

 

24" (5/11/13): moderately bright, large, slightly elongated ~N-S, 1.3'x1.1', diffuse appearance with an ill-defined halo due to low surface brightness around periphery.  But the surface brightness is irregular or mottled with a very small, slightly brighter nucleus and an impression of spiral structure.  Forms a contrasting pair with IC 750 3.4' ESE.  The SDSS image resolves the spiral arms into numerous blue HII regions and that probably contributed to the visual impression of mottling. Mag 8.9 HD 103954 lies 3.1' SW.  Member of the NGC 4111 group.

 

13.1" (3/17/86): fairly faint, moderately large, diffuse glow, no central brightening, slightly elongated NNW-SSE.  Forms a pretty pair with IC 750 3.3' E.  Located 3.0' NE of mag 8.6 SAO 43979.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 749 = Spitaler 46, along with IC 750, on 22 Apr 1892 using the 27-inch Grubb refractor at the Vienna Observatory. A month later he found (or first measured) IC 751 and 752 (just south).

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IC 750 = UGC 6973 = MCG +07-25-010 = KTG 40B = Holm 313b = LGG 269-003 = PGC 37719

11 58 52.2 +42 43 21; UMa

V = 11.9;  Size 2.6'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 41°

 

24" (5/11/13): bright, fairly large, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 1.5'x0.5', well concentrated with a bright, elongated core that gradually increases to the center.  A mag 16 star lies 1' S of center.  Forms an usual 3.4' pair with IC 749, which is a Sc face-on with a much lower surface brightness.  Mag 8.9 HD 103954 lies 5.5' WSW.  IC 751 lies 9' due S.  Member of the NGC 4111 group = LGG 269.

 

13.1" (3/17/86): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 5:2 SSW-NNE, brighter along the major axis.  Higher surface brightness than IC 749 3.3' W.  Mag 8.6 SAO 43979 lies 5.6' WSW.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 750 = Spitaler 47, along with IC 749, on 22 Apr 1892 using the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 751 = UGC 6972 = MCG +07-25-011 = CGCG 215-011 = KTG 40C = PGC 37721

11 58 52.6 +42 34 13; UMa

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 30°

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly faint to moderately bright, very elongated 7:2 SSW-NNE, 40"x12".  Sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 752 4.1' E.  Brighter IC 749 and 750 lie 9' N.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 751 = Spitaler 48, along with IC 752, on 18 May 1892 with the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 752 = CGCG 215-014 = PGC 37747

11 59 15.0 +42 34 01; UMa

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.45'

 

24" (5/11/13): faint to fairly faint, small, round, fairly low even surface brightness, 20" diameter.  Fainter of a pair with IC 751 4.1' W.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 752 = Spitaler 49, along with IC 751, on 18 May 1892 with the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 755 = NGC 4019 = UGC 7001 = MCG +02-31-014 = CGCG 069-024 = FGC 1347 = PGC 37912

12 01 10.3 +14 06 16; Com

V = 13.2;  Size 2.4'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 145°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, excellent very thin edge-on!  Extended ~10:1 NW-SE, ~80"x8", bright core, tapers at tips.  A mag 10.1 star is 5.6' SSE.

 

18" (4/9/05): fairly faint, edge-on NW-SE, 1.0'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  A mag 10 star is 5.5' SE and 2' ENE of this star is CGCG 069-029.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 755 = Sw. VIII-61 on 20 Apr 1889 and reported "eeF; S; E; bet. the n 2 of 3 st. forming a large triangle."  His position and description matches this edge-on.  Harold Corwin identifies NGC 4019, discovered by John Herschel, as IC 755, though this galaxy is 2 min 16 sec of RA east and 6' south of Herschel's position.  But there is a mag 10 star 5.5' southeast matching his description.  Still, this identification is uncertain.

 

 

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IC 757 = NGC 4068 = UGC 7047 = MCG +09-20-079 = CGCG 269-031 = PGC 38148

12 04 00.8 +52 35 18; UMa

V = 12.5;  Size 3.3'x1.7';  Surf Br = 14.3;  PA = 30°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4068.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 757 = Big. 166 on 11 Mar 1886.  According to Harold Corwin, Bigourdan misidentified a star as NGC 4068 on two nights and "rediscovered" NGC 4068 on 11 Mar 1886, though reversed the direction of his offsets.  Dreyer assumed Big. 166 was new, and it was catalogued again as IC 757.  But once the error is corrected, IC 757 = NGC 4068.

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IC 758 = UGC 7056 = CGCG 315- 009 = MCG +11-15-014 = CGCG 315-009 = LGG 266-003 = PGC 38173

12 04 11.9 +62 30 19; UMa

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.3;  PA = 9°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, moderately to fairly large, round, 1.2' diameter?, low surface brightness, slightly brighter core that occasionally appears as a bar oriented SW-NE.  Located 7' E of a mag 9.4 star.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 200x; fairly faint, moderately large, over 1' diameter, brighter elongated core, subtle structure in the halo with slightly brighter sections or arcs.  Located 7' E of mag 9.4 SAO 15695 and 28' SSW of mag 6.1 HD 105043.  Member of a group (LGG 266) with brightest members NGC 4036 and NGC 4041.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 758 = Sw. VII-18 on 17 Apr 1888 and reported "eeF; pS; R; bet. 2 distant st., one a coarse D[ouble]; ee diff."  The "coarse D[ouble star]" is ~5' N.  CGCG didn't label CGCG 315-009 as IC 758.  IC 758 is called IC 757 in the RC1.

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IC 760 = ESO 440-052 = MCG -05-29-010 = LGG 271-006 = PGC 38345

12 05 53.5 -29 17 32; Hya

V = 12.5;  Size 1.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 148°

 

18" (5/28/06): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.3', broad concentration to a slightly bulging center.  A group of faint stars lies ~5' N and another group with a couple of brighter mag 11 stars is SW.  A faint 20" pair of mag 14/15 stars is 1.5' SW.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 760 = LM(S) 464 on 3 Jan 1889 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory and recorded "rr, bM, stellar N, mag 15.0, 0.2' dia."  The discovery was published in the observatory's catalogue of Southern Nebulae (Vol 1, Part 6, 1893).  Howe, in his visual survey of IC objects, noted there was "either a star of mag 14 at 150°, or the nebula is elongated in that direction."  The latter is correct.

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IC 762 = MCG +04-29-034 = CGCG 128-037 = KUG 1205+260 = PGC 38532

12 08 12.0 +25 45 26; Com

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 144°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 30"x24", very small brighter nucleus.  A mag 12 star is 2.5' SE.  Forms a pair with IC 763 3.4' N.  Member of the USGC U458 group at 325 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 762 = J. 2-741, along with IC 763, on 13 Apr 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 763 = MCG +04-29-035 = CGCG 128-038 = PGC 38525

12 08 15.3 +25 48 41; Com

Size 0.9'x0.4';  PA = 86°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; between faint and fairly faint, small, slightly elongated E-W, ~20"x15".  A mag 14.8 star is 40" NE.  Forms a pair (same redshift) as slightly brighter IC 762 3.4' SSW.  Member of the USGC U458 group at 325 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 763 = J. 2-742, along with IC 762, on 13 Apr 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 767 = Mrk 760 = MCG +02-31-042 = CGCG 069-073 = PGC 38792

12 11 02.7 +12 06 14; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 0.85'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 75°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; almost moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~25"x20", fairly high surface brightness, very small brighter nucleus that increases to an occasional stellar nucleus.  IC 768 lies 11' ENE.  Member of the USGC U472 group

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 767 = J. 1-209, along with IC 768 and IC 769, on 1 Apr 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 768 = UGC 7192 = MCG +02-31-044 = CGCG 069-075 = PGC 38848

12 11 47.6 +12 08 37; Vir

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 112°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, low but uneven surface brightness, slightly brighter elongated core, ~0.6'x0.3'.  A mag 11.3 star is 1.5' SE.  IC 767 lies 11' WSW and IC 769 is 11' ESE.  IC 768 lies in the background (twice the redshift).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 768 = J. 1-210, along with IC 767 and IC 769, on 1 Apr 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 769 = UGC 7209 = MCG +02-31-047 = CGCG 069-083 = LGG 285-005 = PGC 38916

12 12 32.3 +12 07 26; Vir

V = 13.0;  Size 2.5'x1.7';  Surf Br = 14.4;  PA = 40°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly large, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 1.5'x1.0', very diffuse, broad weak concentration with an elongated core or bar.  IC 768 lies 11' W.  Member of LGG 285, a large Virgo group with brightest member NGC 4168.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 769 = Spitaler 19 = J. 1-211 on 24 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate.  Javelle rediscovered this galaxy the following year on April 1, 1892 along with discoveries of IC 767 and 768.

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IC 773 = MCG +01-31-044 = CGCG 041-073 = PGC 39493

12 18 08.1 +06 08 22; Vir

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 0°

 

24" (4/28/14): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, gradually incr to the center.  Located 19' WNW of NGC 4260.  IC 3136 lies 12.5' ENE and a mag 9.5 star is 4.4' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 773 = J. 2-744 on 4 May 1893 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "F, vS, dif, 2 vF st inv."  His position is accurate.

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IC 776 = UGC 7352 = MCG +02-31-088 = PGC 39613

12 19 03.2 +08 51 20; Vir

V = 13.8;  Size 1.8'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.4;  PA = 98°

 

17.5" (5/14/88): faint, moderately large, diffuse, slightly elongated.  Forms the northern vertex of two stars mag 10/11 to south.  Pair with IC 3134 6.6' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 776 = J. 2-746 on 4 May 1893.

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IC 777 = UGC 7363 = MCG +05-29-052 = CGCG 158-064 = PGC 39663

12 19 23.8 +28 18 36; Com

V = 13.5;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 140°

 

17.5" (4/9/99): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.4', little if any concentration.  The compact cluster Shkh 202 is ~8' NE!  (six faint members close to a mag 6.7 located 11' NE viewed).

 

17.5" (5/23/98): faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Picked up 9' N of 9 Com (V = 6.3).  At 280x, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, PA ~160°, 0.8'x0.5', very weak concentration.  Located 18' NE of NGC 4251.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 777 = Sf 18 on 14 May 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and simply noted "vF". His RA is 9 seconds too large.

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IC 778 = NGC 4198 = UGC 7246 = MCG +09-20-123 = CGCG 269-045 = PGC 39090

12 14 22.0 +56 00 42; UMa

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 130°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4198.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 778 = Sw. VII-19 on 3 Apr 1888 and noted "eF, pS, R, bet 2 st in meridian [N-S], n. one = 13 mag."  There is nothing at his position.  It's possible IC 778 = MCG +09-20-146, though this galaxy is 10' north of Swift's position and 40 seconds of RA east, so it's off in both directions.  Although  MCG +09-20-146 lies between two stars, they are oriented SW-NE and not close to being "in meridian" [N-S].

 

But Harold Corwin found that if Swift made an error of exactly 5 minutes in RA (too large), then his position matches NGC 4198, which also is bracketed by two stars (oriented NNW-SSE).  The only uncertainty is why did Swift mention the "north one = 13 mag", when the southern star is the brighter one?  Still, this identification is more likely than MCG +09-20-146.

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IC 780 = UGC 7381 = MCG +04-29-064 = CGCG 128-077 = PGC 39745

12 19 58.4 +25 46 18; Com

V = 13.5;  Size 1.6'x1.2';  PA = 7°

 

24" (5/30/16): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~35"x20", brighter along the major axis.  Located 10' W of HJ 517 = 9.1/12.5 at 20", 14' SSW of mag 6.1 HD 107326 and 35' WSW of mag 4.8 12 Com.  IC 3171 lies 14' SSE.

 

William Herschel discovered IC 780 on 6 Apr 1785 (sweep 393) and recorded "suspected, but probably a deception of two close stars."  CH's reduction is 1.3' northeast of this galaxy, so the identification is certain, although he didn't confirm the observation and it wasn't included in his published catalogues.  Wolfgang Steinicke included this observation of IC 780 in his "Herschel Special" objects file.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 13 Apr 1893 and recorded it in list II-747. Dreyer, assuming it was new, catalogued it as IC 780 with credit to Javelle.

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IC 781 = MCG +03-32-002 = CGCG 099-017 = PGC 39754

12 20 03.3 +14 57 41; Com

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 45°

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, small, round, diffuse, very weakly concentrated core.  A mag 15 star is off the north end 30" from center.  Located 2.0' ESE of a mag 10 star.  Form a pair with NGC 4262 9' SW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 781 = Big. 172 on 10 May 1888.

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IC 782 = MCG +01-32-020 = CGCG 042-043 = PGC 39962

12 21 36.9 +05 45 56; Vir

V = 13.6;  Size 1.4'x0.6';  PA = 59°

 

24" (4/28/14): fairly faint, small, round, 18" (core), weak concentration to center.  I missed the low surface brightness outer extensions WSW-ENE.  A mag 13.4 star is 0.6' S of center.  This galaxy is a little brighter than NGC 4287, which lies 14' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 782 = J. 1-212 on 17 Mar 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "eF, S, R."  His position is just off the west side of CGCG 042-043 = PGC 39962.

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IC 787 = MCG +03-32-031 = CGCG 099-043 = Holm 395b = PGC 40517

12 25 25.1 +16 07 27; Com

V = 14.2;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, small, round.  Located 3' S of a mag 10 star and 11' WSW of NGC 4405.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 787 = Sw. VII-21 on 7 Apr 1888 and logged "eF; pS; R; B * n; 4405 following." 

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IC 788 = NGC 4405 = UGC 7529 = MCG +03-32-036 = CGCG 099-050 = LGG 289-059 = PGC 40643

12 26 07.1 +16 10 52; Com

V = 12.0;  Size 1.8'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 20°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4405.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 788 = J. 2-748 on 19 May 1893.  His offsets point directly to NGC 4405.  The IC description mentions "II. 88 [NGC 4405] south", but Javelle doesn't mention NGC 4405 in his description, so as Harold Corwin notes, this must have been added by Dreyer based on the position.

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IC 790 = NGC 4410C = MCG +02-32-051 = CGCG 070-075 = WBL 408-005 = PGC 40713

12 26 35.5 +09 02 07; Vir

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 94°

 

24" (6/4/16): at 225x; fairly faint, small, elonagated 3:2 E-W, 24"x16", very small brighter nucleus.  Third of three in an interconnected quartet with CGCG 070-079 2.3' ENE and NGC 4410A/B contact pair 1.8' WSW.  CGCG 070-079 appeared faint, small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 24"x12".

 

17.5" (3/24/90): very faint, very small, elongated E-W.  Forms a pair with NGC 4410 2' SW.  CGCG 070-079, 2.3' NE, was not noticed.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 790 = Big. 173 on 6 Apr 1888, very near NGC 4410.

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IC 793 = NGC 4445 = UGC 7587 = MCG +02-32-072 = CGCG 070-104 = LGG 288-013 = PGC 40987

12 28 16.0 +09 26 11; Vir

V = 12.8;  Size 2.6'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 106°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4445.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 793 = Sw. VIII-63 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eF; S; eE; 3 others in field."  His position lands 15 seconds of RA west of NGC 4445, and the description "extremely elongated" fits.  The "3 others in field" might apply to NGC 4417, NGC 4424 and NGC 4442.  NED equates IC 793 with NGC 4445 (from Corwin), but not most catalogues.

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IC 797 = UGC 7676 = MCG +03-32-058 = PGC 41504

12 31 54.8 +15 07 27; Com

V = 12.8;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 108°

 

17.5" (5/23/87): faint, small, slightly elongated ~E-W, weak concentration.  Located 42' N of M88.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 797 = J. 1-217 on 22 Apr 1892 and recorded "faint, almost round, 30" diameter, gradually bM."

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IC 799 = NGC 4520 = PGC 41748

12 33 49.9 -07 22 32; Vir

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 101°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4520.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 799 = Sw. VIII-64 on 21 Apr 1889 and reported "eF; eS; R; ? eF * is in contact on p[receding] side."  His position is just off the east edge of NGC 4520 and his description fits.  William Herschel discovered NGC 4520 = H III-757 on 20 Mar 1789 (sweep 913) and logged "2 vF stars involved in nebulosity, vF, S."  Apparently their positions were just far enough off that neither Swift nor Dreyer realized that IC 799 = NGC 4520.

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IC 800 = UGC 7716 = MCG +03-32-069 = PGC 41763

12 33 56.7 +15 21 17; Com

V = 13.4;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 148°

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, diffuse, almost round, even surface brightness.  Forms the west vertex of an 8' equilateral triangle with two mag 11-12 stars to the SE and NE.  NGC 4540 lies 18' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 800 = J. 1-219 on 22 Apr 1892 and recorded "faint, almost round, 30" diameter, gradually bM."

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IC 801 = UGC 7717 = MCG +09-21-017 = CGCG 270-009 = PGC 41739

12 33 44.9 +52 15 17; CVn

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 55°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, ~0.6' diameter, very small bright nucleus ~5" diameter.  A mag 12.4 star is barely off the south edge [30" from center] and a mag 10.4 star is 6' NNW.  Situated nearly on the border of CVn and UMa.

 

CGCG 270-8, 19' NW, appeared faint, round, 25" diameter, low nearly even surface brightness.  Cradled by three mag 13-13.5 star are 45" N, 1.2' W and 2' SW. UGC 7661 is 7' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 801 = Sw. IX-34 on 23 May 1890 and reported "eeF; S; R; * close n."  His position is a good match with UGC 7717, although the nearby star is south, not north as stated in the description.

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IC 803 = Arp 149 = VV 564 = MCG +03-32-080 = CGCG 099-105 = Holm 435a = Holm 435b = PGC 42367 = PGC 215034

12 39 37.5 +16 35 17; Com

Size 0.8'x0.15';  PA = 124°

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x and 697x; the core of the eastern component of this interacting double system appeared fairly faint, small, round.  A very faint, thin spike (tidal plume or jet) was visible extending ~15" SE.  Occasionally a second, very faint stubby tidal tail extended ~10" north-northwest .  The entire length of this chaotic galaxy was ~30".

 

The nucleus of the western component (PGC 215034) is just 25" W.  It was moderately bright but appeared stellar.  At 697x, a very low surface brightness, very small halo was visible, but the tidal plume or jet extending southwest was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 803 = J. 1-220 on 25 Apr 1892 with the 30-inch f/23 refractor at Nice, France.  His position is accurate.

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IC 804 = PGC 42549

12 41 16.0 -05 00 33; Vir

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.5'

 

17.5" (1/31/87): fairly faint, very small, round, small bright core, slightly elongated.  Fourth of four in a low power field 12' NE of NGC 4602 and 30' NE of NGC 4593.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): appears slightly elongated.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 804 = Sw. VII-22 on 3 Apr 1888 and logged "vF; vS; R."

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IC 805 = NGC 4611 = UGC 7849 = MCG +02-32-179 = CGCG 070-218 = PGC 42564

12 41 25.4 +13 43 46; Com

V = 14.3;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 126°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4611.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 805 = Sw. VIII-65 on 20 Apr 1889 and reported "vF; pL; R; 2 pB stars n and nf."  His position is about 8 sec of RA west of NGC 4611 = UGC 7849, but close enough that I'm surprised that neither Swift nor Dreyer noticed the equivalence.  Dorothy Carlson and Roger Sinnott's NGC 2000.0 equate NGC 4611= IC 805 although UGC, MCG, CGCG, PGC and HyperLeda only use the NGC 4611 designation.

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IC 809 = IC 3672 = UGC 7863 = MCG +02-32-184 = CGCG 070-225 = PGC 42638

12 42 08.7 +11 45 15; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.9'

 

48" (4/19/17): at 697x; moderately to fairly bright, fairly large, slightly elongated 5:4 NW-SE, contains a large brighter core but no nucleus, and a low surface brightness outer halo ~50"x40".  A mag 10.9 star is 1.2' SSW.  Picked up 6.6' NNE of M59.

 

24" (5/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, fairly even surface brightness.  Situated 1.2' NNE of an 11th magnitude star and 6.5' NNE of M59.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 809 = Sw. VII-23 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; bet. 2 st.; all 3 point to 4621 [M59]."  His position is 1' SW of UGC 7863 and his description clinches this identification.   Schwassmann found it again in 1900 on a plate take by Max Wolf with a 6-inch lens at the Heidelberg Observatory.  Schwassmann's position is accurate (measured on 2 plates) and clearly IC 809 = IC 3672.  The CGCG, UGC and MCG all identify this galaxy as IC 3672, although by precedence the primary identification should be IC 809.

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IC 810 = UGC 7864 = MCG +02-32-185 = CGCG 070-226 = PGC 42643

12 42 09.1 +12 35 48; Vir

V = 13.5;  Size 1.6'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 167°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; faint, fairly small, the central region is ~25"x15" NNW-SSE with a weak concentration. The outer extension have a very low surface brightness and extend 45"x15".  NGC 4640 is 22' SE and CGCG xxx is 22' SSW.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, ~1.0'x0.2', pretty even surface brightness except for a very small or stellar nucleus.  A 30" pair of mag 11.7/12.6 stars is 5' SE.  This Virgo cluster member is located 21' S of NGC 4620 and 22' ESE of mag 7.9 HD 110249.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 810 = Sw. VII-24 on 6 May 1888 and reported "eF; pS; eE."  His position and description fits.

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IC 811 = NGC 4663 = MCG -02-33-002 = PGC 42946

12 44 47.1 -10 11 52; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 170°

 

See observing notes for NGC 4663.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 811 = Big. 176 on 13 May 1888.  His position matches NGC 4663, discovered by Tempel in 1883.  Tempel's position was only roughly placed 8' south-following NGC 4658, so Bigourdan apparently thought his object was new.  Corwin comments that Bigourdan later measured the position of NGC 4658 and didn't notice these matched those of IC 811.  Modern sources equates these numbers. See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 816 = UGC 7944 = MCG +02-33-019 = CGCG 071-038 = PGC 43111

12 46 46.3 +09 51 02; Vir

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 35°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", very small brighter core (round) that increases to a slightly brighter quasi-stellar nucleus.  Slightly brighter of a pair with IC 817 2.7' ENE.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, small, round, 25", very small brighter nucleus, moderately low surface brightness.  Similar to IC 817 2.7' ENE.  Located 20' NNE of mag 5.7 HD 111028 (33 Virginis).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 816 = Sw. VII-25, along with IC 817, on 5 May 1888 and reported "eeeF; vS; R; * with F companion nf; np of 2."  The last comment should read "sp of 2".  The "* with faint companion" may refer to a wide pair 6' NE, which is closer to IC 817.

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IC 3764 = IC 817 = MCG +02-33-020 = CGCG 071-039 = PGC 43126

12 46 56.8 +09 51 26; Vir

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, contains a very small brighter core.  Slightly smaller than similar IC 816 2.7' WSW.

 

Arnold Schwassmann rediscovered IC 3764 = Sn. 149 on a Heidelberg plate taken 20 Feb 1900 with the 6" Astrocamera.  This galaxy was discovered by Lewis Swift, along with IC 816, on 5 May 1888.  Neither Schwassmann or Dreyer noted the close agreement in position with IC 816.  So, IC 3764 = IC 817.

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IC 817 = IC 3764 = MCG +02-33-020 = CGCG 071-039 = PGC 43126

12 46 56.8 +09 51 26; Vir

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; between faint and fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, slightly brighter nucleus.  Visible continuously but fairly low surface brightness.  Fainter of a pair with IC 816 2.7' WSW.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, contains a very small brighter core.  Slightly smaller than similar IC 816 2.7' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 817 = Sw. VII-26, along with IC 816, on 5 May 1888 and reported "eeF; vS; R; sf of 2 [with IC 816].  Although his positions are pretty good, IC 817 is north-following of IC 816, not south-following as Swift stated.  Corwin suggests that Swift may have mixed up his descriptions as this galaxy is the fainter one and has the wide pair to the northeast.

 

Schwassmann found this galaxy again on a Heidelberg plate taken 20 Feb 1900 and reported Sn. 149 (later IC 3764) as new.  Schwassmann's position is also good, but the equivalence was not noticed.

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IC 818 = MCG +05-30-078 = CGCG 159-073 = PGC 43113

12 46 44.6 +29 44 07; Com

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.25';  PA = 47°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 or 4:1 SW-NE, ~0.6'x0.15'.  This galaxy has a much higher surface brightness than IC 821, which is located 9.6' NE.  Located 5' NE of a mag 10.5 star (~15" uneven pair).

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 818 = Spitaler 50, along with IC 821, on 19 Mar 1892.  His position and description ("Somewhat irregularly round nebula, 1/4' to 1/2' compact center. 2.5' northeast is a mag 12 star. Discovered on 19 March 1892." is a perfect match, though he called this edge-on galaxy "round".

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IC 819 = NGC 4676A = Arp 242 NED1 = VV 224a = UGC 7938 = MCG +05-30-076 = CGCG 159-072N = Holm 459b = PGC 43062 = The Mice

12 46 10.1 +30 43 55; Com

V = 13.7;  Size 2.3'x0.5';  PA = 179°

 

82" (5/5/19, McDonald Observatory): at 613x; the tidal tail north of IC 819 (NNW member of the interacting "Mice" (NGC 4676)) was very prominent as a direct vision streak, extending at least as far as the mag 17.3 star situated 1.6' due north of the center of the galaxy.

 

48" (4/6/13): IC 819 is the NNW component of a fascinating interacting pair with IC 820 (slightly brighter SSE component), separated by 40" between centers.  At 375x and 488x in soft seeing, IC 819 appeared fairly bright, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 24"x16", high surface brightness. IC 820 was bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", high surface brightness, increased to a small, very bright nucleus.  The two galaxies are connected or surrounded by a low surface brightness bridge.  IC 819 has a remarkable bright, long thin tidal tail shooting due north!  The tail has a high surface brightness (brightest feature of this type I've observed in any galaxy) and extends roughly 80"x8", dimming at the north end and ending just east of a mag 17.3 star.

 

24" (5/22/17): IC 819 = NGC 4676A is the slightly fainter northwest component of the interacting "Mice" duo.  At 375x it appeared faint to fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 15" diameter.  The tidal tail was easily seen as a straight thin extension due north, so the combined galaxy/tail extended ~60"x10".  The tail has only a slightly lower surface brightness than the "head" (core of the galaxy).

 

17.5": the northwest member (IC 819) of the interacting pair "The Mice" appeared faint, small, low surface brightness, elongated N-S.

 

Rudolph Spitaler resolved IC 819 and 820, the two components of the "Mice", on 20 Mar 1892 using the 27" Grubb refractor at Vienna.  His position is exactly 1 min of RA too far east, so he made a digit error in computing or copying the position.  Gerard de Vaucouleurs used the letter suffixes NGC 4676A and 4676B in the 1956 "Survey of Bright Galaxies South of -35° Declination", based on Mt Stromlo plates, and the 1964 "Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies".

 

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IC 820 = NGC 4676B = Arp 242 NED2 = VV 224b = UGC 7939 = MCG +05-30-077 = CGCG 159-072S = Holm 459a = PGC 43065 = The Mice

12 46 11.2 +30 43 22; Com

V = 13.6;  Size 2.0'x0.8';  PA = 2°

 

82" (5/5/19, McDonald Observatory): at 613x; the tidal tail to the south of IC 820 was only seen as a very low surface brightness glow without any definite structure.

 

48" (4/6/13): IC 820 is the slightly brighter SSE component of NGC 4676, a fascinating interacting system with IC 819 (NNW component) separated by 40" between centers.  At 375x and 488x in soft seeing, IC 820 appeared bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", high surface brightness, increased to a small, very bright nucleus.  The two galaxies are connected or surrounded by a low surface brightness bridge.  IC 820 has a small, low surface brightness halo on its south side, but its tail to the south was not visible.  See notes for IC 819 for the bright tail.

 

24" (5/22/17): at 375x; IC 820 = NGC 4676 is the slightly brighter southeast member of the interacting Mice duo.  It appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, very small brighter nucleus, 20" diameter.  With averted vision the there was a strong hint of haze on the south side, but its tidal tail wasn't seen.  The core of IC 819 is close northwest [38" between centers].

 

17.5": this is the southeast member of the interacting pair dubbed "The Mice".  This object is the brighter of the pair and appears faint, small, round with a small bright core.  In contact with NGC 4676A at the northwest edge.

 

Rudolph Spitaler resolved IC 819 and 820, the two components of the "Mice", on 20 Mar 1892 using the 27" Grubb refractor at Vienna.  His position is exactly 1 min of RA too far east, so he made a digit error in computing the position. Gerard de Vaucouleurs used the letter suffixes NGC 4676A and 4676B in the 1956 "Survey of Bright Galaxies South of -35° Declination", based on Mt Stromlo plates, and the 1964 "Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies".

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IC 821 = UGC 7957 = MCG +05-30-083 = CGCG 159-076 = PGC 43161

12 47 26.2 +29 47 16; Com

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; almost fairly faint, round, 30"-35" diameter, low even surface brightness.  This face-on spiral could be held continuously with averted vision.  Several mag 11-13.5 stars are scattered to the SE.  IC 821 forms a pair with IC 818 9.6' SW.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 821 = Spitaler 53, along with IC 818, on 19 Mar 1892.  His description reads, "Round nebulous ball of 1.5' diameter, gradually brighter towards the middle. Two brighter stars stand south of the nebula, following a bit."  His position was accurate.

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IC 824 = NGC 4678 = MCG -01-33-018 = PGC 43385

12 49 41.9 -04 34 46; Vir

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  PA = 85°

 

18" (4/30/11): faint, but easily picked as a small glow, elongated 3:2 E-W, 25"x15".  A mag 15 star lies 30" ESE of center.  I kept having the impression that I was resolving a very faint star or nearly stellar galaxy that was attached and the SDDS image reveals this is a double system (oreinted E-W) with two nuclei encased in a common halo, comfirming my impression.

 

Stephane Javelle found IC 824 = J. 2-754 on 15 May 1893 and reported, "pB, elongated E-W, moderately large, appears to have two centers of condensation."  This galaxy appears to be a merged system and Javelle noticed the twin nuclei.  Leavenworth's position for NGC 4678 is 3 minutes of RA further west, but likely refers to IC 824.  See that number.

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IC 829 = MCG -02-33-037 = PGC 43675

12 52 27.4 -15 31 07; Crv

V = 13.7;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 11.9

 

18" (5/28/06): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  This member of AGC 1631 is in a very tight trio with MCG -02-33-036 at the west edge (difficult to resolve) and MCG -02-33-038 1.4' E.  MCG -02-33-038 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 8' SW of NGC 4756.

 

18" (4/29/06): brightest in small trio within AGC 1631.  Appeared fairly faint, fairly small, small bright core.  Initially appeared elongated 2:1 E-W though in moments of better seeing in poor conditions, it appeared double with a knot (MCG -02-33-036) resolved at the west edge.  Located 8.8' SW of NGC 4756.  In a close trio with MCG -02-33-038 1.4' E, which appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  With the addition of MCG -02-33-35 this quartet would satisfy the criteria of a Hickson group.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 829 = Big. 178 on 13 May 1888.  MCG and PGC misidentify MCG -02-33-038 as IC 829.

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IC 830 = UGC 8003 = MCG +09-21-055 = CGCG 270-028 = LGG 300-005 = PGC 43533

12 51 16.4 +53 41 43; UMa

V = 13.3;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.4;  PA = 164°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NNW-SSE, 30"x20", broad concentration to a small brighter core and nucleus.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; moderately bright, fairly small, the core is bright, slightly elongated, 15" diameter, increases to a stellar nucleus.  The N-S extensions are much fainter and increase size to 30"x15".  Member of a group (LGG 300) that includes NGC 4669, 4686 and 4675.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 830 = Sw. IX-35 on 8 Jun 1890 and reported "vF; vS; lE; stellar."  His position was 1.6' too far southeast.

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IC 833 = NGC 4813 = MCG -01-33-055 = Holm 385a = PGC 44160

12 56 36.1 -06 49 04; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 35°

 

17.5" (5/17/90): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, small bright core, stellar nucleus.  Located 11' NE of a mag 9.5 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 833 = Sw. VIII-66 on 25 Mar 1889 and reported "vF; S; R."  Close to his position is an extremely faint galaxy (LEDA 158287), that is not listed in MCG or PGC.  But 5' S of Swift's position is NGC 4813, which would have been nearby in Swift's wide field view, yet wasn't mentioned.  Corwin lists both galaxies as candidates but assigns the PGC as more likely due to the positional match.  Based on the DSS image, I feel this galaxy is probably too faint to have been seen by Swift -- or at least would have been called "eeF" or "eeeF" -- and his observation more likely applies to NGC 4813.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 834 = MCG +05-31-011 = CGCG 160-022 = PGC 44138

12 56 18.6 +26 21 32; Com

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 95°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 25"x20", fairly high surface brightness, stellar nucleus.  IC 835 lies 11' NE.  Member of the Coma Galaxy Cluster (AGC 1656).

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 834 = Spitaler 58, along with IC 835, 837 and 838, on 24 Feb 1892.  His description reads, "Faint nebula, but slightly brighter than Nova 57 [IC 832], 45" diameter, star-like nucleus.".  His position was ~1.5' too far south (same error as IC 835), so there was likely an error in the position of his offset star.

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IC 835 = MCG +05-31-021 = CGCG 160-032 = PGC 44200

12 56 52.3 +26 29 16; Com

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; between faint and fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 24", very slightly brighter nucleus.  This member of AGC 1656 is flanked by IC 834 11' SW and IC 837 9' ENE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 835 = Spitaler 59, along with IC 834, 837 and 838, on 24 Feb 1892.  He described the IC 835, 837 pair as "Two pale, round nebulae of 30" diameter."

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IC 836 = UGC 8059 = MCG +11-16-007 = CGCG 316-006 = PGC 44092

12 55 54.0 +63 36 44; Dra

V = 14.2;  Size 1.3'x0.25';  PA = 73°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, thin edge-on, ~6:1 WSW-ENE, even surface brightness, except for a small brighter core.  A mag 12 star is close off the east tip of the galaxy.  A 14th mag star is nearly attached to the north edge, a bit west of the core.  A mag 9.9 star is 7' due south.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; very interesting edge-on!  This galaxy is very thin, ~8:1 WSW-ENE, ~60"x8", tapers at tips.  It extends directly west of a mag 12.4 star and a 14th mag star is just off the NW flank. Located 39' W of mag 6.0 HD113337.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 836 = Sw. VII-28 on 1 Jun 1888 and reported "eeeF; vS; bet. 2 st 11 and 12 mag p and f close to latter; an eee diff. object."  His position is 1.1' too far ENE, which is within his usual errors.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 836 in CGCG, MCG, UGC, PGC as well as HyperLEDA.

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IC 837 = MCG +05-31-028 = CGCG 160-041 = PGC 44322

12 57 31.2 +26 30 44; Com

V = 14.7;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  PA = 12°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; faint, small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, ~30"x15".  This member of AGC 1656 (Coma Galaxy Cluster) is located 9' ENE of IC 835 and 12' NW of NGC 4849.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 837 = Spitaler 60, along with IC 834, 835 and 838, on 24 Feb 1892.  He described the IC 835, 837 pair as "Two pale, round nebulae of 30" diameter."

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IC 838 = NGC 4849A = Holm 495b = MCG +05-31-043 = PGC 44444

12 58 13.6 +26 25 37; Com

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.55'

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; very faint, very small, round, low surface brightness, 15" diameter.  This outlying member of AGC 1656 is located just 1.8' N of the center of NGC 4849.

 

24" (5/22/17): at 375x; extremely faint, very small, round, 10" diameter [core region only].  This faint galaxy forms a double with NGC 4849 just 1.8' S.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 838 on 24 Feb 1892 with the 27-inch refractor at Vienna, although he confused the main object he reported as new.  His description for Nova 61 (actually NGC 4849) reads, "Brightness and appearance like Nova 58.  Probably identical with Nova d'Arrest [NGC 4849].  Northeast of this nebula, at 1.5', there is still another nebula, but much fainter; Both together form a pretty double nebula."  Dreyer realized that Spitaler 61 refers to NGC 4849, but Spitaler's second nebula to the northeast nebula was catalogued as IC 838.

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IC 839 = CGCG 160-057 = WBL 426-038 = PGC 44423

12 58 15.0 +28 07 33; Com

V = 15.0;  Size 0.45'x0.25';  PA = 84°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; faint, fairly small, slightly elongated E-W, ~15"x10".  This member of AGC 1656 (Coma Galaxy Cluster) is located 2' SW of NGC 4851.

 

Bigourdan discovered IC 839 = Big. 179 on 12 May 1885.  His position corresponds with CGCG 160-057 = PGC 44423, although most modern sources equate IC 839 with NGC 4851 (double system) or just the northern component of NGC 4851.

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IC 842 = UGC 8118 = MCG +05-31-087 = CGCG 160-088 = PGC 44795

13 00 39.6 +29 01 11; Com

V = 13.9;  Size 1.2'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 57°

 

18" (4/30/11): faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 SW-NE, 0.7'x0.45', broad weak concentration with no distinct core or nucleus. Located 13' SW of NGC 4913 = IC 843 and 14' WSW of IC 4088.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 842 = Sf 2 on 3 May 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.

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IC 843 = NGC 4913 = UGC 8137 = MCG +05-31-100 = CGCG 160-099 = PGC 44908

13 01 33.6 +29 07 50; Com

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 134°

 

18" (4/30/11): fairly faint, very elongated 7:2 NW-SE, 45"x12", contains a very small brighter nucleus.  IC 4088 lies 5.6' SSE, NGC 4916 is 10' NE and NGC 4922 is 11' NNW.  This galaxy is identified as IC 843 in all modern catalogues.  See identification notes for NGC 4912.

 

Truman Safford found IC 843 = Sf. 3, along with IC 842, on 3 May 1866.  This galaxy was probably originally discovered by Lawrence Parsons, the 4th Earl of Rosse on 24 Apr 1865 and catalogued as NGC 4913.  On the same observation he discovered NGC 4912, NGC 4916 and IC 4088.  Parsons assumed he was observing the NGC 4914 field, but the discovery sketch that shows 4 nebulae (and one suspected neb) is a reasonably good match with a field 8° further south.  NGC 4913, labeled as Gamma in the diagram, matches IC 843.  Sue French originally suggested this identification.

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IC 844 = MCG -05-31-024 = ESO 443-040 = LGG 317-006 = PGC 45086

13 03 18.2 -30 31 16; Cen

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.1;  PA = 100°

 

18" (5/3/11): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, elongated ~2:1 E-W, 30"x15", slightly brighter core.  Located 13' W of NGC 4936 and 6' NW of B 240 (9.3/11.3 at 6"), which was barely resolved.

 

18" (3/17/07): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 ~E-W, 0.8'x0.3', slightly brighter core.  In a group with NGC 4936 12' E.  A mag 9 star (HD 113397) lies 6' SE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 844 = LM(S) 585 on 13 May 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His filar micrometer offset matches ESO 443-040.

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IC 845 = MCG +02-33-053 = CGCG 071-107 = PGC 45234

13 04 57.4 +12 04 45; Vir

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 129°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; between faint and fairly faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter.  A mag 13 star is 3' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 845 = Sw. VIII-67 on 3 May 1889 and reported "eeeF; S; R; F * nr. p[receding]."  There is nothing at his position, though the declination is given to the nearest minute and marked as uncertain.  Junder under 6' WSW of his position is PGC 45234 and a mag 13 star is 3' W, matching his description.  So, this is the most likely candidate, though it is not identified as IC 845 in MCG, CGCG, PGC, etc.

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IC 847 = NGC 4973 = MCG +09-22-006 = CGCG 270-049 = CGCG 271-005 = PGC 45280 = PGC 45299

13 05 32.2 +53 41 07; UMa

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

18" (6/27/03): faint, small, slightly elongated, 25"x20", weak concentration to a slightly brighter core and a ver faint stellar nucleus.  In a small, rich group with MCG +09-21-101 4.7' WSW and NGC 4974 3.8' SE  Located 2.6' E of a mag 11 star.  A mag 13 star lies 2' SE midway between NGC 4973 and NGC 4974.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 847 = Sw. IX-36 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "vF; S; R; bet 2 star.  His position matches NGC 4973 and the two stars are 2.6' W and 2' SE.  So, NGC 4973 = IC 847.  Herbert Howe found NGC 4973 again on 29 Jun 1900 and included it in his 3rd list of new nebulae (#19), assuming NGC 4973 and 4974 were further east.  He stated in his notes that 3-19 was near IC 847, so Corwin concludes Howe probably misidentified NGC 4974 as IC 847.

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IC 849 = UGC 8202 = MCG +00-34-002 = CGCG 016-003 = PGC 45480

13 07 38.7 -00 56 33; Vir

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated 5:4 SW-NE?, ~40" diameter.  Weak concentration but no distinct core or nucleus.  The halo has an ill-defined periphery. Largest in a group (USGC U516) with IC 850 5' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 849 = J. 2-757, along with IC 850, on 10 May 1893.

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IC 850 = MCG +00-34-003 = CGCG 016-004 = PGC 45491

13 07 50.2 -00 52 06; Vir

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 68°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; faint, small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 30"x12", low surface brightness, broad weak concentration, no core or nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 849 5' SSW and part of a small group (USGC U516).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 850 = J. 2-758, along with IC 849, on 10 May 1893.

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IC 852 = UGC 8213 = MCG +10-19-035 = CGCG 294-018 = PGC 45472

13 07 36.8 +60 09 26; UMa

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x0.9;  PA = 22°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round ~30" diameter.  With averted more of the fainter outer halo is visible increasing the diameter to ~40", and at times the halo seems somewhat elongated.  Located 5.6' E of mag 8.3 HD 114057.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 852 = Sw. VII-29 on 17 Apr 1888 and described this galaxy as "vF; pS; R; B * p[receding]."  His position is good.  The "bright star" is probably mag 8.3 HD 114057 5.6' W.

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IC 857 = UGC 8310 = MCG +03-34-006 = CGCG 101-010 = PGC 45983

13 13 50.2 +17 04 34; Com

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 100°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~35"x20", broad weak concentration, irregular halo.  A 25" pair of mag 14.6/14.7 stars is 3' SW.  IC 857 is the first in a trio of galaxies (same redshift) with IC 858 and 859, 17' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 857 = J. 1-229 on 23 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 858 = UGC 8321 = MCG +03-34-007 = CGCG 101-011 = PGC 46069

13 14 51.9 +17 13 36; Com

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 100°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; at least moderately bright and nearly fairly bright; roundish, high surface brightness core region ~20" diameter, total diameter 0.5'-0.6' diameter.  Forms a close (interacting) pair with IC 859 1.3' E.  This galaxy is brighter and larger.  IC 857 lies 17' SW, the trio forming a physical triplet.  STF 1733, an attractive mag 9/10.4 pair at 5" lies 20' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 858 = J. 1-230 on 19 May 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 859 = MCG +03-34-008 = CGCG 101-012 = ARK 408 = PGC 46074

13 14 57.3 +17 13 31; Com

V = 14.2;  Size 0.65'x0.6'

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, ~20" diameter, fairly high surface brightness.  Forms a close (interacting) pair with brighter IC 858 1.3' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 859 = J. 1-231 on 23 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.  Perhaps this galaxy was first seen a month earlier when IC 858 was discovered, but not measured until June.

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IC 864 = LEDA 1633794

13 17 08.5 +20 41 30; Com

V = 15.3;  Size 0.55'x0.25';  PA = 23°

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; fairly faint to moderately bright, small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, ~20"x10".  First in a group of 7 IC galaxies with IC 866 1.9' E. 

 

LEDA 1634204, situated just 1.4' NE, appeared extremely faint, very small, 8" diameter.  Both IC 864 and LEDA 1634204 lie in the background of the IC group (WBL 438), with a light-travel time of 530-550 million years.

 

Lewis Swift probably discovered IC 864 = Sw. VIII-68 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS R; 1st of 5 [with IC 866, 867, 868 and 870]."  His position is 2' SSE of LEDA 1633794 and 2' due south of his position for Sw. VIII-69 = IC 866.  But these two galaxies are actually separated by 2' due E-W, so clearly an error was made or only a single galaxy was actually observed.  In any case, Javelle independently discovered the group on 11 Jun 1891 (adding IC 869) and measured pretty accurate positions that were used in the IC.  Although the identification of IC 864 is certain based on Javelle's position, HyperLeda doesn't recognize LEDA 1633794 as IC 864.

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IC 866 = UGC 8354 = MCG +04-31-019 = CGCG 130-027 = WBL 438-002 = PGC 46279

13 17 16.7 +20 41 28; Com

V = 14.5;  Size 1.1'x0.35';  PA = 33°

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, weak core/nucleus.  In this quick observation I didn't look for the low surface brightness arm to the southwest.  A mag 15.8 star is 0.9' E.  Second in a group of 7 IC galaxies (10 total) with IC 964 1.9' W.  LEDA 1634204 lies 1.7' NW.  Five of the galaxies (IC 866, 867, 868, 870, LEDA 1632104) are part of a physical group (WBL 438 = RSCG 69).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 866 = Sw. VIII-69 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 2nd of 5 [with IC 864, 867, 868, 870]."  His position is 1.2' W of UGC 8354.  Javelle independently discovered the group on 11 Jun 1891 (adding one additional galaxy) and measured pretty accurate positions that were used in the IC.

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IC 867 = UGC 8353 = MCG +04-31-020 = CGCG 130-026 = WBL 438-001 = PGC 46283

13 17 19.8 +20 38 17; Com

V = 13.9;  Size 1.3'x1.0';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 18°

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; fairly bright, round, moderately large , ~0.8' diameter.  Contains a faint stellar nucleus embedded in an elongated core or bar oriented NW-SE.  This is the largest galaxy in the group (WBL 438 = RSCG 69), although the halo has a very low surface brightness.  IC 866 lies 3.3' N, IC 868 is 2.6' SE and IC 870 is 3.5' SE.

 

Forms a close pair with LEDA 1632295, just 45" SW of center.  It appeared very faint, very small, ~6" diameter, elongated NW-SE.  This small galaxy forms a 5" or 6" pair with a mag 17.6 star and they were not resolved in soft seeing.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 867 = Sw. VIII-70 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 3rd of 5."  He also noted in his description of IC 870 that "4 pB st. in a curve sf points to the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th."  His position is 1.3' S of UGC 8353, but this galaxy is roughly collinear with IC 868 and 870 (4th and 5th), so the identification is certain.   Javelle independently discovered the group on 11 Jun 1891 and measured pretty accurate positions that were used in the IC.

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IC 868 = MCG +04-31-021 = CGCG 130-028 = WBL 438-003 = PGC 46281

13 17 28.5 +20 36 44; Com

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 10°

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; fairly bright, fairly small, 18" diameter, contains a very small bright core with a stellar nucleus.  In a group with IC 870 0.9' SE and LEDA 1632104 0.6' NE.  IC 867, 2.6' NW, is collinear with IC 868 and 870.  LEDA 1632104 appeared faint, very small, slightly elongated, ~10"x7".

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 868 = Sw. VIII-71 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 4th of 5; D[ouble] with 5th [IC 869]."  His position is 2' too far SW, but the comment "double with IC 869" as well as his description for IC 869 clearly points to CGCG 130-028 as IC 868.  Javelle independently discovered the group on 11 Jun 1891 and measured pretty accurate positions that were used in the IC.

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IC 869 = LEDA 1633609

13 17 29.9 +20 41 03; Com

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; IC 869 was resolved into a very close pair of galaxies (33" separation NW-SE).  IC 869 NED1, the brighter northwest component, appeared fairly faint to moderately bright (V = 15.0), fairly small, round, 15" diameter.  IC 869 NED2, the fainter southeast component, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 10" diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 869 = J. 1-239 on 11 Jun 1891.  A faint pair of galaxies, separated by 34" NW-SE, is at his position.  The position here is on the brighter NW galaxy.  HyperLeda doesn't recognize either of these galaxies as IC 869.  Both Malcolm Thomson and Wolfgang Steinicke misclassify this object as a star, although it is clearly nonstellar on the SDSS.

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IC 870 = MCG +04-31-022 = CGCG 130-029 = WBL 438-004 = PGC 46286

13 17 30.9 +20 36 01; Com

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 50°

 

48" (4/21/17): at 488x; fairly bright, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SW-NE, at least 0.5'x0.3', small bright core.  Last in a group of IC galaxies with IC 868 0.9' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 870 = Sw. VIII-72 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeeF; vS; R; 5th of 5; 4 pB st. in a curve sf point to the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th."  Although his position was 2' too far WSW, the identification with CGCG 130-029 is certain based on this description; the close two stars to the south point directly to IC 870.  Javelle independently discovered the group on 11 Jun 1891 (adding one additional galaxy) and measured pretty accurate positions that were used in the IC.

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IC 871 = UGC 8358 = MCG +01-34-016 = CGCG 044-058 = KTG 46A = PGC 46321

13 17 58.7 +04 24 12; Vir

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 70°

 

24" (5/11/13): first and largest in a trio (KTG 46) with IC 873 5.7' NE and IC 876 10' NE.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.8'x0.4', sharply concentrated with a bright core and diffuse halo.  A mag 12 star lies 1.3' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 871 = J. 2-761, along with IC 873 and 876, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 872 = UGC 8349 = MCG +01-34-014 = CGCG 044-052 = PGC 46250

13 17 01.6 +06 21 25; Vir

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  PA = 117°

 

24" (6/21/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~40"x35", broad concentration with a brighter middle but no distinct core.  A faint mag 15.4/16.2 pair at 12" separation (cleanly resolved) is 1.2' ESE.

 

CGCG 44-54, located 45" NE, appeared faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, even surface brightness. A mag 14.5 star is 45" NE.

 

UGC 8361, located 19' E (and much closer to the IC 872 position), appeared fairly faint, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 40"x20", small bright core, occasional stellar nucleus.  A mag 14.9 star is 44" NW.

 

24" (6/16/20): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 30" diameter, slightly brighter core.  A mag 15.4 star is 1.2' ESE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 872 = Sw. X-21, along with IC 877, 878 and 880, on 28 Apr 1891 and recorded "eeF; pS; R lbM; 1st of 5; 5060 in field = 2nd of 5; ee diff."  His position falls 2' NW of UGC 8361, though this galaxy is northeast of NGC 5060.  Malcolm Thomson accepts this identification for IC 872.  But Corwin suggests UGC 8349, which is 1.2 minutes of RA west of Swift's position.  This is a brighter galaxy and it lies NNW of NGC 5060.  So, both of these galaxies are candidates.  To further muddy the situation, there are no galaxies at all near the position of IC 877, 878 and 880.  Did Swift misidentify the field completely, so it didn't contain NGC 5060?  In any case, both UGC 8349 and 8361 are candidates.

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IC 873 = CGCG 044-059 = KTG 46B = PGC 46345

13 18 16.3 +04 27 52; Vir

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (5/11/13): at 375x appeared fairly faint, small, round, 18", weak concentration.  Compact galaxy with a moderately high surface brightness. Second of three (KTG 46) with IC 871 5.7' SW and IC 876 4.8' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 873 = J. 2-762, along with IC 871 and 876, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 874 = ESO 508-042 = MCG -04-31-050 = PGC 46410

13 19 00.5 -27 37 44; Hya

V = 12.4;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 17°

 

24" (5/25/14): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 40"x30", well concentrated with a small bright core that increases to the center.  Located 17' SW of NGC 5078.  A wide 45" pair of mag 10.7 stars lies 3' NNW.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 874 = LM(S) 599 on 14 Mar 1888 with the 26" refractor at Leander-McCormick Observatory.  His two micrometric offsets (in RA) matches ESO 508-042.

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IC 875 = UGC 8355 = Mrk 249 = MCG +10-19-059 = CGCG 294-030 = PGC 46263

13 17 07.6 +57 32 22; UMa

V = 13.2;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 149°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~35"x30", stellar nucleus, hint of brightening along the spine of the major axis.  A mag 13.5 star is 1.4' W.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~40"x30".  An isosceles triangle "points" to the galaxy, with the mag 13.5 vertex star just 1.4' W. The other two stars are 3' NW (mag 14) and 3' SW (mag 13.5).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 875 = Sw. IX-38 on 15 Jun 1890 and reported "eF; vS; R; stellar."  His position is accurate.

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IC 876 = MCG +01-34-017 = CGCG 044-061 = KTG 46C = PGC 46370

13 18 34.6 +04 29 11; Vir

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.7'

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 N-S, 24"x18", weak concentration, small brighter nucleus.  Third in trio with IC 871 and 873, spanning 10' SW to NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 876 = J. 2-763, along with IC 871 and 873, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 879 = IC 4222 = ESO 508-047 = MCG -04-31-052 = LGG 341-003 = PGC 46479

13 19 40.6 -27 25 44; Hya

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 102°

 

24" (5/25/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 50"x25", slightly brighter 20" core, fairly low surface brightness.  Forms a pair with much brighter NGC 5078 2' NE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 879 = LM (Southern) 602 = Sw. XI-154 on 16 Feb 1888 with the 26" refractor at Leander-McCormick Observatory.  His two micrometric offsets (in RA) matches ESO 508-047.  Lewis Swift independently found the galaxy 10 years later on 28 Mar 1898, in the last couple of months before ending his observing career at Lowe Observatory.  His position for Sw. XI-154 (later IC 4222) is exactly one degree too far south, but he mentions "[NGC] 5078 near north-following", clinching the identification.  So, IC 879 = IC 4222 with IC 879 the primary designation.

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IC 881 = UGC 8375 = MCG +03-34-016 = CGCG 101-025 = PGC 46498

13 19 56.3 +15 51 02; Com

V = 13.6;  Size 1.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 12°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; moderately bright and large, very elongated 4:1 SSW-NNE, 0.9'x0.2'm well concentrated with a small bright core.  IC 881 is the brighter and larger of a pair with IC 882 3.9' NE.  Both are at a distance of ~320 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 881 = J. 1-241, along with IC 882, on 22 Jul 1892.  His position is just off the west side of the galaxy (similar offset error as IC 882).

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IC 882 = MCG +03-34-017 = CGCG 101-027 = PGC 46508

13 20 07.0 +15 53 51; Com

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; nearly moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:4 SW-NE, 30"x24", stellar nucleus.  A mag 15 star is 1' NW.  Forms a (physical) pair with IC 881 3.9' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 882 = J. 1-242, along with IC 881, on 22 Jul 1892.

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IC 885 = MCG +04-32-008 = CGCG 131-005 = PGC 46722

13 22 30.9 +21 18 59; Com

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  PA = 170°

 

24" (5/20/20): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint and small, round, 30" diameter, very small bright nucleus, smooth halo.  A mag 13.4 star is 3' SE.  CGCG 131-004, which lies 6.7' N, is faint, small, round, at most 20" diameter.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 885 = Sw. VIII-73 on 3 May 1889 and reported "vF; pS; R."  His position is accurate to within 1'.

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IC 888 = NGC 5136 = MCG +02-34-015 = CGCG 072-070 = PGC 46905

13 24 51.4 +13 44 16; Vir

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.8'

 

See observing notes for NGC 5136.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 888 = Sw. VIII-74 on 3 May 1889 and reported "eeeF; pS; R."  There is nothing at Swift's position but exactly 1.0 min of RA west is NGC 5136.  Dreyer, of course, assumed it was a new object but Harold Corwin suggests IC 888 = NGC 5136.

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IC 895 = NGC 5273 = UGC 8675 = MCG +06-30-072 = CGCG 190-041 = Holm 535a = PGC 48521

13 42 08.4 +35 39 16; CVn

V = 11.6;  Size 2.8'x2.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 10°

 

See observing notes for NGC 5273.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 895 = Sw. VIII-75 on 1 Sep 1888 and reported "vF; pL; R; * in center ? D[ouble]."  There is nothing near his position.  The closest galaxy he might have picked up is NGC 5240, but his position is well off in RA (3 minutes 40 sec) and over 4' in declination.  Without finding a suitable candidate, Harold Corwin listed this number as lost.  But in August 2017, I noticed that if I added 10 minutes of RA to Swift's position, this landed just off the northeast edge of NGC 5273 (discovered by William Herschel), and Swift's description is a good match with his galaxy.  This assumes he missed nearby, but much fainter, NGC 5276.  Swift apparently also made a 10 minute error in recording the RA of IC 1943, discovered in 1897 near the end of his observing career.

 

When I contacted Corwin about this find, he noticed that the same 10 minutes of RA correction applied to IC 1028 and IC 1045, discovered on the same night!  This results in IC 1028 = NGC 5739 and IC 1045 = UGC 9559, instead of the identifications IC 1028 = UGC 9368 in modern catalogues 15' SE of Swift's position and IC 1045 = NGC 5731?, from Corwin.  Finally, Courtney Seligman found that IC 511, the 4th and last object discovered that night, shares the same 10 minute error (see that number).  So, due to the common error of all 4 objects, these new identifications are secure.

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IC 897 = CGCG 102-020 = PGC 47816

13 34 19.5 +17 50 53; Com

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.15';  PA = 75°

 

17.5" (5/30/92): extremely faint, very small.  I could only glimpse this object for moments with averted vision but it appeared very elongated 3:1 SW-NE and extremely thin.  Forms a pair with NGC 5217 3' WNW.  Observation verified on the POSS.

 

All modern sources (except for NED) misidentify IC 897 as UGC 8544, a thin edge-on located 10' SW.  Bigourdan, who discovered IC 897, unfortunately misidentified his offset star and when his offsets are applied to the star he noted, the position falls close to UGC 8544.  But when the correct offset star is used, the identification of IC 897 = CGCG 102-20 is matched.  This identification also agrees with his offsets for IC 897 from NGC 5217.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 897 = Big. 180 on 20 May 1890 and noted "Magnitude 13.5; situated from NGC 5217 at a PA of 105, Dist. = 3.5 arcmins."  His published position in Comptes Rendus (used by Dreyer in the IC) happens to fall near UGC 8544 = CGCG 102-016 and modern catalogues have taken this galaxy as IC 897.  Malcolm Thomson sorted out the correct identification (see "The True Identity of IC 897" in Deep Sky Observer #136) as well as Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 902 = UGC 8593 = MCG +08-25-024 = CGCG 246-017 = PGC 47985

13 36 01.2 +49 57 39; UMa

V = 13.7;  Size 2.2'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 162°

 

24" (6/30/19): at 282x; fairly faint, moderately large, edge-on nearly 5:1 NNW-SSE, 1.4'x0.3', small bright core.  A mag 10.5 star lies 2' NW and a mag 12.5 star is 1.6' S; the galaxy is parallel to the line connecting these stars.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; nearly moderately bright, very nice edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 1.25'x0.25', very small brighter core.  The galaxy is flanked by a mag 10.5 star 2' NW and a mag 12.6 star 1.6' S of center.  Located 2° WNW of mag 1.9 Alkaid, very close to the CVn border.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 902 = Sw. VII-32 on 8 Apr 1888 and recorded "eeF; S; vE; v diff; nearly bet. 2 stars."  His position is off the southwest side of the galaxy and his desciption fits.

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IC 903 = UGC 8625 = MCG +00-35-013 = CGCG 017-045 = PGC 48207

13 38 26.1 -00 13 39; Vir

V = 13.6;  Size 1.7'x0.65';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 178°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 225x and 375x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, elongated 2:1 or 5:2 (with averted), ~1.0'x0.4', relatively large brighter core that is noticeably elongated, slightly brighter roundish nucleus.  The outer disc has a low surface brightness.  The nearest brighter star is mag 8.7 HD 118526 14' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 903 = J. 2-770 on 13 Apr 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 904 = UGC 8628 = CGCG 017-047 = MCG +00-35-014 = KTG 47B = PGC 48217

13 38 32.2 +00 32 25; Vir

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  PA = 127°

 

24" (5/11/13): moderately bright and large, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 40"x20", fairly high surface brightness, brighter nucleus.  Brightest in a trio (KTG 47) with UGC 8631 1.9' E and CGCG 17-46 2.0' SSW.  A mag 9.5 star lies 4.7' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 904 = J. 2-761 on 8 Jun 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 905 = MCG +04-32-020 = CGCG 131-019 = PGC 48349

13 40 02.9 +23 08 34; Boo

V = 14.0;  Size 0.85'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 141°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, strongly concentrated with a 20"x15" core and a very low surface brightness halo.  The core has a moderately high surface brightness and increases to a small brighter nucleus and a stellar pip.  A mag 12.1 star is 2.9' WNW and a mag 13.3 star is 2.5' WSW.  First in a group of 7 faint IC galaxies (WBL 463) with IC 906 12' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 905 = J. 1-249, along with IC 906, 910, 911, 912, 913 and 914, on 16-17 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 906 = MCG +04-32-021 = CGCG 131-020 = PGC 48348

13 40 10.0 +23 20 28; Boo

V = 14.8;  Size 0.9'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 145°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, very small round nucleus.  This galaxy is collinear with a mag 9.7 star 6.4' W and a mag 13.5 star 4.6' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 906 = J. 1-250 on 16 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 907 = UGC 8643 = MCG +09-22-090 = CGCG 271-055 = PGC 48286

13 39 23.0 +51 03 04; UMa

V = 14.3;  Size 1.3'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 20°

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, nice edge-on 4:1 SSW-NNE, ~40"x10", slightly brighter core, fairly high surface brightness.  Located 13' NE of mag 7.8 HD 118809.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 907 = Sw. VII-33 on 8 Apr 1888 and reported "eF; pS; R."  There is nothing at his position, but CGCG, UGC and RC3 take UGC 8643 as IC 907.  This galaxy is situated 20' N of his position and the only one in the immediate vicinity.  Although UGC 8643 is likely Swift's object, his brief description doesn't give any clues to verify this identification.

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IC 910 = MCG +04-32-025 = CGCG 131-024 NED01 = WAS 79 = WBL 463-001 = PGC 48424

13 41 07.9 +23 16 55; Boo

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.5';  PA = 120°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated E-W, 20"x15", very small bright nucleus.  Located 1.7' SSE of a mag 10.5 star.  Third in a group of 7 IC galaxies (WBL 463) with IC 911 4.5' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 910 = J. 1-251 in a group on 16 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 911 = UGC 8665 NED01 = MCG +04-32-027 = CGCG 131-026 NED01 = Holm 534b = PGC 48448

13 41 25.4 +23 14 51; Boo

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 99°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated E-W, ~20"x16".  Forms a close pair with IC 912 0.8' E.  Fourth in a group (WBL 463) of 7 IC galaxies.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 911 = J. 1-252 in a group on 17 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 912 = UGC 8665 NED02 = MCG +04-32-028 = CGCG 131-026 NED02 = Holm 534A = PGC 48449

13 41 28.9 +23 14 44; Boo

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.35';  PA = 100°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; faint, very small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Forms a close pair with IC 911 0.8' W.  Fifth in a group (WBL 463) of 7 IC galaxies.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 912 = J. 1-253 in a group on 17 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 913 = UGC 8664 = MCG +04-32-029 = CGCG 131-025 = WBL 463-002 = PGC 48458

13 41 29.7 +23 10 01; Boo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 63°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated 5:4 WSW-ENE, 25"x20", very small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 914 2.9' NE.  Sixth in a group (WBL 463) of 7 IC galaxies.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 913 = J. 1-254 in a group on 17 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 914 = MCG +04-32-030 = CGCG 131-027 = WBL 463-004 = PGC 48475

13 41 40.6 +23 11 21; Boo

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  PA = 165°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, very small brighter core, 25"x20".  Forms a pair with IC 913 2.9' SW.  7th in a group (WBL 463) of similar IC galaxies at a redshift based distance of ~440 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 914 = J. 1-255 in a group on 17 Jun 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 918 = LEDA 2505332= 2MASX J13423764+5531467

13 42 37.8 +55 31 46; UMa

V = 16.0;  Size 0.5'x0.2';  PA = 102°

 

48" (5/9/18): fairly faint, edge-on 5:1 WNW-ESE, ~0.5'x0.1', even surface brightness.  This is a relatively large member of AGC 1783 with CGCG 271-059 (= IC 919?) 1.5' ESE and LEDA 2505734 0.9' NW.  The latter galaxy was extremely faint and small (V = 17.2), ~6" diameter and required averted to glimpse.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 918 around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Burnham originally noticed a group of small and faint nebulae and Barnard estimated the positions (given in AN 2998) adding several discoveries (not specified), bringing the total to 18.  Harold Corwin suggests IC 918 may be LEDA 2505734 (4' SSW of Barnard's position and forming a pair with IC 919 = CGCG 271-059), although Wolfgang Steinicke identifies IC 918 as a pair of very faint stars.

 

Edwin Hubble found LEDA 2505734 from a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was catalogued as #36 in Field IV, which included the IC 919 cluster.  Francis Pease also recorded it on plates taken with the 60-inch at Mt Wilson in 1919 and reported it in his 1920 publication as "B, 20"x8", p.a. 100°, gbM."

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IC 919 = CGCG 271-059 = CGCG 272-004 = PGC 48570

13 42 47.5 +55 31 17; UMa

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 25°

 

48" (5 /9/18): bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~18" diameter, very small bright nucleus.  Forms a very close pair with LEDA 2505000 = 2MASX J13424588+5531077, just 18" SW.  The companion was very faint, extremely small, round ~6" diameter.  IC 918 = LEDA 2505332 is 1.5' WNW.

 

The close pair are on the southwest side of AGC 1783 in a group of 18 ICs discovered visually with the 36" Lick refractor, though lie in the foreground at 460 million l.y.

 

24" (6/21/20): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 919 around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Burnham originally noticed a group of small and faint nebulae and Barnard estimated the positions (given in AN 2998) adding several discoveries (not specified), bringing the total to 18.  IC 919 is the only object Barnard described as "considerably bright", all others are "faint" or "very faint".  Harold Corwin suggests IC 919 may be CGCG 271-059 = PGC 48570 (4' due south of Barnard's position), although Wolfgang Steinicke identifies IC 919 as LEDA 2507977, which is only 1.3' NNE of Barnard's position.

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IC 921 = LEDA 2509643 = 2MASX J13430804+5539043

13 43 08.0 +55 39 04; UMa

V = 16.5;  Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 103°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint, small, round, 12" diameter, even surface brightness.  This member of AGC 1783 is situated 2.6' WNW of mag 9.9 HD 238276.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 921 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin and Wolfgang Steinicke identify IC 921 with LEDA 2509643, situated 1' S of Barnard's position.  There are no other nearby candidates in the cluster, so this identification is very reasonable though not certain due to several poor positions in the group. Edwin Hubble studied this group in his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  He noted this galaxy (listed as #41) was "very probably" IC 921 and based on plates taken with the Mt. Wilson 60-inch in 1919, Pease described it as "MB, 8"x4", p.a. 135°, lbM."  See IC 917 for more.

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IC 922 = LEDA 2507977 = 2MASX J13425640+5536137

13 42 56.4 +55 36 14; UMa

V = 14.9;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 120°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly bright, fairly small, round, ~20" diameter, gradually increases to the center.  This galaxy is one of the brighter members of AGC 1783 at a light-travel age of ~920 million years.  IC 923 lies 2.5' E.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 922 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 922 with LEDA 2507977, situated 18 seconds of RA west (2.6' W) of Barnard's position.  This is the brightest galaxy in the immediate area.  But Francis Pease, in his 1920 publication on nebulae found on Mt. Wilson 60-inch plates, as well as Wolfgang Steinicke, identified IC 922 with LEDA 3483133, situated 2.5' due east.  LEDA 3483133 is just 0.5' S of Barnard's position, and Pease considered this number as one of only 3 in the group with solid identifications.  But without knowing the general accuracy of his position, either identification is possible. See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued this galaxy based on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#40), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.

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IC 923 = LEDA 3483133 = 2MASX J13431420+5536113

13 43 14.2 +55 36 11; UMa

V = 15.6;  Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 15" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  This member of AGC 1783 is located 2.6' SW of mag 10.0 HD 238276.  IC 925 lies 0.8' NNE and IC 922 is 2.5' W.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 923 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 923 with LEDA 3483133, situated 1' SSW of Barnard's position.  Wolfgang Steinicke identifies LEDA 3483133 as IC 922 and labels LEDA 2508355 (very close to Barnard's position) as IC 923.  Hubble, in his 1917 PhD thesis on "Photographic investigations of faint nebulae", stated LEDA 3483133 (#43 in his table) was "very probably" IC 925.  Due to Barnard's generally poor positions in the cluster, the identification is uncertain. See IC 917 for more.

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IC 925 = LEDA 2508355 = 2MASX J13431609+5536563

13 43 16.1 +55 36 57; UMa

V = 16.4;  Size 0.5'x0.1';  PA = 106°

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint to fairly faint, thin edge-on ~20"x5", low surface brightness.  Located 1.9' SW of mag 10.0 HD 238276 in AGC 1783.  2MASX J13431420+5536113 (= IC 923?) lies 0.8' SSW and IC 922 is 2.9' WSW.  LEDA 2508607, just 0.5' NW, was extremely faint and small [V = 17.2], ~4" diameter.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 925 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 925 with LEDA 2508355, situated 1.1' NW of Barnard's position.  Wolfgang Steinicke identifies SDSS J134319.69+553551.4 as IC 925 but this galaxy appears to faint to me (B = 18.8) to have been picked up, even in the 36".   Due to general poor positions in the cluster, the identification is uncertain. See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued LEDA 2508355 on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#44), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.  Based on plates taken with the Mt. Wilson 60-inch in 1919, Pease described it as "MB, 20" x 5", p.a. 100°, spindle, gbM."

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IC 926 = LEDA 3483166 = 2MASX J13433923+5537534

13 43 39.3 +55 37 53; UMa

V = 16.7;  Size 0.3'x0.1';  PA = 94°

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint, small, round, ~8" diameter.  Situated in a clump of 7 galaxies in the core of AGC 1783 with LEDA 2509027 (= IC 929?) 50" E.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.5' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 926 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin and Wolfgang Steinicke identify IC 926 with 2MASX J13433923+5537534, situated 1.4' SE of Barnard's position.  There are a number of other nearby galaxies, but they are further east and assuming Barnard's RA order is correct, this identification is very reasonable, though not certain. In fact this galaxy is only 45" NW of Barnard's position for IC 928, and Francis Pease labeled it IC 928 in his 1920 nebulae observations based on 60" plates at Mt. Wilson.  See IC 917 for more.

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IC 928 = LEDA 2506714 = 2MASX J13434806+5534044

13 43 48.0 +55 34 04; UMa

V = 16.6;  Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, low surface brightness.  This member of AGC 1783 is situated 2.2' E of a mag 10.9 star and less than 5' S of the core of the cluster.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 928 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 928 with LEDA 2506714, situated 3.2' SSE of Barnard's position.  There are several other slightly fainter galaxies near this galaxy and the positional discrepancy is relatively large, so this identification is very uncertain. In fact, Francis Pease identified 2MASX J13433923+5537534 as IC 928 (Corwin labels this galaxy as IC 926) based on plates taken with Mt Wilson 60" in 1919 (published in 1920).  Steinicke identifies LEDA 2509027 (only 0.9' NE of Barnard's position) as IC 928, but Corwin labels this galaxy as IC 929!   See IC 917 for more.

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IC 929 = LEDA 2509027 = 2MASX J13434501+5538014

13 43 45.0 +55 38 02; UMa

V = 15.3;  Size 0.4'x0.3';  PA = 0°

 

48" (5 /9/18): moderately bright, small, round, 15" diameter, stellar nucleus.  LEDA 2506714 (assigned to IC 928 by Harold Corwin) is the brightest of 7 galaxies in the core of AGC 1783.  IC 926 is 50" W, IC 931 is 50" SE and IC 930 is 45" N!  A mag 13.5 star is 0.5' NW.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 929 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 929 with LEDA 2509027, situated 1.2' SSE of Barnard's position. Steinicke identifies 2MASXJ13434549+5538474 (only 30" SE of Barnard's position) as IC 929, but Corwin labels this galaxy as IC 930!  Due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identifications are uncertain. See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued LEDA 2509027 on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#48), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.  The group was also photographed with the Mt Wilson 60" in 1919 and Francis Pease identified LEDA 2509027 as IC 931 in his 1920 paper.  Barnard's position for IC 931 is 1' to the SE.  So, quite a confusing mess of identifications!

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IC 930 = LEDA 3483172 = 2MASX J13434549+5538474

13 43 45.5 +55 38 47; UMa

V = 16.4;  Size 0.4'x0.3';  PA = 99°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter, even surface brightness.  Located in the core of AGC 1783 with 6 other members with a 1.5' radius!!  The closest two are LEDA 2509027 (= IC 929?) 45" S and LEDA 2509480 (= IC 932?) 50" E.  Situated 3' WNW of mag 7.2 HD 119821, which detracts from viewing the fainter cluster members.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.5' NW.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 930 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Harold Corwin identifies IC 930 with LEDA 2509027, situated 2.0' S of Barnard's position. Steinicke identifies 2MASX J13435235+5539243 as IC 930, but Corwin labels this galaxy as IC 936.  Due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identifications are uncertain. See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued LEDA 3483172 on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#49), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.

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IC 931 = LEDA 2508641 = 2MASX J13434914+5537264

13 43 49.2 +55 37 26; UMa

V = 16.8;  Size 0.2'x0.1';  PA = 63°

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint, extremely small, round, 6"-8" diameter.  Located in the core of AGC 1783 2.5' WSW of mag 7.2 HD 119821.  LEDA 2509027 (= IC 929) lies 51" NW.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 931 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin and Steinicke identify IC 931 with LEDA 2508641, which is a close match with Barnard's position. Although this identification appears secure at first glance, due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identification is still uncertain (may be a positional coincidence). The group was photographed with the Mt Wilson 60" in 1919 (as well as Hubble for his PhD thesis) and Francis Pease identified LEDA 2509027 as IC 931.  See IC 917 for more.

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IC 932 = LEDA 2509480 = 2MASX J13435116+5538483

13 43 51.2 +55 38 48; UMa

Size 0.4'x0.2';  PA = 63°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 12"x8".  Located in the core of AGC 1783 with 2MASX J13434549+5538474 (= IC 930?) 0.8' W and 2MASX J13435235+5539243 (= IC 934?) 0.6' N.  Situated just 2.2' WNW of mag 7.2 HD 119821, which affected the observation.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 932 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin and Steinicke identify IC 932 with LEDA 2509480, which is located only 40" NNE of Barnard's position. Although this identification appears secure at first glance, due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identification is still uncertain (may be a positional coincidence). See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued LEDA 2509480 on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#53), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.

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IC 934 = LEDA 3483181 = 2MASX J13435235+5539243

13 43 52.4 +55 39 25; UMa

V = 16.7;  Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 174°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint, small, round, 10" diameter.  Located in the core of AGC 1783 just 2.3' NW of mag 7.2 HD 119821, which is a distraction.  Pretty similar IC 932 is 38" S and IC 930 is 1.2' SW.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 934 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin identifies IC 934 with 2MASX J13435235+5539243, which is located 2.6' NW of Barnard's position -- a large discrepancy.  Steinicke chooses SDSS J134402.89+553859.0 as IC 934, although this galaxy is very close to mag 7.25 HD 119821 and would probably not be seen in the glare of the star.  In any case due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the specific assignment of IC 934 is somewhat arbitrary. See IC 917 for more.

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IC 935 = LEDA 3483194 = SDSS J134402.89+553859.0

13 44 02.9 +55 38 59; UMa

Size 0.4'x0.1';  PA = 84°

 

48" (5 /9/18): very faint, very small, round, ~8" diameter.  Can almost hold continuously with averted vision once noticed.  The problem is this galaxy is situated just under 1' NW of mag 7.2 HD 119821, which strongly hinders viewing.  A tight group of 7 galaxies in the core of AGC 1783 is just a couple of arcminutes west.  Two mag 12.5 and 11.6 stars are collinear with the bright star, 0.9' E and 1.7' E.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 935 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin identifies IC 935 with SDSS J134402.89+553859.0, which is located 2.8' N of Barnard's position and just 1' NW of mag 7.25 HD 119821!  The bright star is not mentioned in Barnard's description, which is odd as it affected the view using the 48-inch.  Steinicke labels SDSS J134402.89+553859.0 as IC 934 = IC 936 and identifies IC 935 as a star.  In any case, due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identifications are very uncertain and just intelligent guesswork. See IC 917 for more.

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IC 936 = LEDA 2511548

13 44 08.6 +55 42 22; UMa

V = 16.7;  Size 0.4'x0.2';  PA = 93°

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 E-W, ~12"x8", even surface brightness.  Located 4.3' N of mag 7.2 HD 119821 in AGC 1783.  A mag 14.5 star is 1.5' W.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 936 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin identifies IC 935 with LEDA 2511548, which is located 5' N of Barnard's position, so a poor positional match.  Steinicke labels SDSS J134402.89+553859.0 as IC 934 = IC 936.  In any case, due to Barnard's imprecise positions and the close separations of the galaxies, the identifications are very uncertain and just intelligent guesswork. See IC 917 for more.

 

Edwin Hubble catalogued LEDA 2511548 on a plate taken with the 24-inch Yerkes reflector while working on his 1917 PhD thesis "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae" (published in 1920).  It was found in his Field IV of nebulae (#59), which included the IC 919 cluster.  Hubble didn't assign or suggest an IC designation.

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IC 937 = LEDA 3483224 = 2MASX J13442896+5537482

13 44 28.9 +55 37 49; UMa

V = 17.3;  Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

48" (5 /9/18): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Forms a close pair with IC 938 just 0.4' SE in the core of AGC 1783.  This galaxy is situated 3.2' E of mag 7.2 HD 119821, beyond two mag 11.6 and 12.5 stars that line up to the east of the bright star.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 937 along with IC 938 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin and Steinicke identify IC 937 with 2MASX J13442896+5537482, which is located just 1' S of Barnard's position.  See IC 917 for more.

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IC 938 = LEDA 3483228 = 2MASX J13443120+5537382

13 44 31.3 +55 37 39; UMa

V = 15.9;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 156°

 

48" (5 /9/18): fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.3'x0.1', small bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 937 just 0.4' NW in the core of AGC 1783.

 

E.E. Barnard and Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 938 along with IC 937 in a group around June 1892 with the 36" Lick refractor.  Corwin and Steinicke identify IC 938 with LEDA 3483228, which is situated just 30" NW of Barnard's position.  Edwin Hubble, in the 1920 published version of his 1917 PhD thesis ("Photographic investigations of faint nebulae"), also stated this galaxy (#62 in his table) is "very probably" IC 938. See IC 917 for more.

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IC 942 = MCG +10-20-031 = CGCG 295-013 = PGC 48903

13 47 41.1 +56 37 18; UMa

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.65';  PA = 96°

 

24" (5/24/20): at 375x; fairly faint, slightly elongated, ~25"x20", broad weak concentration.  Forms the southern vertex of a triangle with an isosceles triangle with a mag 11 star 6' NNE and a mag 10.7 star 7' NW.

 

UGC 8704, located 17' W, appeared moderately bright, very elongated ~7:2 WSW-ENE, very bright elongated core,  ~0.7'x0.2'.  Moderately high surface brightness and brighter than IC 942!

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 942 = Sw. VII-34 on 17 Apr 1888 and reported "eF; pS; R."  His position is accurate.  Catalogued as CGCG 295-013, but not identified as IC 942.

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IC 944 = UGC 8766 = MCG +02-35-019 = CGCG 073-085 = Holm 549a = WBL 470-001 = PGC 49204

13 51 30.9 +14 05 32; Boo

V = 13.3;  Size 1.6'x0.5';  PA = 107°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint to moderately bright, very elongated 3:1 WNW-ESE, ~1.2'x0.4', well concentrated with a relatively large brighter core (oval).  The halo is very faint and sometimes needed averted for the full extent.  Forms a 1.2' pair (NNE) with CGCG 073-086, which appeared very faint, roundish, 20" diameter, low surface brightness.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 944 = Sw. VII-36 = Sw. VIII-76, along with IC 946 and 948, on 7 Apr 1888.  He reported, "vF; cE; pS; 3 B stars near following."  Swift found the trio again a year later on 20 Apr 1889 and included them in his 8th list (#76, #77, #78).  Dreyer combined his two observations into IC 944.

 

William Herschel made the original discovery of IC 944 and IC 946 on 19 Mar 1787 (sweep 720) and recorded "Suspected, vF, vS, but doubtful."  His position is 3' too far south.  Because of his uncertainty, though, he didn't assigned an internal number or a catalogue designation.  Wolfgang Steinicke mentioned these discoveries in a post to the amastro mailing list on 24 Aug 2013.

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IC 945 = UGC 8732 = MCG +12-13-010 = CGCG 336-018 = PGC 48867

13 47 07.8 +72 04 13; UMi

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 118°

 

24" (6/30/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~40"x30", broad concentration but no distinct nucleus.  A mag 15.5-15.8 star is close off the S end, 30" from center.  CGCG 336-019 (identified as IC 945 in CGCG and PGC) lies 3.4' SE.  Located 10' WSW of mag 8.3 HD 120931.

 

CGCG 336-019 appeared faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 25"x20", diffuse, low and nearly even surface brightness.  A mag 14.4 star is 1.5' N.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, ~30" diameter, broad weak concentration to a slightly brighter core.

 

CGCG 336-015, located 25' NW, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Located 5.7' WSW of a mag 9.8 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 945 = Sw. VII-35 on 7 Jun 1888 and reported "eeeF; S; R; coarse D * nf points to it; np of 2 [with IC 954]"  His position is just off the north edge of CGCG 336-019 = PGC 48940, which is identified as IC 945 in the CGCG and PGC. But Harold Corwin proposes IC 945 is more likely CGCG 336-018 = PGC 48867, a much brighter galaxy 3' WNW of his position.  My observation confirms it appears significantly more prominent in the eyepiece.

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IC 946 = UGC 8772 = MCG +02-35-021 = CGCG 073-089 = WBL 470-004 = PGC 49244

13 52 08.4 +14 06 58; Boo

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 105°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint or moderately bright, fairly small, 30" diameter, very small bright nucleus.  Located 6' NNE of mag 8.1 HD 120877 in the small group WBL 470 with IC 948 4.7' ESE and IC 944 9' WSW. A mag 11.5 star is 1.2' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 946 = Sw. VII-37 = Sw. VIII-77, along with IC 944 and 948, on 7 Apr 1888.  He reported, "eF; vS; R; p close * foll."  and his position is 7 sec of RA too large.  Swift found the trio again a year later on 20 Apr 1889 and included them in his 8th list (#76, #77, #78).  Dreyer combined the two observations into IC 946.

 

William Herschel made the original discovery of IC 944 and IC 946 on 19 Mar 1787 (sweep 720) and recorded "Suspected, vF, vS, but doubtful."  His position is 1.5' too far south.  Because of his uncertainty, though, it wasn't assigned an internal number or a catalogue designation.

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IC 947 = UGC 8784 = MCG +00-35-023 = CGCG 017-085 = PGC 49287

13 52 35.9 +00 49 06; Vir

V = 12.7;  Size 1.5'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 63°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 225x and 375x; easily visible though situated just 45" SW of mag 8.0 HD 120967!  It was between fairly faint and moderately bright, elongated 2:1 SW-NE (in direction of the star), ~40"x20", sharply concentrated with a round, very bright core, low surface brightness oval halo.

 

LEDA 214176, situated 2.3' ESE, is just south of the midpoint of mag 8.0 HD 12096 (2' to its NW) and mag 9.5 HD 120981 to its SE. It appeared extremely faint and small, round, 6" diameter, but was not too difficult to see with averted vision despite the nearby bright stars.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 947 = J. 2-774 on 8 Jun 1893.  His description ("pB, 15" diameter, R, sbMN = 12m") makes no mention of the attached bright star, though it was used as the offset star.

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IC 948 = UGC 8779 = MCG +02-35-023 = CGCG 073-092 = WBL 470-007 = PGC 49281

13 52 26.7 +14 05 29; Boo

V = 13.2;  Size 1.3'x0.65';  PA = 151°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint or moderately bright, oval 3:2 or 5:3 NW-SE, 40"x24", strong sharp concentration with a small bright core and stellar nucleus, the halo is faint.  Member of the WBL 470 group with IC 946 4.7' WNW. A mag 8.1 star is 8' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 948 = Sw. VII-38 = Sw. VIII-78 on 7 Apr 1888 and reported "eF; S; R; 3 others suspected."  He found the trio again a year later and reported them as new in his 8th discovery list.

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IC 951 = UGC 8775 = MCG +09-23-012 = CGCG 272-011 = PGC 49215

13 51 47.2 +50 58 42; UMa

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.6

 

24" (6/30/19): at 200x; moderately bright and moderately large, irregularly round, 50" diameter, slightly brighter core, hint of spiral structure in halo.  At 322x, the brighter core/nucleus was more evident and the halo displayed slightly more structure but no clear spiral arms.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; fairly faint, moderately large, irregularly round, at least 45" diameter, very weak concentration.  Chameleon-like appearance; shifts appearance with averted vision and sometimes slightly brighter regions appear, like arcs of spiral arms.  Located 10' S of mag 8.7 HD 121047.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 951 = Sw. VII-40 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; coarse D[ouble] * nr sp."  His position is 2.5' SSE of UGC 8775 and his "coarse double star" is probably a wide pair 4' SSW.

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IC 954 = UGC 8765 = MCG +12-13-018 = CGCG 336-024 = VII Zw 527 = PGC 49083

13 49 56.9 +71 09 52; UMi

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  PA = 91°

 

24" (6/30/19): at 322x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, fairly small, small brighter core, ~0.5'x0.4'.  A mag 15.7 star is 0.7' NE.

 

CGCG 336-031, located 23' ENE, appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.4'x0.25', very small brighter core, stellar nucleus.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; at least fairly faint and nearly moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, strong concentration with a small bright core that increases to the center.  Located 1° E of mag 5.5 HD 118904.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 954 = Sw. VII-39 on 7 Jun 1888 and reported "eeF; S; R; B * f little south; sf of 2 [with IC 945]."  His position is relatively accurate - 0.9' too far north.

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IC 958 = NGC 5360 = UGC 8838 = MCG +01-36-001 = CGCG 046-003 = Holm 557b = PGC 49513

13 55 38.8 +04 59 05; Vir

V = 13.3;  Size 2.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 70°

 

See observing notes for NGC 5360.  Identification uncertain and probably should be classified as not found.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 958 = Sw. IX-39 on 19 Apr 1890 and reported "eeeF; pS; iR; seen only by glimpses."  His position is 3.5' NE of NGC 5360 and this is the favored identification by Harold Corwin.   But there are two question marks about this identification; there is no mention of brighter NGC 5364 8' ENE, which would have been in the same field.  Also his description implies a marginally visible object while NGC 5360 should have been more evident to Swift.  Yann Pothier suggests CGCG 046-033 = PGC 49845 could be Swift's object.  This would imply a 5.5 minute error in RA.  His argument is this galaxy is fainter than NGC 5360 (and more appropriate to be called "eeeF") and is isolated as opposed to NGC 5360.  As an alternative, Yann suggests a faint double star 22 seconds of RA due west of Swift's position.  So, this identification has plenty of uncertainty.

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IC 959 = UGC 8848 = MCG +02-36-001 = CGCG 074-007 = PGC 49540

13 56 03.4 +13 30 21; Boo

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 0°

 

24" (6/30/19): at 375x; moderately bright and large, elongated 3:2 N-S, 45"x30", small bright core.  A mag 12.4 star is 3.3' E and a 1' pair of mag 11/12.3 stars is 4.5' NE.  Located 33' S of mag 6.2 HD 121560.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 959 = Sw. VIII-79 on 20 Apr 1889 and reported "eeF; S; R."  His position was just off the northeast edge of UGC 8848 and there are no other nearby brighter galaxies that he might have found instead.

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IC 960 = UGC 8849 = VV 335 = MCG +03-36-003 = MCG -02-27-004 = CGCG 103-013 = PGC 49535 = PGC 49536 = LEDA 3167744

13 55 59.6 +17 30 21; Boo

Size 1.5'x0.8'

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; IC 960 = VV 335 is an interacting pair with a separation of 0.8' SSW-NNE.  The brighter NNE component (VV 335a) is faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SSW-NNE, 0.5'x0.3', low surface brightness.  The SSW galaxy (VV 335b) is extremely faint/very faint, small, round, 15" diameter, very low surface brightness.  On the SDSS this is a disrupted system (possibly a merged pair) with tidal tails that were not detected.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 960 = J. 1-265 on 17 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "faint, diffuse, rather extended with a little bit of condensation."  According to Harold Corwin, his recomputed position corresponds with the northern (brighter) nucleus.

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IC 962 = UGC 8868 = MCG +02-36-003 = CGCG 074-015 = KTG 51A = PGC 49626

13 57 13.2 +12 01 17; Boo

V = 13.3;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly bright, fairly small, round, 24", small bright nucleus, high surface brightness.  First in the KTG 51 triplet with CGCG 74-14 1.4' S and CGCG 74-16 3.1' SE.  Located 8.7' NW of mag 7.7 HD 121845.

 

CGCG 74-14 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.4'x0.25', sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus and a diffuse halo. CGCG 74-16 lies 1.8' SE and appeared faint to fairly faint, small, round, weak concentration, 18" diameter, small slightly brighter core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 962 = Sw. VIII-80 on 7 Apr 1889 and logged "pF, vS, R, bM."  He apparently missed the two fainter galaxies just south.

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IC 964 = MCG +03-36-010 = CGCG 103-024 = Ark 433 = WBL 480-002 = PGC 49661

13 57 41.3 +17 30 31; Boo

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, low nearly even surface brightness.  Brighter of a pair with IC 965 1.5' E.  Part of a group (WBL 480) at a distance of 300 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 964 = J. 1-268, along with IC 965, on 23 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "extremely faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, uniformly faint."  His position is accurate.

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IC 965 = MCG +03-36-011 = CGCG 103-026 = WBL 480-003 = PGC 49667

13 57 47.5 +17 30 38; Boo

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 64°

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, high surface brightness, 12"-15" diameter, very small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 964 1.5' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 965 = J. 1-269, along with IC 964, on 23 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "very faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, with a very small nucleus."  His position is accurate.

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IC 968 = CGCG 018-019 = MCG +00-36-007 = PGC 4986 = PGC 1080186

14 00 37.2 -02 54 27; Vir

V = 14.7/15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

48" (5/16/12): this pair is at the south end of a chain of 6 galaxies with dominant member NGC 5400 3' N.  At 488x the western component (MCG +00-36-007 = PGC 49866 at V = 14.7) appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, 24"x16", small bright core.  The eastern component  (PGC 1080186 = SDSS J140037.96-025422.7 at V = 15.0), just 22" NE, appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 18"x14', small bright core.

 

18" (6/30/11): this small double system lies 3' S of NGC 5400, a cD galaxy in the center of the poor group MKW 5.  At 285x appeared as a very faint, very small pair oriented SW-NE, each ~10" diameter and virtually tangent.  The NE component appeared slightly brighter.  A mag 11 star lies 3.2' WSW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 968 = Big. 181 on 6 May 1888.  His position is off by 2' in declination due to an error in the position of the offset star.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan has two measurements and his position is closer to the brighter member of the pair.

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IC 970 = UGC 8949 = MCG +03-36-028 = CGCG 103-049 = PGC 50010

14 02 34.2 +14 33 09; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.35';  PA = 53°

 

24" (6/30/19): at 375x; relatively bright, edge-on 5:1 SW-NE, ~0.9'x0.2', sharply concentrated with a strong bright core.  A linear, equally spaced trio of stars (two of 12th mag) lies ~3' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 970 = J. 1-271 on 24 May 1892.  His position is roughly 1' too far south and actually falls on CGCG 103-048, a fainter companion.  Is it possible he measured its position and observed both galaxies?

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IC 971 = MCG -02-36-005 = PGC 50120

14 03 52.8 -10 08 26; Vir

V = 12.8;  Size 2.2'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (6/15/15): at 260x; moderately bright and large, slightly elongated ~N-S, broad weak concentration.  Brightest in a group including IC 4358 4.6' WSW, IC 4634 11' NE and MCG -02-36-011 11.5' SE.

 

MCG -02-36-011 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 0.6'x0.5' [core region], small bright nucleus.  Occasionally extremely faint extensions were seen north and south.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 971 = Sf 105 on 20 May 1868 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  In a note in 1905 "Ein schoner Spiralnebel" ("A Beautiful Spiral Nebula"), Max Wolf described IC 971 as a "rare pure S-shape spiral with a mag 14 core." (AN 168, 75).

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IC 972 = PK 326+42.1 = Abell 37 = PN G326.7+42.2

14 04 26.0 -17 13 41; Vir

V = 13.6;  Size 43"x40"

 

18" (6/11/07): picked up unfiltered at 115x as a fairly small, round disc of ~40" diameter with no additional structure.  Good contrast gain with the OIII filter and appears as a moderately bright, crisp-edged disc with an even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint but easily picked up at 100x without filter as a moderately large, round disc less than 1' diameter.  Nicely enhanced with OIII filter and appears moderately bright, crisp-edged and slightly elongated N-S, 45"x40".  Also nice view at 100x with UHC filter.  Located 6.7' S of mag 9.4 SAO 158326.

 

13.1" (4/10/86): at 79x and OIII filter appears fairly faint, fairly small, round, with an even surface brightness and sharp edges.  Faint but visible without filter.  Easily takes 166x with a UHC filter.  No central star seen with or without a filter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 972 = J 1-272 on 25 May 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory.  Although the IC position is accurate, Abell assumed it was new and included it as #37 in his list of new planetary nebulae found by inspection of the POSS.  So, IC 972 = Abell 37.

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IC 973 = NGC 5467 = Holm 585d

14 06 29.4 -05 28 55; Vir

V = 14.5

 

= *, Carlson and Corwin.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 973 = Big. 182, along with IC 974, on 21 May 1890 while search for Wilhelm Tempel's NGC 5467 and 5465.  According to Harold Corwin he confused the field and reported this single star (identical to Tempel's NGC 5467) as possibly nebulous.  Corwin notes that "he caught the identity later when he was preparing his complete observations for publication."  Assuming the same star fooled both Tempel and Bigourdan, this is the only known case where a single star has both an NGC and IC designation!  Bigourdan's IC 974 is another nearby star he thought to be nebulous.

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IC 976 = UGC 9040 = MCG +00-36-020 = CGCG 018-059 = UM 639 = LGG 377-004 = PGC 50479

14 08 43.3 -01 09 42; Vir

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x0.6';  PA = 174°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 30"x20", sharply concentrated with a bright, very small nucleus and stellar peak.  Located 11' SE of mag 8.0 HD 123509.  Member of the NGC 5496 group (LGG 377), which is located 43' E.  Viewed at a low elevation in fairly poor transparency.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 976 = Sw. VII-41 on 12 Apr 1888 and reported "eF; vS; R; eF * attached s[outh]."  His position is 1.4' NW of the center of UGC 9040 but there isn't a star attached to its south side.  I noticed that if Swift's made a 3 minute error in RA, his position is a similar distance north of NGC 5496.  A faint star is attached to NGC 5496 but it's on the north side instead.

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IC 979 = UGC 9053 = MCG +03-36-061 = CGCG 103-090 = PGC 50530

14 09 32.4 +14 49 55; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.65';  PA = 172°

 

24" (6/12/18): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 N-S, 0.6'x0.4', brighter core increases a little to the center.  A mag 11.6 star is 2' NE.  UGC 9055, located 5' NE, appeared faint, small, roundish, 25" diameter, low even surface brightness.  First in the WBL 470 group with IC 946 9' ENE.  Mag 8.1 HD 120877 lies 7.5' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 979 = Sw. X-25 on 3 May 1891 and reported "eeF; pS; R; e diff."  His RA is 15 seconds of time too small.  There are a couple of other galaxies in the vicinity, but they are fainter so less likely to have been picked up by Swift.

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IC 982 = Arp 117 NED1 = UGC 9059 = MCG +03-36-066 = CGCG 103-096 = WBL 493-004 = LGG 376-002 = PGC 50560

14 09 59.1 +17 41 46; Boo

V = 13.0;  Size 1.0'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

18" (5/3/08): fairly faint, fairly small, round, weak concentration, 35" diameter. Forms the SW member of an Arp pair with IC 983 2.5' NNE.  Located 2.7' SW of a mag 9 star that detracts from viewing.  NGC 5490 lies 9' S and other fainter galaxies are in the field (see notes for NGC 5490).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 982 = J. 1-274, along with IC 983, on 27 May 1891.

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IC 983 = Arp 117 NED2 = UGC 9061 = MCG +03-36-068 = CGCG 103-098 = WBL 493-006 = PGC 50577

14 10 04.3 +17 44 01; Boo

V = 11.7;  Size 5.4'x4.7';  Surf Br = 15.1;  PA = 120°

 

18" (5/3/08): moderately bright but fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~25"x20", weak concentration to a very faint stellar nucleus.  Located 1.5' NW of mag 9 HD 123930.  The bright star overwhelms a much larger fainter halo that was not seen.  Forms a close interacting pair (Arp 117) with IC 982 2.5' SW.  NGC 5490C = Arp 79 lies 7' S and bright NGC 5490 is 11' S.  Arp 79 is very faint, fairly small, 25" diameter, irregularly round, low even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/23/98): not seen initially as I was looking for a large object, but at 280x I picked up a small 20" glow just 1.5' NW of mag 8.6 SAO 100889.  This was the small core -- the large, low surface brightness halo was overpowered by the nearby bright star.  I started to look for nearby IC 982 2.6' SW but the skies began to cloud over and observing was cut short.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 983 = J. 1-275, along with IC 982, on 27 May 1891.

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IC 984 = UGC 9062 = MCG +03-36-070 = CGCG 103-099 = Holm 596a = PGC 50580

14 10 07.7 +18 21 53; Boo

V = 13.6;  Size 1.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 35°

 

17.5" (6/2/00): very faint, small, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 1.0'x0.3', smooth surface brightness.  Located 1.5° SE of Arcturus!

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 984 = J. 1-276 on 27 May 1891.  CGCG misidentified CGCG 103-094 as IC 984, instead of CGCG 103-099.

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IC 986 = MCG +00-36-025 = CGCG 018-073 = PGC 50662

14 11 26.2 +01 17 11; Vir

V = 14.0;  Size 0.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

17.5" (5/11/02): faint, very small, round, 0.4' diameter, compact appearance. Located 4.7' SSW of mag 6.4 SAO 120334 and 13' W of NGC 5501.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 986 = J. 2-781 on 8 Jun 1893.

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IC 988 = MCG +01-36-026 = CGCG 046-071 = WBL 496-002 = PGC 50873

14 14 32.1 +03 11 25; Vir

V = 13.9;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 41°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 375x; between faint and fairly faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 20"x15".  A pair of mag 14.6/14.8 stars lie 1.3' N and a mag 14.9 star is 1' S.  IC 989 is 6' SE.  Located 10' SSW of mag 6.4 HD 124681.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 988 = J. 1-277, along with IC 989, on 28 May 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 989 = UGC 9114 = MCG +01-36-027 = CGCG 046-072 = WBL 496-003 = PGC 50891

14 14 51.3 +03 07 51; Vir

V = 13.3;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (7/1/19): at 375x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, fairly small, roundish, 0.6' diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Located 12' S of mag 6.4 HD 124681 and 7' W of STF 1819 (7.7/7.9 at 0.9").  Brightest in a group (WBL 496) with IC 988 6' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 989 = J. 1-278, along with IC 988, on 28 May 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 995 = UGC 9145 = MCG +10-20-091 = CGCG 295-042 = PGC 50990

14 16 31.1 +57 48 36; UMa

V = 14.2;  Size 1.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 147°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 200x and 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 4:1 NW-SE, 50"x12", contains a brighter elongated core.  Forms a similar pair with edge-on IC 996 13' SE.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; faint, fairly small, elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 45"x15", brighter elongated core with a faint outer disc.  IC 996, another edge-on with a similar position angle, lies 13' SE.  NGC 5526, a third edge-on with the a similar orientation is 21' WSW!

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 995 = Sw. VII-42 on 2 Jul 1888 and logged "eeF; S; lE; e diff. in vacancy; np of 2 [with IC 996].  His position is accurate.

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IC 996 = UGC 9152 = MCG +10-20-092 = CGCG 295-043 = KUG 1415+578 = PGC 51036

14 17 22.1 +57 37 47; UMa

V = 14.3;  Size 1.3'x0.2';  PA = 155°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 200x and 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, very thin edge-on at least 6:1 NW-SE, 50"x8", only a slightly brighter elongated core.  Forms a similar pair with edge-on IC 995 13' NW.  Situated on a line with a mag 12 star 2' N and a mag 10.5 star 3.7' S.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; nearly fairly faint, moderately large, edge-on 6:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.15', fairly low even surface brightness.  A mag 10.6 star is 3.7' S and a mag 12.4 star is 2' N. In a small group with IC 995 13' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 996 = Sw. VII-43 on 3 Jul 1888 and reported "eeeF; S; vE; eee diff.; sf of 2 [with IC 995].

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IC 997 = MCG -01-37-001 = PGC 51220

14 19 59.3 -04 27 05; Vir

V = 12.8;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 23°

 

18" (6/18/04): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 2:1 or 5:3 ~N-S. Contains a small, brighter, roundish core and the extensions are a much lower surface brightness.  A mag 14 star is just 0.8' N of center. A striking equilateral triangle of mag 11-12 stars is close northeast with the nearest star 1' N of center.  IC 997 is an (unresolved) interacting pair with companion PGC 1057935 and the brightest of a trio with IC 4401 9' WSW and IC 998 5' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 997 = Sw. 10A-4 = Sw. XI-168, along with IC 998, on 16 May 1892 and recorded "vF; S; R; * with distant companion near north; p of 2 [with IC 998]."  Swift reobserved it again on 16 Sep 1896 from Echo Mountain in Southern California and reported it as new in his 11th discovery list with a slightly modified position, probably to make sure Dreyer didn't miss this discovery.

 

Malcolm Thomson argues that IC 997 is identical to IC 4401 = PGC 51173 and IC 998 is PGC 51220, as these are the brightest two galaxies (of 4) in the region.  But Harold Corwin feels the separations and descriptions are a better fit with IC 997 = PGC 51220 and IC 998 = LEDA 1058483 (the comment "* with distant companion near north" would apply to the two stars immediately north).  See Harold Corwin's and Malcolm Thompson's identification notes for a full analysis.

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IC 998 = LEDA 1058483

14 20 19.3 -04 24 59; Vir

Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 60°

 

18" (6/18/04): faint, very small, round. The view is a bit confused by a very faint star which is close south (~20") so these objects could initially appear to be a faint, close double. The galaxy appeared only 10" or so in diameter. Barely visible with direct vision though only a faint stellar nucleus remained. Faintest of trio with IC 997 and IC 4401 and situated 5' ENE of IC 997.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 998 = Sw. 10A-5 = Sw. XI-169, along with IC 997, on 16 May 1892 (last two months at the Warner Observatory) and recorded "eeF; S; R; following of 2 [with IC 997]."  This galaxy is the faintest of a quartet, but Swift's offset from IC 997 points directly to this galaxy.  Swift reobserved it again on 16 Sep 1896 from Echo Mountain in Southern California and reported it as new in his 11th discovery list, probably to make sure Dreyer didn't miss this discovery.  Herbert Howe took LEDA 1058483 as IC 998 when he observed the field carefully around 1900 and also discovered IC 4401. But Malcolm Thomson argues against this identification.  See his detailed analysis in IC identifications.  Also see Corwin's comments on IC 997/998.

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IC 999 = UGC 9168 = MCG +03-37-001 = CGCG 104-003 = PGC 51189

14 19 32.7 +17 52 31; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 144°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 375x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, fairly small, very elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 35"x15", slightly brighter nucleus.  Forms a similar pair with IC 1000 2.2' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 999 = J. 1-283, along with IC 1000, on 23 Jun 1892.  His position is off the east side of the galaxy (same error as IC 1000; likely due to an imprecise position for his offset star).

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IC 1005 = NGC 5607 = UGC 9189 = MCG +12-14-001 = CGCG 337-007 = Mrk 286 = VII Zw 547 = PGC 51182

14 19 26.7 +71 35 17; UMi

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

17.5" (7/10/99): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.8' diameter, gradually increases to a small bright core and stellar nucleus at moments with concentration.  The galaxy is bracketed by two mag 13-14 stars 2.8' WSW and 2.2' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1005 = Sw. VII-44 on 7 Jun 1888 and reported "F; S; R; BM."  There is nothing at his position but ~1.0 min of RA east is NGC 5607 and his description is appropriate.  This galaxy was discovered by William Herschel in 1785.  So, IC 1005 = NGC 5607.  Most sources identify this galaxy was NGC 5607 only and ignore the IC designation.

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IC 1013 = MCG +04-34-030 = CGCG 133-060 = WBL 509-001 = AWM 3-3 = PGC 51643

14 27 50.8 +25 50 17; Boo

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 96°

 

17.5" (5/11/96): very faint, fairly small, round, very weak concentration, 40" diameter.  Located 5.8' WSW of NGC 5629 and 4' SW of IC 1017.  Faintest of 5 in a group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1013 = J. 1-291, along with IC 1017, on 16 Jun 1892.  His published offsets match CGCG 133-060, though Dreyer made a 1 degree error in north polar distance in the IC 1.  Javelle caught the errorn and noted it at the end of his third catalogue (Erratum au Premier Catalogue).  Dreyer included the correction in the IC 2 Notes.  Wolfgang Steinicke misidentified LEDA 214272 as IC 1013 and this error was repeated by Corwin and loaded into NED.  MCG, CGCG, PGC and HyperLEDA fail to identify CGCG 133-060 as IC 1013, probably due to the original IC error.

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IC 1014 = UGC 9275 = MCG +02-37-012 = CGCG 075-045 = PGC 51685

14 28 18.4 +13 46 49; Boo

V = 12.5;  Size 2.7'x2.0';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 90°

 

17.5" (6/8/02): very faint, fairly large, slightly elongated ~E-W, perhaps 2.5'x2.0'. Appears a diffuse, ill-defined glow with a weak central brightening.  The halo appears to fade into the background, so difficult to judge extent.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1014 = Sf 78 on 27 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "F, pL, R, vgbM."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1015 = VV 717 = I Zw 90 = CGCG 104-031 = MCG +03-37-018 = PGC 51686

14 28 19.2 +15 25 12; Boo

Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

48" (5/16/12): fairly small, irregular glow with several components extending ~0.7' SW-NE.  The southwest component was faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE.  The two northeast components were connected as a fairly faint, small glow, elongated SW-NE.  The east member had a quasi-stellar core.

 

Fritz Zwicky described this object as an "Interconnected post-eruptive blue pair of galaxies with several knots and jets."

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1015 = J. 292 on 28 Jun 1892 .   His position is accurate.

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IC 1016 = IC 4424 = NGC 5619B = MCG +01-37-014 = CGCG 047-048 = KTG 57C = Holm 645b = WBL 507-003 = PGC 51624

14 27 32.4 +04 49 18; Vir

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

See observing notes for IC 4424.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1016 = Sw. X-26 on 28 Apr 1891 and reported "vF; vS; R; f[ollowing] of [NGC] 5619."  There is nothing at his position, but 1.3 minutes of RA west is IC 4424, found by Bigourdan on 23 May 1892.  Bigourdan measured an accurate position, so his designation is used in most modern sources and IC 1016 has been discarded, although it should be the primary one.  RNGC calls this galaxy NGC 5619B, adding to the confusion.

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IC 1017 = UGC 9276 = MCG +04-34-032 = CGCG 133-062 = AWM 3-2 = PGC 51668

14 28 07.2 +25 52 08; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 128°

 

17.5" (5/11/96): fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 45"x25", bright core.  A mag 12 star is 1.1' WSW.  This galaxy is located 2.4' NW of NGC 5629 and is the second brightest in a group of 5 galaxies in field including IC 1013 4' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1017 = J. I-293, along with IC 1013, on 16 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position matches UGC 9276.  I'm surprised JH didn't pick up this relatively bright galaxy in his two observations of NGC 5629.

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IC 1019 = MCG +04-34-033 = CGCG 133-064 = AWM 3-4 = PGC 51667

14 28 13.5 +25 56 51; Boo

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.5'

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  A mag 13 star lies 25" W of center.  Located 6.0' N of NGC 5629 and 9' NW of a mag 7 star within a small group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1019 = J. 1-295 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1020 = UGC 9289 = MCG +04-34-035 = CGCG 133-068 = PGC 51728

14 28 49.5 +26 01 56; Boo

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 176°

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, elongated 2:1 N-S, very small bright core.  A mag 13 star lies 0.9' NW of center.  Located 13' NE of NGC 5629 and last of 5 in field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1020 = J. 1-296 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1026 = NGC 5653 = UGC 9318 = MCG +05-34-058 = CGCG 163-068 = LGG 383-002 = PGC 51814

14 30 10.6 +31 12 54; Boo

V = 12.2;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 125°

 

See observing notes for NGC 5653.

 

Truman Safford found IC 1026 = Sf. 13 on 11 May 1866 and simply noted "pretty bright".  There is nothing at his position but 1 minute of RA west is NGC 5653 and his description is appropriate for an 18.5" refractor.  Safford made several other 1 minute errors in his RA positions, including  IC 1030, and IC 1008.  C 1026 = NGC 5653.

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IC 1027 = UGC 9331 = MCG +09-4-009 = CGCG 273-008 = PGC 51796

14 29 48.5 +53 57 54; Boo

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  PA = 0°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 35" diameter, nearly even surface brightness.  IC 1027 is the brightest in a group with LEDA 2456695, situated just 1.7' N (at the same redshift).  It occasionally "popped" as an extremely small glow using averted vision, so was marginally glimpsed at V = 16.2.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1027 = Sw. VII-45 on 23 Jul 1887 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; another or a few F st. nr."  His position was just off the south side of UGC 9331 so the identification is certain. In 1900, Howe reported "Swift suspected 'another near'. I saw no nebula near by, but there is a star of mag 13, which was 0.7' south preceding."

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IC 1028 = NGC 5739 = UGC 9486 = MCG +07-30-052 = CGCG 220-049 = PGC 52531

14 42 28.9 +41 50 32; Boo

V = 12.1;  Size 2.3'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.6

 

See observing notes for NGC 5739.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1028 = Sw. VIII-81 on 1 Sep 1888 and reported "pB; S; R; F * close nf."  There is nothing at his position, but all modern catalogues identify IC 1028 = UGC 9368 (first given in the CGCG).  This galaxy is situated 15' SE of Swift's position.  But in August 2017, I noticed that IC 895 likely had 10 minute error in RA, so that IC 895 = NGC 5273, and Harold Corwin followed this lead and found IC 1028 (as well as IC 1045), also discovered on 1 Sep 1888, shared the same 10 minute error in RA.  The corrected position lands on the north edge of NGC 5739, and this galaxy has a 14th magnitude star off the northeast edge, matching the description.  This galaxy was originally discovered by William Herschel on 18 Mar 1787.

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IC 1029 = UGC 9361 = MCG +08-26-041 = PGC 51955

14 32 27.2 +49 54 13; Boo

V = 11.3;  Size 2.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 11.6;  PA = 152°

 

17.5" (6/24/95): moderately bright, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 2.0'x0.4'.  Contains a very small and round prominent core with a faint stellar nucleus at moments.  Located 3.2' W of a mag 9.5 star.  This is an unusual situation with a brighter IC galaxy (discovered by William Herschel) in the field of a fainter NGC galaxy (discovered by John Herschel).

 

William Herschel discovered IC 1029 = H II-696 = Big. 185 on 15 May 1787 (sweep 736) and recorded "pB, S, E."  His position matches UGC 9361.  This galaxy is the brighter of a pair of edge-ons with fainter UGC 9347 9.6' NW.  When JH observed the field, he picked up UGC 9347, measured the position accurately (mentioning the star at the edge), but assumed it was his father's II-696.  JH used his position for h1838 in the GC and Dreyer followed in the NGC (NGC 5673 = h1838, but not H II-696).

 

When Bigourdan observed the pair of galaxies on 14 Jun 1887, he assumed UGC 9361 was new, measured an accurate position, and Dreyer catalogued Big. 185 as IC 1029.  This is an unusual situation where an IC object was discovered earlier by WH!  Note:  Malcolm Thomson argues in his IC identification notes that NGC 5673 = IC 1029.  See NGC 5673 for more.

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IC 1030 = NGC 5672 = UGC 9354 = MCG +05-34-068 = CGCG 163-077 = LGG 383-003 = PGC 51964

14 32 38.3 +31 40 12; Boo

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 50°

 

See observing notes for NGC 5672.

 

Truman Safford found IC 1030 = Sf. 6 on 5 May 1866.  There is nothing at his position but 1 minute of RA west is NGC 5672, an error made by Safford on several other discoveries.  So, likely IC 1030 = NGC 5672.  Harold Corwin made this identification.

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IC 1031 = CGCG 248-005 = WBL 515-001 = PGC 52082

14 34 24.0 +48 02 15; Boo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 56°

 

24" (6/15/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.3'x0.2'.  A mag 15.2 star lies 40" NE.  First of 3 (WBL 515) with IC 1032 4.9' SE and IC 1033 6.7' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1031 = Sw. VII-46 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; nearly pointed to by 2 D st., 1st of 3 [with IC 1032 and 1033]."  His RA was 12 seconds too large (copied into the IC), but the identification is certain.  Howe measured an accurate position in his series of NGC/IC observations around 1900.

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IC 1032 = CGCG 248-006 = I Zw 91 = WBL 515-002 = PGC 52097

14 34 39.5 +47 58 05; Boo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/15/15): fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, fairly high surface brightness.  Second of three with IC 1033 1.9' SSE and IC 1031 4.9' NW.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, very small, irregularly round, 20"x15", occasional faint stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with slightly brighter IC 1033 just 2' S.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1032 = Sw. VII-47 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; 2nd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1033]."  On the SDSS, this is a merged double system with two nuclei (PGC 52097 + PGC 4126489).

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IC 1033 = CGCG 248-007 = WBL 515-003 = PGC 52099

14 34 41.8 +47 56 16; Boo

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.8'

 

24" (6/15/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, bright core, 25" diameter.  Slightly larger and brighter of a pair with IC 1033 1.9' NNW and IC 1031 6.7' NW forming a triplet.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1032 2' N.  Forms the vertex of a right angle with a mag 13 star 2.6' S and a mag 12 star 5' E.

 

These two small galaxies were picked up in the same field (10' apart) while viewing 7th magnitude C/2006 VZ13 (LINEAR) in the same field of view!  IC 1031 is located just 6.7' NW but missed viewing as it was outside of the field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1033 = Sw. VII-48 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 3rd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1032]."  His position is just 5 seconds too large in RA.

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IC 1039 = CGCG 047-133 = WBL 518-002 = PGC 52428

14 40 29.4 +03 25 58; Vir

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 43°

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 15" diameter.  Located 3.7' SW of NGC 5718 in the core of the galaxy group MKW 8.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1039 = J. 1-306, along with IC 1041, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891.

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IC 1041 = MCG +01-37-045 = CGCG 047-134 = WBL 518-004 = PGC 52434

14 40 37.9 +03 22 37; Vir

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 165°

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 NNW-SSE, well concentrated with a small bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 1043 1.4' E. Located 5.5' S of NGC 5718/IC 1042 in the MKW 8 cluster.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1041 = J. 1-308 = Sw. 10A-6 = Sw. XI-173, along with IC 1039, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891.  His dec is ~1.5' too far south but the identification is certain.   Lewis Swift found it again on 17 May 1892 and noted Sw. 10A-6 as "eF, vS, lE.  1st of 3 [with IC 1042 and NGC 5718]."  Swift reobserved it again on 16 Sep 1896 from Echo Mountain in Southern California and reported it as new in his 11th discovery list with a slightly modified position, probably to make sure Dreyer didn't miss this discovery. Dreyer assumed Swift's observation referred to IC 1039, but since his declination was 6' south of IC 1042, it probably refers to IC 1041.

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IC 1042 = Arp 171 NED1 = UGC 9457 = MCG +01-37-046 = WBL 518-003 = PGC 52433

14 40 39.0 +03 28 10; Vir

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, weak concentration.  Fainter member of a double system (Arp 171) with NGC 5718 at the WSW edge (haloes virtually in contact.

 

17.5" (6/8/91): very faint, very small, low even surface brightness.  Forms a double system (Arp 171) just off the WNW edge of NGC 5718.  Member of the poor cluster MKW 8

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1042 = J. I-309 = Sw. 10A-7 = Sw. XI-174, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1043, on 28 May 1891 and recorded "vF, R, 10" diameter, brighter center."  In a footnote he mentioned "distinct from NGC 5718".  Lewis Swift independently discovered the galaxy on 17 May 1892 and noted Sw. 10A-7 as "eeF, S, R, close D with 5718."  Swift reobserved it again on 16 Sep 1896 from Echo Mountain in Southern California and reported it as new in his 11th discovery list, probably to make sure Dreyer didn't miss this discovery.

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IC 1043 = LEDA 2800989

14 40 43.4 +03 22 26; Vir

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 22°

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, 15"x10", faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 1.4' E of IC 1041 in the core of the NGC 5718 group (MKW 8). This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1043 = J. 310, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1042, on 28 May 1891.  His dec is nearly 2' too far south (same as IC 1041).

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IC 1045 = UGC 9559 = MCG +07-30-068 = CGCG 220-058 = CGCG 221-001 = Mrk 827 = Holm 683a = PGC 52995

14 50 39.4 +42 44 27; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  PA = 150°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 375x; fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, ~1.0'x0.4', bright elongated core.  CGCG 220-059, just 1.8' NNE, appeared faint, small, round, 15" diameter.  Both galaxies are within the outline of a triangle of mag 10/11/12 stars.

 

UGC 9542, located 25' SW, appeared fairly faint, moderately large, very thin edge-on, 1.0'x0.25', fairly low nearly even surface brightness.

 

24" (6/3/19): at 322x; UGC 9559 (recently identified as IC 1045) appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 or 5:2 NW-SE, ~40"x16", brighter core.  At the center of a triangle with a mag 9.7 star 5.9' WSW, a mag 11 star 4' SE and a mag 12 star 3.6' NNE.

 

Forms a physical pair of Markarian galaxies with CGCG 220-059 1.8' NNE.  The companion was very faint and small, round, 12"-15" diameter.

 

NED equates IC 1045 with NGC 5731, described below.

17.5" (6/27/98): faint, moderately large, very elongated NW-SE, 1.0'x0.25', weakly concentrated.  A mag 13 star lies 1.5' NW of center.  Forms a close pair of edge-ons with NGC 5730 3' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1045 = Sw. VIII-82 on 1 Sep 1888 and reported "eeeF; pS; R; nearly bet. 2 st.; forms triangle with 2 st; eee diff." There is nothing at his position, but 7' WNW is NGC 5731 and Harold Corwin originally considered this galaxy as a candidate for IC 1045.  This identification implies Swift didn't notice NGC 5730, which is in the same field and equally as bright.

 

But in August 2017, Harold Corwin followed up on my suggestion that Swift made a 10 minute error in RA in the position of IC 895 and found that the same 10 minute correction applied to IC 1045 as well as IC 1028 (both discovered on the same night), resulted in IC 1045 = UGC 9559.  No modern catalogues (yet) make this identification.  Courtney Seligman additionally found that IC 511, the 4th object discovered that night by Swift, shares the same 10 minute error!

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IC 1046 = MCG +12-14-011 = CGCG 337-017 = PGC 52284

14 37 53.4 +69 00 52; UMi

Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 87°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 or 2:1 E-W, small brighter nucleus.  Mottled, irregular appearance, ~36"x20".  A ~20" pair of mag 11.7/13.2 stars is 3' E (nearly collinear with the galaxy).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1046 = Sw. VII-49 on 11 Jun 1888 and reported "eF; S; R; D * nr f[ollowing] points to it."  His position is within 30" of CGCG 337-017 = PGC 52284 and the double star is 3.5' E.

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IC 1047 = MCG +03-37-038 = CGCG 104-071 = CGCG 105-004 = PGC 52522

14 42 19.9 +19 11 31; Boo

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (7/10/10): at 285x appeared very faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low surface halo surrounding a brighter core.  Located 5' S of a mag 11 star.  Collinear with three mag 13-13.5 stars extending to the NE with the closest 1.6' NE. A compact group of extremely faint galaxies lies 4' S of IC 1047 and the combined glow (or the brightest galaxy) was just visible.  NGC 5737 lies 22' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1047 = J. 313 on 18 May 1892.

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IC 1049 = UGC 9461 = MCG +10-21-021 = CGCG 296-016 = PGC 52379

14 39 33.1 +62 00 11; Dra

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 70°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 225x and 375x; moderately bright and large, roundish, ~45"-50" diameter, increases gradually and mildly to the center.  A mag 10.4 star is 4.7' SSW and a mag 11.1 star is 4.4' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1049 = Sw. IX-41 on 2 Jul 1889 and reported "eeF; pS; R; nearly bet. 2 distant wide D st."  The wide double stars are NE and S.

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IC 1051 = CGCG 105-012 = PGC 52629

14 44 11.6 +19 01 13; Boo

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

18" (7/10/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 16' NE of NGC 5737 and 18' NW of mag 6.2 HD 130025.  A line of three mag 13 stars aligned E-W lies 4' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1051 = J. 315 on 18 Jul 1892.

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IC 1056 = IC 1057 = UGC 9516 = MCG +08-27-023 = CGCG 273-025 = PGC 52713

14 45 49.0 +50 23 39; Boo

V = 13.3;  Size 1.8'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 20°

 

24" (7/11/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, 1' diameter, slightly elongated ~N-S, low surface brightness outer halo increases with averted, brighter core has a broad, weak concentration towards the center.  Situated between a mag 10.5 star 2.6' W and a mag 7.8 star 6.6' E.  Three additional mag 10 stars are within 7' to the SW.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1056 = Sw. VII-50 on 4 Jul 1888 and reported, "eeF, L, R; forms an arc of a small circle with 2 sts; 3 pB sts nr sf in form of arc of a large circle."  His position was just off the west edge of this galaxy.  Swift first discovered this galaxy on 8 Apr 1888, but his description for IC 1057 differed and the position was 3' off, so he assumed they were different.  But IC 1056 = IC 1057.  The higher number should be the primary based on historical precedence.

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IC 1057 = IC 1056 = UGC 9516 = MCG +08-27-023 = CGCG 273-025 = PGC 52713

14 45 49.0 +50 23 39; Boo

V = 13.3;  Size 1.8'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 20°

 

24" (7/11/18): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, 1' diameter, slightly elongated ~N-S, low surface brightness outer halo increases with averted, brighter core has a broad, weak concentration towards the center.  Situated between a mag 10.5 star 2.6' W and a mag 7.8 star 6.6' E.  Three additional mag 10 stars are within 7' to the SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1057 = Sw. VII-51 on 8 Apr 1888 and reported "eF; pS; R; bet a pB* and a coarse D *, nearer the latter.  His position is 2.3' too far SE.  He rediscovered the galaxy on July 4th and it was recatalogued as IC 1056 with a more accurate position.  Neither Swift nor Dreyer caught the equivalence as the descriptions and positions are enough different.

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IC 1060 = MCG -01-38-004 = PGC 53075

14 51 47.3 -07 13 57; Lib

V = 13.6;  Size 1.5'x0.8';  PA = 92°

 

18" (7/24/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, ~32"x22", broad weak concentration to the center but no distinct core or nucleus.  Located 20' W of a 1.4' pair of mag 9 stars. MCG -01-38-006 lies 23' NE.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1060 = Sf 106 on 23 May 1868 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1062 = MCG +03-38-041 = CGCG 105-047 = PGC 53044

14 51 17.7 +18 41 13; Boo

V = 14.3;  Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 100°

 

17.5" (6/7/97): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  View hampered by mag 7.5 SAO 101247 just 2.2' S!  Located 25' S of Xi Boo (V = 4.6).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1062 = J. 321 on 18 Jul 1892.  CGCG doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1062.

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IC 1065 = UGC 9553 = MCG +11-18-008 = CGCG 318-004 = PGC 52924

14 49 21.6 +63 16 14; Dra

V = 13.6;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 89°

 

18" (7/10/10): faint, very small, 15" diameter.  Appears to have an extremely low surface brightness halo increasing the diameter to 30".  Located 14' SE of Stein 775 = 11.5/12.0 at 9".

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1065 = Sw. VII-52 on 7 Apr 1888 and recorded "vF, pS, R."  His position is just off the south side of the galaxy. Identified in the MCG only as +11-18-008.

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IC 1066 = UGC 9573 = MCG +01-38-009 = PGC 53176

14 53 02.9 +03 17 44; Vir

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 70°

 

48" (4/19/17): bright, moderately large, oval 5:3 WSW-ENE, ~0.8'x0.5'.  Contains a small, very bright nucleus.  A mag 11 star is 1.8' E, a mag 12.5 star is 1.2' ESE and a mag 16.6 star lies 0.9' N.  Forms a bright pair with IC 1067 2.2' NNE. 

 

24" (6/23/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 WSW-ENE, ~40"x24".  Occasionally appears slightly brighter along the major axis.  An 11th mag star is 2' E with a 13th mag star is 1.3' ESE.  Forms a nice pair with IC 1067 2.3' NNE.

 

17.5" (6/18/93): faint, small, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, almost even surface brightness, weak concentration.  A wide pair of mag 11 and 13 stars at 40" separation are about 1.5' ESE.  Forms a close pair with IC 1067 2.2' NNE.  In the same 140x field (using a 14mm Nagler) with NGC 5774 and 5775 20' NE.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1066 = J. 1-324, along with IC 1067, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  He assumed he was observing the double system NGC 5765, but his description and sketch clearly refers to the IC pair.  He recorded "2 neb with 3 B st near, both F, bM.  The north one has a double star close sp, and is E np sf; the s one is perhaps also slightly E sp nf."  A diagram in the 1880 publication is a perfect match with IC 1066 and IC 1067 (close northeast of a double star).  The pair of galaxies was found again on 3 May 1856 while searching for NGC 5775!  Dreyer realized that Mitchell's pair was different than NGC 5775, but without a position he wasn't able to include it in the NGC.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 28 May 1891, measured an accurate position, and it was catalogued as IC 1066.  Javelle is credited in the IC, as the connection with the Birr Castle sketch was never made.

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IC 1067 = UGC 9574 = MCG +01-38-010 = PGC 53178

14 53 05.4 +03 19 53; Vir

V = 12.2;  Size 2.2'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 110°

 

48" (4/19/17): bright, moderately large, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~1.0' diameter.  Contains a very bright very small nucleus.  I didn't notice the bar structure in a quick observation.  An easy 9" pair of mag 15-15.5 stars is on the southwest side.  Forms a 2.2' pair with IC 1066 to the SSW with the NGC 5774/5775 18' NE.  A mag 16.6 star lies 1.3' SSW, nearly on a direct line between IC 1066 and IC 1077.

 

24" (6/23/17): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, roundish, ~45" diameter.  Contains a very small brighter nucleus embedded in a "bar" that was often seen oriented NW-SE.  A 15th mag star is superimposed at the west edge.  Brighter of a nice pair with IC 1066 2.2' SSW.  Two mag 11 and 13 stars lies 2.5' E and a similar distance southeast.

 

17.5" (6/18/93): slightly larger and brighter of close pair with IC 1066 2.2' SSW.  Fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 1.0'x0.8', bright core.  A mag 12 star is 2.7' ESE.  Prominent for an IC pair.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1067 = J. 1-325, along with IC 1066, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  See the story under IC 1066.

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IC 1069 = UGC 9563 = MCG +09-24-044 = CGCG 273-029 = PGC 53000

14 50 46.5 +54 24 40; Boo

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x0.7';  PA = 50°

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, ~40"x30", sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1069 = Sw. VII-53 on 8 Apr 1888 and reported "pF; vS; R; in vacancy."  His position is 3' too far southeast, but there are no other nearby galaxies so the identification is certain.

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IC 1070 = CGCG 048-059 = WBL 532-002 = PGC 53245

14 53 51.3 +03 29 05; Vir

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  PA = 121°

 

48" (4/19/17): moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NW-SE, brighter core but no sharp nucleus.  Located 4' SSW of NGC 5775, which forms a striking pair with NGC 5774.

 

24" (6/23/17): at 375x; faint, very small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 15"x12", weak concentration.  Located 4' SSW of NGC 5775.

 

24" (7/14/15): at 375x; faint to fairly faint (visible continuously), small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  By far the faintest and smallest in a trio with NGC 5774 3.9' NE and NGC 5774 6.3' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1070 = J. 1-327 on 3 Jun 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "vF, S, R, diffic."

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IC 1071 = UGC 9582 = MCG +01-38-015 = CGCG 048-062 = PGC 53260

14 54 12.5 +04 45 00; Vir

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 150°

 

18" (6/17/04): brightest and furthest south of a collinear trio with IC 1072 5.5' N and IC 1073 2.7' N.  Appears fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.6'.  A mag 12 star lies 4.8' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1071 = Sw. X-27 on 25 Jun 1891 and logged "eF; S; R; BM."  His position is 2' too far south.  Swift missed nearby IC 1072 and IC 1073 to the north, which Javelle discovered the following year.  Howe reported a corrected position in his series of NGC/IC observation in Monthly Notices.

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IC 1072 = MCG +01-38-016 = CGCG 048-064 = PGC 53258

14 54 13.1 +04 50 29; Vir

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly smooth surface brightness.  In a collinear triplet (second brightest) with IC 1071 5.5' S and IC 1073 2.8' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1072 = J. 328, along with IC 1073, on 18 May 1892 .

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IC 1073 = CGCG 048-063 = PGC 53259

14 54 14.4 +04 47 40; Vir

V = 14.9;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faintest of a collinear triplet with IC 1071 2.7' S and IC 1072 2.8' N.  Very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness and requires averted.  A mag 12 star lies 4' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1073 = J. 329, along with IC 1072, on 18 May 1892

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IC 1074 = UGC 9572 = MCG +09-24-047 = CGCG 273-030 = PGC 53084

14 51 57.3 +51 15 54; Boo

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  PA = 117°

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ~40"x20", slightly brighter core.  A mag 12.7 star is 1.7' W, a mag 14.4 star is 1' SSW and a mag 9.5 star is 3.4' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1074 = Sw. VII-54 on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "eeF; S; R."  His position is just off the north edge of the galaxy.

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IC 1075 = UGC 9593 = MCG +03-38-053 = CGCG 105-069 = WBL 535-001 = PGC 53314

14 54 49.2 +18 06 21; Boo

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  PA = 155°

 

24" (7/11/18): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 NNW-SSE, ~40"x24", weak concentration, fairly low surface brightness.  In a trio (WBL 535) with IC 1076 4.8' SSE and CGCG 105-073 5.4' ENE.  The CGCG (background galaxy at over twice the redshift) appeared extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low surface brightness.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1075 = Sw. VII-83, along with IC 1076, on 22 Apr 1889.  He reported "eeeF; pS; R; p of 2 [with IC 1076]."

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IC 1076 = UGC 9595 = Mrk 479 = MCG +03-38-055 = CGCG 105-071 = SBL 535-002 = PGC 53320

14 54 59.6 +18 02 14; Boo

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 9°

 

24" (7/11/18): at 282x; moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SSW-NNE, ~45"x25", brighter core.  Brightest in a quartet with IC 1075 4.8' NNW and CGCG 105-073 5.8' NNE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1076 = Sw. VIII-84, along with IC 1075, on 22 Apr 1889.  He reported "eeeF; pS; R; in vacancy; pB * sp; f of 2 [with IC 1075]."  Stephane Javelle found it again on 13 Jun 1892 and reported it as new (J. 1-330), with comments "faint, round, 30" diameter, central condensation."

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IC 1077 = ESO 581-0029 = MCG -03-38-030 = PGC 53450

14 57 21.7 -19 12 50; Lib

V = 12.6;  Size 1.4'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 135°

 

17.5": fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 1.1' diameter, very weak even concentration.  A mag 13.5 star lies 2.4' SW.  Located 20' WNW of NGC 5791 in the group LGG 389.  This is a relatively bright IC galaxy.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1077 = LM(S) 676, along with IC 1081, on 18 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric offset in RA matches ESO 581-002 (no measurement in declination).  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 5' too far south.

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IC 1078 = UGC 9608 = MCG +02-38-025 = CGCG 076-102 = WBL 536-001 = PGC 53411

14 56 29.0 +09 21 16; Boo

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  PA = 13°

 

24" (7/14/15): faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, low surface brightness.  Forms a nice pair with IC 1079 2.0' NE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.7' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1078 = J. 1-331, along with IC 1079, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "pF, vS, R, lbM."

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IC 1079 = UGC 9611 = MCG +02-38-026 = CGCG 076-103 = WBL 536-002 = PGC 53418

14 56 36.2 +09 22 11; Boo

V = 13.3;  Size 1.7'x1.0';  PA = 82°

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated E-W, ~45"x36", well concentrated with a small very bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1078 2' SE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.3' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1079 = J. 1-332, along with IC 1078, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "F, vS, R, gbM."

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IC 1080 = MCG -01-38-010 = PGC 53480

14 57 59.8 -06 43 24; Lib

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 30°

 

18" (7/24/11): faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 26"x18", broad weak concentration, no distinct zones.  Located 3' ESE of mag 8.8 HD 132149.  MCG -01-38-012 lies 9.4' SE and PGC 160367 is 15' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1080 = J. 2-787 on 9 Jun 1893.

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IC 1081 = ESO 581-009 = MCG -03-38-036 = PGC 53525

14 58 55.1 -19 14 21; Lib

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 147°

 

17.5": very faint, very elongated NW-SE, 1.2'x0.3', low even surface brightness.  Very weakly concentrated.  Forms a close pair with brighter NGC 5791 2.7' SW and 5.7' due north of a mag 10 star.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1081 = LM(S) 677, along with IC 1077, on 18 Mar 1887 and recorded "1.0'x0.3', E 175°".  Muller didn't make an offset measure in declination.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 4' too far south.

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IC 1083 = MCG +12-14-014 = CGCG 337-024 = PGC 53362

14 55 33.4 +68 24 31; UMi

Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 94°

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3, ~24"x18", broad gradual concentration but no well defined core or nucleus.  A 15" pair (uncatalogued) of mag 11.8/12.5 stars is 7' ESE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1083 = Sw. VII-55 on 2 Aug 1888 and reported "eeF; S; R; D * in field f."  His position is less than 2' NW of PGC 53362 and the double star following clinches the identification.

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IC 1084 = MCG -01-38-017 = PGC 53648

15 01 14.9 -07 28 30; Lib

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 171°

 

18" (6/13/07): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 25"x20".  Located south of a group of 4 stars in a triangular pattern and 5' ESE of much brighter NGC 5812.

 

Francis Leavenworth discovered IC 1084 = LM(S) 693 on 30 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory and noted "mag 15.6, 0.3', R, dif."  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1085 = MCG +03-38-074 = CGCG 105-098 = PGC 53710

15 02 43.4 +17 15 09; Boo

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.75';  PA = 24°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 30"x25".  Well concentrated with a small bright core (round).  The low surface brightness halo appears elongated ~5:4.  A mag 13 star is 1.8' SW.  Located 6.4' ENE of mag 9.4 SAO 101342.  IC 1086 lies 14' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1085 = J. 1-334, along with IC 1086, on 8 Jul 1891.  His position is over 1' too far south, apparently due to an error in the declination of the offset star (SAO 101342).

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IC 1086 = MCG +03-38-077 = CGCG 105-101 = PGC 53734

15 03 29.2 +17 06 52; Boo

V = 14.4;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 165°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, high surface brightness, occasional stellar nucleus.  IC 1085 lies 14' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1086 = J. 1-335, along with IC 1085, on 8 Jul 1891.  His position is 1.7' too far south, apparently due to an error in the declination of the offset star.  Some sources (such as Megastar) misidentify nearby MCG +03-38-078 as IC 1086.  This fainter galaxy is closer to Javelle's poor position.

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IC 1087 = MCG +01-38-031 = CGCG 049-002a = PGC 53952

15 06 43.9 +03 46 36; Vir

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 80°

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WSW-ENE, ~24"x18", small bright nucleus.  IC 1087 is the brighter of a close pair with UGC 9710 (misidentified as modern sources as IC 1088) just 32" SW.  IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE.

 

Mrk 1392 (brightest in the trio WBL 542) lies 12' SW.  It appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", strongly concentrated, small bright nucleus (Seyfert 1 nucleus).  CGCG 048-116, 2.0' E, is fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly even surface brightness.  CGCG 048-117, 3.8' SE, is faint, small, round, stellar nucleus surrounded by an 0.3' halo.

 

17.5" (6/29/00): this is the brighter of close pair of difficult galaxies.  At 220x, it appeared as an extremely faint and small glow, perhaps 25" diameter.  At 280x a confused glow was visible and with extended viewing a close companion (UGC 9710) was just resolved to the southeast .  With concentration both members could almost be held continuously.  A mag 15 star lies 1.3' NE (this is IC 1088).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1087 = J. 336, along with IC 1088, on 28 May 1891.  His reference for IC 1087 and IC 1088 was a mag 9-10 star at 15 07 02.6 +03 50 50 (2000).  His offsets for #336 = IC 1087 are -19.8 seconds of time and -4' 14.8" dec. This places IC 1087 at 15 06 42.8 +03 46 35 (J2000), a perfect match with the northwest galaxy of the pair.  IC 1088, though, refers to a mag 15 star 1.3' NE of IC 1088.  It is often misidentified as the southeast member of the pair.

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IC 1088

15 06 47.4 +03 47 31; Vir

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE of IC 1087.  Modern sources (UGC, MCG, CGCG, HyperLeda, SIMBAD) misidentify UGC 9710 as IC 1088.

 

UGC 9710 appeared extremely faint or very faint, fairly small, very low surface brightness streak, ~30"x5".  This galaxy is the fainter of a close pair with IC 1087 just 32" NW!

 

On 29 Jun 2000 I also viewed UGC 9710 in my 17.5" and recorded, "fainter of a very close pair with IC 1087 [33" between centers].  Glimpsed with averted vision only as a very small, elongated glow, ~20"x10" E-W.  It was difficult to hold IC 1087 and UGC 9710 simultaneously.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1088 = J. 336, along with IC 1087, on 28 May 1891.  See IC 1087.

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IC 1091 = MCG -02-39-001 = PGC 54044

15 08 13.5 -11 08 27; Lib

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  PA = 132°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ~0.6'x0.3', low even surface brightness, no noticeable core or zones.  Located 9.5' NW of NGC 5858.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1091 = Big. 187 on 1 Jun 1888 and recorded "mag 13.4-13.5; diffuse; 40" diameter; stellar nucleus.  His position matches PGC 54044.

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IC 1093 = UGC 9727 = MCG +03-39-002 = CGCG 106-006 = PGC 54002

15 07 35.6 +14 32 53; Boo

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 115°

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.6' diameter, very weak concentration, overall low surface brightness.  IC 1094 lies 5' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1093 = J. 1-340, along with IC 1094, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, lbM".  His position is 1.6' too far south (same offset as IC 1094).

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IC 1094 = MCG +03-39-006 = VIII Zw 453 = CGCG 106-008 = PGC 54006 + 54009 + 54011

15 07 42.2 +14 37 30; Boo

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/14/15): IC 1094 NED1 appeared very faint, very small, round, at most 15" diameter.  Forms a very close pair with IC 1094 NED2+3 (itself a very close, unresolved double), just 22" between centers.  The second galaxy was very faint, extremely small, quasi-stellar (6" or less).  IC 1093 lies 5' SSW.

 

Zwicky called VIII Zw 453 a "Triplet of fuzzy red elliptical galaxies" with No. 1  m(p) = 15.8, No. 2  25" NNE of No. 1; m(p) = 17.6 and No. 3  8" SE of No. 2; m(p) = 18.0.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1094 = J. 1-341, along with IC 1093, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, biN" implying he noticed two of the three components.

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IC 1095 = MCG +02-39-002 = CGCG 077-019 = VIII Zw 454 = PGC 54063

15 08 35.1 +13 40 14; Boo

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x16", low even surface brightness.  Forms an interacting double system with MCG +02-39-003 just 28" NW.  The compact companion is extremely faint and small, round, just ~6" diameter.  It's squeezed between IC 1095 and a mag 15.5 star just 23" W.  On the SDSS, the companion is attached at the tip of a stretched spiral arm from IC 1095.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1095 = Sw. VIII-85 on 26 May 1889 and recorded "eeF; S; lE; * 9m in field sf."  His position is exactly 20' too far north but the 9th mag star HD 134335 fits his description and the RA matches.  I'm assuming he only picked up the brighter component of this double system.  Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson agree with this identification.

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IC 1096 = MCG +03-39-008 = CGCG 106-010 = WBL 548-001 = PGC 54050

15 08 21.6 +19 11 32; Boo

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 77°

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  First and faintest in a trio with CGCG 106-011 (misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern sources) 1.1' NE and IC 1097 2.3' ESE.  Situated 1.2' SSE of a mag 10.3 star and 1.6' W of a mag 11.2 star!  The two stars and 3 galaxies are within a 3' circle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1096 = J. 1-342, along with IC 1097, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position matches CGCG 106-010 = PGC 54050, the faintest of 3 galaxies in a trio.  IC 1097 matches UGC 9735 = PGC 54059, the second brightest.  Apparently either Javelle missed CGCG 106-011 = PGC 54055, the brightest in the trio, or perhaps just failed to measure a position.  In any case all modern catalogues (MCG, CGCG, PGC, HyperLeda, SIMBAD, UGC Notes) misidentify CGCG 106-011 as IC 1096. Malcolm Thomson and Harold Corwin agree with this identification.  See their identification files for more.

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IC 1097 = UGC 9735 = MCG +03-39-010 = CGCG 106-012 = WBL 548-003 = PGC 54059

15 08 31.3 +19 11 03; Boo

V = 14.6;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  PA = 58°

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 30"x12", small slightly brighter core.  A mag 11.2 star is 0.9' NW.  Largest and second brightest in a trio with fainter IC 1096 2.4' WNW and brighter CGCG 106-011 2.2' NW.  A mag 10.3 star is 1' W of CGCG 106-011.

 

CGCG 106-011 is the brightest of the triplet. It appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 18" diameter, small bright nucleus.  Flanked by a mag 11 star 1.3' SE and a mag 10.3 star 1' W, so in a 3' region there are 3 galaxies and two fairly bright stars!  CGCG 106-011 is misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern catalogues.

 

UGC 9738 was picked up 8.7' NE.  It appeared very faint, small, round, very low surface brightness, 20" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/3/00): faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 40"x20".  Contains a 15" brighter core with very faint extensions visible intermittently.  A mag 11 star is just 0.9' NW of center.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-39-009 (misidentified as IC 1096 in major catalogues) 2.2' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1097 = J. 1-343, along with IC 1096, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate. See IC 1096.

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IC 1099 = UGC 9731 = MCG +09-25-021 = CGCG 297-003 = PGC 53967

15 06 54.7 +56 30 32; Dra

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x1.0'

 

24" (7/28/19): at 322x, fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, very weak concentration with a very slightly brighter core.  A mag 14.5 star is 2' SW and other stars are nearby.  MCG +09-25-019 and -020 is 13' SSW.

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; faint, fairly small, round, ~0.7' diameter, weak concentration, slightly brighter core along a SW-NE axis (central bar).  Bracketed by a mag 14.3 star 1.5' NE and a mag 14.5 star 1.0' SW, with a mag 15.4 star 1.7' SE.  MCG +09-25-019 and -020, a very close pair of galaxies (25" separation), lies 13' S.  -019 appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter and -020 was extremely faint and small, 10" diameter.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis Swift's teenage son, discovered IC 1099 = Sw. IX-46 on 8 Jun 1890.  In his 9th discovery list Lewis reported, "eeeF; pS; R; midway betw 2 vF nr. st."  The position is 2' too far SE, but the identification is nearly certain with the two stars 1' SSW and 1.5' NNE.

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IC 1000 = UGC 9170 = MCG +03-37-003 = CGCG 104-004 = PGC 51201

14 19 40.3 +17 51 17; Boo

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 23°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 375x; between fairly faint and moderately bright, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 35"x12", slightly brighter nucleus.  Forms a similar pair with IC 999 2.2' NW.

 

IC 9171, a very low surface brightness superthin 3' ESE, popped occasionally as an extremely faint, small sliver NW-SE (probably only the brighter central part glimpsed).

 

CGCG 104-006, located 12' SE, appeared very faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1000 = J. 1-284, along with IC 999, on 23 Jun 1892.  His position is off the east side of the galaxy.

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IC 1100 = NGC 5881 = UGC 9729 = MCG +11-18-025 = CGCG 318-014 = PGC 54150

15 06 20.7 +62 58 52; Dra

V = 13.3;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 60°

 

17.5" (6/14/96): faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, 40"x30", weak concentration.  Bracketed by a mag 13 star 52" SW of center and a mag 12 star 1.8' NNE.  NGC identification uncertain (poor position from WH) and this galaxy is identified as IC 1100 (from Swift) in UGC, MCG, CGCG and RC3.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1100 = Sw. IX-45 on 22 Jun 1889 and logged "vF; pS; lE; bet 2 stars."  His position is 1.2' NW of UGC 9729.  This galaxy was probably discovered by William Herschel on 26 Apr 1789 (sweep 930) and noted H II-818 as "pF, cL, R, vgbM."  CH's reduced position is 52 sec of RA east and 2' south of UGC 9729.  Dreyer notes in the 1912 "Scientific Papers", that the listed RA in GC and NGC was 2 tmin too large (the actual error is ~ 2 min 45 sec).  Because of this error, Bigourdan and d'Arrest were unable to locate NGC 5881 and Swift assumed his rediscovery was new, though Dreyer noted in his "Scientific Papers of William Herschel" that "II-818 is probably = IC 1100."

 

UGC, MCG, CGCG and RC3 all label this galaxy as IC 1100 (because of the unambiguous position) instead of NGC 5881.  I wrote up this case in RNGC Corrections #6 and it is discussed in Corwin's notes.

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IC 1101 = UGC 9752 = CGCG 049-023 = PGC 54167

15 10 56.1 +05 44 41; Vir

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 23°

 

18" (6/30/11): this supergiant cD galaxy is the central galaxy in AGC 2029 (z = .078 at 1.0 billion light years!).  At 280x, it appeared very faint, very small, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~15"x10".  Visible continuously with averted vision.  The galaxy is centered within a 9-member circlet of 12th- to 14th-magnitude stars and squeezed between a mag 14.7 star 27" E and a mag 15-15.5 star 47" WNW (just slightly south of a line connecting these stars).  No other members of the cluster were seen.  I also viewed IC 1101 at a similar magnification in a 24" f/3.3 and logged it as "faint, very small, oval 3:2 N-S, ~20"x14".  Could just hold steadily with direct vision."

 

Wikipedia states this galaxy is the largest known in the universe, from 5-6 million light years.  A 1991 paper by Uson, Boughn, & Kuhn (ApJ, 369, 46) gives a slightly smaller, though still extremely large diameter of 4 million light years.

 

Edward Swift, the son of Lewis Swift, discovered IC 1101 = Sw. IX-47 on 19 Jun 1890 at the age of 19.  Lewis noted that he and Edward disagreed on the description after the telescope was moved, and as a result no description is given in Swift's 9th discovery list.  In his survey of NGC/IC objects around 1900, Herbert Howe found it to be "extremely faint and very small.  A star of mag 13 follows 1.5 seconds...and another precedes 2 seconds, a little north."  UGC does not label their entry (UGC 9752) as IC 1101.

 

This is a super-giant cD in the center of AGC 2029 at a distance of 1.07 billion light years (slightly larger redshift than AGC 2065!).  IC 1101 is certainly one of the most distant galaxies discovered visually (and possibly the most distant)!

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IC 1102 = UGC 9754 = CGCG 049-025 = Mrk 1395 = PGC 54188

15 11 04.9 +04 17 38; Vir

V = 13.9;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 18°

 

24" (7/18/17): at 282x; fairly faint, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, 25"x12", nearly even surface brightness.  Two mag 11.9 and 13.4 stars (1.4' separation) lie 2'-3' SE.  Member of the USGC U690 group containing 21 galaxies.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1102 = Sw. X-30 on 24 Jun 1891 and reported "eeeF; vS; F * with dist. com[panion] nr. nf; eee diff."  His position is 2' too far SE, but there are no other nearby candidates and two stars match his description, so the identification is certain.

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IC 1103 = OGC 495 = LEDA 1584180

15 11 35.9 +19 12 28; Ser

V = 14.4;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 178°

 

24" (7/1/19): at 282x and 375x; between faint and fairly faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, ~20"x15", very small brighter nucleus, occasional stellar nucleus.  Located 15' NNW of mag 5.9 HD 134943 and 17' WSW of the bright double star STF 1919 (6.7/7.4 at 23").

 

This galaxy lies at a distance of 1.1 billion light years and is included in Ogle's "Catalog of the Most Optically Luminous Galaxies at z<0.3".

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1103 = J. 1-344 on 20 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.  This galaxy isn't included in the PGC and HyperLEDA only uses a LEDA designation.  Megastar has it identified as a MAC.

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IC 1105 = MCG +01-39-007 = CGCG 049-053 = WBL 554-005 = PGC 54338

15 13 13.9 +04 17 15; Ser

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 94°

 

24" (7/18/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 E-W, ~30"x20", brighter quasi-stellar nucleus.  Forms a close pair with CGCG 049-048 0.5' SW [33" between centers].  The companion was faint, small, slightly elongated E-W, weak stellar nucleus, ~20"x15".  LEDA 3125594, situated 1.6' WNW of IC 1105, occasionally popped as an extremely faint and small glow (V = 16.2).

 

IC 1105 is the brightest member of the galaxy group WBL 554, which contains 6 additional CGCG galaxies and resides at a distance of ~500 million l.y.  Five of these galaxies form a chain oriented WNW-ESE and are situated ~12' N.  WBL 551, a smaller group at a similar redshift, lies ~30' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1105 = Sw. X-31, along with IC 1102, on 24 Jun 1891.  He reported "eeF; S; lE; F * nr np; 3 distant st. in a curve sf."  His position is 2' too far SE, but 3 stars to the SE match his description and the identification is secure.  Swift missed the companion off the southwest side.

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IC 1106 = CGCG 049-066 = PGC 54375

15 13 56.3 +04 42 39; Ser

V = 14.4;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  PA = 34°

 

24" (7/28/19): at 322x; brighter and larger of a pair with IC 1107 3.2' E.  Appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 40"x20".  A mag 14.5-15 star is 1' E.  Member of the USGC U690 group (21 galaxies) at ~500 million l.y.

 

CGCG 049-057, situated 11' WNW, appeared very faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 20"x15", irregular surface brightness.  In a group of 4 mag 14-15 stars.   A mag 10 star is 3.3' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1106 = J. 1-345, along with IC 1107, on 18 May 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1107 = CGCG 049-068 NED2 = PGC 54391 = LEDA 1272206

15 14 09.0 +04 42 52; Ser

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  PA = 141°

 

24" (7/28/19): at 322x; between faint and fairly faint, fairly small,  roundish, low even surface brightness.  A mag 15 star is attached on the NW end.  Member of the USGC U690 group (21 galaxies) with IC 1106 3.2' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1107 = J. 1-346, along with IC 1106, on 18 May 1892.  His position is accurate.  IC 1107 is not in the PGC.  HyperLEDA misidentifies an extremely faint edge-on 2.7' NNE as IC 1107.

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IC 1108 = NGC 5882 = PK 327+10.1 = ESO 274-7 = PN G327.8+10.0

15 16 49.9 -45 38 58; Lup

V = 9.5;  Size 16"x15"

 

See observing notes for NGC 5882

 

Williamina Fleming found IC 1108 on a photograph of stellar spectra at Harvard's Arequipa station and announced as a star with a spectra of the "fifth type" in 1894 (AN 3227, 195).  Later that year, she reported "this object is in reality a gaseous nebula".  This planetary was originally discovered by John Herschel on 27 Sep 1834 and catalogued as h3594 (later NGC 5882). The equivalence apparently went unannounced until Andris Lauberts (ESO) and Harold Corwin ran across it while scanning southern Schmidt plates.

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IC 1109 = CGCG 049-094 = PGC 54549

15 17 04.0 +05 15 22; Ser

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (7/14/18): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Located 4.5' ESE of a mag 10.2 star.   CGCG 049-110, situated 16' ENE, also appeared fairly faint, round, 0.4' diameter, very small brighter nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1109 = Sw. X-32 on 25 Jun 1891 and reported "eeeF; pS; R; * nr nf; eee diff."

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IC 1110 = UGC 9773 = MCG +11-19-001 = CGCG 318-022 = CGCG 3198-004 = PGC 54265

15 12 05.1 +67 21 45; UMi

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.4';  PA = 76°

 

24" (7/8/13): at 320x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, edge-on 4:1 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.15', very small bright core, distinct stellar nucleus.  Located 15' W of mag 5.1 HD 136064.  The center of the Ursa Minor Dwarf galaxy is 20' SW and IC 1110 is not far off the NE end.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1110 = Sw. VII-56 on 2 Aug 1888 and noted "eeF; S; vE."  His RA is 19 seconds too small but the identification is certain.

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IC 1111 = NGC 5876 = UGC 9747 = MCG +09-25-028 = CGCG 274-028 = LGG 395-002 = PGC 54110

15 09 31.6 +54 30 23; Boo

V = 12.7;  Size 2.4'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 50°

 

See observing notes for NGC 5876.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1111 = Sw. VIII-86 on 26 Aug 1888 and recorded "pB; S; R; triangle with 2 st."  There is nothing at his position but most sources, including HyperLeda and SIMBAD, identify UGC 9800 as IC 1111.  This galaxy is situated 14' ENE of Swift's position, but more importantly there are no nearby stars forming an obvious triangle.  Harold Corwin noticed that NGC 5876, located 5 minutes of RA west of Swift's position, has two mag 12-13 stars 2' NW and 3' SW forming a distinctive triangle.  Ironically, Swift made the original discovery on 11 Jun 1885. So, likely NGC 5876 = IC 1111.  See Harold Corwin's comments on IC 1111.

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IC 1112 = CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604

15 17 47.4 +07 13 06; Ser

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 121°

 

18" (7/4/08): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.35'.  Located 20' NE of UGC 9799 in AGC 2052.  CGCG 049-104 lies 3.6' SW.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1112 = Sw. IX-48 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; R."  The position matches CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604.

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IC 1116 = MCG +02-39-017 = CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848

15 21 55.4 +08 25 25; Ser

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

18" (7/28/03): fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated N-S, 1.0'x0.8'.  Contains a very small brighter core.  Located 4.5' ESE of mag 8.7 SAO 120958 and ~15' SW of the rich core of AGC 2063.  This galaxy is the brightest member of AGC 2063 although it is southwest of the main clump of galaxies.  UGC 09821 lies 3' W.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1116 = Sw. IX-49 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R."  The position matches CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848.

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IC 1121 = CGCG 049-166 = PGC 55152

15 27 44.1 +06 48 14; Ser

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.65';  PA = 54°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; faint, small, round, 15" diameter, possible stellar nucleus.  The view is somewhat confused by a mag 14.5-15 star at the northwest edge [14" from center].

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1121 = Sw. IX-50 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeeF; eS; stellar; vF * close p[receding]."  The Swift's position is within 1' and the description applies to this compact galaxy.  Howe noted the "vF * close p" is of mag 13.5 and is 20" distant at 315° [NW]."

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IC 1122 = MAC 1529+0737 = PGC 1326415

15 29 23.1 +07 37 03; Ser

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Can just hold continuously with averted at 365x (6mm ZAO).  Located 3' NW of NGC 5931.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1122 = B. 192 on 4 Jun 1889 and recorded "mag 13.5; 30"-40" diameter, eF stellar nucleus."  Dreyer also credited Barnard with the discovery based on his announcement of a new nebula found on 15 May 1890 while searching for the asteroid Eucharis. But Barnard's observation referred to NGC 5931 instead.  HyperLeda misidentifies IC 1122 as NGC 5931, but IC 1122 = LEDA 1326415.  Corwin and Thomson concur that IC 1122 is not equal to NGC 5931.

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IC 1124 = UGC 9869 = MCG +04-37-001 = CGCG 136-005 = PGC 55254

15 30 00.9 +23 38 18; Ser

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.35';  PA = 77°

 

24" (7/20/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, ~40"x18", brighter core.  A mag 15.5 star is off the WSW end [46" from center] and a 16th mag star is at the NE flank.  Located 7' SSW of mag 7.6 HD 138266 and 11' S of mag 7.6 HD 138214.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1124 = Sw. VIII-88 on 28 May 1889 and reported "eeF; vS; vE; 2 pB st. in field n."  His RA is 30 seconds too large but the description fits.  Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again and recorded J. 1367 as "pB, elongated in p.a. 250°, 30" to 40" length, mag 12-13 stellar nucleus." with an accurate position.  Dreyer realized that Javelle's object was the same as IC 1124 and noted this in the IC Notes/Corrections appendix, along with Javelle's accurate position.

 

Swift VIII,#88.  15hr 28m 21s +23° 49'.1

Confirmed galaxy: This is not an error in the context normally found and I enter it only for the historical significance.

Javelle made an observation some 14 years after Swift and noted the presence of a nebula, (he numbered as J.1367), which he measured from the 7.3Mv star DM+24°2874 resulting in coordinates of 15hr 27m 49s +23° 48'.2 which are at quite some variance with those given by Swift as to RA.  However, when this object is examined on the Palomar print there can be no doubt that despite the very inaccurate Swift coordinates this is definitely Swift's object #88 as can be established by reference to his description in which he stated "eeF; vS; vE; 2 pB st. in field n," and the south following of these 2 stars is Javelle's DM+24°2874.

 

Dreyer obviously concluded that the Javelle observation was a duplicate as he not only equated the two observations (Notes and Corrections to the Index Catalogue 1888-1894.  NGC/IC page 377.), but he also has no reference to any identity for J.1367 in his IC II, however, he did employ Swift's coordinates which are in considerable error, fortunately the modern catalogues do not reflect this, rather their coordinates are in keeping with those given by Javelle.

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IC 1125 = UGC 9888 = VV 723 = MCG +00-40-003 = CGCG 022-012 = PGC 55388

15 33 05.6 -01 37 42; Ser

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 147°

 

24" (8/1/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated 4:3 ~N-S, ~40"x30", broad weak concentration.  The halo appears slightly irregular in shape and brightness. A mag 13 star is 1' NE.

 

24" (6/23/17): at 260x; fairly faint, oval 3:2 or 5:3 NNW-SSE, ~40"x25", weak concentration but no distinct core.  A mag 13.3 star is 1.2' NE.  Located 12' WNW of mag 8.3 HD 139514.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1125 = J. 2-789 on 10 Jun 1893.  His position is on the northwest side of UGC 9888 and the identification is certain.

 

Harold Corwin suggests that IC 1128 (discovered by Lewis Swift on 28 May 1889) is probably IC 1125 with a 5 minute error in RA and a 5 arcmin error in declination.   The CGCG identifies CGCG 022-018 = UGC 9939 as IC 1128.  This galaxy is much closer to Swift's position (similar RA, but 12' to the north).  But this galaxy has a companion (CGCG 022-017) that Corwin feels that Swift would have also picked up.  Most modern sources (including HyperLeda) follow CGCG.

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IC 1127 = Arp 220 = IC 4553 = UGC 9913 = MCG +04-37-005 = CGCG 163-017 = VV 540 = PGC 55497

15 34 57.2 +23 30 10; Ser

V = 13.2;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

24" (6/16/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, uneven surface brightness and irregular appearance, though the core was not resolved into two components.  Forms a pair with IC 4554 2.2' SE (not part of Arp 220 as generally assumed).

 

17.5" (4/7/89): fairly faint, almost round, even surface brightness.  This is an interacting double system with an extremely faint "knot" or extension at the south end [elongated E-W on the POSS].  IC 4554 is a separate galaxy 2.2' SE of the double system observed.

 

Considered the prototype of a megamaser with 98% of its emission in the infrared.  In addition there is a large starburst of young stars.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1127 = Sf. 7 on 4 May 1866.  He simply noted "pF" and there is nothing at his position by 1 minute of RA west is IC 4553 (found again by Javelle in 1903).  Dreyer missed the equivalence IC 4553 = IC 1127.  See Harold Corwin's and Malcolm Thomson's notes on this number.

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IC 1128 = UGC 9939 = MCG +00-40-004 = CGCG 022-018 = PGC 55648

15 37 52.9 -01 44 07; Ser

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.8';  PA = 179°

 

24" (8/1/19): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 N-S, weak concentration, 30"x24".  Brighter and larger of a pair with CGCG 022-017 (2.7' SW), which appeared faint, small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 18"x12", very small brighter nucleus.  Located 13' WNW of mag 8.3 HD 139514.

 

This galaxy is identified as IC 1128 in CGCG, PGC and RC3 but the identification is uncertain and IC 1128 may be duplicate of IC 1125.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1128 = Sw. VIII-89 on 28 May 1889 and recorded "pF; pS; R."  There is nothing at his position.  CGCG (and followed by PGC, RC3 and SIMBAD) identified UGC 9939 as IC 1128.  This galaxy is 11.5' due south of Swift's position.  This is the brightest galaxy nearby, though Corwin questions this identification as Swift should have noticed the companion (CGCG 022-017) 2.7' SW.  Instead he suggests IC 1128 is a duplicate observation of IC 1125, nearly 5' of RA to the west and 5' S.

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IC 1129 = UGC 9899 = MCG +11-19-010 = CGCG 319-019 = PGC 55330

15 32 00.8 +68 14 47; UMi

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.85';  PA = 170°

 

24" (7/20/17): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, roundish, ~40" diameter.  Contains a bright, round core.  The halo increases in size with averted vision and changes in shape/orientation like low surface brightness spiral arms.  A 25" pair of mag 11.7/12.6 stars lie 5' NE.

 

Edward Swift, son of Lewis Swift, discovered IC 1129 = Sw. VII-57 on 13 Jul 1887.  Swift logged "vF; pS; iR; D * nr. nf."  The double star is mentioned in my observation.

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IC 1130 = MCG +03-40-014 = CGCG 107-015 = PGC 55644

15 37 44.0 +17 14 40; Ser

V = 14.8;  Size 0.75'x0.5';  PA = 37°

 

24" (7/28/19): at 322x; faint, fairly small, low surface brightness, elongated ~4:3 SSW-NNE in the direction of a mag 12 star 2' NNE.  Located 4.3' W of mag 8.8 HD 139495.  CGCG 107-031 lies 17' WNW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1130 = B. 195 on 29 May 1889.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1131 = MCG +02-40-008 = CGCG 078-036 = Holm 717a = PGC 55683

15 38 51.7 +12 04 50; Ser

V = 13.9;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 153°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter, broad concentration.  A small trio of 14th magnitude stars is close west, with the galaxy nearly forming a parallelogram.  Located 8' SE of NGC 5970.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1131 = J. 1-351 on 29 Jun 1891 and recorded "pretty faint, round, 10" diameter, stellar."  Dreyer added "II. 76 [NGC 5970] np." in the IC.  Javelle's position is accurate.

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IC 1132 = UGC 9965 = MCG +04-37-020 = CGCG 136-049 = LGG 403-005 = PGC 55750

15 40 06.8 +20 40 50; Ser

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x1.0'

 

24" (7/20/17): at 322x; fairly faint, moderately large, at least 60" diameter, fairly low surface brightness, broad weak concentration, slightly brighter core but no nucleus.  CGCG 136-052, located 10' SE, appeared faint, fairly small, edge-on 3:1 NNW-SSE, ~30"x10", even surface brightness.  Nestled within a group of a half-dozen stars.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1132 = Sf. 9 on 9 May 1866.  His position is 3' too far southwest.

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IC 1133 = UGC 9973 = MCG +03-40-027 = PGC 55793

15 41 12.2 +15 34 22; Ser

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 130°

 

17.5" (6/4/94): faint, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness.  Located 2.1' E of a mag 10 star that detracts from viewing.  Picked up 13.6' SSW of NGC 5980.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1133 = J. 1-352 on 1 Jul 1891.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1137 = LEDA 2816978

15 48 32.6 +08 35 17; Ser

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

24" (7/21/17): at 282x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, nearly even surface brightness (moderately high) except for a very small brighter nucleus.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW.

 

CGCG 078-078, located 12.6' NNE, appeared very faint, small, round, low even surface brightness, ~15" diameter. This galaxy was surprisingly faint for mag 15.3z, but the SDSS blue mag is 16.1.

 

CGCG 078-079, located 16.5' NNE, appeared faint to fairly faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, very weak concentration, 25"x20".  A mag 15.5 star is off the NE edge. This galaxy is also known as RX J1548.9+0851 (X-ray source) and it's the brightest member of a galaxy group at z = .072, corresponding to a light travel time of 962 million years!

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1137 = Sw. IX-51 on 19 Apr 1890 and reported "vF; S; R; 9m * close np."   His RA is 8 seconds too small, but the identification is certain as the brighter star is 1' NW.  Dreyer made a 30 second error in precessing Swift's RA, so the IC position is 22 seconds of RA too large.  Harold Corwin noted this error in his IC corrections list.  LEDA fails to label its LEDA 2816978 as IC 1137.

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IC 1139 = CGCG 366-017 = PGC 55236

15 29 26.1 +82 35 02; UMi

Size 0.65'x0.25';  PA = 53°

 

24" (6/22/17): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated ~3:2 SW-NE, 18"x12".  Brighter IC 1143 lies 8' SSE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1139 = Sw. VII-58, along with IC 1143, on 18 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; lE; eee diff.; np of 2 [with IC 1143]."  His position is 1' too far NE, but clearly determines this galaxy.  Nevertheless, MCG misidentifies MCG +14-07-019 (situated 8' NW of IC 1139) as IC 1139

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IC 1141 = UGC 10051 = Mrk 861 = MCG +02-40-014 = CGCG 078-081 = PGC 56141

15 49 46.9 +12 23 58; Ser

V = 13.9;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (7/21/17): at 375x and 500x; fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 20" diameter, contains a sharp stellar nucleus.  A mag 15.5 star is superimposed on the west side and it was difficult to simultaneously view both the nucleus and the star.  A faint triple star (components 14.7/15.3/15.9 with sides 11"/14"/16") lies 3' NW.  IC 1141 is located 10' SSE of mag 6.7 HD 141589.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1141 = Sw. VII-60 on 12 Apr 1888 and reported "vF, vS, R.".  His RA is 8 seconds too small, but matches in declination.

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IC 1142 = UGC 10055 = MCG +03-40-050 = CGCG 107-045 = PGC 56169

15 50 25.9 +18 08 22; Ser

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.75;  PA = 160°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 200x; very faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Located 24' due east of mag 4.1 Kappa (35) Ser.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1142 = J. 1-356 on 27 Jun 1892.  There is nothing at his position but Harold Corwin found that Javelle made a 1 minute error in his RA offset from his comparison.  Once this is corrected, his position is a good match with UGC 10055.

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IC 1143 = UGC 9932 = MCG +14-07-022 = CGCG 366-018 = PGC 55279

15 30 56.0 +82 27 21; UMi

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x1.0'

 

24" (6/22/17): moderately bright, small, round.  Contains a high surface brightness core ~20" diameter that increases to the center, surrounded by a very low surface brightness halo perhaps 40" diameter.  A mag 13 star is 50" SE of center.  Brightest in a group with MCG +14-07-020 and -021 ~3' SW.  IC 1139 lies 8' NNW.

 

MCG +14-07-020, situated 3.4' SW, appeared extremely faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  I didn't notice fainter MCG +14-07-021 only 0.9' E of -020, though it should be visible.  CGCG 366-021, situated 13' SE, appeared extremely or very faint, round, ~30" diameter, very low surface brightness, no core or nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1143 = Sw. VII-59, along with IC 1139, on 18 Jun 1888 and recorded "pF; vS; R; * nr; sf of 2 [with IC 1139]."  His position is fairly accurate.

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IC 1144 = UGC 10069 = Mrk 491 = MCG +07-33-001 = CGCG 223-006 = PGC 56216

15 51 21.7 +43 25 04; Her

V = 13.7;  Size 0.75'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 107°

 

24" (7/21/17): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~0.5'x0.4', contains a very small bright nucleus, overall high surface brightness.  A mag 10.8 star is 6' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1144 = Sw. IX-52 on 7 Jun 1890.  He reported "eeeF; vS; R; 9m * sf."  His position is 1.7' too far north, but the identification is certains with a 10th mag. star 6' SE.

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IC 1145 = UGC 10032 = MCG +12-15-015 = MCG +12-15-015 = PGC 55904

15 44 08.5 +72 25 52; UMi

V = 14.2;  Size 1.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 168°

 

24" (6/23/17): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 or 7:2 NNW-SSE, ~0.8'x0.25', broad weak concentration but no distinct core.  NGC 6011 lies 19' SE.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1145 = Sw. VII-61 on 13 Jul 1887 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; Not GC 4146 [NGC 6011]."  The published RA is about 2 minutes too large and the dec 1.5' too large (an error of ~10'), but there are no other nearby candidates so the identification is fairly secure.  Coincidentally, the position is about 17' due north of NGC 6011, though Swift claimed "Not NGC 6011", so he apparently also viewed this galaxy.  MCG fails to label its MCG +12-15-015 as IC 1145.

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IC 1146 = MCG +12-15-019 = CGCG 338-021 = PGC 56085

15 48 22.1 +69 23 08; Dra

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 105°

 

18" (7/10/10): fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter very small bright nucleus.  Arp 109 lies 5' NNW and MCG +12-15-020 is 3.8' NNE.  Located 9' SE of mag 7.5 HD 141987.

 

MCG +12-15-020 = PGC 56091 is extremely faint and small, round, 6" diameter (core only viewed).  Situated immediately NNE of a mag 11 star.

 

Arp 109 consists of the interacting pair VV 291a = UGC 10053 = PGC 56057 and VV 291b = CGCG 338-020 = PGC 56063.  At 285x, VV 291a appeared very faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, lower surface brightness than VV 291b just 1.8' ESE.  VV 291b appeared very faint, round, 15" diameter, compact appearance.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1146 = Sw. VII-62, along with IC 1147] on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; forms arc of circle with 2 st; sp of 2 [with IC 1147]."  He missed the 3 fainter galaxies in the field to the north, including Arp 109.

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IC 1147 = MCG +12-15-027 = CGCG 338-027 = PGC 56159

15 50 11.7 +69 33 36; Dra

V = 14.6;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (7/20/17): at 225x and 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, weak even concentration, faint stellar nucleus.  Located 5.8' ESE of mag 9.3 SAO 16866.  CGCG 338-022 lies 8.6' NW and Arp 109 = UGC 10053 is 13' SW.  CGCG 338-022 appeared faint or fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter, faint stellar nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1147 = Sw. VII-63, along with IC 1146, on 2 Aug 1888 and reported "eeF; S; R; ee diff.; nf of 2 [with IC 1146]."  His position is 1.5' too far NW, a similar offset error as IC 1146.

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IC 1148 = NGC 6020 = UGC 10100 = MCG +04-38-002 = CGCG 137-005 = LGG 403-009 = PGC 56467

15 57 08.1 +22 24 16; Ser

V = 12.7;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 140°

 

See observing notes for NGC 6020.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1148 = Sf. 10 on 9 May 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  The discovery list was not published until 1887 so Safford is not credited in the main NGC table.  Édouard Stephan independently found the galaxy on 27 Jun 1876, measured an accurate position in list VII-2 (later NGC 6020), and was credited by Dreyer with the discovery.  When Dreyer obtained Safford's list, he apparently missed the equivalence with NGC 6020 and catalogued this galaxy again as IC 1148.  So, NGC 6020 = IC 1148.

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IC 1149 = UGC 10108 = MCG +02-41-001 = CGCG 079-015 = PGC 56511

15 58 08.0 +12 04 13; Ser

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 162°

 

24" (7/18/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, ~30"x25", slightly brighter core, uneven surface brightness in halo.  Located 31' SE of STF 1988, a 2" pair of evenly matched mag 7.6/7.8 stars.  The pair was cleanly split at 375x.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1149 = Sw. 10A-8 = Sw. XI-182 on 16 Jun 1892 and reported, "eeF, pS, R, in centre of rhombus of 4 stars, v diff."  His position is close west of UGC 10108, which is surrounded by several stars, although a trapezoid of 4 stars is a better description.  This galaxy is Swift's final catalogued discovery made in Rochester before moving to Lowe Observatory on Echo Mountain in Southern California.  His first discoveries there were in 1895.  Interestingly, that year he discovered a comet, while searching for "the last nebula discovered at the Warner Observatory...just prior to the dismantling of that institution, had never been catalogued or published, so on the morning of August 21st, the nebula being near the meridian, it occurred to me to look it up and secure, perhaps, a more accurate position...…I saw to my astonishment a beautiful comet instead of the expected nebula."   The comet's position that night was close to UGC 313, but I have no other evidence that was Swift's target.

 

Swift reobserved IC 1149 again on 16 Sep 1896 from Echo Mountain and reported it in his 11th discovery list with a slightly modified position (25 seconds of RA too small) and description ("in center of trapezium"), probably to make sure Dreyer didn't miss these discoveries.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1900 and suggested Swift's two entries were identical.  He described the surrounding stars as a rhomboid [trapezoid] and measured the separations and position angles.  All 5 objects Swift recorded as "new" that night were reobservations of objects he found in 1892, when he only reported 8 new objects in a short list between his formal 10th and 11th lists.

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IC 1151 = UGC 10113 = MCG +03-41-015 = CGCG 108-028 = KUG 1556+175 = PGC 56537

15 58 32.3 +17 26 29; Ser

V = 12.9;  Size 2.5'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 30°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 200x and 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, oval 5:2 SSW-NNE, ~1.4'x0.6', broad concentration.  There is a strong suggestion of spiral structure in the halo with slightly brighter regions or arcs or spiral arms.  A 4' pair of double stars (∑1993/1994) is in the same low power field ~18' ESE; mag 8.6/8.9 at 20" and mag 10.0/12.5 at 17".

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1151 = J. 1-358 on 10 Jul 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1152 = UGC 10103 = MCG +08-29-024 = CGCG 250-025 = WBL 596-002 = PGC 56450

15 56 43.3 +48 05 42; Her

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.0'

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly bright, moderately large, round, 0.8' diameter, small bright core.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1153 5.5' NE and CGCG 250-027 7' NE.

 

PGC 2309484, just 2.8' S, appeared faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  A mag 17 star is very close off the north side [18" from center].  PGC 2308445, 6' to the south, was very faint and small, slightly elongated N-S, 12"x8".  A mag 12.8 star lies 0.6' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1152 = Sw. VII-65, along with IC 1153, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R; sp of 2."

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IC 1153 = UGC 10107 = MCG +08-29-026 = CGCG 250-026 = WBL 596-003 = PGC 56462

15 57 03.0 +48 10 06; Her

V = 12.9;  Size 1.2'x1.1'

 

24" (7/14/15): moderately bright, moderately large,, round, 0.8' diameter, small brighter core.  A mag 10.6 star lies 1.3' NE with CGCG 250-027 just north of the star.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1152 5.5' SW.  CGCG 250-027 appeared faint or fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 E-W.  Contains a very small bright nucleus with faint extensions E-W (bar?).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1153 = Sw. VII-66, along with IC 1152, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "pF; pS; R; bM, pB * nr nf, nf of 2."

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IC 1154 = UGC 10088 = MCG +12-15-035 = CGCG 338-029 = PGC 56273

15 52 28.6 +70 22 31; UMi

V = 13.5;  Size 1.8'x1.2';  PA = 142°

 

24" (7/20/17): at 375x; fairly faint or moderately bright, round, ~30" diameter, well concentrated with a bright core, faint stellar nucleus.  Flanked by a mag 13 star 1.2' NW and a mag 14.5 star 1.3' S.   Located 31' SW of NGC 6048.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1154 = Sw. VII-64 on 2 Jul 1888 and reported "vF; pS; R."  His position is unusually accurate.

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IC 1155 = MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648

16 00 35.8 +15 41 08; Ser

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (8/12/18): at 260x; faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, low nearly even surface brightness with a very wea concentration.  Located 3' ENE of a mag 8 star (HD 143551).  Forms an equilateral triangle with a mag 12.8 star 2' E and a similar star 2' N.

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 30"x25".  A mag 15.8 star was noted just off the east-southeast edge [34" from center].  Located 3.1' ENE of mag 7.9 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 is 10' ESE and CGCG 108-038 is 6' NW.

 

24" (6/28/14): faint to fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, 40" diameter, weak concentration, fairly low surface brightness.  A mag 15.8 star is 30" SE of center, just off the edge.  Situated 3.2' ENE of mag 7.9 HD 143551, which interferes a bit with viewing.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, small, slightly elongated 4:3 NW-SE, even surface brightness.  A mag 15.5 star is at the SE end.  Located 3.1' ENE of a mag 8 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 lies 12' ESE.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1155 = J. I-359, along with ICs 1150, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648.

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IC 1156 = MCG +03-41-025 = CGCG 108-044 = PGC 56650

16 00 37.4 +19 43 23; Her

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.9'

 

24" (7/21/17): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30"-35" diameter.  Contains a fairly high surface brightness core and a thin halo.  A very faint mag 15.5 star is superimposed on the south side and a mag 14 star is 1.3' SSW.

 

CGCG 108-040, located 17' SSW, appeared faint, small, round, low even surface brightness, 15" diameter.

CGCG 108-053, located 18' SSE, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, stellar nucleus. A mag 10.5 star is 3.2' W and a mag 9.6 star is 5' S.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1156 = Sw. VII-67 on 15 Jun 1888 and reported "eeF; pS; lE; triangled with 2 nr. st. n[orth]."  His position is accurate, though I assume he is referring to the mag 11 star north and the mag 10 star due west.

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IC 1157 = MCG +03-41-031 = CGCG 108-047 = WBL 600-001 = PGC 56680

16 00 56.3 +15 31 35; Ser

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.35';  PA = 135°

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; faint, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 25"x10", low even surface brightness.  In AGC 2147 with IC 1160 2.4' SE, IC 1163 is 8.4' ESE and IC 1161 is 8.7' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1157 = J. I-360, along with ICs 1155, 1160, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-047 = PGC 56680.

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IC 1158 = UGC 10133 = MCG +00-41-002 = PGC 56723

16 01 34.1 +01 42 28; Ser

V = 12.6;  Size 2.5'x1.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 137°

 

17.5" (6/11/88): very faint, large, diffuse oval NW-SE.  Several stars are nearby north and south including a mag 12 star 3.1' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1158 = Sw. X-33 on 7 July 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  While searching for Wolf's comet of 1884 he found a nebula described in his logbook as "vF, R, 1' dia, vgbM, an 8m star 22' exactly following."  His rough position (no offsets) and the description clearly applies to this galaxy.   Barnard found it again less than a month later (4 Aug), looking for d'Arrest's Comet!   Lewis Swift made an independent discovery on 17 July and reported the discovery in his 10th list. Barnard never published the discovery or informed Dreyer, so Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1160 = MCG +03-41-032 = CGCG 108-051 = WBL 600-002 = PGC 56683

16 01 02.5 +15 29 41; Ser

V = 14.9;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 140°

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  This member of AGC 2147 is situated 2.5' SE of slightly brighter IC 1157 and 6.8' WSW of brighter IC 1163.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1160 = J. 362, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1161 = MCG +03-41-036 = CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695

16 01 16.8 +15 38 43; Her

V = 14.2;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, slightly brighter nucleus, ~22"x18".  IC 1155 is 10' WNW, IC 1163 is 9' SSE, IC 1157 is 9' SW, IC 1160 is 10' SSW.

 

24" (6/28/14): fairly faint, small, round, 20", fairly high surface brightness, weak concentration.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): very faint, very small, slightly elongated, small bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 1155 12' WNW in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1161 = J. I-363, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695.

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IC 1162 = VV 452 = KUG 1559+178 = MCG +03-41-034 = CGCG 108-056 = PGC 56693

16 01 16.3 +17 40 40; Her

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  PA = 161°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; faint, small, round, 18" diameter, low surface brightness, no noticeable core.  Located 8' due south of 5.1-magnitude 5 Herc.  The view was significantly improved with the bright star placed outside the field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1162 = J. 1-364 on 27 Jun 1892 and recorded "very faint, very small, round, difficult. Another suspected nearby."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1163 = MCG +03-41-039 = CGCG 108-060 = WBL 600-003 = PGC 56717

16 01 30.5 +15 30 14; Ser

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter.  IC 1160 lies 7' WSW, IC 1157 is 8.4' WNW, IC 1161 is 9.2' NNW.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1163 = J. I-365, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-060 = PGC 56717.

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IC 1165 = VV 90 = CGCG 108-067 = MCG +03-41-048 = MCG +03-41-049 = PGC 56769 = PGC 56768

16 02 08.2 +15 41 38; Her

V = 13.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; the brighter northwest component (VV 90a = PGC 56769) of IC 1165 appeared faint, very small, round, 18" diameter.  The southeast component (VV 90b = PGC 56768) appeared extremely to very faint, very small, round, ~10" diameter.  Both galaxies share a small common halo with the centers of this merged system separated by just 14"! 

 

24" (6/28/14): at 375x and 500x, the main component (VV 90a) of this merged double system appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, contains a stellar nucleus.  The fainter companion (VV 90b) is attached at the south edge, and appears as a very faint, quasi-stellar knot [nucleus of the galaxy], ~5" diameter.  Overall, the combined merged glow is ~30"x20", oriented NNW-SSE, containing two stellar nuclei.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

VV 91a lies 1.8' SW and appeared extremely to very faint, round, just 6" diameter.  Located just 21" NNW of a mag 12.9 star.  The fainter companion (VV 91b) off the NE edge was not seen.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, weak concentration.  Three mag 13 stars almost collinear in a 3.5' string NW-SE located about 2' W.  This is a merged double system that was not resolved.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-41-50 1' NNE in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1165 = J. I-366, along with  ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1163, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-067 = PGC 56769, although CGCG (108-067) doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1165.

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IC 1167 = MCG +03-41-065 = PGC 56900

16 03 52.8 +14 56 47; Ser

V = 14.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  First in a group of galaxies including IC 1168 2.7' SE, UGC 10169 12' SE and UGC 10164 13' SE.  Forms a close pair with LEDA 3858573 1.0' NE, an extremely faint and small glow, roughly 6" diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1167 = J. 1-368 on 8 Jul 1891.

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IC 1168 = MCG +03-41-066 = CGCG 108-090N = PGC 56901

16 03 55.7 +14 54 09; Ser

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.45'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 15" galaxy.  Located just south of a trio of mag 12/13/14 stars and 3.7' NW of a mag 10 star.  IC 1167 lies 2.7' NNW and the UGC 10164/10169 lies 10' SE.  The companion just off the southeast edge (LEDA 3858574) was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1168 = J. 1-369 on 19 Jul 1891 and recorded "pF, vS, iF, 3 F st north.  Possibly double." As Javelle suspected, this galaxy is double with a companion off the southeast edge.

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IC 1169 = UGC 10161 = MCG +02-41-004 = CGCG 079-033 = PGC 56925

16 04 13.4 +13 44 38; Ser

V = 13.3;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 10°

 

24" (7/18/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly oval 4:3 N-S, 35"x25", sharply concentrated with a small intense nucleus and a fairly small diffuse halo.

 

UGC 10176, a flat edge-on, lies 12' ESE.  It appeared very faint and thin, ~7:1 WSW-ENE, ~40"x6", very low surface brightness, slightly brighter (elongated) core region.  A mag 13.1 star is 1' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1169 = Sw. VII-68 = Sw. VIII-90 on 16 May 1888 and reported "eF; eS; R; stellar nearly bet. 2 distant F st."  The two distant stars in his description may be 4.8' due N and 5.6' S.  He probably found this galaxy again on 28 May 1889 and reported it as new in his 8th list with description "eF; vS; stellar; pB * n little f[ollowing]."  His position was 3.6' too far NE, but the star 4.8' N matches.

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IC 1170 = CGCG 108-101s = PGC 56955

16 04 31.7 +17 43 17; Her

V = 16.8;  Size 0.4'x0.2';  PA = 84°

 

24" (6/4/16): at 322x; very faint, small, elongated 3:1 E-W, 20"x6".  Located 1.0' of the double system NGC 6041 in the central region of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, elongated E-W, required averted vision.  Located just 1.0' W of the NGC 6041A/B double system and 2.0' SSE of NGC 6040A/B in the core of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (3/23/85): at visual threshold, extremely small.  Just visible momentarily 0.9' W of NGC 6041.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1170 = J. 1-370 on 27 Jun 1892.

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IC 1172 = NGC 6044 = MCG +03-41-084 = CGCG 108-110 = PGC 57015

16 04 59.7 +17 52 13; Her

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

24" (8/1/19): at 322x; faint, small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter nucleus. A mag 13 star is 1.4' WSW.  PGC 57020 lies 2.4' S, LEDA 84714 is 5.6' WSW and PGC 57055 is 5.5' ESE.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): very faint, very small, round.  A mag 14 star lies 1.4' WSW.  Located 5.6' N of NGC 6043 in the core of AGC 2151.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 1172 = Big. 199 on 8 Jun 1888.  Harold Corwin notes his "position and description are exactly that of NGC 6044, the identity is certain."  NGC 6044 was discovered by Swift on 27 Jun 1886 and reported in list IV-23, along with several other members of the Hercules Galaxy Cluster.    His description reads "eeF; vS; R; vf * nr p[receding]; 5th of 10." and his position is 10 seconds west of CGCG 108-110 = PGC 57015.  CGCG labels the galaxy as IC 1172, though MCG uses NGC 6044.  In any case, IC 1172 = NGC 6044.

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IC 1173 = UGC 10180 = MCG +03-41-089 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57037

16 05 12.6 +17 25 22; Her

V = 14.7;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 55°

 

24" (6/21/17): at 375x; faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 or 5:3 SW-NE, 25"x15", low surface brightness with no noticeable core or nucleus.  A mag 12 star is 2' SSE.  IC 1186 lies 8' SE and CGCG 108-108 is 6.6' WNW (among other nearby members of AGC 2151).

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Forms western vertex of a triangle with two mag 11 and 12 stars 2.2' SSE and 3.1' NE.  Located 20' S of NGC 6047 in the southern portion of AGC 2151. IC 1186 lies 8.4' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1173 = J. 1-371 on 15 Aug 1892.  His position is 0.7' too far south-southeast.

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IC 1174 = UGC 10185 = MCG +03-41-091 = CGCG 108-116 = PGC 57059

16 05 26.8 +15 01 31; Ser

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.75';  PA = 50°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, 40"x32", broad concentration.  No distinct core but a slightly brighter nucleus with direct vision.  Picked up 18' NE  of the Arp 101 pair.

 

18" (7/12/10): this surprisingly bright IC galaxy appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Increases steadily to the center. Arp 101 (UGC 10164 + UGC 10169) lies 18' SW.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1174 = Sf 77 on 26 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He recorded "pF, S, bM, N = 12.5m." and his position is accurate.

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IC 1176 = NGC 6056 = MCG +03-41-100 = CGCG 108-122 = PGC 57075

16 05 31.3 +17 57 49; Her

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 56°

 

18" (7/13/07): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, broad and very weak concentration.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, broad concentration.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-41-096 3' SSW.  This is one of the brighter galaxies in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1176 = Sw. VII-69 on 8 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS iR; 2 pB star near south."  His position is a good match with NGC 6056, which Swift had discovered exactly two years earlier!  The positions for Swift's two observations are nearly identical and his description of VII-69 clearly applies to CGCG 108-122.  So, NGC 6056 = IC 1176.

 

CGCG and MCG label this galaxy as IC 1176, though the NGC designation should apply by prior discovery.

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IC 1178 = Arp 172 NED1 = VV 194a = IC 1181A = UGC 10188 = MCG +03-41-097 = CGCG 108-120n = PGC 57062

16 05 33.1 +17 36 05; Her

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

24" (6/21/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 5:4 or 4:3, ~40"x25".  Sharply concentrated with a small high surface brightness core and a low surface brightness halo with averted vision.  Forms an interacting pair (Arp 172) with IC 1181 [30" between centers] in AGC 2151.

 

PGC 57042 lies 5.6' SW.  This dim edge-on (V = 15.9) appeared extremely faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NNW-SSE, 20"x10", very low surface brightness.  A mag 12 star is 0.8' NW and a mag 13 star is 1' NE.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1181 20" SE.  Located 12' S of IC 1182 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1178 = Sw. VII-70, along with IC 1181, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; pS; bet 2 st.  10th of 12."  His position is 2' west of Arp 172 and IC 1178 is generally assumed to be the northwest member of this close pair, with IC 1181 the southeast member.  Although this galaxy lies between 2 stars, his comment can be made to apply to most galaxies.  Corwin states that "Swift's position is not very good, and the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."  Gerard de Vaucouleurs called this galaxy IC 1181A in the "Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies" (RC1). See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1179 = NGC 6050 = Arp 272 = VV 220 = UGC 10186 = MCG +03-41-092 = CGCG 108-118 = PGC 57058 = PGC 57053

16 05 23.4 +17 45 32; Her

V = 14.7;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 132°

 

48" (5/15/12): this number is generally taken as the fainter, southwest component of the interacting and connected pair NGC 6050 in AGC 2151.  It appeared as a faint, diffuse glow attached to the southwest side of the brighter component, but was not individually resolved at 375x.  There was a very weak central brightening and a very faint nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1179 = Sw. VII-71 on 3 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R.  11th of 12."  His position falls very close to the merged double system NGC 6050, discovered by Swift on 27 Jun 1886, and catalogued as Sw. IV-26.  PGC, SIMBAD and HyperLeda assign IC 1179 to the much fainter southwest component (NGC 6050B), but Corwin, Malcolm Thomson and I doubt that Swift could have resolved the pair.  Additionally Swift described NGC 6050A as "eeeF" (at his limit) but NGC 6050B is much fainter and furthermore he makes no mention of the nebula being double!  So, almost certainly IC 1179 is a duplicate observation of NGC 6050.  In the IC, Dreyer questioned if IC 1179 was a duplicate of NGC 6054 (it's not) and this is repeated in several sources such as Carlson.

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IC 1181 = Arp 172 NED2 = VV 194b = UGC 10189 = MCG +03-41-098 = CGCG 108-120s = PGC 57063

16 05 33.8 +17 35 37; Her

V = 14.8;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 58°

 

24" (6/21/17): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 12" diameter [core of the galaxy only].  Fainter component of an interacting pair (Arp 172) with brighter IC 1178 30" NNW.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, possibly elongated.  Forms a very close pair 20" SE of IC 1178 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1181 = Sw. VII-72, along with IC 1178, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; S; R.  12th of 12."  His position is a good match with PGC 57063, the southeast component of douby system Arp 172.  But Harold Corwin warns for IC 1178, "... the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."  Gerard de Vaucouleurs called this galaxy IC 1181B in the "Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies" (RC1).

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IC 1182 = UGC 10192 = MCG +03-41-104 = CGCG 108-126 = Mrk 298 = PGC 57084

16 05 36.8 +17 48 08; Her

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 80°

 

48" (5/5/16): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, contains a bright core that increases to the center.  A mag 14 star is 1.3' W and a mag 17.8 star was occasionally visible [34"] east.

 

The brightest knot or condensation (likely a tidal dwarf galaxy) in the tidal tail was faintly visible 1.2' due east of IC 1182.  It was generally visible as a very faint, small glow, slightly elongated E-W, ~10"x7".  NED identifies this galaxy as IC 1182:[S72] d from the 1972 paper by Alan Stockton titled "Blue Condensations Associated with Elliptical and S0 Galaxies".  This "knot" formed the western vertex of an obtuse isosceles triangle with a mag 17 star 40" NE and a mag 15 star 40" SE.  The portion of the tidal tail extending directly out of IC 1182 (past the mag 17.8 star) was not seen.

 

48" (5/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, small, irregularly round, ~20" diameter, brighter nucleus.  Located 1.4' E of a mag 14.3 star.  Similar NGC 6054 lies 2.0' S.   The jet extending out of the east side of the galaxy and the blue knots 1.2' E were not noticed (though not looked for).

 

17.5" (5/13/88): very faint, very small, slightly elongated.  Situated between two mag 14.5 stars 1.4' W of center and a mag 15 star following.  Easier than IC 1183 2.1' SSE and NGC 6054 2.5' SW in AGC 2151.  IC 1185 lies 5.4' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1182 = J. 1-372 on 11 Aug 1892.  According to Harold Corwin in his Abell 2151 article, IC 1184 is a double or triple star 1.6' SE.  The UGC questions if IC 1182 = IC 1184, which is does not.

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IC 1183 = NGC 6054 = MCG +03-41-103 = CGCG 108-128 = PGC 57086

16 05 38.1 +17 46 04; Her

V = 14.5;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 70°

 

48" (5/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, small, oval 4:3 WSW-ENE, 20"x15".  Located 1.0' NE of a mag 12.6 star with a mag 16 star 1' S.  Brighter IC 1182 lies 2.1' NNW, fainter PGC 1541356 is 40" NE and MCG +03-41-099 (often identified as NGC 6054) is 1.8' W.  NGC 6054 is identified as IC 1183 in most sources

 

17.5" (5/13/88): very faint, very small, slightly elongated.  Located 1.0' NE of a mag 12.5 star. An extremely faint galaxy (MCG +03-41-099) is 1.5' W with IC 1182 2.1' NNW.  Member of AGC 2151.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan found IC 1183 = Big. 203 = J. 372a on 1 Jun 1888.  Stephane Javelle picked it up again on 11 Aug 1892, as well as IC 1182.  But the original discovery was made by Lewis Swift on 27 Jun 1886, along with several other members of the Hercules Galaxy Cluster.  His description for Sw. IV-27 (later NGC 6054) reads "eeeF; pS; lE; f * v nr sp; 9th of 10."   His position is 13 seconds west of CGCG 108-128 = PGC 57073 (similar offset as NGC 6043, 6045, 6047, 6050) and his comment "faint star very near south-preceding" applies (the star is 1' southwest).  So, NGC 6054 = IC 1183.  Due to Swift's poor position MCG, PGC and RNGC misidentify CGCG 108-121 as NGC 6054 and the galaxy described here is called IC 1183.  See NGC 6054 for more.

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IC 1185 = MCG +03-41-110 = CGCG 108-134 = PGC 57096

16 05 44.7 +17 43 01; Her

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 8°

 

48" (4/5/13): bright, moderately large, oval 4:3 N-S, ~28"x21", small bright core.  NGC 6054 lies 3.4' NNW.  A mag 15 star is 1' SE.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, small bright core.  A mag 15 star lies 1.1' SE of center.  Located 5.4' SSE of IC 1182 in the core of AGC 2151.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1185 = Big. 205 on 8 Jun 1888 and noted "star 13.3 accompanied with nebulosity of 20" diameter."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1186 = MCG +03-41-111 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57095

16 05 44.2 +17 21 44; Her

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 5°

 

24" (6/21/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 N-S, 30"x20".  A fairly prominent string of 4 stars oriented SW-NE is just following.  IC 1173 lies 8.4' NW and IC 1188 is 8' NE.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located in the southern section of AGC 2151 just preceding a striking elongated group of 10 mag 9-13 star oriented SW-NE.  IC 1173 lies 8.4' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1186 = J. 1-373 on 15 Aug 1892.  His position is off the southeast side (similar offset error as other galaxies). CGCG doesn't recognize CGCG 108-133 as IC 1186.

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IC 1188 = PGC 57127

16 06 07.3 +17 27 39; Her

V = 14.9;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 7°

 

24" (6/21/17): at 375x; faint, small, round, 15" diameter, quasi-stellar nucleus.  Located 12' SE of IC 1178 in the southern part of the core of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1188 = J. 1-374 on 15 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.  This is a double system and NED identifes the brighter northwest component as IC 1188A.

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IC 1189 = MCG +03-41-119 = CGCG 108-144 = Mrk 300 = PGC 57135

16 06 14.8 +18 10 58; Her

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 179°

 

24" (8/1/19): at 324x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, 25"x20", very small brighter nucleus.  A mag 10.5 star is 1.3' N with three other galaxies (UGC 10195, CGCG 108-139 and NGC 6061) are within 6'.

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, ~21"x14", very small bright nucleus.  Located 4' S of brighter NGC 6061 and between a mag 10.6 star 1.3' N and a mag 11 star 2' SSW.

 

18" (7/13/07): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 4' S of NGC 6061 and situated between a mag 10.5 star 1.2' N and a mag 11.5 star 2.1' SSW. 

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Can almost hold steadily with averted vision.  Located 1.2' S of a mag 10 star in AGC 2151.  Brighter NGC 6061 is 4' N and MCG +03-41-115 3.5' WNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1189 = Sw. VII-73 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; iR; bet. 2 st."  His RA is 5 seconds too small, but the comment "bet 2 st[ars]" clinches the identification.

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IC 1190 = UGC 10195 = MCG +03-41-113 = CGCG 108-136 = PGC 57111

16 05 52.4 +18 13 14; Her

V = 14.7;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 120°

 

24" (8/1/19): at 324x; faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 30"x15", weak concentration.  In a group of 4 galaxies with CGCG 108-139 2.3' SE.

 

24" (6/14/15): at 375x; very faint to faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.5'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  Located 6' WSW of NGC 6061.  A mag 10.5 is near the midpoint between the two galaxies.

 

18" (7/13/07): extremely faint, fairly small, very low even surface brightness, edge-on 7:2 WSW-ESE, 40"x12".  Located 2.9' WSW of a mag 10.5 star.  MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.5' SE.

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located 3' W of a mag 10.5 star and 6' SW of NGC 6061 in the northeast portion of AGC 2151.  Similar MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.4' SE.

 

17.5": extremely faint, fairly small, very diffuse.  Located 5.9' WSW of NGC 6061 within AGC 2151.  MCG +3-41-115 = CGCG 108-139 2.4' SE not seen.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1190 = Sw. VII-74 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; another [IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Corwin notes there is nothing close to Swift's position (other than NGC 6061 itself) but "his description "... another [= IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 near in line" points to this galaxy [UGC 10195] (rather than to the fainter, smaller object at 16 03 45.6, +18 19 48) as the one he saw."  Modern sources label this galaxy as UGC 10195 only, instead of IC 1190.

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IC 1191 = PGC 57152

16 06 28.7 +18 16 04; Her

Size 0.5'x0.1';  PA = 164°

 

24" (6/14/15): very faint, small, 18" diameter, no structure (not seen as double).  Located 3.3' NE of NGC 6061 in the north section of AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1191 = Sw. VII-75 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; lE; another [IC 1190] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Although his position for IC 1190 is poor, his position for IC 1191 is just 7 seconds of RA too small.  Harold Corwin gives the dimensions of the brighter component as 27"x7" in PASP, Vol 83 and notes "IC 1191 is also a double object similar to IC 1188 (separation = 11 arcseconds). The fainter companion lies at R.A. 16h 04m 14.8s, +18° 24' 6'' (1950)."

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IC 1192 = PGC 57157

16 06 33.1 +17 46 32; Her

V = 15.3;  Size 0.8'x0.3';  PA = 114°

 

24" (7/9/13): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.4'x0.2'.  Forms the west vertex of a small equilateral triangle with IC 1194 1.7' SE and IC 1194A 1.3' ENE in the eastern portion of the Hercules cluster AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.7' NW of brighter IC 1194 at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1192 = J. 1-375, along with IC 1193 and IC 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.

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IC 1193 = PGC 57155

16 06 32.2 +17 42 50; Her

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 2°

 

24" (7/9/13): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~20"x12", weak concentration.  Forms a close pair with PGC 84738 1.0' NE (noted as extremely to very faint, very small, slightly elongated, 10"x7").  A mag 16 star lies 1.5' SW.  A small trio consisting of IC 1192, 1194 and 1194A is less than 4' NNE.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small.  Appears double or companion very close?  Furthest south in trio with IC 1194 3.3' NE and IC 1192 3.7' N at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1193 = J. 1-376, along with IC 1192 and 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is nearly 1' too far north -- an unusually large error as his position for IC 1192 is accurate.

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IC 1194 = MCG +03-41-128 = CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172

16 06 39.3 +17 45 40; Her

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 20°

 

24" (7/9/13): at 282x this AGC 2151 member appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 20" diameter, gradually increases to the center.  Brightest in a small trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1194A = PGC 84742 1.3' N.  Also nearby is IC 1193 3.3' SSW.

 

IC 1194A is located at Javelle's position for IC 1194, not the brighter galaxy 80" S (described above) that is generally assumed to be IC 1194.  It's possible Javelle assumed the brighter galaxy was a star, though it was clearly nonstellar in my scope at 282x.  IC 1194A appeared faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, round.  Brightest in a trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1193 3.3' SW at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1194 = J. 1-377, along with IC 1192 and 1193, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is a good match with the fainter lenticular 1.4' NE of IC 1192, which is commonly identified as IC 1194A = PGC 84742.  His position is also 1' north of the brighter elliptical (CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172), which is described in my notes. CGCG 108-152 is identified as IC 1194 in most modern sources.  Perhaps Javelle made a 1' error in measuring the offset from his comparison star?  Interestingly, his offset is 1' too far north for nearby IC 1193 adding some support to this suggestion.

 

Corwin comments that "Perhaps he mistook the brighter object as a star, though it should have been clearly nebulous in the Nice 28-inch."  Malcolm Thomson and Corwin both identify IC 1194 = PGC 84742 based on the positional match, though the data here is for CGCG 108-152 as I'm not convinced.

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IC 1195 = MCG +03-41-126 = CGCG 108-151 = PGC 57175

16 06 40.9 +17 11 30; Her

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, 30"x20".  Following a parallelogram of four mag 10-12 stars (closest is 2.0' SW) at the SE edge of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1195 = J. 1-378 on 23 Jun 1892.

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IC 1196 = UGC 10218 = MCG +02-41-009 = CGCG 079-055 = PGC 57246

16 07 58.3 +10 46 46; Ser

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 4°

 

24" (7/21/17): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~40"x24", brighter core.  The surface brightness is slightly patchy and the outer extensions [spiral arms] increase in length with averted.  Situated 2.4' NW of mag 9.3 SAO 101948.  A mag 13.7/15.5 pair of stars at ~20" separation is 1' SE.

 

UGC 10213, situated 23' SSW, appeared faint to fairly faint, moderately large, irregularly round, ~1.0'x0.8'.  A slightly brighter core seems a bit elongated.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1196 = Sw. VII-76 on 7 Apr 1888 and reported "eeeF; nr. p[receding] * of 3 in a line."  His position and description matches this galaxy, though Howe apparently missed the nearest and faintest of the 3 stars (MN, Nov. 1900).

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IC 1197 = UGC 10219 = MCG +01-41-013 = CGCG 051-052 = FGC 1989 = PGC 57261

16 08 17.3 +07 32 19; Ser

V = 13.7;  Size 2.9'x0.45';  PA = 56°

 

24" (6/16/12): faint to fairly faint, fairly large thin edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, 1.8'x0.3', broad concentration, very slightly bulging center and tapering tips.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1197 on 14 Jul 1890 with the Vienna 27-inch refractor.  His micrometric position in AN 2993 matches UGC 10219.  UGC doesn't label UGC 10219 as IC 1197.

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IC 1199 = UGC 10242 = MCG +02-41-013 = CGCG 079-070 = PGC 57373

16 10 34.3 +10 02 25; Ser

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  PA = 158°

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, very elongated 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.3', slightly brighter along the major axis.  Located just 2' W of mag 7.5 HD 145436, which detracts from viewing.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1199 = Sw. IX-55 on 28 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eeF; S; E; p. DM +10°2969, 9s; ee diff. in consequence of proximity to the star.  Found searching for D'Arrest Comet."  E.E. Barnard also found it just a few nights later (4 Jul 1890), also while searching for the comet.  He made a simple sketch showing the nearby stars and his computed position (using the bright star) is an exact match.  In his logbook entry for 7 Jul, he noted "Swift in looking for d'Arrest's Comet reports finding a new nebula 9s p (on same parallel) the 9.5m star DM +10°2969 and says it is the faintest neb he has ever seen."

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IC 1200 = NGC 6079 = UGC 10206 = MCG +12-15-050 = CGCG 338-043 = PGC 56946

16 04 29.0 +69 40 05; UMi

V = 12.7;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 150°

 

17.5" (3/28/87): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, brighter core.  A mag 14 star is 1.1' SSE.  Forms a pair with IC 1201 7.7' SE.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1200 = Sw. VII-77 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "pF pS; lE; *12 mag p close s; sp of 2 [with IC 1201]." His position matches UGC 10206 = PGC 56946, although IC 1201 is southeast.   William Herschel discovered this galaxy on 6 May 1791 (sweep 1005) and noted H. III-884 (later NGC 6079) as "vvF, vS, 300 verified it very plainly, and showed it of a considerable size."  His position, though, was 1 min of RA east and 2' too far south (similar offset as H. III 883 = NGC 6071, the previous object in the sweep).  Bigourdan later measured an accurate position on 18 Jul 1884 (repeated in the IC 2 notes).  So, IC 1200 = NGC 6071.

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IC 1201 = UGC 10221 = MCG +12-15-051 = CGCG 338-044 = PGC 57104

16 05 41.8 +69 35 37; UMi

V = 14.7;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 118°

 

17.5" (4/18/87): extremely faint, small, edge-on NW-SE, difficult with averted vision.  Located 7.7' SE of NGC 6079 on the Ursa Minor-Draco border.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1201 = Sw. VII-78 on 2 Aug 1888 and logged "eeeF; pS; iR; eee diff.; double star nr points to it; nf of 2 [with IC 1200]."  The double star is probably the pair 3' northwest.  The second galaxy IC 1200 is NGC 6079, although it is north-preceding, so IC 1201 is the "sf of 2".

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IC 1202 = NGC 6081 = UGC 10272 = MCG +02-41-019 = CGCG 079-078 = PGC 57506

16 12 56.8 +09 52 02; Her

V = 13.1;  Size 1.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 131°

 

See observing notes for NGC 6081

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1202 = Sw. VII-79 on 7 Apr 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R."  His position matches UGC 10272 = PGC 57506.  This galaxy was discovered earlier by Édouard Stephan on 26 Jul 1870 and catalogued as St. II-1 (later NGC 6081).  Dreyer missed the equivalence but IC 1202 = NGC 6081.

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IC 1204 = MCG +12-15-053 = CGCG 338-046 = PGC 57206

16 07 15.5 +69 55 53; UMi

Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 64°

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 or 3:1 SSW-NNE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core but no nucleus.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 6091 3.6' SE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1204 = B. 207 on 25 Mar 1889 and logged "mag 13.4-13.5; 20" diameter; stellar nucleus, a star mag 11 in pa 100° [ESE], distance = 3'."  His Comptes Rendus position (used in the IC 1) is 19' too far south, but the position was corrected in the IC 2 Notes.  The CGCG and MCG ignore the IC designation, which is not in doubt.  See Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 1205 = MCG +02-41-022 = CGCG 079-084 = PGC 57574

16 14 15.9 +09 32 14; Her

V = 13.9;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (7/21/17): at 375x; fairly faint, round, 0.4' diameter, slightly brighter core appears slightly elongated N-S [SDSS reveals a central bar oriented N-S].  Situated 2.3' E of mag 8.5 HD 146083.  NGC 6081 lies 28' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1205 = Sw. VII-80 on 8 Apr 1888.  He reported "eF; S; lE; B * p[receding]."  His position is just 1.7' too  far southeast and the identication is certain based on the comment "B * p".

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IC 1206 = UGC 10293 = MCG +02-41-023 = CGCG 079-087 = PGC 57623

16 15 13.1 +11 17 51; Her

V = 14.2;  Size 1.2'x0.75';  PA = 2°

 

24" (7/18/17): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 0.5'x0.4'.  Contains a stellar nucleus surrounded by the core of the galaxy.  An extremely low surface brightness outer halo was suspected.  A mag 10.5 star is 4' NE.  Located 12' SSE of mag 7.6 13 Herculi and 14' SW of mag 7.3 15 Herculi.

 

IC 1206 forms a close pair (similar redshifts) with CGCG 079-086 just 1.3' SSW of center.  The companion was very faint, small, round, low surface brightness, 12"-15" diameter.  A mag 16 star is close off its west edge [20" from center].

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1206 = Sw. VII-81 = Big. 208 on 3 Jun 1888 and reported "eF; S; R."  His position is just off the northwest edge of UGC 10293, so the identification is certain although he missed the close companion.  Bigourdan found it again on 28 Jun 1890 while searching for a comet discovered by d'Arrest.  He noted it was probably equivalent to Sw. VII-81 in his Comtes Rendus publication.  Dreyer credited both in the IC 1.

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IC 1208 = CGCG 196-016 = PGC 57650

16 15 47.9 +36 31 38; CrB

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.25';  PA = 95°

 

24" (6/12/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 E-W, 30"x10", very small bright nucleus.  Located just 1.8' SSW of mag 7.0 HD 146639, which detracts from viewing.

 

CGCG 196-013 lies 13' W.  This galaxy appeared faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 18"x12", very small bright nucleus.  Just west of line of 2 mag 13/13.5 star 1.3' NNE and 1.2' SSE.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 1208 on 21 May 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while examining mag 7.0 HD 146639.  He measured micrometric offsets from the star (also on 25 May) and published the results in AN, 127 [3048], 426 (1891) as well as Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol II, 1894.

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IC 1209 = UGC 10329 = MCG +03-41-149 = CGCG 108-174 = CGCG 109-002 = PGC 57796

16 18 39.6 +15 33 30; Her

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  PA = 4°

 

24" (7/18/17): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 40"x30", well concentrated with a bright core and stellar nucleus.  The outer halo is quite faint and doesn't have a distinct edge.  A bright wide double (8.7/10.0 at 35") is 2.6' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1209 = J. 1-380 on 19 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1210 = UGC 10304 = MCG +10-23-048 = CGCG 298-021 = KAZ 62 = PGC 57589

16 14 30.2 +62 32 12; Dra

V = 13.7;  Size 1.5'x0.4';  PA = 168°

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 NNW-SSE, ~40"x25".  Occasionally there appeared to be an extremely faint star or knot near the south end.  Located 25' WNW of mag 7.3 HD 147407.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1210 = Sw. IX-58 on 7 Jun 1888 and reported it as "vF; vS; lE; r."  NGC 6111 has been mistakenly identified with this galaxy.  See that number.

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IC 1211 = UGC 10314 = MCG +09-27-009 = CGCG 276-007 = I Zw 139 = PGC 57707

16 16 52.0 +53 00 22; Dra

V = 12.8;  Size 1.1'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 42°

 

24" (6/22/17): at 375x moderately bright, fairly small, roundish.  Sharply concentrated with a prominent core and a much fainter halo 30"-40" diameter.  Located 17' SE of mag 6.9 Theta (13) Draconis.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1211 = Sw. VIII-91 on 27 May 1889 and recorded, "pB, vS, R, bM."  His position is a good match with UGC 10314.

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IC 1212 = CGCG 320-016 = PGC 57633

16 15 30.8 +64 13 29; Dra

Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

24" (7/10/18): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, 30" diameter, sharp concentration with a very small bright nucleus. A mag 15.5 star is at the northwest edge of the halo.  Located 6' SW of mag 8.6 HD 147203.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1212 = Sw. IX-60 on 22 Jun 1889 and reported "eeF; pS; R; 3 st in a line n., most distant D[double]."  His position and description is a match with this galaxy.

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IC 1213 = NGC 6172 = UGC 10352 = MCG +00-42-003 = CGCG 024-009 = PGC 57937

16 22 10.2 -01 30 54; Oph

V = 12.8;  Size 1.0'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

17.5" (7/24/95): fairly faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Moderate concentration with a very small bright core which stands out well surrounded by a small halo.  Preceded by three mag 13 and 14 stars within 3'.  Located 9' NW of a mag 10 star and 11' NE of a similar star. Incorrectly listed as nonexistent in RNGC.  Identified as IC 1213 in UGC, MCG.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 1213 = Sw. IX-61 on 19 Apr 1890 and reported "F; vS; R."  His RA is 9 seconds too small.  This galaxy was first catalogued as NGC 6172 = St. XIII-86 on 21 Jun 1884, but due to a misprint in Stephan's list XIII, the RA is 10 tmin too large.  So, NGC 6172 = IC 1213 with priority to Stephan's observation.  Because of the erroneous position for NGC 6172, the RNGC misclassifies NGC 6172 as nonexistent and UGC 10352 is labeled as IC 1213, instead of NGC 7172, in UGC, MCG and CGCG. RC3 has the correct identification.

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IC 1214 = UGC 10323 = MCG +11-20-009 = CGCG 320-019 = PGC 57675

16 16 11.7 +65 58 08; Dra

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  PA = 17°

 

24" (7/20/17): at 375x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, 20"x15", stellar nucleus, fairly high surface brightness.  Closeby are two stars; a mag 14 star is 0.6' W of center and a mag 15 star [western component of a faint pair] is 0.4' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1214 = Sw. VII-83 on 2 Jul 1888 and reported "eF; S; R; F * close p.  2nd of 4 [with IC 1215, 1216 and 1218]."  His position and description is a good match with UGC 10323, though he missed the star(s) at the north edge.   In a short errate table to his 8th lists he made the correction "omit: 2nd of 4".

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IC 1215 = UGC 10315 = MCG +11-20-009a = CGCG 320-017 = CGCG 338-049 = Kaz 65 = PGC 57638

16 15 35.1 +68 23 52; Dra

V = 13.2;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 10°

 

24" (6/14/15): first and brightest in a trio with IC 1216 and IC 1218.  Fairly faint to moderately bright, oval 4:3 ~N-S, 40"x30", broad weak concentration.  IC 1216 lies 3.4' SE.  Located 17' SW of mag 6.4 HD 147662.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1215 = Sw. VII-82 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R."  He later added "1st of 4.", though IC 1214 is not nearby.  This error was corrected to "1st of 3 [with IC 1216 and 1218]" in a short errata table to his 8th list.

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IC 1216 = UGC 10326 = MCG +11-20-010 = CGCG 320-021 = CGCG 338-050 = PGC 57664

16 15 55.4 +68 21 00; Dra

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (6/14/15): second and faintest in a trio with IC 1215 3.4' NW and IC 1218 10' SSE.  Faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2, ~30"x20", low surface brightness with no significant core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1216 = Sw. VII-84 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; eee diff; 3rd of 4."  His position is accurate.  In a short errate table to his 8th lists he made the correction "for: 3rd of 4  read: 2nd of 3 [with IC 1215 and 1218].."

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IC 1218 = MCG +11-20-011 = CGCG 320-022 = Kaz 69 = PGC 57699

16 16 37.1 +68 12 10; Dra

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 58°

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core.  Third of three with IC 1216 10' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1218 = Sw. VII-86 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; lE, 4th of 4."  In a short errata table to his 8th list, he made the correction "3rd of 3 [with IC 1216 and 1218]".

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IC 1219 = UGC 10371 = MCG +03-42-005 = CGCG 109-012 = PGC 58037

16 24 27.4 +19 28 57; Her

V = 13.9;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  PA = 122°

 

24" (8/12/18): at 375x; faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 24"x15", occasional faint stellar nucleus. A mag 14.7 star is 1' E.  Situated 2.7' SW of mag 8.7 HD 148034.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1219 = J. 1-381 on 22 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1220 = MCG +01-42-005 = CGCG 052-030 = PGC 58340

16 29 38.3 +08 27 03; Her

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (7/18/17): fairly faint, fairly small, round, small bright core, ~24" diameter.  Located 12.5' ENE of mag 7.7 HD 148591.  Brightest in a trio with CGCG 052-028 5.5' SW and LEDA 3091631 3.6' SSE.  Also nearby are UGC 10414 12' N and UGC 10416 15' NE.

 

CGCG 052-028 appeared very faint, small, probably elongated 2:1 N-S, ~20"x10", very small core and sharp stellar nucleus.  A 14th mag star is off the NW edge [23" from center].  LEDA 3091631 was just a very small, faint glow, 10" diameter.  A mag 12.5 star is 1' E.  UGC 10414 was faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Between a mag 13 star 1.7' N and a mag 14 star 1.3' S.  UGC 10416 was faint to fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 0.5'x0.4'.  Situated in the exact center of an isosceles triangle of 3 mag 11 stars 2.8' NNW, 2.9' SSW and 3.2' ESE.  The latter galaxy was actually discovered by E.E. Barnard but never published or reported to Dreyer, so it didn't receive an IC designation.

 

24" (8/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round.  Well concentrated with