IC 1014 = UGC 9275 = MCG +02-37-012 = CGCG 075-045 = PGC 51685

14 28 18.4 +13 46 49

V = 12.5;  Size 2.7'x2.0';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 90d

 

17.5" (6/8/02): very faint, fairly large, slightly elongated ~E-W, perhaps 2.5'x2.0'. Appears a diffuse, ill-defined glow with a weak central brightening.  The halo appears to fade into the background, so difficult to judge extent.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1014 = Sf 78 on 27 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "F, pL, R, vgbM."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1015 = VV 717 = I Zw 90 = CGCG 104-031 = MCG +03-37-018 = PGC 51686

14 28 19.2 +15 25 12

Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

48" (5/16/12): fairly small, irregular glow with several components extending ~0.7' SW-NE.  The southwest component is faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE.  The two northeast components are connected as a fairly faint, small glow, elongated SW-NE.  The east member has a quasi-stellar core.

 

Described by Zwicky in the CGPG as an "Interconnected post-eruptive blue pair of galaxies with several knots and jets."

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1015 = J. 292 on 28 Jun 1892 .   His position is accurate.

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IC 1017 = UGC 9276 = MCG +04-34-032 = CGCG 133-062 = AWM 3-2 = PGC 51668

14 28 07.2 +25 52 08

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 128d

 

17.5" (5/11/96): fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 45"x25", bright core.  A mag 12 star is 1.1' WSW.  This galaxy is located 2.4' NW of NGC 5629 and is the second brightest in a group of 5 galaxies in field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1017 = J. I-293 on 16 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position matches UGC 9276.  I'm surprised JH didn't pick up this relatively bright galaxy in his two observations of NGC 5629.

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IC 1019 = MCG +04-34-033 = CGCG 133-064 = AWM 3-4 = PGC 51667

14 28 13.5 +25 56 51

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.5'

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  A mag 13 star lies 25" W of center.  Located 6.0' N of NGC 5629 and 9' NW of a mag 7 star within a small group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1019 = J 1-295 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1020 = UGC 9289 = MCG +04-34-035 = CGCG 133-068 = PGC 51728

14 28 49.5 +26 01 56

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 176d

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, elongated 2:1 N-S, very small bright core.  A mag 13 star lies 0.9' NW of center.  Located 13' NE of NGC 5629 and last of 5 in field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1020 = J. 1-296 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1029 = UGC 9361 = MCG +08-26-041 = PGC 51955

14 32 27.2 +49 54 13

V = 11.3;  Size 2.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 11.6;  PA = 152d

 

17.5" (6/24/95): moderately bright, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 2.0'x0.4'.  Contains a very small and round prominent core with a faint stellar nucleus at moments.  Located 3.2' W of a mag 9.5 star.  This is an unusual situation with a brighter IC galaxy (discovered by William Herschel) in the field of a fainter NGC galaxy (discovered by John Herschel).

 

WH discovered IC 1029 = H II-696 = Big. 185 on 15 May 1787 (sweep 736) and recorded "pB, S, E."  His position matches UGC 9361.  This galaxy is the brighter of a pair of edge-ons with fainter UGC 9347 9.6' NW.  When JH observed the field, he picked up UGC 9347, measured the position accurately (mentioning the star at the edge), but assumed it was his father's II-696.  JH used his position for h1838 in the GC and Dreyer followed in the NGC (NGC 5673 = h1838, but not H II-696).

 

When Bigourdan observed the pair of galaxies on 14 Jun 1887, he assumed UGC 9361 was new, measured an accurate position, and Dreyer catalogued Big. 185 as IC 1029.  This is an unusual situation where an IC object was discovered earlier by WH!  Note:  Malcolm Thomson argues in his IC identification notes that NGC 5673 = IC 1029.  See NGC 5673 for more.

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IC 1031 = CGCG 248-005 = WBL 515-001 = PGC 52082

14 34 24.0 +48 02 15

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 56d

 

24" (6/15/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.3'x0.2'.  A mag 15.2 star lies 40" NE.  First of 3 (WBL 515) with IC 1032 4.9' SE and IC 1033 6.7' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1031 = Sw VII-46 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; nearly pointed to by 2 D st., 1st of 3 [with IC 1032 and 1033]."

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IC 1032 = CGCG 248-006 = I Zw 91 = WBL 515-002 = PGC 52097

14 34 39.5 +47 58 05

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/15/15): fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, fairly high surface brightness.  Second of three with IC 1033 1.9' SSE and IC 1031 4.9' NW.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, very small, irregularly round, 20"x15", occasional faint stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with slightly brighter IC 1033 just 2' S.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1032 = Sw VII-47 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; 2nd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1033]."  On the SDSS, this is a merged double system with two nuclei (PGC 52097 + PGC 4126489).

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IC 1033 = CGCG 248-007 =             WBL 515-003 = PGC 52099

14 34 41.8 +47 56 16

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.8'

 

24" (6/15/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, bright core, 25" diameter.  Slightly larger and brighter of a pair with IC 1033 1.9' NNW and IC 1031 6.7' NW forming a triplet.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1032 2' N.  Forms the vertex of a right angle with a mag 13 star 2.6' S and a mag 12 star 5' E.

 

These two small galaxies were picked up in the same field (10' apart) while viewing 7th magnitude C/2006 VZ13 (LINEAR) in the same field of view!  IC 1031 is located just 6.7' NW but missed viewing as it was outside of the field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1033 = Sw VII-48 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 3rd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1032]."  His position is just 5 seconds too large in RA.

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IC 1039 = CGCG 047-133 = WBL 518-002 = PGC 52428

14 40 29.4 +03 25 58

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 43d

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 15" diameter.  Located 3.7' SW of NGC 5718 in the core of the galaxy group MKW 8.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1039 = J. 306 = Sw (X)-6 = Sw XI-173, along with IC 1041, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891. Lewis Swift found it again on 17 May 1892 and noted "eF, vS, lE.  1st of 3 [with IC 1042 and NGC 5718]."

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IC 1041 = MCG +01-37-045 = CGCG 047-134 = WBL 518-004 = PGC 52434

14 40 37.9 +03 22 37

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 165d

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 NNW-SSE, well concentrated with a small bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 1043 1.4' E. Located 5.5' S of NGC 5718/IC 1042 in the MKW 8 cluster.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1041 = J. 308, along with IC 1039, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891 z = 0.027.  His dec is ~1.5' too far south but the identification is certain.

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IC 1042 = Arp 171 NED1 = UGC 9457 = MCG +01-37-046 = WBL 518-003 = PGC 52433

14 40 39.0 +03 28 10

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, weak concentration.  Fainter member of a double system (Arp 171) with NGC 5718 at the WSW edge (haloes virtually in contact.

 

17.5" (6/8/91): very faint, very small, low even surface brightness.  Forms a double system (Arp 171) just off the WNW edge of NGC 5718.  Member of the poor cluster MKW 8

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1042 = J. I-309 = Sw (X)-7 = Sw XI-174, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1043, on 28 May 1891 and recorded "vF, R, 10" diameter, brighter center."  In a footnote he mentioned "distinct from NGC 5718".  Lewis Swift independently discovered the galaxy on 17 May 1892 and noted "eeF, S, R, close D with 5718."  It was also recorded on 16 Sep 1896 and included in list XI-174.

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IC 1043 = PGC 2800989

14 40 43.4 +03 22 26

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 22d

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, 15"x10", faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 1.4' E of IC 1041 in the core of the NGC 5718 group (MKW 8). This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1043 = J. 310, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1042, on 28 May 1891.  His dec is nearly 2' too far south (same as IC 1041).

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IC 1047 = MCG +03-37-038 = CGCG 104-071 = CGCG 105-004 = PGC 52522

14 42 19.9 +19 11 31

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (7/10/10): at 285x appeared very faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low surface halo surrounding a brighter core.  Located 5' S of a mag 11 star.  Collinear with three mag 13-13.5 stars extending to the NE with the closest 1.6' NE. A compact group of extremely faint galaxies lies 4' S of IC 1047 and the combined glow (or the brightest galaxy) was just visible.  NGC 5737 lies 22' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1047 = J. 313 on 18 May 1892.

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IC 1051 = CGCG 105-012 = PGC 52629

14 44 11.6 +19 01 13

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

18" (7/10/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 16' NE of NGC 5737 and 18' NW of mag 6.2 HD 130025.  A line of three mag 13 stars aligned E-W lies 4' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1051 = J. 315 on 18 Jul 1892.

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IC 1060 = MCG -01-38-004 = PGC 53075

14 51 47.3 -07 13 57

V = 13.6;  Size 1.5'x0.8';  PA = 92d

 

18" (7/24/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, ~32"x22", broad weak concentration to the center but no distinct core or nucleus.  Located 20' W of a 1.4' pair of mag 9 stars. MCG -01-38-006 lies 23' NE.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1060 = Sf 106 on 23 May 1868 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1062 = MCG +03-38-041 = CGCG 105-047 = PGC 53044

14 51 17.7 +18 41 13

V = 14.3;  Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 100d

 

17.5" (6/7/97): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  View hampered by mag 7.5 SAO 101247 just 2.2' S!  Located 25' S of Xi Boo (V = 4.6).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1062 = J. 320 on 18 Jul 1892.  CGCG doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1062.

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IC 1065 = UGC 9553 = MCG +11-18-008  = CGCG 318-004 = PGC 52924

14 49 21.6 +63 16 14

V = 13.6;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 89d

 

18" (7/10/10): faint, very small, 15" diameter.  Appears to have an extremely low surface brightness halo increasing the diameter to 30".  Located 14' SE of Stein 775 = 11.5/12.0 at 9".

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1065 = Sw VII-52 on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF, pS, R."  His position is just off the south side of the galaxy. Identified in the MCG only as +11-18-008.

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IC 1066 = UGC 9573 = MCG +01-38-009 = PGC 53176

14 53 02.9 +03 17 44

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 70d

 

17.5" (6/18/93): faint, small, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, almost even surface brightness, weak concentration.  A wide pair of mag 11 and 13 stars at 40" separation are about 1.5' ESE.  Forms a close pair with IC 1067 2.2' NNE.  In the same 140x field (using a 14mm Nagler) with NGC 5774 and 5775 20' NE.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1066 = J 1-324, along with IC 1067, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  He assumed he was observing the double system NGC 5765, but his description and sketch clearly refers to the IC pair.  He recorded "2 neb with 3 B st near, both F, bM.  The north one has a double star close sp, and is E np sf; the s one is perhaps also slightly E sp nf."  A diagram in the 1880 publication is a perfect match with IC 1066 and IC 1067 (close northeast of a double star).  The pair of galaxies was found again on 3 May 1856 while searching for NGC 5775!  Dreyer realized that Mitchell's pair was different than NGC 5775, but without a position he wasn't able to include it in the NGC.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 28 May 1891, measured an accurate position, and it was catalogued as IC 1066.  Javelle is credited in the IC, as the connection with the Birr Castle sketch was never made.

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IC 1067 = UGC 9574 = MCG +01-38-010 = PGC 53178

14 53 05.4 +03 19 53

V = 12.2;  Size 2.2'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 110d

 

17.5" (6/18/93): slightly larger and brighter of close pair with IC 1066 2.2' SSW.  Fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 1.0'x0.8', bright core.  A mag 12 star is 2.7' ESE.  Prominent for an IC pair.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1067 = 1-325, along with IC 1066, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  See the story under IC 1066.

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IC 1070 = CGCG 048-059 = WBL 532-002 = PGC 53245

14 53 51.3 +03 29 05

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  PA = 121d

 

24" (7/14/15): at 375x; faint to fairly faint (visible continuously), small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  By far the faintest and smallest in a trio with NGC 5774 3.9' NE and NGC 5774 6.3' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1070 = J. 1-327 on 3 Jun 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "vF, S, R, diffic."

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IC 1071 = UGC 9582 = MCG +01-38-015 = CGCG 048-062 = PGC 53260

14 54 12.5 +04 45 00

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 150d

 

18" (6/17/04): brightest and furthest south of a collinear trio with IC 1072 5.5' N and IC 1073 2.7' N.  Appears fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.6'.  A mag 12 star lies 4.8' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1071 = Sw X-27 on 25 Jun 1891 and logged "eF; S; R; BM."  His position is 2' too far south.  Swift missed nearby IC 1072 and IC 1073 to the north, which Javelle discovered the following year.

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IC 1072 = MCG +01-38-016 = CGCG 048-064 = PGC 53258

14 54 13.1 +04 50 29

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly smooth surface brightness.  In a collinear triplet (second brightest) with IC 1071 5.5' S and IC 1073 2.8' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1072 = J. 328, along with IC 1073, on 18 May 1892 .

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IC 1073 = CGCG 048-063 = PGC 53259

14 54 14.4 +04 47 40

V = 14.9;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faintest of a collinear triplet with IC 1071 2.7' S and IC 1072 2.8' N.  Very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness and requires averted.  A mag 12 star lies 4' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1073 = J. 329, along with IC 1072, on 18 May 1892

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IC 1077 = ESO 581-0029 = MCG -03-38-030  = PGC 53450

14 57 21.7 -19 12 50

V = 12.6;  Size 1.4'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 135d

 

17.5": fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 1.1' diameter, very weak even concentration.  A mag 13.5 star lies 2.4' SW.  Located 20' WNW of NGC 5791 in the group LGG 389.  This is a relatively bright IC galaxy.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1077 = LM(S) 676, along with IC 1081, on 18 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric offset in RA matches ESO 581-002 (no measurement in declination).  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 5' too far south.

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IC 1078 = UGC 9608 = MCG +02-38-025 = CGCG 076-102 = WBL 536-001 = PGC 53411

14 56 29.0 +09 21 16

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  PA = 13d

 

24" (7/14/15): faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, low surface brightness.  Forms a nice pair with IC 1079 2.0' NE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.7' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1078 = J 1-331, along with IC 1079, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "pF, vS, R, lbM."

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IC 1079 = UGC 9611 = MCG +02-38-026 = CGCG 076-103 = WBL 536-002 = PGC 53418

14 56 36.2 +09 22 11

V = 13.3;  Size 1.7'x1.0';  PA = 82d

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated E-W, ~45"x36", well concentrated with a small very bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1078 2' SE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.3' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1079 = J 1-332, along with IC 1078, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "F, vS, R, gbM."

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IC 1080 = MCG -01-38-010 = PGC 53480

14 57 59.8 -06 43 24

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 30d

 

18" (7/24/11): faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 26"x18", broad weak concentration, no distinct zones.  Located 3' ESE of mag 8.8 HD 132149.  MCG -01-38-012 lies 9.4' SE and PGC 160367 is 15' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1080 = J. 2-787 on 9 Jun 1893.

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IC 1081 = ESO 581-009 = MCG -03-38-036  = PGC 53525

14 58 55.1 -19 14 21

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 147d

 

17.5": very faint, very elongated NW-SE, 1.2'x0.3', low even surface brightness.  Very weakly concentrated.  Forms a close pair with brighter NGC 5791 2.7' SW and 5.7' due north of a mag 10 star.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1081 = LM(S) 677, along with IC 1077, on 18 Mar 1887 and recorded "1.0'x0.3', E 175”".  Muller didn't make an offset measure in declination.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 4' too far south.

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IC 1084 = MCG -01-38-017 = PGC 53648

15 01 14.9 -07 28 30

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 171d

 

18" (6/13/07): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 25"x20".  Located south of a group of 4 stars in a triangular pattern and 5' ESE of much brighter NGC 5812.

 

Francis Leavenworth discovered IC 1084 = LM(S) 693 on 30 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory and noted "mag 15.6, 0.3', R, dif."  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1087 = MCG +01-38-031 = CGCG 049-002a = PGC 53952

15 06 43.9 +03 46 36

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 80d

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WSW-ENE, ~24"x18", small bright nucleus.  IC 1087 is the brighter of a close pair with UGC 9710 (misidentified as modern sources as IC 1088) just 32" SW.  IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE.

 

Mrk 1392 (brightest in the trio WBL 542) lies 12' SW.  It appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", strongly concentrated, small bright nucleus (Seyfert 1 nucleus).  CGCG 048-116, 2.0' E, is fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly even surface brightness.  CGCG 048-117, 3.8' SE, is faint, small, round, stellar nucleus surrounded by an 0.3' halo.

 

17.5" (6/29/00): this is the brighter of close pair of difficult galaxies.  At 220x, it appeared as an extremely faint and small glow, perhaps 25" diameter.  At 280x a confused glow was visible and with extended viewing a close companion (UGC 9710) was just resolved to the southeast .  With concentration both members could almost be held continuously.  A mag 15 star lies 1.3' NE (this is IC 1088).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1087 = J. 336, along with IC 1088, on 28 May 1891.  His reference for IC 1087 and IC 1088 was a mag 9-10 star at 15 07 02.6 +03 50 50 (2000).  His offsets for #336 = IC 1087 are -19.8 seconds of time and -4' 14.8" dec. This places IC 1087 at 15 06 42.8 +03 46 35 (J2000), a perfect match with the northwest galaxy of the pair.  IC 1088, though, refers to a mag 15 star 1.3' NE of IC 1088.  It is often misidentified as the southeast member of the pair.

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IC 1088

15 06 47.4 +03 47 31

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE of IC 1087.  Modern sources (UGC, MCG, CGCG, HyperLeda, SIMBAD) misidentify UGC 9710 as IC 1088.

 

UGC 9710 appeared extremely faint or very faint, fairly small, very low surface brightness streak, ~30"x5".  This galaxy is the fainter of a close pair with IC 1087 just 32" NW!

 

On 29 Jun 2000 I also viewed UGC 9710 in my 17.5" and recorded, "fainter of a very close pair with IC 1087 [33" between centers].  Glimpsed with averted vision only as a very small, elongated glow, ~20"x10" E-W.  It was difficult to hold IC 1087 and UGC 9710 simultaneously.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1088 = J. 336, along with IC 1087, on 28 May 1891.  See IC 1087.

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IC 1093 = UGC 9727 = MCG +03-39-002 = CGCG 106-006 = PGC 54002

15 07 35.6 +14 32 53

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 115d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.6' diameter, very weak concentration, overall low surface brightness.  IC 1094 lies 5' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1093 = J. 1-340, along with IC 1094, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, lbM".  His position is 1.6' too far south (same offset as IC 1094).

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IC 1094 = MCG +03-39-006 = VIII Zw 453 = CGCG 106-008 = PGC 54006 + 54009 + 54011

15 07 42.2 +14 37 30

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/14/15): IC 1094 NED1 appeared very faint, very small, round, at most 15" diameter.  Forms a very close pair with IC 1094 NED2+3 (itself a very close, unresolved double), just 22" between centers.  The second galaxy was very faint, extremely small, quasi-stellar (6" or less).  IC 1093 lies 5' SSW.

 

Zwicky called VIII Zw 453 a "Triplet of fuzzy red elliptical galaxies" with No. 1  m(p) = 15.8, No. 2  25" NNE of No. 1; m(p) = 17.6 and No. 3  8" SE of No. 2; m(p) = 18.0.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1094 = J. 1-341, along with IC 1093, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, biN" implying he noticed two of the three components.

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IC 1095 = MCG +02-39-002 = CGCG 077-019 = VIII Zw 454 = PGC 54063

15 08 35.1 +13 40 14

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x16", low even surface brightness.  Forms an interacting double system with MCG +02-39-003 just 28" NW.  The compact companion is extremely faint and small, round, just ~6" diameter.  It's squeezed between IC 1095 and a mag 15.5 star just 23" W.  On the SDSS, the companion is attached at the tip of a stretched spiral arm from IC 1095.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1095 = Sw VIII-85 on 26 May 1889 and recorded "eeF; S; lE; * 9m in field sf."  His position is exactly 20' too far north but the 9th mag star HD 134335 fits his description and the RA matches.  I'm assuming he only picked up the brighter component of this double system.  Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson agree with this identification.

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IC 1096 = MCG +03-39-008  = CGCG 106-010 = WBL 548-001 = PGC 54050

15 08 21.6 +19 11 32

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 77d

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  First and faintest in a trio with CGCG 106-011 (misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern sources) 1.1' NE and IC 1097 2.3' ESE.  Situated 1.2' SSE of a mag 10.3 star and 1.6' W of a mag 11.2 star!  The two stars and 3 galaxies are within a 3' circle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1096 = J. 1-342, along with IC 1097, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position matches CGCG 106-010 = PGC 54050, the faintest of 3 galaxies in a trio.  IC 1097 matches UGC 9735 = PGC 54059, the second brightest.  Apparently either Javelle missed CGCG 106-011 = PGC 54055, the brightest in the trio, or perhaps just failed to measure a position.  In any case all modern catalogues (MCG, CGCG, PGC, HyperLeda, SIMBAD, UGC Notes) misidentify CGCG 106-011 as IC 1096. Malcolm Thomson and Harold Corwin agree with this identification.  See their identification files for more.

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IC 1097 = UGC 9735 = MCG +03-39-010 = CGCG 106-012 = WBL 548-003 = PGC 54059

15 08 31.3 +19 11 03

V = 14.6;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  PA = 58d

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 30"x12", small slightly brighter core.  A mag 11.2 star is 0.9' NW.  Largest and second brightest in a trio with fainter IC 1096 2.4' WNW and brighter CGCG 106-011 2.2' NW.  A mag 10.3 star is 1' W of CGCG 106-011.

 

CGCG 106-011 is the brightest of the triplet. It appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 18" diameter, small bright nucleus.  Flanked by a mag 11 star 1.3' SE and a mag 10.3 star 1' W, so in a 3' region there are 3 galaxies and two fairly bright stars!  CGCG 106-011 is misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern catalogues.

 

UGC 9738 was picked up 8.7' NE.  It appeared very faint, small, round, very low surface brightness, 20" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/3/00): faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 40"x20".  Contains a 15" brighter core with very faint extensions visible intermittently.  A mag 11 star is just 0.9' NW of center.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-39-009 (misidentified as IC 1096 in major catalogues) 2.2' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1097 = J. 1-343, along with IC 1096, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate. See IC 1096.

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IC 1101 = UGC 9752 = CGCG 049-023 = PGC 54167

15 10 56.1 +05 44 41

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 23d

 

18" (6/30/11): this supergiant cD galaxy is the central galaxy in AGC 2029 (z = .078 at 1 billion light years!).  At 280x, it appeared very faint, very small, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~15"x10".  Visible continuously with averted vision.  The galaxy is squeezed between a mag 14.7 star 27" E and a mag 15-15.5 star 47" WNW, just slightly south of a line connecting the two stars.  No other members of the cluster were seen.  Also viewed at a similar magnification in a 24" f/3.3 and logged as "faint, very small, round, oval 3:2 N-S, ~20"x14".  Could just hold steadily with direct vision."

 

Wikipedia states this galaxy is the largest known in the universe, from 5-6 million light years.  A 1991 paper by Uson, Boughn, & Kuhn (ApJ, 369, 46) gives a slightly smaller, though still extremely large diameter of 4 million light years.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1101 = Sw IX-47 on 19 Jun 1890.  Lewis noted that he and Edward disagreed on the description after the telescope was moved, and as a result no description is given in Swift's 9th discovery list.  UGC does not label their entry (UGC 9752) as IC 1101.

 

This is a super-giant cD in the center of AGC 2029 at a distance of 1.07 billion light years (slightly larger redshift than AGC 2065!).  IC 1101 is certainly one of the most distant galaxies discovered visually (and possibly the most distant)!

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IC 1110 = UGC 9773 = MCG +11-19-001 = CGCG 318-022 = CGCG 3198-004 = PGC 54265

15 12 05.1 +67 21 45

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.4';  PA = 76d

 

24" (7/8/13): at 320x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, edge-on 4:1 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.15', very small bright core, distinct stellar nucleus.  Located 15' W of mag 5.1 HD 136064.  The center of the Ursa Minor Dwarf galaxy is 20' SW and IC 1110 is not far off the NE end.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1110 = Sw VII-56 on 2 Aug 1888 and noted "eeF; S; vE."  His RA is 19 seconds too small but the identification is certain.

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IC 1112 = CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604

15 17 47.4 +07 13 06

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 121d

 

18" (7/4/08): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.35'.  Located 20' NE of UGC 9799 in AGC 2052.  CGCG 049-104 lies 3.6' SW.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1112 = Sw IX-48 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; R."  The position matches CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604.

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IC 1116 = MCG +02-39-017 = CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848

15 21 55.4 +08 25 25

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

18" (7/28/03): fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated N-S, 1.0'x0.8'.  Contains a very small brighter core.  Located 4.5' ESE of mag 8.7 SAO 120958 and ~15' SW of the rich core of AGC 2063.  This galaxy is the brightest member of AGC 2063 although it is southwest of the main clump of galaxies.  UGC 09821 lies 3' W.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1116 = Sw IX-49 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R."  The position matches CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848.

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IC 1122 = MAC 1529+0737 = PGC 1326415

15 29 23.1 +07 37 03

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Can just hold continuously with averted at 365x (6mm ZAO).  Located 3' NW of NGC 5931.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1122 = B. 192 on 4 Jun 1889 and recorded "mag 13.5; 30"-40" diameter, eF stellar nucleus."  Dreyer assumed that Barnard announced this object as a new nebula in 1890 (found on 15 May 1890 while searching for the asteroid Eucharis), but Barnard independently found NGC 5931 instead.  HyperLeda misidentifies IC 1122 as NGC 5931, but IC 1122 = LEDA 1326415.  Corwin and Thomson concur that IC 1122 is not equal to NGC 5931.

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IC 1133 = UGC 9973 = MCG +03-40-027 = PGC 55793

15 41 12.2 +15 34 22

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (6/4/94): faint, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness.  Located 2.1' E of a mag 10 star that detracts from viewing.  Picked up 13.6' SSW of NGC 5980.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1133 = J. 1-352 on 1 Jul 1891.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1146 = MCG +12-15-019 = CGCG 338-021 = PGC 56085

15 48 22.1 +69 23 08

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 105d

 

18" (7/10/10): fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter very small bright nucleus.  Arp 109 lies 5' NNW and MCG +12-15-020 is 3.8' NNE.  Located 9' SE of mag 7.5 HD 141987.

 

MCG +12-15-020 = PGC 56091 is extremely faint and small, round, 6" diameter (core only viewed).  Situated immediately NNE of a mag 11 star.

 

Arp 109 consists of the interacting pair VV 291a = UGC 10053 = PGC 56057 and VV 291b = CGCG 338-020 = PGC 56063.  At 285x, VV 291a appeared very faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, lower surface brightness than VV 291b just 1.8' ESE.  VV 291b appeared very faint, round, 15" diameter, compact appearance.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1146 = Sw VII-62 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; forms arc of circle with 2 st; sp of 2 [with IC 1147]."  He missed the 3 fainter galaxies in the field to the north, including Arp 109.

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IC 1152 = UGC 10103 = MCG +08-29-024 = CGCG 250-025 = WBL 596-002 = PGC 56450

15 56 43.3 +48 05 42

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.0'

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly bright, moderately large, round, 0.8' diameter, small bright core.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1153 5.5' NE and CGCG 250-027 7' NE.

 

PGC 2309484, just 2.8' S, appeared faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  A mag 17 star is very close off the north side [18" from center].  PGC 2308445, 6' to the south, was very faint and small, slightly elongated N-S, 12"x8".  A mag 12.8 star lies 0.6' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1152 = Sw VII-65, along with IC 1153, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R; sp of 2."

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IC 1153 = UGC 10107 = MCG +08-29-026 = CGCG 250-026 = WBL 596-003 = PGC 56462

15 57 03.0 +48 10 06

V = 12.9;  Size 1.2'x1.1'

 

24" (7/14/15): moderately bright, moderately large,, round, 0.8' diameter, small brighter core.  A mag 10.6 star lies 1.3' NE with CGCG 250-027 just north of the star.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1152 5.5' SW.  CGCG 250-027 appeared faint or fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 E-W.  Contains a very small bright nucleus with faint extensions E-W (bar?).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1153 = Sw VII-66, along with IC 1152, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "pF; pS; R; bM, pB * nr nf, nf of 2."

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IC 1155 = MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648

16 00 35.8 +15 41 08

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 30"x25".  A mag 15.8 star was noted just off the east-southeast edge [34" from center].  Located 3.1' ENE of mag 7.9 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 is 10' ESE and CGCG 108-038 is 6' NW.

 

24" (6/28/14): faint to fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, 40" diameter, weak concentration, fairly low surface brightness.  A mag 15.8 star is 30" SE of center, just off the edge.  Situated 3.2' ENE of mag 7.9 HD 143551, which interferes a bit with viewing.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, small, slightly elongated 4:3 NW-SE, even surface brightness.  A mag 15.5 star is at the SE end.  Located 3.1' ENE of a mag 8 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 lies 12' ESE.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1155 = J. I-359, along with ICs 1150, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648.

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IC 1157 = MCG +03-41-031 = CGCG 108-047 = WBL 600-001 = PGC 56680

16 00 56.3 +15 31 35

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.35';  PA = 135d

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; faint, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 25"x10", low even surface brightness.  In AGC 2147 with IC 1160 2.4' SE, IC 1163 is 8.4' ESE and IC 1161 is 8.7' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1157 = J. I-360, along with ICs 1155, 1160, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-047 = PGC 56680.

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IC 1158 = UGC 10133 = MCG +00-41-002 = PGC 56723

16 01 34.1 +01 42 28

V = 12.6;  Size 2.5'x1.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 137d

 

17.5" (6/11/88): very faint, large, diffuse oval NW-SE.  Several stars are nearby north and south including a mag 12 star 3.1' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1158 = Sw X-33 on 7 July 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  While searching for Wolf's comet of 1884 he found a nebula described in his logbook as "vF, R, 1' dia, vgbM, an 8m star 22' exactly following."  His rough position (no offsets) and the description clearly applies to this galaxy.   Barnard found it again less than a month later (4 Aug), looking for d'Arrest's Comet!   Lewis Swift independently discovered it on 17 July and is credited in the IC. Barnard never published the discovery or informed Dreyer, so Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1160 = MCG +03-41-032 = CGCG 108-051 = WBL 600-002 = PGC 56683

16 01 02.5 +15 29 41

V = 14.9;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 140d

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  This member of AGC 2147 is situated 2.5' SE of slightly brighter IC 1157 and 6.8' WSW of brighter IC 1163.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1160 = J. 362, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1161 = MCG +03-41-036 = CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695

16 01 16.8 +15 38 43

V = 14.2;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, slightly brighter nucleus, ~22"x18".  IC 1155 is 10' WNW, IC 1163 is 9' SSE, IC 1157 is 9' SW, IC 1160 is 10' SSW.

 

24" (6/28/14): fairly faint, small, round, 20", fairly high surface brightness, weak concentration.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): very faint, very small, slightly elongated, small bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 1155 12' WNW in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1161 = J. I-363, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695.

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IC 1163 = MCG +03-41-039 = CGCG 108-060 = WBL 600-003 = PGC 56717

16 01 30.5 +15 30 14

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter.  IC 1160 lies 7' WSW, IC 1157 is 8.4' WNW, IC 1161 is 9.2' NNW.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1163 = J. I-365, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-060 = PGC 56717.

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IC 1165 = VV 90 = CGCG 108-067 = MCG +03-41-048/049 = PGC 56769 + PGC 56768

16 02 08.2 +15 41 38

V = 13.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; the brighter northwest component (VV 90a = PGC 56769) of IC 1165 appeared faint, very small, round, 18" diameter.  The southeast component (VV 90b = PGC 56768) appeared extremely to very faint, very small, round, ~10" diameter.  Both galaxies share a small common halo with the centers of this merged system separated by just 14"! 

 

24" (6/28/14): at 375x and 500x, the main component (VV 90a) of this merged double system appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, contains a stellar nucleus.  The fainter companion (VV 90b) is attached at the south edge, and appears as a very faint, quasi-stellar knot [nucleus of the galaxy], ~5" diameter.  Overall, the combined merged glow is ~30"x20", oriented NNW-SSE, containing two stellar nuclei.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

VV 91a lies 1.8' SW and appeared extremely to very faint, round, just 6" diameter.  Located just 21" NNW of a mag 12.9 star.  The fainter companion (VV 91b) off the NE edge was not seen.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, weak concentration.  Three mag 13 stars almost collinear in a 3.5' string NW-SE located about 2' W.  This is a merged double system that was not resolved.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-41-50 1' NNE in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1165 = J. I-366, along with  ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1163, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-067 = PGC 56769, although CGCG (108-067) doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1165.

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IC 1167 = MCG +03-41-065 = PGC 56900

16 03 52.8 +14 56 47

V = 14.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  First in a group of galaxies including IC 1168 2.7' SE, UGC 10169 12' SE and UGC 10164 13' SE.  Forms a close pair with LEDA 3858573 1.0' NE, an extremely faint and small glow, roughly 6" diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1167 = J. 1-368 on 8 Jul 1891.

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IC 1168 = MCG +03-41-066 = CGCG 108-090N = PGC 56901

16 03 55.7 +14 54 09

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.45'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 15" galaxy.  Located just south of a trio of mag 12/13/14 stars and 3.7' NW of a mag 10 star.  IC 1167 lies 2.7' NNW and the UGC 10164/10169 lies 10' SE.  The companion just off the southeast edge (LEDA 3858574) was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1168 = J. 1-369 on 19 Jul 1891 and recorded "pF, vS, iF, 3 F st north.  Possibly double." As Javelle suspected, this galaxy is double with a companion off the southeast edge.

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IC 1170 = CGCG 108-101s = PGC 56955

16 04 31.7 +17 43 17

V = 16.8;  Size 0.4'x0.2';  PA = 84d

 

24" (6/4/16): at 322x; very faint, small, elongated 3:1 E-W, 20"x6".  Located 1.0' of the double system NGC 6041 in the central region of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, elongated E-W, required averted vision.  Located just 1.0' W of the NGC 6041A/B double system and 2.0' SSE of NGC 6040A/B in the core of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (3/23/85): at visual threshold, extremely small.  Just visible momentarily 0.9' W of NGC 6041.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1170 = J. 1-370 on 27 Jun 1892.

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IC 1173 = UGC 10180 = MCG +03-41-089 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57037

16 05 12.6 +17 25 22

V = 14.7;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 55d

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Forms western vertex of a triangle with two mag 11 and 12 stars 2.2' SSE and 3.1' NE.  Located 20' S of NGC 6047 in the southern portion of AGC 2151. IC 1186 lies 8.4' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1173 = J. 1-371 on 15 Aug 1892.

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IC 1174 = UGC 10185 = MCG +03-41-091 = CGCG 108-116 = PGC 57059

16 05 26.8 +15 01 31

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.75';  PA = 50d

 

18" (7/12/10): this surprisingly bright IC galaxy appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Increases steadily to the center. Arp 101 (UGC 10164 + UGC 10169) lies 18' SW.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1174 = Sf 77 on 26 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He recorded "pF, S, bM, N = 12.5m." and his position is accurate.

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IC 1178 = Arp 172 NED1 = VV 194a = UGC 10188 = MCG +03-41-097 = CGCG 108-120n = PGC 57062

16 05 33.1 +17 36 05

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1181 20" SE.  Located 12' S of IC 1182 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1178 = Sw VII-70, along with IC 1181, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; pS; bet 2 st.  10th of 12."  His position is 2' west of Arp 172 and IC 1178 is generally assumed to be the northwest member of this pair, with IC 1181 the southeast member.  Although this galaxy lies between 2 stars, that statement can be made to apply to most galaxies.  Corwin states that "Swift's position is not very good, and the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."  See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1179 = NGC 6050 = Arp 272 = VV 220 = UGC 10186 = MCG +03-41-092 = CGCG 108-118 = PGC 57058 + PGC 57053

16 05 23.4 +17 45 32

V = 14.7;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 132d

 

48" (5/15/12): this number is generally taken as the fainter, southwest component of the interacting and connected pair NGC 6050 in AGC 2151.  It appeared as a faint, diffuse glow attached to the southwest side of the brighter component, but was not individually resolved at 375x.  There was a very weak central brightening and a very faint nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1179 = Sw VII-71 on 3 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R.  11th of 12."  His position falls very close to the double system NGC 6050 = Arp 272.  PGC, SIMBAD and HyperLeda assign IC 1179 to the much fainter southwest component, but Corwin, Malcolm Thomson and I doubt that Swift could have resolved the pair.  Additionally Swift described NGC 6050(A) as "eeeF" (at his limit) but NGC 6050B is much fainter, and he makes no mention of the nebula being double!  So, almost certainly IC 1179 = NGC 6050.  In the IC, Dreyer questioned if IC 1179 was a duplicate of NGC 6054 (it's not) and this is repeated in several sources such as Carlson.

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IC 1181 = Arp 172 NED2 = VV 194b = UGC 10189 = MCG +03-41-098 = CGCG 108-120s = PGC 57063

16 05 33.8 +17 35 37

V = 14.8;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 58d

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, possibly elongated.  Forms a very close pair 20" SE of IC 1178 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1181 = Sw VII-72, along with IC 1179, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; S; R.  12th of 12."  His position is a good match with PGC 57063, the southeast component of Arp 172 with IC 1178.  But Harold Corwin notes for IC 1178 "... the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."

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IC 1182 = UGC 10192 = MCG +03-41-104 = CGCG 108-126 = Mrk 298 = PGC 57084

16 05 36.8 +17 48 08

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 80d

 

48" (5/5/16): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, contains a bright core that increases to the center.  A mag 14 star is 1.3' W and a mag 17.8 star was occasionally visible [34"] east.

 

The brightest knot or condensation (likely a tidal dwarf galaxy) in the tidal tail was faintly visible 1.2' due east of IC 1182.  It was generally visible as a very faint, small glow, slightly elongated E-W, ~10"x7".  NED identifies this galaxy as IC 1182:[S72] d from the 1972 paper by Alan Stockton titled "Blue Condensations Associated with Elliptical and S0 Galaxies".  This "knot" formed the western vertex of an obtuse isosceles triangle with a mag 17 star 40" NE and a mag 15 star 40" SE.  The portion of the tidal tail extending directly out of IC 1182 (past the mag 17.8 star) was not seen.

 

48" (5/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, small, irregularly round, ~20" diameter, brighter nucleus.  Located 1.4' E of a mag 14.3 star.  Similar NGC 6054 lies 2.0' S.   The jet extending out of the east side of the galaxy and the blue knots 1.2' E were not noticed (though not looked for).

 

17.5" (5/13/88): very faint, very small, slightly elongated.  Situated between two mag 14.5 stars 1.4' W of center and a mag 15 star following.  Easier than IC 1183 2.1' SSE and NGC 6054 2.5' SW in AGC 2151.  IC 1185 lies 5.4' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1182 = J. 1-372 on 11 Aug 1892.  According to Harold Corwin in his Abell 2151 article, IC 1184 is a double or triple star 1.6' SE.  The UGC questions if IC 1182 = IC 1184, which is does not.

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IC 1185 = MCG +03-41-110 = CGCG 108-134 = PGC 57096

16 05 44.7 +17 43 01

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 8d

 

48" (4/5/13): bright, moderately large, oval 4:3 N-S, ~28"x21", small bright core.  NGC 6054 lies 3.4' NNW.  A mag 15 star is 1' SE.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, small bright core.  A mag 15 star lies 1.1' SE of center.  Located 5.4' SSE of IC 1182 in the core of AGC 2151.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1185 = Big. 205 on 8 Jun 1888 and noted "star 13.3 accompanied with nebulosity of 20" diameter."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1186 = MCG +03-41-111 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57095

16 05 44.2 +17 21 44

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 5d

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located in the southern section of AGC 2151 just preceding a striking elongated group of 10 mag 9-13 star oriented SW-NE.  IC 1173 lies 8.4' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1186 = J. 1-373 on 15 Aug 1892.  CGCG does not label CGCG 108-133 as IC 1186.

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IC 1189 = MCG +03-41-119 = CGCG 108-144 = Mrk 300 = PGC 57135

16 06 14.8 +18 10 58

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 179d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, ~21"x14", very small bright nucleus.  Located 4' S of brighter NGC 6061 and between a mag 10.6 star 1.3' N and a mag 11 star 2' SSW.

 

18" (7/13/07): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 4' S of NGC 6061 and situated between a mag 10.5 star 1.2' N and a mag 11.5 star 2.1' SSW. 

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Can almost hold steadily with averted vision.  Located 1.2' S of a mag 10 star in AGC 2151.  Brighter NGC 6061 is 4' N and MCG +03-41-115 3.5' WNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1189 = Sw VII-73 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; iR; bet. 2 st."  His RA is 5 seconds too small, but the comment "bet 2 st[ars]" clinches the identification.

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IC 1190 = UGC 10195 = MCG +03-41-113 = CGCG 108-146 = PGC 57111

16 05 52.4 +18 13 14

V = 14.7;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 120d

 

24" (6/14/15): at 375x; very faint to faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.5'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  Located 6' WSW of NGC 6061.  A mag 10.5 is near the midpoint between the two galaxies.

 

18" (7/13/07): extremely faint, fairly small, very low even surface brightness, edge-on 7:2 WSW-ESE, 40"x12".  Located 2.9' WSW of a mag 10.5 star.  MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.5' SE.

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located 3' W of a mag 10.5 star and 6' SW of NGC 6061 in the northeast portion of AGC 2151.  Similar MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.4' SE.

 

17.5": extremely faint, fairly small, very diffuse.  Located 5.9' WSW of NGC 6061 within AGC 2151.  MCG +3-41-115 = CGCG 108-139 2.4' SE not seen.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1190 = Sw VII-74 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; another [IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Corwin notes there is nothing close to Swift's position (other than NGC 6061 itself) but "his description "... another [= IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 near in line" points to this galaxy [UGC 10195] (rather than to the fainter, smaller object at 16 03 45.6, +18 19 48) as the one he saw."  Modern sources label this galaxy as UGC 10195 only, instead of IC 1190.

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IC 1191 = PGC 57152

16 06 28.7 +18 16 04

Size 0.5'x0.1';  PA = 164d

 

24" (6/14/15): very faint, small, 18" diameter, no structure (not seen as double).  Located 3.3' NE of NGC 6061 in the north section of AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1191 = Sw VII-75 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; lE; another [IC 1190] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Although his position for IC 1190 is poor, his position for IC 1191 is just 7 seconds of RA too small.  Harold Corwin gives the dimensions of the brighter component as 27"x7" in PASP, Vol 83 and notes "IC 1191 is also a double object similar to IC 1188 (separation = 11 arcseconds). The fainter companion lies at R.A. 16h 04m 14.8s, +18” 24' 6'' (1950)."

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IC 1192 = PGC 57157

16 06 33.1 +17 46 32

V = 15.3;  Size 0.8'x0.3';  PA = 114d

 

24" (7/9/13): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.4'x0.2'.  Forms the west vertex of a small equilateral triangle with IC 1194 1.7' SE and IC 1194A 1.3' ENE in the eastern portion of the Hercules cluster AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.7' NW of brighter IC 1194 at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1192 = J. 1-375, along with IC 1193 and IC 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.

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IC 1193 = PGC 57155

16 06 32.2 +17 42 50

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 2d

 

24" (7/9/13): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~20"x12", weak concentration.  Forms a close pair with PGC 84738 1.0' NE (noted as extremely to very faint, very small, slightly elongated, 10"x7").  A mag 16 star lies 1.5' SW.  A small trio consisting of IC 1192, 1194 and 1194A is less than 4' NNE.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small.  Appears double or companion very close?  Furthest south in trio with IC 1194 3.3' NE and IC 1192 3.7' N at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1193 = J. 1-376, along with IC 1192 and 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is nearly 1' too far north -- an unusually large error as his position for IC 1192 is accurate.

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IC 1194 = MCG +03-41-128 = CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172

16 06 39.3 +17 45 40

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 20d

 

24" (7/9/13): at 282x this AGC 2151 member appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 20" diameter, gradually increases to the center.  Brightest in a small trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1194A = PGC 84742 1.3' N.  Also nearby is IC 1193 3.3' SSW.

 

IC 1194A is located at Javelle's position for IC 1194, not the brighter galaxy 80" S (described above) that is generally assumed to be IC 1194.  It's possible Javelle assumed the brighter galaxy was a star, though it was clearly nonstellar in my scope at 282x.  IC 1194A appeared faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, round.  Brightest in a trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1193 3.3' SW at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1194 = J. 1-377, along with IC 1192 and 1193, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is a good match with the fainter lenticular 1.4' NE of IC 1192, which is commonly identified as IC 1194A = PGC 84742.  His position is also 1' north of the brighter elliptical (CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172), which is described in my notes. CGCG 108-152 is identified as IC 1194 in most modern sources.  Perhaps Javelle made a 1' error in measuring the offset from his comparison star?  Interestingly, his offset is 1' too far north for nearby IC 1193 adding some support to this suggestion.

 

Corwin comments that "Perhaps he mistook the brighter object as a star, though it should have been clearly nebulous in the Nice 28-inch."  Malcolm Thomson and Corwin both identify IC 1194 = PGC 84742 based on the positional match, though the data here is for CGCG 108-152 as I'm not convinced.

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IC 1195 = MCG +03-41-126 = CGCG 108-151 = PGC 57175

16 06 40.9 +17 11 30

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, 30"x20".  Following a parallelogram of four mag 10-12 stars (closest is 2.0' SW) at the SE edge of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1195 = J. 1-378 on 23 Jun 1892.

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IC 1197 = UGC 10219 = MCG +01-41-013 = CGCG 051-052 = FGC 1989 = PGC 57261

16 08 17.3 +07 32 19

V = 13.7;  Size 2.9'x0.45';  PA = 56d

 

24" (6/16/12): faint to fairly faint, fairly large thin edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, 1.8'x0.3', broad concentration, very slightly bulging center and tapering tips.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1197 on 14 Jul 1890 with the Vienna 27-inch refractor.  His micrometric position in AN 2993 matches UGC 10219.  UGC doesn't label UGC 10219 as IC 1197.

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IC 1199 = UGC 10242 = MCG +02-41-013 = CGCG 079-070 = PGC 57373

16 10 34.3 +10 02 25

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  PA = 158d

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, very elongated 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.3', slightly brighter along the major axis.  Located just 2' W of mag 7.5 HD 145436, which detracts from viewing.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1199 = Sw IX-55 on 28 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eeF; S; E; p. DM +10”2969, 9s; ee diff. in consequence of proximity to the star.  Found searching for D'Arrest Comet."  E.E. Barnard also found it just a few nights later (4 Jul 1890), also while searching for the comet.  He made a simple sketch showing the nearby stars and his computed position (using the bright star) is an exact match.  In his logbook entry for 7 Jul, he noted "Swift in looking for d'Arrest's Comet reports finding a new nebula 9s p (on same parallel) the 9.5m star DM +10”2969 and says it is the faintest neb he has ever seen."

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IC 1201 = UGC 10221 = MCG +12-15-051 = CGCG 338-044 = PGC 57104

16 05 41.8 +69 35 37

V = 14.7;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 118d

 

17.5" (4/18/87): extremely faint, small, edge-on NW-SE, difficult with averted vision.  Located 7.7' SE of NGC 6079 on the Ursa Minor-Draco border.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1201 = Sw VII-78 on 2 Aug 1888 and logged "eeeF; pS; iR; eee diff.; double star nr points to it; nf of 2 [with IC 1200]."  The double star is probably the pair 3' northwest.  The second galaxy IC 1200 is NGC 6079, although it is north-preceding, so IC 1201 is the "sf of 2".

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IC 1204 = MCG +12-15-053 = CGCG 338-046 = PGC 57206

16 07 15.5 +69 55 53

Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 64d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 or 3:1 SSW-NNE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core but no nucleus.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 6091 3.6' SE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1204 = B. 207 on 25 Mar 1889 and logged "mag 13.4-13.5; 20" diameter; stellar nucleus, a star mag 11 in pa 100” [ESE], distance = 3'."  His Comptes Rendus position (used in the IC 1) is 19' too far south, but the position was corrected in the IC 2 Notes.  The CGCG and MCG ignore the IC designation, which is not in doubt.  See Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 1208 = CGCG 196-016 = PGC 57650

16 15 47.9 +36 31 38

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.25';  PA = 95d

 

24" (6/12/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 E-W, 30"x10", very small bright nucleus.  Located just 1.8' SSW of mag 7.0 HD 146639, which detracts from viewing.

 

CGCG 196-013 lies 13' W.  This galaxy appeared faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 18"x12", very small bright nucleus.  Just west of line of 2 mag 13/13.5 star 1.3' NNE and 1.2' SSE.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 1208 on 21 May 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while examining mag 7.0 HD 146639.  He measured micrometric offsets from the star (also on 25 May) and published the results in AN, 127 [3048], 426 (1891) as well as Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol II, 1894.

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IC 1215 = UGC 10315 = MCG +11-20-009a = CGCG 320-017 = CGCG 338-049 = Kaz 65 = PGC 57638

16 15 35.1 +68 23 52

V = 13.2;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 10d

 

24" (6/14/15): first and brightest in a trio with IC 1216 and IC 1218.  Fairly faint to moderately bright, oval 4:3 ~N-S, 40"x30", broad weak concentration.  IC 1216 lies 3.4' SE.  Located 17' SW of mag 6.4 HD 147662.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1215 = Sw VII-82 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R."  He later added "1st of 4.", though IC 1214 is not nearby.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1216 = UGC 10326 = MCG +11-20-010 = CGCG 320-021 = CGCG 338-050 = PGC 57664

16 15 55.4 +68 21 00

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (6/14/15): second and faintest in a trio with IC 1215 3.4' NW and IC 1218 10' SSE.  Faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2, ~30"x20", low surface brightness with no significant core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1216 = Sw VII-84 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; eee diff; 3rd of 4."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1218 = MCG +11-20-011 = CGCG 320-022 = Kaz 69 = PGC 57699

16 16 37.1 +68 12 10

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 58d

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core.  Third of three with IC 1216 10' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1218 = Sw VII-86 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; lE."  He later added "4th of 4.", though there are only 3 galaxies here.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1220 = MCG +01-42-005 = CGCG 052-030 = PGC 58340

16 29 38.3 +08 27 03

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (8/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round.  Well concentrated with a 15" bright core that gradually increases to an occasional very faint stellar nucleus.  The core is surrounded by a thin low surface brightness halo ~24" diameter.  Situated 12.5' ENE of mag 7.7 HD 148591.  CGCG 052-028 lies 5.5' SW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1220 = Sw X-34 on 18 May 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He simply noted "pF, S", but his offsets from mag 7.7 HD 148591 of +50 seconds in RA and ~+2.8' in Dec point directly to this galaxy.  Lewis Swift independently discovered it just 2 months later on 21 Jul 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; E."  His position is 15 seconds of RA too small, though the IC position is off an additional 10 seconds.  Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never published his discovery or informed Dreyer directly.  CGCG (052-030) and MCG (+01-42-005) don't label their catalogue entries as IC 1220.

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IC 1221 = UGC 10458 = MCG +08-30-030 = CGCG 251-030 = PGC 58528

16 34 41.6 +46 23 31

V = 13.8;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

18" (7/12/10): fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, ~40"x35", very weak concentration.  A nice string of stars is SE with the closest mag 13 star 4' SE.  IC 1222 = Arp 73 lies 11' SSE.  Located 20' SW of mag 5.8 HD 150030.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1221 = Sw X-35, along with IC 1222, on 10 Jul 1890 and logged "eeF; pS; E; p of 2 [with IC 1222]."

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IC 1222 = Arp 73 = UGC 10461 = MCG +08-30-032 = CGCG 251-031 = PGC 58544

16 35 09.2 +46 12 50

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 50d

 

18" (7/12/10): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, brighter along the major axis [DSS shows this to be the "bar" of a two-armed barred spiral.  A group of 4 stars is west-southwest.  Forms a pair with IC 1221 11' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1222 = Sw X-36, along with IC 1221, on 10 Jul 1890 and logged "eeF; pL; R; f of 2 [with IC 1221]."

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IC 1229 = MCG +09-27-072 = PGC 58902

16 44 58.8 +51 18 29

V = 15.0;  Size 0.45'x0.4'

 

24" (7/15/15): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.4' diameter, weak concentration.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 1230 2.9' SSE.  Located 6' due south of mag 8.8 HD 151463 (wide unequal double).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1229 = Sw X-40, along with IC 1230, on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; another nr south; D * in field n; others susp; np of 2; ee diff."  This galaxy is misidentified as IC 1225 in the UGC notes for IC 1230 = UGC 1038.

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IC 1230 = UGC 10538 = MCG +09-27-073 = CGCG 276-041 = PGC 588903

16 45 01.6 +51 15 37

V = 14.6;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (7/15/15): moderately bright and large, 0.8' diameter, sharply concentrated with a small bright nucleus, slightly elongated halo.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1229 2.9' NNW.

 

IC 1230 is a multiple system with 3 faint companions (V = 16-16.5) including a close pair at the north edge of the halo.  Also on the SDSS, there is a second fainter nucleus (possible merged companion). 

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1230 = Sw X-41, along with IC 1229, on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; D * in field n; sf of 2; eee dif."

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IC 1236 = UGC 10633 = VV 442 = MCG +03-43-010 = CGCG 110-019 = PGC 59350

16 58 29.6 +20 02 29

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 51d

 

24" (7/15/15): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter, irregular surface brightness, slight hint of structure [face-on spiral].  A mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW. Located 6.4' SSE of mag 7.7 HD 153374.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1236 = Sf 44 = Sw X-42 on 1 Aug 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "pF, SbM."  His discovery list was not published, though, until 1887.  E.E. Barnard independently ran across it while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick on 30 Jul 30 1888, though he recognized it was Sf 44.  Lewis Swift also found it on 17 Sep 1890 and logged "eF; pS; lE; B * nr N; vF * close p."

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IC 1242 = MCG +01-44-001 = CGCG 054-002 = PGC 59688

17 08 42.9 +04 03 00

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (7/19/90): very faint, very small, slightly elongated NW-SE, weak concentration.  Forms a pair with NGC 6296 10' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1242 = J. 1-383 on 7 Aug 1891.

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IC 1251 = UGC 10757 = MCG +12-16-021 = PGC 59735

17 10 13.4 +72 24 37

V = 13.5;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 70d

 

17.5" (7/16/93): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated 4:3 ~E-W, fairly low almost even surface brightness.  Located in a string of stars that ends at the double star adjacent to NGC 6340 6' SSE.  IC 1254 lies 6' E.

 

17.5" (7/9/88): very faint, small, elongated WSW-ENE, weak concentration.  Located 6' NNW of NGC 6340 in a group.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1251 = Sw X-43 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; 6340 nr; sp of 2 [with IC 1254]; ee dif."  The Swifts' RA is 6 sec too large and the orientation should by north-preceding and south-following.

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IC 1252 = IC 4649 = UGC 10788 = MCG +10-24-120 = CGCG 299-068 = PGC 59962

17 15 50.4 +57 22 01

V = 14.5;  Size 1.0'x0.2';  PA = 142d

 

18" (7/12/07): extremely faint, small, very low surface brightness, ~0.3' diameter.  Attached to the west side of a mag 12 star (just 24" separation between the star and the center of IC 1252) that detracts from viewing.  Located 4.5' SE of NGC 6345 in a group and 3.6' ENE of NGC 6345.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1252 = Big. 217 on 5 Sep 1888 and logged "mag 13.4-13.5; 40" diameter; situated very close to a mag 12.5 star."  Harold Corwin notes that IC 4649 is a duplicate identity from a second observation from Bigourdan.  See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1254 = UGC 10769 = MCG +12-16-024 = PGC 59783

17 11 33.7 +72 24 07

V = 13.8;  Size 1.6'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 32d

 

17.5" (7/16/93): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, even surface brightness.  Slightly fainter than IC 1251 6' W.  Located 7' NE of NGC 6340.

 

17.5" (7/9/88): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated, two mag 15 stars are 30" E and 1' SSE.  Located 7' NE of NGC 6340 in a group.  Probably only viewed the core.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1254 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 1251]; ee diff."  The Swifts' position is 16 sec of RA east and 2' north of UGC 10769.

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IC 1257 = OCL-51 = Lund 751 = Ced 144

17 27 08.5 -07 05 35

V = 13.1;  Size 1'

 

18" (7/26/06): picked up at 225x, but viewed at 325x as a very faint, low surface brightness disc of 30" diameter with only a very weak central brightening.  This challenging globular was visible steadily, even with direct vision but there was no hints of details.  A couple of mag 16-16.5 threshold stars are close south and west.

 

18" (7/18/04): at 250x, appeared very faint, very small, round, ~0.5' diameter.  With direct vision, this globular is weakly concentrated to a faint quasi-stellar or stellar core.  Visible continuously without much effort, though very unimpressive as a globular.

 

17.5" (6/30/00): at 280x this small low surface brightness globular appeared very faint, round, ~30" diameter but visible with direct vision.  Appears to have an extremely faint knot at the south edge and a slight central brightening.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): very faint, round patch, ~1' diameter.  Appears similar to a 15th magnitude galaxy with no hints of resolution or central concentration.  Can hold steadily with averted vision.  Located 5.8' W of a mag 11.5 star.  Discovered to be a globular in 1996.

 

13.1": not found.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1257 on 7 July 1890 while searching for Barnard's Comet C/1888 RI using the 27" refractor at Wien University Observatory in Austria.  His micrometric position is accurate.  Barnard himself, also discovered it the next night, while searching for the same comet with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  Barnard initially mistook it for the comet!

 

Harlow Shapley listed IC 1257 as an open cluster (1930) and Sven Cederblad as a nebula (1946).  Brian Skiff reports in 9/96: Barry Madore to take a handful of short exposures of it at the Palomar 200", and has run through a first-cut data reduction.  The color-magnitude diagram shows that it is unquestionably a globular cluster, which is moderately heavily reddened:  it has the telltale marks of a metal-poor halo cluster, which are (a) a blue horizontal-branch population and (b) a steep red-giant branch.  See Harris et al. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997AJ....113..688H for the discovery announcement.

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IC 1258 = Arp 311 NED1 = UGC 10867 = MCG +10-25-035 = CGCG 300-029 = PGC 60320 = VV 101

17 27 17.4 +58 29 08

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 65d

 

24" (7/22/14): at 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, ~0.4'x0.3'.  A mag 15.3 star is off the north side [27" from center] and another mag 15 star is off the southwest side [44" from center].  At 500x, a mag 15.5+ star is at the east edge, just 10" from center!

 

24" (8/15/12): at 375x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WSW-ENE, very small bright nucleus increases to center.  The view with confusing with several very close stars.  The brightest is a mag 14.9 star 45" SW.  A mag 15.2 star is 30" NNE.  A mag 15.7 star is attached at the east edge of the core, just 10" from center and fainter than the nucleus of the galaxy.  Very interesting group with the double system IC 1259 2.3' NE, IC 1260 2.0' ESE and PGC 2579433 3.6' ENE.

 

18" (6/7/08): at 260x appeared faint, small, irregularly round, 25" diameter, very small brighter core, gradually increases to the center.  Surrounded by two or three very faint stars.  With averted vision the shape is irregular and knotty.  Forms a pair with IC 1259 (double system) 2.2' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1258 = Sw VII-89, along with IC 1259, on 19 Jul 1887 and logged "pB; pS; R; sp of 2 [with IC 1259]."  His position is 1' too far northwest.

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IC 1259 = VV 101 = Arp 310 = Arp 311 NED2/3 = UGC 10869 = CGCG 300-030 = MCG +10-25-037+037a = PGC 60323 + 60325

17 27 25.8 +58 31 00

V = 13.1;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (7/22/14): at 375x, the merged contact pair IC 1259 (15" between centers) was a striking sight.  VV 101a, the larger and brighter eastern component, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter.  A mag 15 star is at the southeast edge, just 10" from center.  VV 101b, the western component, appeared very faint, extremely small, 8" x 5" SW-NE.  A mag 12 star lies 0.8' NE.  IC 1258 lies 2.2' SW and IC 1260 is 2.5' SSE!

 

24" (8/15/12): fascinating tight double system and superimposed star at 375x.  The main component appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  VV 101b is attached at the west edge of the halo, 15" between centers.  It appeared very faint, extremely small, 10" diameter.  A mag 15 star is attached at the SE edge, just 10" from center!  A mag 12 star lies 0.8' NE.  IC 1258 lies 2.2' SW, IC 1260 is 2.5' SSE and PGC 2579433 is 2.5' SE.  The group is located ~13' SE of mag 6.5 HD 158485.

 

18" (6/7/08): at 260x this double system (Arp 310) appeared faint, very small, ~20" diameter, quasi-stellar nucleus.  VV 101b, an extremely small (~10" diameter) companion, was barely resolved off the west edge of the brighter eastern component (VV 101a).  Also, a very faint mag 15 star is often visible at the SE edge.  IC 1258 (part of Arp 311) is just 2.2' SW.  Located 45" SW of a mag 12 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1259 = Sw VII-90, along with IC 1258, on 19 Jul 1887 and logged "pB; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 1258]."  Swift didn't resolve this double system.

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IC 1260 = Arp 311 NED4 = MCG +10-25-040 = CGCG 300-032 = PGC 60324

17 27 31.7 +58 28 33

V = 14.9;  Size 0.35'x0.3'

 

24" (7/22/14): faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 2' ESE of IC 1258 and 2.6' SSE of IC 1259 = Arp 310 (close double system!).  The entire group forms Arp 311.

 

24" (8/15/12): faint, very small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Faintest of trio of IC galaxies with IC 1258 and IC 1259 (forming Arp 311) and situated just 1.9' ESE of IC 1258.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1260 = Sw IX-80 on 15 May 1890 and logged "eeeF; S; R; forms equilateral triangle with two others; 3rd of 3."  Three years earlier he found IC 1258 and IC 1259, so he apparently revisited the group and detected this galaxy.

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IC 1261 = CGCG 339-039 = MCG +12-16-032A+B = PGC 60185 + PGC 60186

17 23 23.3 +71 15 49

V = 14.0

 

24" (6/28/16): IC 1261 is a close pair of small ellipticals separated by 27" E-W.  At 375x the brighter eastern component appeared fairly faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  The halo is just resolved from the western component, which appeared faint, very small, round.  A mag 15 star is 0.7' S.  NGC 6395 lies 18' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1261 = Sw. VIII-93 on 8 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; in a dark vacancy."  His position is unusually accurate for observations near the end of his observing career, but the description could apply to either galaxy (or both).

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IC 1262 = UGC 10900 = MCG +07-36-020 = CGCG 226-020 = WBL 643-001 = PGC 60479

17 33 02.0 +43 45 35

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 83d

 

24" (7/2/16): at 375x; moderately bright, elongated 4:3 or 3:2 E-W, 1.0'x0.7', slightly brighter core.  Brightest in the IC 1262 group (redshift-based distance ~450 million l.y.) with closest companion IC 1263 3.8' NNE

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; moderately bright and large, oval 3:2 E-W, ~1.1'x0.75', large brighter core.  Brightest in a group with IC 1263 3.8' NNE, CGCG 226-028 10' NNE and IC 1264 8' SSE.  This group resides in a fairly rich star field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1262 = Sw IX-82, along with IC 1263 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; 1st of 3."  His position is less than 1' too far north.

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IC 1263 = UGC 10902 = MCG +07-36-021 = CGCG 226-026 = WBL 643-002 = PGC 60481

17 33 07.2 +43 49 19

V = 13.7;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 178d

 

24" (7/2/16): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, moderately large, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.9'x0.4'.  A thin spiral arm is just visible extending due north on the east side of the halo!

 

IC 1262 (brightest in the group) is 3.8' SSW and CGCG 226-028 is 6' NNE.   The latter galaxy appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter, no core or zones.  A mag 15.5 star is just off the southwest edge [35" from center].

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint or moderately bright, relatively large, elongated at least 5:2 N-S, broad concentration, brighter core, 1.2'x0.45'.  Several mag 11-13 stars are nearby including a mag 11 star 2.6' WNW and a mag 11.5 star 3' NW.

 

IC 1263 is a member of the IC 1262 group that includes CGCG 226-028 6' NNE, IC 1262 3.8' SSW and IC 1264 12' S.  CGCG 226-028 appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter, no core or zones.  A mag 14.6 star is 1.2' NNW and a mag 15.5 star is just 35" SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1263 = Sw IX-83, along with IC 1262 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; 2nd of 3."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1264 = UGC 10904 = MCG +07-36-022 = CGCG 226-027 = WBL 643-003 = PGC 60484

17 33 16.8 +43 37 45

V = 14.4;  Size 1.2'x1.1';  PA = 40d

 

24" (7/2/16"): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 35"x20", fairly even surface brightness, slightly brighter core.  Faintest of three IC's anchoring a group, with IC 1262 8' NNW and IC 1263 12' NNW.

 

MCG +07-36-024, just 0.9' NE, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 10", higher surface brightness than IC 1264.  A mag 14 star is 45" E and a mag 16 star is barely off the northwest edge.

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 40"x30", fairly low surface brightness.  Forms a close pair with MCG +07-36-024 0.9' NE.  The companion is fairly faint, small, round, 12", with a mag 16 star at the northwest edge.  IC 1264 is a member of the IC 1262 group and is situated 8' SSE of IC 1262.  CGCG 226-029 is 7.6' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1264 = Sw IX-84, along with IC 1263 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eeeF; pS; R; 3rd of 3; eee difficult."  His position is less than 1' too far north.  I'm surprised Swift missed the nearby MCG as it has a higher surface brightness.

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IC 1265 = UGC 10917 = MCG +07-36-027 = CGCG 226-032 = PGC 60568

17 36 39.6 +42 05 17

V = 12.3;  Size 2.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 80d

 

17.5" (7/27/95): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 1.2'x0.5'.  Contains a bright core with faint extensions.  A wide pair of mag 14.5 stars lie 1.0' E and 1.3' ESE of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1265 = Sw IX-85 on 10 Jul 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; lE."  Discovered by Swift (IX).  His position is 1' too far north.

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IC 1266 = PK 345-8.1 = Thackery 1 = ESO 279-PN7 = PN G345.2-08.8

17 45 35.4 -46 05 23

V = 12.2;  Size 13"

 

13.1": not found.  Very low emission.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1266 in 1894 on a photograph of stellar spectra taken at the Peruvian Station of the Harvard College Observatory.  Pickering announced the discovery in AN 3227.

 

Dana Patchick discovered that Tc 1 is identical to IC 1266.

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IC 1269 = UGC 11013 = MCG +04-42-009 = CGCG 141-020 = PGC 61023

17 52 06.0 +21 34 11

V = 12.8;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 125d

 

18" (7/2/08): at 175x appeared fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 4:3 NW-SE, slightly brighter core.  Bracketed by mag 13 stars 1.4' N and 1.4' NE as well as a mag 13 star 1.2' SE.  Located 4.2' NNE of a mag 10.2 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1269 = Sw VII-94 on 25 Jul 1887 and logged "eeF; pL; R; F * v nr nf; and other F * nr."  There is nothing at his position but 19 seconds of time preceding and 2' north is UGC 11013.  Herbert Howe has a long note on IC 1269 in his November 1900 list of observation.  He notes the position given in the IC differs from his by 20 seconds and 2', and he was unable to verify Swift's description of "pL, 2 F st nr."  Instead, he found an "eeF, vS" nebula with a number of faint stars near.  This is very likely the same galaxy, except Howe only noticed the nucleus.

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IC 1271 = within M8 = Lagoon Nebula = NGC 6523

18 05 10.1 -24 23 56

 

17.5" (6/14/96): brightest mag 7.5 star at the east end of M8 illuminating a bright 2' halo of nebulosity.  This star is symmetrically placed on the following side of the cluster with respect to the two mag 7.5 stars on the west side of the Lagoon.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): this is the mag 7.5 star (SAO 186247) embedded in the southeast portion of the Lagoon nebula, which is surrounded by a locally brighter halo of nebulosity at all powers.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1271 = Sw VIII-94 on 5 Aug 1888 and recorded "eeeF, vL, N6523 nr p, ee diff; B* inv or is a neb *; discovered 2 years ago."  His position is about 5' southeast of a mag 7 star at 18 05 10.6 -24 23 55 which is embedded in the eastern wing or extension of the Lagoon nebula.  Corwin notes that John Herschel discovered and sketched this extension and considered it part of the M8 complex.

 

In Dreyer states in his 1912 update of WH's catalogues that IC 1271 is identical to NGC 6526 = H V-9  (also part of M8). See Corwin's identification notes on NGC 6526.

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IC 1274 = Sh 2-32 = LBN 33 = Ced 154d = ESO 521-N*41

18 09 51.0 -23 38 54

Size 9'x8'

 

17.5" (7/17/93): located north of the NGC 6559 nebular complex.  At 100x and OIII filter appears as an irregular nebulosity surrounding a group of stars mag 8-9, roughly circular outline.  Located about 20' N of NGC 6559.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x with UHC filter appears fairly faint, large, includes several stars with three or four brighter stars, irregular shape.  Located 22' NNW of NGC 6559.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1274, along with IC 1275, on 25 Jun 1892 on a 4-hour plate using the 6-inch Willard lens.  His article "Photographic Nebulosities and Groups of Nebulous Stars" in AN 3111 includes a rough visual sketch (with the Lick 12" refractor) of the field including NGC 6559 to the south.

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IC 1275 = Sh 2-31 = LBN 33 = Ced 154e = ESO 521-N*41

18 10 07.2 -23 45 40

Size 10'x6'

 

17.5" (7/17/93): at 100x and OIII filter appears as an easy nebulosity surrounding two mag 9 stars and several fainter stars.  Located at the east end of the chain of nebulosities described in the NGC 6559 observation.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x and UHC filter; fairly faint nebulosity surrounding a pair of mag 8 stars, smaller than nearby IC 1274.  Located 16' N of NGC 6559.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1275, along with IC 1274, on 25 Jun 1892 on a 4-hour plate using the 6-inch Willard lens.  His article "Photographic Nebulosities and Groups of Nebulous Stars" in AN 3111 includes a visual sketch (with the Lick 12" refractor) of the field including NGC 6559 to the south.  IC 1274 and 1275 are clearly identified (as Nova) on the sketch.

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IC 1276 = Palomar 7

18 10 44.3 -07 12 27

V = 10.3;  Size 7'

 

24" (9/7/13): at 200x appeared as a fairly faint to moderately bright, roundish glow, ~3' diameter, with a weak concentration.  Grows in size with averted vision to at least 3.5' diameter.  At 375x, a total of 8-10 stars were resolved with a couple of additional stars occasionally popping.  The brightest is a mag 13-13.5 star on the west side with a mag 14 star 35" E.  A few additional stars appear to be ~15-15.5 magnitude with the remainder closer to 16th magnitude.  A mag 10.6 star is 3' NNE of center.

 

18" (6/22/09): at 225x appeared as a faint, moderately large, roundish glow with no central concentration.  A string of three stars are superimposed on the north side of the cluster.

 

17.5" (8/2/97): at 220x, this globular appears as an obvious irregular glow of ~3' diameter with a mag 13.5 star at the west edge.  A superimposed mag 14 star follows [by 36"] and a third mag 14.5 on a line is at the east end.  A mag 15 star was also glimpsed along this string close following the mag 14 star. Appears elongated ~E-W and the irregular outline increases in size with averted vision to 4'x3'.  This faint globular has an unusual mottled patchy appearance although the observed stars may be field stars.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): at 220x appears faint, moderately large, 3' irregular scraggly outline.  No resolution although has an irregular surface brightness.  There is a mag 13 star at the west end, closely followed by a mag 14.5 star.  A similar faint star is situated at the east end.  Located 3' SSW of a mag 11 star.

 

17.5" (7/4/86): at 105x appears as a faint glow with no central condensation.  Two stars mag 13-14 are on the west side.  At 286x the cluster seems to extend mostly east of the following of the two stars.  Located 3' SSW of a mag 11 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1276 = Sw VIII-95 on 10 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeeF; vL; ee diff; D* close to p edge; very wide D* nr north."  George Abell found it again in 1952 on the POSS (published in the 1955 paper "Globular Clusters and Planetary Nebulae Discovered on the National Geographic Society-Palomar Observatory Sky Survey") and missed the equivalence with globular #7, but IC 1276 = Palomar 7.

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IC 1277 = UGC 11135 = MCG +05-43-005 = PGC 61491

18 10 27.3 +31 00 12

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x1.4';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (8/1/89): very faint, moderately large, very diffuse.  A double star mag 14/15 is at the west edge.  Forms a pair with NGC 6575 9' NE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1277 = Big. 220 on 31 Aug 1888 and simply noted "faint stars" in his 1891 Comptes Rendus list. Harold Corwin states that Bigourdan has four observations of it; they do not agree very well, but his mean position is only 12 arcsec south of the nucleus. The identity is secure."

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IC 1279 = IC 1281 = UGC 11143 = MCG +06-40-009 = CGCG 200-009 = 2MFGC 14240 = PGC 61518

18 11 15.4 +36 00 28

V = 13.5;  Size 2.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 159d

 

24" (6/29/16): at 200x; fairly faint, moderately large, nice edge-on 7:2 NNW-SSE, 1.2'x0.35', broad concentration to a bulging core.  Three mag 11.0-11.8 stars in a shallow arc follow by 3' and two mag 11.4/12.4 stars ~3' N are collinear with the galaxy.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1279 = Sw VII-95 on 18 Oct 1887 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; in a semicircle of st.; eee diff."  His position is 2.5' NW of UGC 11143 = PGC 61518 and the description applies.  He "discovered" this galaxy a second time on 28 May 1889 and recorded Sw VIII-96 as "eeF S; cE; semicircle of several stars near following."  His published RA was 21 seconds too large, but again the description applies.  Dreyer catalogued the second observation as IC 1281, but queried "? = 1279".  Howe took a look at the field with the 20" refractor at Denver in 1899 and reported "I see only one nebula in the vicinity and call it 'vF, pS."

 

But Swift's second position happens to fall close to CGCG 200-010 = PGC 61527, a close pair of extremely small and faint galaxies, and Zwicky and Herzog identified this pair as IC 1279 in the CGCG (Volume III).  Although Swift's position is close to CGCG 200-010 (1.7' to the north), his description doesn't match as the "semicircle of several stars" is preceding (west), not following the pair.  PGC, as well as all online databases (NED, HyperLeda, SIMBAD) repeat the CGCG misidentification.  Harold Corwin recovered the identification IC 1279 = IC 1281 (first given by Dreyer in the IC 2 Notes).  See his notes.

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IC 1283 = LBN 47 = Ced 157c = Sh 2-37 = Gum 78 = RCW 153

18 17 18 -19 45

Size 17'x15'

 

17.5" (7/26/95): at 100x unfiltered appears as a very faint, very large nebulosity, at least 10' diameter.  Encompasses a mag 9 star and extends about 10' NE to merge with IC 1284 surrounding mag 7.6 SAO 161273.  The illuminating star is 6' NE of reflection nebula NGC 6589 and 8' NNE of NGC 6590 = NGC 6595.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x and UHC filter appears as a very large, extensive nebulous region just NE of NGC 6589 and NGC 6595.  Has an elongated, irregular shape. Includes a mag 7.5 star near the north end.  IC 1284 is a connected portion.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1283 on the photographic plate taken with the 6" Willard in Jun 1892.  He commented that BD -19” 4948 is nebulous and "the nebulosity is very small and principally noticeable on the southern side of the [9.3 magnitude] star."  Megastar misidentifies IC 1283 as NGC 6595, which is identical to NGC 6590.

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IC 1284 = Sh 2-37 = Gum 78 = RCW 153 = LBN 47 = Ced 157d = ESO 590-*N16

18 17 42 -19 40

Size 17'x15'

 

17.5" (7/26/95): this is the northeastern section of the IC 1283/1284 nebulosity surrounding mag 7.6 SAO 161273.  Although brightest around the star, the nebula appears to nearly merge with IC 1283 stretching SW to a mag 9 star located 7' SW.  Located less than 15' NE of the bright reflection nebulae NGC 6589 and NGC 6595.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1284 on a photographic plate taken with the 6" Willard lends on 31 May 1892.  He noted "an unknown nebulous star [BD -19” 4953].  It is shown on the photograph to be nearly symmetrically surrounded with a faint diffused nebulosity about 15' in diameter.  Perhaps this nebulosity is a little denser and more extensive following.  Visually with the 12 inch, I cannot be certain of seeing the nebulosity on account of the brightness of the central star." He later described nearby IC 1283 in AN 3111.  Barnard's position matches the mag 7.6 star involved.

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IC 1287 = LBN 75 = Ced 163

18 31 18 -10 50

Size 44'x34'

 

18" (8/12/07): this was a difficult observation to confirm as this large, very faint reflection nebula is illuminated by mag 5.7 HD 170740 (unequal double ·2325 = 5.9/9.2 at 12") and the bright star naturally has some surrounding scattered light.  Adding a wide bandpass Deep Sky filter the glow definitely brightened and increased in size.  The contrast improvement was easy to see by blinking with the filter.  It was difficult to estimate a size as the haze faded into the background, but appeared ~15'-20' in size.  Open cluster NGC 6649 lies 38' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1287 on a plate taken with the 12" Willard lens on 29 Jun 1892.  He noted (AN 3111) "the 5.5 mag star BD -10” 4713 is shown to be nebulous.  The star is surrounded by a large diffused nebulosity, somewhat extended in a direction nf and sp.  A telescopic examination [probably with the 12" refractor] with a very low power confirms the photograph."

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IC 1288 = UGC 11256 = MCG +07-38-007 = PGC 61941

18 29 22.6 +39 42 47

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 2d

 

13.1" (7/20/85): faint, thin edge-on N-S.  A number of stars are near; two mag 11/13 stars are 1.1' W and 1.4' WNW of center.  A mag 12 star is close NE 0.8' from center and a mag 15 star is at the north tip 22" from center.  Located 9' SSW of NGC 6646 in a trio with IC 1289.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1288 = Sw VII-97 on 19 Oct 1887 and recorded "vF; S; lE; nearly between a double and a single star."

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IC 1289 = MCG +07-38-009 = CGCG 228-011 = PGC 61958

18 30 02.3 +39 57 51

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

13.1" (7/20/85): extremely faint, fairly small, diffuse, very low even surface brightness, possibly elongated.  Located 7.5' NE of NGC 6646 in a trio with IC 1288.  A mag 8.5 star lies 5.8' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1289 = Sw VII-98 on 19 Oct 1887 and recorded "eeeF; pS; lE; 3 stars in line point to it."  His position is 2.8' too far northwest.  The 3 stars are probably a trio collinear to the southeast.

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IC 1291 = UGC 11283 = MCG +08-34-004 = CGCG 255-006 = PGC 62049

18 33 52.7 +49 16 42

V = 13.0;  Size 1.8'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 30d

 

24" (9/10/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, increases in length with averted vision to ~40"x16".  Appears to have a very faint quasi-stellar nucleus, along with a faint superimposed star very close southeast.  A mag 13.5 star is less than 1' N of center.  An HII region in the northwest spiral arm was not seen, though the transparency was fairly poor.  Two mag 11-11.5 star lie 2.4' and 3.4' NNW (collinear with the galaxy) and a mag 9.8 star is 4.2' SW.  Situated in a busy star field.

 

17.5" (7/24/95): very faint, small, irregular glow of 30" diameter.  Appears to have no core but there are one or two extremely faint mag 15.5-16 stars superimposed on the south end.  Nearly collinear with two mag 10.5-11 stars 2.3' and 3.3' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1291 = Sw X-46 on 5 Jun 1891 and recorded "eF; vS; R; F * close N."  His position is 13 sec of RA too far west and 2.3' too far north (3.3' NW of the galaxy).

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IC 1295 = PK 25-4.2 = PN G025.4-04.7

18 54 36.5 -08 49 49

V = 12.5;  Size 102"x87"

 

24" (8/12/15): excellent view at 220x, using a UHC filter.  The rim is clearly brighter, particularly along the south side.  The west side of the planetary is clearly weaker with a darker indentation, creating a "C" appearance, open to the west. A very faint, fairly thin outer shell is visible with careful viewing.  This shell is roughly the thickness of the brighter rim.  At 375x (unfiltered), 8 or 9 stars are superimposed, including several around or just off the edge.  The stellar planetary K 4-8 lies just 4.7' NW in the same high power field and NGC 6712 is 24' WNW in the same low power field.

 

K4-8 was easily visible unfiltered as a mag 14.5 "star", the middle of 5 stars in a shallow 51" arc, concave to the northwest. Excellent contrast gain adding a UHC filter at 220x, so it was very easy to identify.

 

33" (9/16/07): at 200x appeared weakly annular with a slightly darker hole in the center and slightly brighter rim except on the west edge where there was an indentation or darker notch taking a small bite out of the rim.

 

18" (7/22/06): at 220x and UHC filter this fairly bright, large planetary was crisp-edged, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~1.5x1.3' in size.  The rim appeared slightly brighter, particularly along the south side giving a weak impression of annularity.  Several stars bracket the planetary and four or five mag 14-15.5 stars appear within the disc at 325x without a filter.  I viewed this object along with NGC 6712 and the stellar planetary K 4-8 in the same low power field of view!

 

17.5" (6/30/00): fairly bright at 220x using a UHC filter as a roundish disc, ~1.6'x1.4'.  The surface brightness is irregular and it appears slightly brighter along the southwest and northwest portion of the rim.  The unfiltered view at 280x also reveals a mottled appearance with a mag 13.5-14 star situated right at the west edge and a mag 14.5 star in the interior (a bit offset from center).  A couple of extremely faint stars are at the following edge. Located 24' ESE of NGC 6712.

 

17.5" (7/12/86): bright, large, round, 1.5' diameter.  Very pretty at 220x, estimate V = 12.0-12.5.  The stellar planetary K 4-8 is just 4.6' WNW.

 

13" (7/27/84): the rim on the south or SW side appears brighter but no definite annularity was seen.

 

13.1" (8/15/82): fairly faint, appears slightly elongated in an E-W orientation.

 

8" (6/27/81): faint, round, fairly small.  Located 25' ESE of NGC 6712 in the same low power field.  Observation mentioned in 10/81 S&T for smallest scope!

 

5": visible with a 5" stop without filter and easy with UHC at 79x!

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1295 = Sf 82 on 28 Aug 1867 with the 18.5-inch Clark refractor at Dearborn Observatory in Chicago and recorded "pB, pL, gbM."  Heber Curtis first recognized it as a planetary nebula in 1919.  Burnham's Celestial Handbook and the Sky Atlas 2000.0 mislabel this planetary as IC 1298.

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IC 1296 = UGC 11374 = MCG +06-41-022 = CGCG 201-040 = PGC 62532

18 53 18.8 +33 03 58

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 80d

 

48" (4/1/11): at 375x this low surface brightness galaxy near M57 was visible with direct vision as a faint, fairly small, round, glow with a very small bright core and diffuse halo.  At 488x it appeared fairly faint, fairly small, 40" diameter with a round, very small bright nucleus.  Surprisingly, two faint, spiral arms were just visible extending from the nucleus!  A brighter arm is attached at the south side and winds counterclockwise towards the southwest.  It was often visible with averted vision.  The fainter arm on the north side curving northeast required more effort and was only occasionally visible but confirmed.  A mag 13.8 star is close preceding (26" W of center).

 

17.5" (7/5/86): extremely faint, small, round, very low surface brightness.  This difficult galaxy is situated just 4' NW of M57!  Located along the north side of a small rhombus of mag 13-14 stars with sides of 1.5'.  IC 1296 is just 30" ESE of a mag 14 star.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1296 visually on 2 Oct 1893 with the Lick 36-inch refractor.  His description in AN 3200 reads "this nebula is about 1/2' diameter.  Not round.  A little brighter in the middle.  About 14th magnitude." His position matches this faint spiral, located just 4' NW of M57.

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IC 1297 = PK 358-21.1 = ESO 337-PN20 = RU CrA = PN G358.3-21.6

19 17 23.4 -39 36 47

V = 10.7;  Size 11"x9"

 

13.1" (8/8/86): bright, small, 10"-15" diameter, slight bluish-green color.  Very pretty sight at 166x and 214x, estimate V = 11.5-12.0.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1297 in 1894 on a photograph of stellar spectra taken at the Peruvian Station of the Harvard College Observatory.  Pickering announced the discovery in AN 3227.  A star (HD 180206) is also plotted at this position on the Uranometria 2000 Atlas because the CoD and CPD catalogue included the central star (RU CrA) as an entry.

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IC 1302 = MCG +06-43-002 = LGG 428-002 = PGC 63307

19 30 52.9 +35 47 07

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.2

 

17.5" (7/26/95): very faint, very small, irregularly round.  Bracketed by a mag 11 star off the south edge 35" from center and a mag 14.5 star a similar distance north.  Forms an interesting pair with IC 1303 9.4' NE in a rich star field.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1302 = Sf 36 on 9 Jun 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He simply note "vF, undefined" and his position is 2' too far south-southwest.

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IC 1303 = UGC 11452 = MCG +06-43-004 = LGG 428-003 = PGC 63328

19 31 30.2 +35 52 35

Size 1.3'x0.8';  PA = 115d

 

17.5" (7/26/95): very faint, small, slightly elongated 4:3 E-W, 40"x30", no concentration.  Collinear with two mag 14 stars to the SW with one star at the edge of the halo.  Forms an unusual pair with IC 1302 9.4' SW in a rich Milky Way field.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1303 = Sf 37 on 9 Jun 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory. He recorded "vF, 30" diam, with small cluster." His position is 2' too far southwest.

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IC 1308 = [Hubble25] X = [Hodge77] HII 14 = [Hodge77] A13 = KD D26

19 45 05.3 -14 43 16

Size 45"

 

48" (5/16/12): bright, fairly small, irregularly round.  At ~30", this HII knot is slightly larger than Hubble V and more uniform in surface brightness but the brighter portions of Hubble V have a higher surface brightness.  This is the easternmost of four HII knots along the northern side of Barnard's Galaxy.

 

18" (7/12/10): easily visible unfiltered at 225x and stands out fairly well at 285x as a 25" knot (irregularly round). Situated 1.7' NW of a mag 12/14 double star at ~8" separation.  This is the slightly fainter of a similar pair of HII knots at the north end of NGC 6822 with Hubble V just 3' W.

 

17.5" (9/1/02): following of two HII regions at the north end of Barnard's galaxy. Easily visible with averted vision at 220x without a filter and there is mild contrast gain using an OIII filter at 140x.

 

17.5" (7/14/99): following of a pair of HII regions with Hubble V at the north end of NGC 6822 = Barnard's Galaxy. Visible with direct vision at 220x and 280x without a filter. There was a mild contrast gain using a UHC filter at these magnifications.

 

17.5" (8/21/98): easily visible at 220x without a filter as a 30" round knot along with Hubble V just 3.1' W. Because I had no problem viewing this HII region without filtration I didn't blink or use an OIII filter.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): HII region on the NE edge of NGC 6822. At 82x and OIII filter appears as a faint, very small but clearly nebulous round knot. Estimate mag 14. A mag 12 star lies 2' SE (very close double on the POSS). Not seen without a filter. Forms a pair with similar Hubble V just 3' W.

 

Francis Leavenworth discovered IC 1308 = LM(S) 791 on 18 Jun 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick observatory.  Leavenworth missed seeing the galaxy but picked up the two bright HII regions at the north end of the galaxy instead.  Apparently, NGC 6822 was assumed to be the HII region Hubble V close preceding IC 1308 (Leavenworth credited both objects to Barnard) as the IC description for 1308 reads "eF, eS, lE, gbM, 6822 p 12s" (which actually refers to Hubble V).  E.E. Barnard independently discovered the two HII regions on 7 Jul 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.

 

Although the IC position is a perfect match for this HII region, it isn't identified as IC 1308 in "The HII regions of NGC 6822", Hodge et al, P.A.S.P. 100:917-934, Aug 1988 or "A Catalogue of diffuse nebula and emission-line stars in NGC 6822", 94:444-452, June 1982.  But in Hubble's seminal paper on NGC 6822 in 1925 (http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/full/1925ApJ....62..409H), he mentions nebula X is identical to IC 1308.

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IC 1310 = Berkeley 50 = LBN 181 = Ced 178

20 10 01 +34 58 06

Size 4'

 

17.5" (8/2/97): picked up at 100x as a small nebulous patch in a rich Milky Way field surrounding a mag 13 star.  Does not stand out well at this power due to the rich environment but the glow has a noticeably higher surface brightness than the unresolved Milky Way glow.  Better view at 220x as a faint sprinkling of stars are superimposed (8-10 with averted vision) and the 2' cluster has an irregular outline.  Appears similar to a partially resolved globular.  A nice mag 12/13 double star [9" separation] is off the NE end 1.5' from center.  The view holds up well at 410x and one or two additional faint stars were resolved.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1310 on 19 Sep 1893 with his 17-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He simply recorded "faint nebulosity"  Very close to his position is this faint cluster, which was independently catalogued as Berkeley 50.

 

Probably due to the IC description, Cederblad included IC 1310 in his list of bright nebulae as well as Beverly Lynds, although there is no nebulosity.

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IC 1311 = OCL 173/174 = Lund 928/925 = Cr 414 = Tr 36 = Do 2?

20 10 47 +41 10 30

V = 13.1;  Size 6'

 

17.5" (8/17/93): very faint cluster; consists of ~15 stars mag 13.5 to 15 in a 4'x3' oval outline over unresolved haze.  A mag 10 star is off the west side and most resolved stars are around the periphery.  Located within a semi-circle of bright stars including mag 6.9 SAO 49274 5' N and mag 8.1 SAO 49289 6' E.

 

8" (8/15/82): very small group of four mag 13 stars.  Use high power to resolve.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1311 on 6 Oct 1893 with his 17-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He recorded an "extremely faint nebula within a circle of bright stars."  His position (though mentioned as approximate in his discovery list) is fairly accurate.  The Lynga 5 position, though, is incorrect (repeated in Sky Catalogue 2000 and Skiff & Luginbuhl).

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IC 1317 = UGC 11546 = MCG +00-52-004 = 2CGCG  82 = PGC 64586

20 23 15.6 +00 39 52

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 80d

 

17.5" (7/8/94): fairly faint, small, round, 0.5' diameter, weak even concentration to a brighter core and faint stellar nucleus.  A mag 12.5 star is 1.6' NNE and a mag 15 star is 40" NW.  Described as a planetary in the IC.

 

17.5": fairly faint, extremely small, round, bright core, compact.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1317 = Sp 23 on 30 Sep 1891 with the 27-inch refractor in Vienna.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1318 = Gamma Cyg Nebula = Butterfly Nebula = LBN 223/234/245/251 = Ced 176 = Sh 2-108

20 22 14 +40 15 24

 

18" (7/13/07): Both portions of the "Butterfly Nebula" were easily visible at 12.5x in my 80mm finder using an H-beta filter and were an amazing sight in the 18-inch at 73x using both H-beta and UHC filters as they stretched across the entire 67' field of field and separated by a wide dark lane (LDN 889).

 

IC 1318d (centered ~1” east of Gamma Cyg) passes through two 7th magnitude stars (HD 194789 and HD 194908) and is very prominent near these stars.  This swath of nebulosity courses mainly SW and NE from these stars.  To the west of the bright stars, the nebula is bifurcated into two forks by a dark lane.  To the north and NE of the stars, the nebulosity spreads out wider and is interspersed with darker regions.  Overall the surface brightness of this section is fairly high but varies quite a bit in intensity and is slightly brighter on the following side of the NE end where it contrasts with the wide dust lane that separates IC 1318e to the SE.

 

IC 1318e is situated roughly 35' SE of IC 1318d on the opposite side of dark nebula LDN 889.  This bright section passes through several wide double stars and gently curves as it sweeps from SW to NE.  The overall length is at least 35'x10' (not as wide as on photographs but nearly as long).  One or two darker spots or regions lie within the nebulosity although it appears as a single continuous piece without as much structure as IC 1318d.

 

IC 1318b is possibly the brightest piece of the IC 1318 complex and is located ~2” NW of Gamma Cyg (Sadr).  At 73x and either H-beta or UHC filter, it appeared very extended SW-NE or WSW-ENE, roughly 40'x8' and passes through a mag 8 star.  This section was easily visible at 12.5x in the 80mm finder using a H-beta filter.  The brightest portion is to the NE of the mag 8 star and a number of similar mag stars are involved with this portion.  Removing the filter, this section was still visible though the highest contrast was using a UHC filter.  To the SW of the star, this river of nebulosity takes a mild bend and flows more towards the south.  Another fainter section of nebulosity (not included in the size estimate) spreads out to the NNW of the mag 8 star.

 

12.5x80mm (7/13/07): viewed in 80mm finder using an H-beta filter.  The two roughly parallel brightest sections to the east of Gamma that form the "Butterfly Nebula" (IC 1318d and 1318e) were obvious as extremely large parallel strips oriented ~SW-NE and separated by a wide dark lane.

 

16x80 (8/23/84): extremely large complex of irregular emission nebulae surrounded Gamma Cygni (position given) with six sections visible at 16x using a UHC and H-beta filters.  Overfills the 4” finder field!  The most prominent section is an isolated patch NW of Gamma at the edge of the field (IC 1318b = Ced 176c = LBN 251 = DWB 82) and next are two parallel strips just east (IC 1318d = LBN 249) and SE of Gamma (IC 1318e = LBN 245) that have fairly sharp edges.  Observation from Mt Rose (above Lake Tahoe) using the finder.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1318 on a photographic plate taken with the Willard lens in 1892.  He noted "a photograph which I have made in 1892 with five hours of exposure was Chi Cygni, shows Gamma Cygni to be surrounded by numerous large patches and strips of nebulosity."

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IC 1319 = ESO 596-G37 = MCG -03-52-007 = PGC 64675

20 26 01.2 -18 30 15

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 9d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 0.6'x0.5', very weak concentration.  Located 2.1' SE of mag 8.5 HD 194394, which makes the observation more difficult.  Forms a close pair with MCG +02-52-006 2.9' SW which was not noticed.

 

13" (8/17/85): faint, small, round, very weak concentration.  Located 2.1' SE of mag 8.5 SAO 163559 which interferes with viewing.  Forms a pair with NGC 6912 13' SE.  Also viewed the week before on 8/11/85 with similar notes.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1319 = J. 1-387 on 20 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1320 = UGC 11560 = MCG +00-52-009 = CGCG 373-008 = PGC 64685

20 26 25.7 +02 54 35

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 87d

 

17.5" (8/21/98): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 ~E-W, weak concentration.  Brightest in a group with UGC 11561 at 17.5' S and UGC 11562 at 13.6' south.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1320 = J. 2-791 on 19 Aug 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1327 = CGCG 373-038 = PGC 65027

20 35 41.3 -00 00 21

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 170d

 

24" (7/16/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, round, 18" diameter, weak concentration.  Located 1.5' WSW of mag 7.1 HD 196203, which detracts from viewing!

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 1327 on 20 Aug 1889 with the Lick 36-inch in the field of mag 7.1 HD 196203.  He measured a P.A. of 257” and a separation of 84.5".  The discovery was announced in Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol II and AN 2957.

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IC 1331 = MCG -02-53-005 = PGC 65396

20 47 48.9 -09 59 45

V = 13.7;  Size 1.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 85d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, small, very elongated 3:1 ~E-W, 0.6'x0.2', very small brighter core. A faint star is at the west tip and off the north side of the east end.  Forms the north vertex of a triangle with mag 8.5 HD 197980 4.6' SW and mag 9 HD 198062 6.0' SE.  Forms a pair with MCG -02-53-004 3' NNW, which was not seen.  Located 30' S of mag 3.8 Epsilon Aquarii.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1331 = J. 1-393 on 13 Sep 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1340 = Veil Nebula

20 56 12 +31 04

Size 25'x20'

 

17.5": this is part of the intricate southern portion of the western arc of the Veil nebula, generally referred to as NGC 6992.  Contains the remarkable filamentary side branches that extend west at the south end of NGC 6992 and NGC 6995.  See description for NGC 6992.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1340 = Sf 51 on 13 Sep 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "possibly connected with h2093 [NGC 6995]."  His position is ~1.5' northeast of this knot in NGC 6995.

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IC 1360 = CGCG 401-003 = PGC 66266

21 10 50.3 +05 04 17

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  PA = 20d

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter, low surface brightness.  A bit easier to view than IC 1361 at the edge of the 220x field 10' E.

 

17.5" (11/25/00): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter (probably viewed core only), low even surface brightness.  A faint star is close NW [34" from center].  A group of 5 mag 12-13 stars (four in a curving string) lie just to the north.  IC 1361 lies 10' E (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1360 = J. 2-792, along with IC 1361, on 19 Aug 1893.

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IC 1361 = UGC 11692 = MCG +01-54-002 = CGCG 401-005 = PGC 66297

21 11 29.1 +05 03 16

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 45d

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Forms a near equilateral triangle with a 30" pair of mag 13 stars 3' WSW and a mag 11.5 star 3' SSE.  Located 10' E of IC 1360.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1361 = J. 2-793, along with IC 1360, on 19 Aug 1893.

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IC 1364 = MCG +00-54-006 = CGCG 375-013 = II Zw 107 = PGC 66367

21 13 24.6 +02 46 11

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4'.  Weak even concentration to a faint stellar nucleus.  Located 2.7' NW of mag 9.4 SAO 126626.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): faint, small, round, small slightly brighter core.  Located 2.6' NW of mag 9.2 SAO 126626.  A mag 8 star lies 6.5' WNW and a mag 7 star is 12' SW.  IC 1367 lies 18' NE and IC 1365 is 15' SE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1364 = Sp 66 on 30 Sep 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle found it just 3 nights later with the 30-inch refractor at Nice!

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IC 1365 = MCG +00-54-007 = CGCG 375-015 = II Zw 108 = VV 508 = PGC 66381

21 13 56.0 +02 33 56

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 57d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.6'.  Smooth, fairly low surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): very faint, extremely small, round, almost stellar but there is a faint extension to the west of the core.  IC 1564 lies 15' NW and NGC 7046 is 22' NE.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 1365 = Sw X-48 = Sp 26 on 28 Sep 1891 while searching for Comet Tempel-Swift.  His position is accurate.  Rudolph Spitaler independently found the galaxy just two days later at Vienna.  The SDSS reveals several very faint neighbors within the halo.

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IC 1367 = CGCG 375-019 = PGC 66390

21 14 09.7 +02 59 37

V = 14.4;  Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

17.5" (5/10/91): very faint, very small, round, very low even surface brightness.  A mag 12 star is 1.0' WNW.  Located ~15' NW of NGC 7046 and 18' NE of IC 1364.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1367 = J. 1-421 on 30 Sep 1891.

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IC 1369 = Cr 432

21 12 07 +47 46 00

V = 8.8;  Size 5'

 

18" (7/30/03): this fairly rich open cluster was picked up while observing dark nebula B361 located 20' S.  At 215x, approximately two dozen stars were resolved in a boxy outline, roughly 4' diameter.  There is a lower density of stars in the center of the group and the cluster is set over some unresolved haze.  Appears as a partially resolved glowing spot at 73x (31 Nagler).  Sh 1-89, a faint planetary, lies 20' E.

 

13" (9/3/83): 15 faint stars over haze, fairly small, appears rich. 

 

8" (8/12/83): rich glowing spot with many very faint stars at visual threshold over haze with averted.  Also a small group of five stars in the field to the E.  A wide pair §159 = 6.0/7.5 at 135" is in the field 18' WSW.

 

Carl Frederick PechŸle discovered IC 1369 on 27 Apr 1891 using the 11-inch refractor at the Copenhagen Observatory (1894AN....136..317P).  Thomas Espin independently discovered the cluster on 9 Sep 1893 with his 17.5-inch reflector in England and recorded "Faint, large, many small stars."

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IC 1370 = CGCG 375-021 = II Zw 111 = PGC 66418

21 15 14.3 +02 11 31

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 54d

 

24" (8/12/15): at 375x; faint, very small, round, ~10"-12" in diameter.  Forms an extremely close "pair" with a mag 16 star just 10" east of center, close to the east edge of the small halo!

 

An extremely faint, stellar or nearly stellar object was occasionally glimpsed close to the west [24"].  This was probably PGC 1219013 = 2MASX J21151273+0211354, itself a double system, with a B magnitude close to 17.  Located 3.5' S of a mag 9.5 star and the same distance west of a mag 10.1 star, so forms the southwest vertex of an isosceles right triangle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1370 = J I-422 on 5 Oct 1891 and recorded "vF, 2 F st inv".  At least one of these "stars" (as in my observation) is likely one of the components of this multiple system.  On the SDSS, there are a total of 5 galaxies, with at least 4 apparently interacting.

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IC 1375 = CGCG 401-015 = PGC 66603

21 20 59.8 +03 59 08

V = 14.2;  Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (10/13/01): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, weak concentration.  A mag 14 star lies 2.0' NE.  A mag 15 star at the north edge was not seen in mediocre seeing.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1375 = J. 1-426 on 5 Oct 1891.

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IC 1377 = MCG +01-54-009 = CGCG 401-021 = PGC 66722

21 25 26.6 +04 18 52

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/25/00): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms an obtuse angle with a mag 11 star 4' due south and a mag 10.5 star 5' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1377 = J. 1-427 on 9 Oct 1891.

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IC 1379 = CGCG 375-034 = PGC 66741

21 26 01.1 +03 05 48

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, 20"x10".  Located 1' E of a mag 13.5 star and 1.6' SE a mag 11.5 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1379 = J. 1-428 on 29 Jul 1892.

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IC 1381 = MCG +00-54-016 = CGCG 375-036 = PGC 66789

21 27 33.7 -01 11 19

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 60d

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 20"x15".  IC 1383 lies 5.4' NNE.  Located 10' SE of a mag 10 star and 28' NNW of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1381 = J. 1-430, along with IC 1383 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1383 = CGCG 375-037 = PGC 66792

21 27 39.6 -01 06 08

V = 15.4;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 126d

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint and small, 10"x5" NW-SE.  Situated between two mag 10.5-11 stars oriented NW-SE with a separation of 4'.  Located 5.4' NNE of IC 1381.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1383 = J. 1-431, along with IC 1381 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1384 = MCG +00-54-017 = CGCG 375-039 = PGC 66796

21 27 53.1 -01 22 07

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, round, 0.3' diameter, very low even surface brightness.  Two mag 15.5 stars are less than 1' W and a third is a 1' NW.  Located 17' N of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1384 = J. 1-432 on 6 Nov 1891. His position is ~1' too far north.

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IC 1385 = MCG +00-54-022 = CGCG 375-042 = PGC 66832

21 28 51.2 -01 04 12

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, round, 21" diameter.  Farthest north in a group of 5 IC galaxies to the north of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1385 = J. 1-433, along with IC 1381 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891 Discovered by Javelle.

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IC 1387 = MCG +00-54-026 = CGCG 375-045 = PGC 66851

21 29 34.5 -01 21 03

V = 14.5;  Size 0.4'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0

 

18" (8/14/07): faint, small, elongated 3:2 SSW-NNE, 24"x16", low even surface brightness.  A mag 14 star lies 27" N.  Located 28' NE of NGC 7069 and furthest east in a group of 5 IC galaxies discovered by Javelle about 1.5 degrees SW of M2.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1387 = J. 1-435 on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1392 = UGC 11772 = MCG +06-47-003 = KTG 73A = PGC 67017

21 35 32.8 +35 23 53

V = 11.5;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 75d

 

24" (10/18/12): fairly bright, moderately large, oval 4:3 WSW-ENE, 0.7'x0.45'.  Sharply concentrated with a high surface brightness 25" core and quasi-stellar nucleus.  The outer halo is much fainter and extends ~45".  A mag 12.8 star is 50" NE and a similar mag 12.5 star is 40" SW.  Several additional stars including a close double are off the SW side.  UGC 11775 lies 4.2' SE (attached to a star).

 

17.5" (8/11/96): fairly faint, small, elongated 5:3 SW-NE, 0.8'x0.5', moderately high surface brightness with a brighter core.  Situated within a short string of three stars with a mag 12.5 star 0.9' NNE and two mag 12 stars 0.8' and 1.2' SSW.  The further southern star has a mag 15 companion close following [9" separation] and there are also two mag 14.5-15.5 stars following the nearer mag 12 star off the south side.  Forms a pair with faint UGC 11775 4.2' SE.

 

17.5" (7/16/93): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x 0.4'.  A mag 13 star is 0.9' NNE of center.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1392 = Sf 50 on 12 Sep 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "pB, vmbM, nebulous *."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1393 = ESO 531-G20 = MCG -04-51-009 = PGC 67147 = PGC 67148

21 40 14.2 -22 24 40

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 172d

 

18" (8/9/10): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 24"x16", very weak concentration.  This member of ACO S963 is located 2.7' ENE of NGC 7104 between a mag 13 star 2.3' NW and a mag 10.3 star 3.3' SE.

 

18" (8/12/07): very faint, very small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 20"x10", very faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 2.7' ENE of NGC 7104 within cluster ACO S963.

 

17.5" (10/13/90): very faint, very small, round, small bright core.  Third brightest in the NGC 7103 group (ACO S963) with NGC 7104 2.7' WSW, NGC 7103 6.4' SW and IC 5122 6.5' W.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 1393 = LM-Southern 823 on 16 Oct 1886.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1396 = LBN 451/452 = Sh 2-131 = Ced 195 = Cr 439 = Tr 37 = Lund 995

21 39 06 +57 30

Size 170'x140'

 

17.5" (8/22/98): the "Elephant's Trunk" is an unusual cometary globule (associated with star formation) on the west side of IC 1396, a huge but faint HII complex. The highest contrast was using a UHC filter at 100x.  A 15'x5' lane was evident oriented WSW-ENE, particularly by gently rocking the scope back and forth. The "tail" of the globule or elephant's "trunk" heads west and is weakly illuminated on the edges, particularly on the south side.  Near the "head" is a mag 9 star (HD 239710) and a pretty double star (·2813 = 9.2/9.6 at 10") to the west is embedded in the lane.  With careful viewing the "trunk" shows variations in width and opacity.  Located ~18' W of the triple star ·2816 (5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12"/20").

 

17.5" (8/12/96): This HII region is most prominent with a UHC filter at 100x surrounding the triple star (·2816 = 5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12" and 20") at the center of a scattered cluster although nebulosity is not apparent throughout the field.  About 25' away is also a pretty double star whose components are aligned with the triple star.  The surrounding 1” field contains a scattered cluster of brighter stars which are fairly uniformly distributed.

 

In the 16x80 finder without a filter, the entire cluster is clearly encased in a faint glow at least two degrees in diameter though seems to be more prominent along the curving lanes of the cluster.  The Daystar 300 filter gives a mild enhancement but dims the stars so the overall view is not as pleasing.  Mu Cephei (Herschel's Garnet Star) is at the northeast edge, ~1.5” from the center.

 

18" (7/11/10): Barnard 161 is an easy 6' circular dark patch within IC 1396 (north of center) just 13' N of ·2819 = 7.4/8.7 at 13" and 25' NE of the triple star ·2816 = 5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12" and 20".  Stands out fairly well at 73x.  There are extensions to the north of this cometary dark nebula that I didn't see.

 

16x80 (9/29/84 and 8/26/89): using a UHC filter appears as a very large, irregular nebulous glow (about 2” diameter).  Very faint but definite when compared without filter.  Surrounds ·2816 = 5.8/7.7 at 12" and a large, faint, scattered star group.  Visible without a filter as an extremely large, hazy region surrounding ·2816 and fainter stars.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1396 on a photographic plate taken with the Willard lens in 1893.  He commented in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Clusters connected with the Milky Way" (Astr. & Astro-Phys. 13, 177-182 (1894)) that "A magnificent specimen of these [nebulous masses] I have found on one of my plates in Cepheus which was given an exposure of seven hours.  This a mixture of bright stars and nebulosity.  The diffused portion of this nebulosity conforms in its peculiarities with the general structure of the Milky Way, showing it be actually mixed up with the ground work of star.  The brightest star of this group is DM +56” 2617."

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IC 1401 = UGC 11810 = MCG +00-55-015 = CGCG 376-031 = PGC 67339

21 46 59.5 +01 42 45

V = 13.8;  Size 1.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 175d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 N-S, 1.1'x0.3', brighter core.  A faint star is superimposed on the SE end.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1401 = J. 1-442 on 5 Nov 1891.

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IC 1405 = UGC 11826 = MCG +00-55-020 = CGCG 376-037 = PGC 67470

21 50 49.8 +02 01 15

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 115d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): very faint, very small, round.  A very faint close double star is just off the NW edge [40" from the center].  Forms a pair with IC 1406 4.2' ESE, which was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1405 = J. 1-445 on 5 Nov 1891 .  MCG misidentifies IC 1406 as MCG +00-55-20, but the MCG designation applies to IC 1405.

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IC 1415

21 58 42.4 +01 21 26

 

17.5" (11/28/97): a mag 15-15.5 star was observed at Bigourdan's position.

 

By coincidence there is an 18th magnitude galaxy close southeast of this star which I could not see and it is certain this galaxy it much too faint to have been detected by Bigourdan.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1415 = Big. 229, along with IC 1416, on 27 Oct 1888.  He found these searching for NGC 7164.  Harold Corwin concludes both of these numbers either refer to faint stars or are lost.  See both Corwin's and Malcolm Thomson's IC notes for the full story.

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IC 1420 = UGC 11880 = MCG +03-56-005 = PGC 67900

22 02 31.7 +19 45 02

V = 13.1;  Size 1.4'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.6

 

24" (9/27/14): at 375x I found the view of this object confusing.  It appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, generally oval E-W, ~30"x20" but sometimes it appeared elongated 2:1 at 40"x20".  Sometimes a very compact nucleus (or companion) appeared as a brighter knot, just east of center.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.6' N.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): faint, small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 30"x20", broad very weak concentration with no distinct core.  A mag 13.5 star lies 30" N of center.  There appears to a brighter spot at the east end. This is a compact companion listed in NED as IC 1420 NED02 and in LEDA as PGC 93140.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1420 = Sw IX-97 on 18 Sep 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; bet 2 nr F stars in meridian."  His position is 19 sec of RA due west of UGC 11880 and his description is appropriate.

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IC 1434 = Cr 445

22 10 30 +52 50

Size 8'

 

17.5" (7/29/92): about 100 stars in a 15' diameter.  Three mag 9 stars form a triangle on the south side.  The extensions almost fill the 20' field.  Long sprays of stars intersect near the center at a mag 10.5 star.  A long ray extends ENE for 11' and contains 30 stars.  A ray to the WSW of 11' length has 16 stars including a close triple star.  There are two more sprays to the NW of 6' length.  The cluster has no distinct borders.  The surrounding Lacerta Milky Way region is breathtaking with a 20 mm Nagler.  Located 2.1” WNW of mag 4.4 Beta Lacertae.

 

8" (8/12/83): ~50 stars at 200x, over haze, includes two strings on the east side, brighter stars at the south edge.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1434 around 1893 with his 17.3-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He recorded "A remarkable cluster with six distinct radiating branches.  Stars from 12 to 15."  His rough position is fairly accurate.  Confirmed as an open cluster in 2011A&A...530A..32B ("Star clusters or asterisms? 2MASS CMD and structural analyses of 15 challenging targets.")

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IC 1437 = UGC 11965 = MCG +00-56-016 = CGCG 377-042 = PGC 68438

22 15 45.1 +02 03 57

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7', weak concentration.  Located 7.6' NE of mag 8.2 HD 211212.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1437 = J. 1-465 on 5 Nov 1891.

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IC 1438 = ESO 602-001 = MCG -04-52-029 = KTS 68A = PGC 68469

22 16 29.1 -21 25 50

V = 11.7;  Size 2.4'x2.0';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (8/16/12): fairly bright, fairly large, sharply concentrated with a small very bright 20" core.  The core is surrounded by a large, roundish halo with a fairly even surface brightness, ~1.5' diameter.  IC 1439 lies 4.2' SE and UGCA 427 is 12' NE.

 

17.5" (7/25/95): moderately bright, moderately large, round, 1.5' diameter, even concentration to a bright core and faint, stellar nucleus.  A nearly perfect rectangle of mag 13 stars with sides of 2'x1.5' precedes by 4'.  Forms a pair with IC 1439 4.2' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1438 = J. 1-466, along with IC 1439, on 20 Jul 1892.

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IC 1439 = ESO 602-002 = KTS 68B = PGC 68476

22 16 40.1 -21 29 09

V = 13.7;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 27d

 

24" (8/16/12): fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SSW-NNE, ~30"x20".  Fainter of a pair with IC 1438 4.2' NW.

 

17.5" (7/25/95): very faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 1.0'x0.5', slightly brighter core.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 1438 4.2' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1439 = J. 1-467, along with IC 1438, on 20 Jul 1892.

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IC 1441 = MCG +06-48-023 = CGCG 513-021 = CGCG 514-001 = PGC 68413

22 15 19.2 +37 18 06

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 32d

 

17.5" (7/15/93): third of 7 in the NGC 7242 group.  Extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated, very low even surface brightness.  In a close trio with NGC 7240 1.4' SE and IC 5192 1.5' SSW.  A mag 11 star is 1.9' WNW.

 

17.5" (7/28/92): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE.  A mag 11 star is 2' W.  Forms a close pair with brighter NGC 7240 1.2' SE.  Faintest in the NGC 7242 group with NGC 7242 4' E and IC 5191 3.5' WNW.  Appears about 0.5 mag fainter than the 15.3p magnitude in the CGCG.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1441 = Big. 233 on 5 Dec 1888 with the 12" refractor at Lick Observatory.  It is shown on his discovery sketch of IC 5192, 5192, 5193, and labeled as nebula "e".  Bigourdan independently discovered this galaxy on 25 Sep 1889 and measured an accurate position.  As Barnard's sketch wasn't published until 1906, Bigourdan was unaware of his observation and Bigourdan is credited with the discovery in the IC 1.

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IC 1442

22 15 59 +53 59 06

V = 9.1;  Size 3.5'

 

17.5" (8/5/94): about three dozen stars in a distinctive curving row oriented SW-NE about 4' diameter with fainter loops at both ends.  A mag 9 star SAO 34248 is off the SE and a mag 10 star SAO 34250 is off the NE end.  Unconcentrated but stands out well at low power (100x).  Located 20' SE of NGC 7245.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1442 around 1893 with his 17" reflector at his private observatory in England (no date given in his discovery paper).  He recorded "haze round some dozen faint stars."  His position is about 5' too far northeast and this error was repeated in modern sources.

 

Cederblad catalogued this object as Ced 202 based on the IC description of "Cl of neb stars", but there is no nebulosity.

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IC 1445 = ESO 602-019 = MCG -03-57-007 = PGC 68826

22 25 30.3 -17 14 36

V = 12.7;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 80d

 

18" (10/16/09): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Contains a bright stellar nucleus or a faint star is superimposed.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 1445 = LM(S) 833 on 13 Oct 1887. The position was measured several times and the offsets point directly to ESO 602-019 = PGC 68826.

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IC 1447 = MCG -01-57-014 = PGC 68996

22 29 59.8 -05 07 12

V = 12.8;  Size 1.4'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 100d

 

24" (9/27/14): moderately bright, oval 5:3 ~E-W, 50"x30", fades out at east and west ends, broad concentration.  Contains a large, bulging brighter core but no obvious nucleus.  Located 1.4' S of mag 9.3 HD 213214. This is a relatively bright galaxy to be missed in the NGC.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1447 = Sw X-51 on 29 Sep 1891 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; Munich 12516 3' n; Found searching for Comet Tempel-Swift."  The position is 3.6' too far east-southeast.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate RA (13 sec further east than Swift).

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IC 1452 = NGC 7374B = MCG +02-58-006 = CGCG 430-005 = Holm 798b = PGC 69675

22 45 59.2 +10 52 03

V = 14.8;  Size 0.3'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0

 

24" (7/29/16): faint, nearly stellar [nucleus of the galaxy?].  IC 1452 forms a double system with NGC 7374 [centers separated by 56"].

 

17.5" (8/20/88): very faint, extremely small, round.  Forms a double system with NGC 7374 57" SSE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1452 = B. 235 on 10 Oct 1890.  Both Malcolm Thomson and Harold Corwin noticed a six-degree error in the IC polar distance compared to Bigourdan's original position (1860 coordinations) in his 5th Comptes Rendus list.  Once corrected, his position matches CGCG 430-005 = PGC 69675. The CGCG, MCG, PGC, SIMBAD and HyperLeda (and secondary sources) don't label this galaxy as IC 1452.  The RNGC identifies this galaxy as NGC 7374B.

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IC 1454 = PK 117+18.1 = Abell 81 = PN G117.5+18.9

22 42 25.0 +80 26 32

V = 14.4;  Size 34"x31"

 

24" (10/3/13): at 225x using an NPB filter, IC 1454 (Abell 81) appeared fairly bright, round, 30" diameter, crisp-edged.  The planetary has a relatively large, brighter rim that is unevenly lit, and a small (~12"), slightly darker center.  Unfiltered the annularity is more difficult to confirm, though the rim appears slightly brighter on the south side.  A pair of 14th magnitude stars are just off the NE side and a mag 13.4 star is 1' SE.  Situated 4.3' W of mag 7 HD 215867.

 

18" (10/13/07): easily swept up at 175x, located 4' W of mag 7.0 HD 215867.  Compared views unfiltered and with UHC, OIII and NPB filters.  Best seen using OIII, though NPB gave the most natural view with brighter stars. Two faint mag 14/15 stars are very near the NE edge (brighter star barely off edge) with a brighter mag 13 star 1' SE.  At 225x using the NPB filter, IC 1454 appeared round, ~25-30" in diameter with an impression of an irregular surface brightness.  The rim sometimes appeared slightly brighter with a weaker center giving a very subtle annularity.

 

18" (10/9/04): easily picked up at 73x just 4' WNW of a 7th magnitude star as a small, well-defined disc.  Visible unfiltered at 160x; a couple of mag 14/15 stars are barely off the NE edge of the planetary and a 13th magnitude star lies 1' SE.  Good contrast gain with OIII filter.  The disc is perfectly round, ~25" diameter with a very crisp edge.  The surface brightness appeared a bit irregular but could not verify annularity at this power.

 

17.5" (10/13/01): picked up at 100x without filter as a faint, small disc situated 4' WNW of a mag 7 star.  Excellent contrast gain with an OIII filter and appears as a round, 25" crisp-edged disc.  At 220x without filter a faint mag 14/15 pair is at the NE edge.  Very nice view using a UHC filter at 140x-220x; the PN is slightly elongated ~E-W but no other details are visible.

 

17.5" (8/8/91): moderately bright, fairly small, almost round, slightly elongated E-W, 30" diameter.  A faint double star mag 14/15 is at the NE edge.  Located 3.8' WNW of mag 7 SAO 3785.  No central star visible.  Pretty planetary at 220x without filter.

 

13" (8/11/85): at 88x and OIII filter, fairly faint, fairly small, round.  Located 4' W of a mag 7 star that detracts from viewing.  At 166x with a UHC filter; easy to view, moderately large.  Two very faint stars are involved near the NE edge.

 

William Denning discovered IC 1454 on 9 Aug 1891 with his 10-inch reflector (announced in Observatory, 15, 104).  He noted it was "rather a difficult object, except on a good night, though I picked it up with a power of only 40.  It is noteworthy as being situated in the midst of a region containing very few nebulae."  IC 1454 was rediscovered by Abell in 1955 on the POSS, assumed to be new, and recatalogued as Abell 81.

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IC 1458 = NGC 7441? = MCG -01-58-007 = PGC 70080

22 56 41.4 -07 22 45

V = 13.6;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 144d

 

18" (10/25/03): very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.7', low even surface brightness.  A 15' string of stars oriented SW-NE with mag 9.5 SAO 146395 at the southwest end passes north of the galaxy.  A mag 9.5 star is 10' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1458 = J. 1-477 on 17 Sep 1892.  His position is accurate.  See notes for NGC 7441, which Harold Corwin suggests may be an earlier discovery of this galaxy.

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IC 1459 = ESO 406-030 = MCG -06-50-016 = IC 5265 = PGC 70090

22 57 10.5 -36 27 45

V = 10.0;  Size 5.2'x3.8';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 40d

 

18" (10/25/08): very bright, fairly large, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, sharply concentrated with a very bright core.  The brightest portion of the halo extends 1.5'x1.1' and this is surrounded by a much dimmer outer envelope.  Bracketed by a mag 11 star 3' WNW of center and a mag 12 star 2.7' E.  This member of the Grus Chain of 9 galaxies is possibly the brightest southern galaxy missed by John Herschel.

 

17.5" (8/6/97): bright, fairly large, elongated ~5:4 SW-NE.  Well concentrated and dominated by a large, bright core.  The halo is quite extensive with averted vision and the dimensions are ~3.5'x3.0'.  Situated between a mag 11 star 3' WNW and a mag 12 star a similar distance following.  Brightest in a group including IC 5264 just 6' SSW.

 

17.5" (7/22/87): bright, fairly small, very bright core, slightly elongated halo SW-NE.  Located midway between a mag 11 star 3.0' WNW and mag 12 star 2.7' E.  Brightest in a large group of galaxies situated in a string N-S with IC 5264 6' SSW.

 

13" (10/20/84): bright, small, round, small bright nucleus, two stars at equal distance WNW and E.  Much easier than nearby IC 5269, IC 5270, IC 5273, NGC 7418 and NGC 7421!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1459 on 13 Dec 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He found it while searching for Brorsen's Comet (5D/Brorsen), along with several other NGC galaxies.  Barnard noted "small, cometary, bright with nucleus 12m, 1/2' dia."  His position is off the northeast edge of the galaxy (10 seconds too large in RA and 2' too far north).  A second position computed the next night is just 40" south of center.

 

Lewis Swift independently discovered the galaxy on 10 Jun 1896 and described Sw XI-220 as "B, cL, R, betw 2 stars p and f; nf of 2 [with IC 5264].  His position is 25 seconds of RA too large and 4' too far south, but the identification is certain.  So, IC 1459 = IC 5265.  Corwin notes that Dreyer questioned if IC 5265 might be identical to NGC 7418, but it's not.

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IC 1470 = Sh 2-156 = Ced 208 = Hb 10 = PP 104 = GM 1-79

23 05 10.3 +60 14 37

Size 1.2'x0.75'

 

18" (9/24/05): small, high surface brightness elongated glow extending from an 11th magnitude star.  At 115x, the nebulosity was not noticeably enhanced with an OIII filter but the UHC filter improved the contrast.  Easily takes 225x and the oval nebula appears to hang to the south-southeast of the bright star. A faint, close, equal mag double (STI 1138 = 12.7/12.7 at 4.6") lies 2' west.  A fairly striking, uncatalogued 5'x4' ring of stars follows by 9'.  The NW star in the ring (QT Cep) is encased in a faint glow (BFS 17).

 

18" (8/17/04): at 220x, this is a fairly bright, moderately large, 1' tear-shaped glow extending from a 12th magnitude star.  Nebulosity extends most south and SE of the star. A close, faint double star lies 1.9' W.  Several extremely faint stars are nearby, including one just off the SE edge and one close NE.

 

17.5" (10/30/99): picked up at 100x using an OIII filter as a small, bright glow surrounding a mag 12 star.  Best view at 280x unfiltered.  The involved star is attached at the north edge and the 1' oval nebula appears to hang off the south side of the star.  Close west is a very close, evenly matched faint double star!

 

13" (9/22/84): appears as a mag 12 star with a faint but easily visible oval nebula surrounding the star.  Extends mainly SE with the 12th magnitude star at the tip.  Visible without a filter.  Similar to Hubble's Variable Nebula.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1470 = Sp 62 on 20 Mar 1892 while observing Comet 1892 II.  Both PechŸle as well as Barnard (AN 3110 and AJ 11) found it just a day later while observing the comet.

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IC 1472 = CGCG  454-002 = MCG  +03-59-004 = PGC 70573

23 09 06.7 +17 15 33

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.4'

 

18" (10/19/06): very faint, very small, slightly elongated ~E-W, 0.3'x0.2', weak concentration, occasional very faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 4.5' ENE of mag 10.3 DY Peg (well studied short period Delta Scuti variable (105 min period).

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1472 = Sp 32 on 25 Oct 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.

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IC 1484 = PGC 1392792

23 22 39.9 +11 23 04

V = 15.1;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 49d

 

17.5" (9/7/96): extremely faint and small, round.  Faintest in trio with IC 1483 and IC 1485 and requires averted vision and GSC finder chart to glimpse occasionally.  Located 2.1' WNW of brighter IC 1485.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1484 = J. 1-799, along with IC 1483 and 1485, on 2 Dec 1893.  The latter two galaxies are probably identical to Andrew Ainslie Common's NGC 7638 and NGC 7639, discovered earlier in 1880.  Common mentions two galaxies within 30' SE of NGC 7630 (#32 on his list).  MCG incorrectly identifies MCG +02-59-032 as IC 1484, although MCG +02-59-032 = IC 1485.

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IC 1492 = MCG -01-59-028  = PGC 71629

23 30 36.1 -03 02 24

V = 13.1;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  PA = 32d

 

24" (11/24/14): moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, sharply concentrated with a bright 20" core and a thin very low surface brightness halo.  A mag 12 star lies 1' SSW.  Located 5.6' SE of mag 9.6 SAO 146743.  IC 1496 lies 7.7' NNE.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1492 = Sw X-53 on 17 Oct 1891 and recorded "eF; S; R; sp of 2 [with NGC 1496]."  His position is accurate.  This was Edward's last discovery, made from Southern California (Lowe Observatory) at age 20.  Parrish discovered IC 1496 the previous year.

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IC 1496 = MCG -01-59-029 = PGC 71634

23 30 53.5 -02 56 03

V = 13.2;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  PA = 65d

 

24" (11/24/14): moderately bright, moderately large, slightly elongated ~E-W, fairly well concentrated with a bright 20" core.  The halo increases the size to 0.6'x0.5'.  Forms a pair with IC 1492 7.8' SSW.

 

N. M. Parrish discovered IC 1496 = LM(S) 863 = Sw X-54 on 9 Oct 1890 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  Edward Swift independently rediscovered this galaxy on 17 Oct 1891, along with IC 1492, and recorded "eeF, pS, R, nf of 2 [with IC 1492].  Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1504 = UGC 12734 = MCG +01-60-020 = CGCG 407-041 = PGC 72117

23 41 19.5 +04 01 03

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 91d

 

24" (11/24/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 E-W, very weak concentration, 36"x15".  A mag 15 star is just off the south side [39" from center].  Picked up 17' NNW of NGC 7731.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1504 = J 496 on 19 Aug 1892.  His published position is 2' too far north (error with offset star?).

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IC 1505 = MCG -01-60-020 = PGC 72133

23 41 37.1 -03 33 54

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 156d

 

48" (11/2/13): at 488x appeared bright, moderately large, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, ~45"x35", sharply concentrated with a very bright core and bright stellar nucleus.  Forms the vertex of an isosceles triangle with the interacting pair (connected by a long tidal plume) Arp 295 = VV 34, consisting of MCG -01-60-021 6.7' SSE and MCG -01-60-022 6.7' SE.

 

17.5" (11/1/97): faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Brightest of trio with the interacting pair Arp 295 = MCG -01-60-021 6.6' SSE and MCG -01-60-022 6.7' ESE.  Weak but even concentration to a small brighter core and a faint stellar nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1505 = Sw X-57 on 12 Nov 1891 and recorded "eeeF, pS, R, 3 pB stars following and 4 or 5 stars preceding, ee dif."  His position is 13 seconds of time preceding MCG -01-60-020 = PGC 72133, but a good match in declination.  Herbert Howe provided an accurate position in 1888-89 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes).

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IC 1513 = UGC 12832 = MCG +02-60-024 = CGCG 432-039 = PGC 72773

23 53 29.4 +11 19 03

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 106d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WNW-ESE, 30"x10", low surface brightness.  Located 21' SE of NGC 7774 (double system).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1513 = J. 2-804 on 28 Nov 1893 and recorded "F, vS, E in the diurnal movement [E-W], gradually condensed."  His position is accurate.  MCG failed to equate its entry +02-60-024 with IC 1513.

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IC 1515 = UGC 12848 = MCG +00-01-004 = CGCG 382-002 = PGC 72922

23 56 03.9 -00 59 19

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, fairly small, oval 2:1 N-S, weak concentration, 30"x15".  A mag 12 star is just off the west side.  Forms a pair with IC 1516 4.4' NNE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1515 = Sw X-58 on 12 Nov 1891 and recorded "eeeF, pS, 9.5m * inv, B * nf and pF * sp; sp of 2 [with IC 1516]; ee diff."  His position is just off the west side of the galaxy.

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IC 1516 = UGC 12852 = MCG +00-01-006 = CGCG 382-004 = PGC 72927

23 56 07.1 -00 54 59

V = 13.1;  Size 1.7'x1.6';  Surf Br = 14.1

 

24" (1/1/16): fairly faint or moderately bright, round, 0.6' diameter, broad concentration to a slightly brighter core.  Northern of a pair with IC 1515 4.4' SSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1516 = Sw X-59 on 14 Nov 1889 while searching for Brooks' Comet with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "S, R, gbM, slightly cometary" and measured offsets of -0m 20.55s (mean of 5 measures) and +0' 53" from his comparison star, which is apparently mag 9 HD 224265.  IC 1516 is within a few arcseconds of these offsets.  He didn't publish the discovery, though, or notify Dreyer.

 

Lewis Swift independently discovered this galaxy on 12 Nov 1891 and described it as "vF, pS, R, B * sf, nf of 2 [with IC 1515]."  Swift was credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1520 = Arp 50 = VV 25 = MCG -02-01-007 = PGC 73057

23 57 54.8 -14 02 27

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 165d

 

18" (10/29/11): at 283x, Arp 50 was easily visible as a faint to fairly faint, small, round glow, ~24" diameter.  The surface brightness is nearly even, though occasionally a slightly brighter stellar nucleus popped out.  Located 11' NW of mag 7.2 HD 224512.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1520 = J. 1-501 on 4 Nov 1891.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1524 = IC 1490 = MCG -01-01-011 = PGC 73151

23 59 10.7 -04 07 37

Size 1.7'x0.7';  PA = 84d

 

24" (1/1/16): moderately bright and large, oval 5:3 WSW-ENE, 50"x30", faint elongated halo.  Contains a fairly bright, rounder core with either a stellar nucleus or a star superimposed near the center.  A mag 14 star is 40" N of center. [Note: The DSS shows a faint star close following the core].

 

Forms a pair with MCG -01-01-012 = PGC 73143 3.9' S.  The companion appeared faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE.  A mag 14 star is 0.4' N of center and somewhat hides the galaxy.  Many sources misidentify this galaxy as IC 1524.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1524 = Sf 87 on 23 Sep 1867.  There was no published description and there is nothing at his position.  But 20 seconds of RA west and 1.6' north is PGC 73151, the brighter of a north-south pair of galaxies and so much more likely to have been seen than the southern edge-on.  Lewis Swift independently found IC 1524 on 5 Nov 1891 and recorded Sw X-52 (later IC 1490) as "eF; pS; R; vF * close N; 6 pB = Mag stars p[receding]."  There is nothing near Swift's position, but Harold Corwin found that Swift made an error of 30 minutes of time (too small) in recording his RA.  Once corrected, his RA is just 9 seconds too small and the dec matches perfectly, as well as his description.  So, IC 1524 = IC 1490.  MCG, PGC, HyperLeda, WikiSky, etc. misidentify the southern galaxy, MCG -01-01-012, as IC 1524.

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IC 1525 = UGC 12883 = MCG +08-01-016 = PGC 73150

23 59 15.9 +46 53 20

V = 12.2;  Size 1.9'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 20d

 

17.5" (7/17/93): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 1.0' diameter, broad mild concentration, very small brighter core.  Surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy.  Located 8' WSW of mag 7.3 SAO 53560.  Brightest of three with PGC 18 10' ENE and UGC 12888 6.5' E.  UGC 12889 lies 24' NNE.  PGC 18, just 1.7' NNE of the mag 7.3 star, appeared extremely faint, very small, round.  UGC 12888 was a challenging object and just glimpsed 4.2' SW of the bright star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1525 = Sw IX-100 on 19 Aug 1887 and logged "eF; pS; R; D * points to it."  His RA is 45 seconds too large and happens to fall closer to UGC 12888 = MCG +08-01-017 = PGC 73195, a much fainter galaxy. Swift very likely picked up the brightest of the 3 galaxies in the field.  MCG misidentifies MCG +08-01-017 as IC 1525, instead of +08-01-016.

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IC 1534 = UGC 125 = MCG +08-01-028 = CGCG 549-025 = V Zw 6 = PGC 910

00 13 45.5 +48 09 04

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 72d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): faint, very small, elongated WSW-ENE, even surface brightness.  A mag 11 star is off the NE edge 39" from the center.  First of three IC galaxies in the NGC 51 group of six galaxies with IC 1535 2.0' ENE and IC 1536 5.6' E.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1534, along with IC 1535 and 1536, on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch (including NGC 48, 49 and 51) was reproduced in AN 4136.  He added a note that this discovery (and others in AN 4136) was put in an envelope and addressed to A.N. nine years ago, but for some unknown reason were never put in the mails.

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IC 1535 = MCG +08-01-030 = CGCG 549-026 = PGC 922

00 13 57.3 +48 09 29

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 11.7;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): faint, small, elongated ~N-S, even surface brightness, very diffuse.  A mag 11 star is 1.5' W.  Second of three IC galaxies in the NGC 51 group with IC 1534 2.0' WSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1535, along with IC 1534 and 1536 on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  See IC 1534 for more.

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IC 1536 = MCG +08-01-032 = CGCG 549-028 = Mrk 939 = PGC 949

00 14 19.0 +48 08 36

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 171d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): fourth of six in the NGC 51 group and the third of three IC galaxies with IC 1535 3.7' WNW and IC 1534 5.6' W.  Very faint, very small, slightly elongated, faint stellar nucleus.  A group of four mag 12 -13 stars is just north with the closest star 47" NW of center.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1536, along with IC 1534 and 1535 on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  See IC 1534 for more.

 

Huey (22" @184-328x): Considerably faint slightly elongated glow with diffuse edges.  PA = 0 and 0.4' long.  An upside down "y" of 13th magnitude stars is just north.

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IC 1542 = MCG +04-02-001 = CGCG 479-001 = PGC 1328

00 20 41.2 +22 35 33

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 78d

 

18" (11/22/08): faint, small, irregularly round, low surface brightness.  Located on the NW edge of the NGC 80 cluster.  Forms a pair with 2MASX J00203547+2234376 located 1.7' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1542 = J. 3-810 on 20 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1546 = NGC 85B = MCG +04-02-008 = CGCG 479-010 = PGC 1382

00 21 29.0 +22 30 21

V = 14.6;  Size 0.9'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

18" (11/22/08): very faint, small, elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 0.45'x0.15'.  Forms the fainter member of a close double system with NGC 85 just 0.9' NW of center and the major axis of the galaxy points to NGC 85.

 

17.5" (9/19/87): extremely faint, very small, elongated NW-SE, visible with averted vision only.  Forms a double system just 1' E of NGC 85 in the NGC 80 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1546 = J. 3-814 on 20 Nov 1897 and measured an accurate position.  Harold Corwin suggests dropping the use of designation NGC 85B for this galaxy since the IC 1546 identification is certain.

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IC 1558 = ESO 474-002 = MCG -04-02-024 = UGCA 8 = PGC 2142

00 35 47.1 -25 22 28

V = 12.2;  Size 3.4'x2.5';  Surf Br = 14.4;  PA = 150d

 

17.5" (9/7/96): extremely faint, fairly large, very low surface brightness.  At times appeared elongated NNW-SSE but very difficult to trace the outer halo due to its low surface brightness.  Requires averted and cannot hold steadily.  Located 3.5' NE of mag 8 SAO 166387.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1558 = DS 111 on an Arequipa plate from 3 Nov 1898. He recorded "star north, possible spiral, E at 160”."

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IC 1559 = NGC 169A = Arp 282 NED2 = MCG +04-02-034 = Mrk 341 = PGC 2201

00 36 52.3 +23 59 06

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 94d

 

13.1" (10/20/84): appears as a "faint star" possibly nebulous at the south edge of NGC 169, forming a close contact system (Arp 282).

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1559 = Big. 245 = J 3-819 on 18 Sep 1857 using LdR's 72" and described NGC 160 as "S; d. neb; the n one is E, sp/nf; bM."  IC 1559 is the fainter southern component.  It was confirmed a month later on 22 Oct 1857 and reobserved by Lawrence Parsons in 1866.  JH interpreted Mitchell's observation as implying NGC 160 was double and included the "nova" as GC 80.  But comparing the description to the field, it's clear that Mitchell was referring to NGC 169 and its close companion to the south, which later received the designation IC 1559.

 

Herman Schultz observed the field on 5 Sep 1867 (9.6" refractor) and also suspected NGC 169 to be double ("is probably S globular, and seems sometimes to be divided into two separate objects.").  In the 1880 publication Dreyer notes that Mitchell mistook his object for h32 = NGC 160, but the "double nebula" should apply to h82 = NGC 169.

 

Because of all the confusion Dreyer dropped GC 80 from the GC Supplement and added GC 5107 (which became NGC 162) to a faint star east-northeast of NGC 160 that Schultz and Lawrence Parsons noted as nebulous.  As a result IC 1559 did not receive a NGC number despite being observed twice by Mitchell, later seen by Lawrence Parsons and even suspected by Schultz.  Finally, it was observed again independently by Bigourdan on 7 Oct 1885 and by Javelle on 20 Nov 1897 and included in the IC as 1559.  Dreyer credited "LdR", along with Bigourdan and Javelle, as the discoverer.

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IC 1561 = ESO 474-0089 = MCG -04-02-029 = AM 0036-243 NED01 = KTS 5A = PGC 2305

00 38 32.5 -24 20 24

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 103d

 

24" (10/3/13): fairly faint, elongated 5:2 WNW-ESE, 45"x22", slightly brighter core.  Forms a pair with IC 1562 4' N.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1561 = DS 112 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "star north, E at 105”."

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IC 1562 = ESO 474-009 = MCG -04-02-030 = AM 0036-243 NED02 = KTS 5B = PGC 2308

00 38 34.0 -24 16 27

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 170d

 

24" (10/3/13): moderately bright and large, slightly elongated, ~1.2' diameter, broad concentration but no distinct core or nucleus.  A mag 13 star is 0.9' N of center, just off the north side.  Brightest in a triplet (KTS 5) with IC 1561 4.0' S and MCG -04-02-031 4.6' NE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1562 = DS 113 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "S, R, psbM."

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IC 1563 = NGC 191A = Arp 127 NED2 = Holm 13b = MCG -02-02-076 = PGC 2332

00 39 00.2 -09 00 52

V = 12.8;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 11.9;  PA = 143d

 

17.5" (9/17/88): faint, very small, round.  A mag 14 star is 30" N.  Forms a double system with NGC 191 just 45" NNW of center.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1563 = Big. 362 on 16 Dec 1897.  He noted it was 0.6' in PA 160” (SSE) from NGC 191.  This galaxy is often referred to as NGC 191A, although that designation is unnecessary as the IC designation is certain.  In "Die Herschel-Nebel" (1926), Reinmuth noted, "pF vS neb ssf 1.0' [of NGC 191]"

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IC 1565 = UGC 410 = MCG +01-02-047 = CGCG 409-057 = IC 1567: = PGC 2372

00 39 26.3 +06 44 03

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.1

 

18" (8/26/06): the brightest member of AGC 76 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7', very small bright core. The next two brightest cluster members are IC 1566 which lies 5' NE and IC 1568 10' NE. Several mag 10-11 stars are in the field, including a mag 10 star 3.4' SE.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): first of three in core of AGC 76.  Appears faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Located 2.4' S of a mag 11.5 star and 3.4' NW of a mag 10.5 star.  IC 1566 lies 5.2' NE and IC 1568 is 10' NE.  NGC 190 (HCG 5) lies 20' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1565 = J. 3-820, along with IC 1566, 1568, 1569 and 1570, on 24 Nov 1897.   Discovered by Javelle.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1566 = MCG +01-02-048 = CGCG 409-058 = PGC 2373

00 39 33.3 +06 48 55

Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (8/26/06): faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Slightly smaller and fainter than IC 1565.  Located 5' NE of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): second of three in AGC 76.  Very faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Appears similar to IC 1565 but slightly lower surface brightness.  Located 3.0' NE of a mag 11.5 star and 5.2' NE of IC 1565.  IC 1568 lies 6.0' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1566 = J. 3-821 on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1568 = MCG +01-02-052 = CGCG 409-061 = PGC 2404

00 39 55.9 +06 50 55

Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

18" (8/26/06): faint, small, ~25"x15".  Third and faintest of three on a line with IC 1565 and IC 1566 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): third of three in AGC 76 with IC 1565 and IC 1566.  Appears very faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, ~50"x35".  IC 1566 lies 6.0' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1568 = J. 3-822 on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1569 = MCG +01-02-053 = PGC 2430

00 40 28.0 +06 43 11

Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

18" (8/26/06): very faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x16".  Located 2.7' SW of a mag 10.7 star and 15' dues east of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (12/11/99): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  A mag 15-15.5 star lies 1.1' S of center.  Located 15' due east of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1569 = J. 3-823, along with IC 1568, on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1574 = UGCA 9 = ESO 474-018 = MCG -04-02-043 = DDO 226 = PGC 2578

00 43 03.8 -22 14 49

V = 13.7;  Size 2.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 175d

 

18" (12/17/11): at 175x, an extremely or very faint, low surface brightness glow was visible with averted vision.  Appeared fairly small, elongated N-S, ~25"x15".  Located 27' SW of mag 5.2 HD 4247.  This dwarf is a member of the Sculptor Group.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1562 = DS 115 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "vF, vmE at 0” [N-S], gbM."

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IC 1583 = MCG +04-03-001 = CGCG 480-004 = PGC 2760

00 47 10.3 +23 04 26

V = 14.9;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 25d

 

24" (12/1/13): faint to fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated, 18"x15", contains a very small bright nucleus, high surface brightness.  First in a trio with slightly bright IC 1585 1.5' SE and MCG +04-03-003 2.6' SE.  Located 1.2” S of mag 4.1 Zeta And.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1583 = J. 3-826, along with IC 1585, on 23 Nov 1897.  His micrometric position is accurate.  MCG +04-03-001 is not identified as IC 1583 in the MCG..

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IC 1585 = MCG +04-03-002 = CGCG 480-005 = PGC 2764

00 47 14.3 +23 03 13

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 109d

 

24" (12/1/13): fairly faint, very small, round, 18" diameter, contains a very small very bright nucleus.  This compact galaxy has a very high surface brightness.  Second in a small triplet with IC 1583 1.5' NW and MCG +04-03-003 1.2' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1585 = J. 3-827, along with IC 1583, on 23 Nov 1897.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1590 = Cr 8

00 52 49 +56 37 54

 

18" (2/16/07): at 220x about three dozen stars are visible in the region of the nebula, including a number of faint stars.  At the center is the multiple star Burnham 1, a striking triple with a difficult 4th component.  A close pair of mag 11.5 stars lie 0.9' SW of Burnham 1.

 

17.5" (9/28/02): IC 1590 is a young star cluster embedded in the core of NGC 281.  The bright central quadruple (ADS 719 = Burnham 1) contains a bright mag 8.6/9.2/9.8 trio at 4" and 9".  At 140x, a fourth fainter companion (mag ~10.1) at 1.54" separation is just visible close following the brightest member and is cleanly resolved at 324x.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1590 = Big 366 on 31 Oct 1899 and recorded "a large number of stars forming a very large cluster without concentration.  Seen in the region of NGC 281."  His position is 3' southeast of this group of stars centered on Burnham 1.

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IC 1599 = ESO 474-042 = MCG -04-03-030 = PGC 3210

00 54 32.8 -23 29 42

Size 1.1'x0.25';  PA = 107d

 

48" (11/2/13): moderately bright and large, thin edge-on 5:1 WNW-ESE, 1.0'x0.2', slightly brighter core.  Picked up while viewing the HCG 9 quartet which lies ~5' SW.  PGC 133684 lies 2.9' SE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1599 = DS 127 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "vF, vS, pmE at 100” [ESE]."

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IC 1611 = ESO 029-SC027 = DEM S 106 = Lindsay 61

00 59 48.7 -72 20 01

V = 12.0;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/5/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): IC 1611, IC 1612 and Kron 22 are a trio of clusters just 10' SE of NGC 346, the best emission nebula in the SMC and the general field is striking (Hodge Association 44).  IC 1611 is fairly bright, irregular shape, elongated SW to NE, ~1 diameter.  A couple of very faint stars are resolved at the edges, though this object appears to be primarily an emission nebula (DEM S 106).  A mag 12.5 star lies 1' NNE (blue supergiant RMC 16) and a mag 13 star is 1' ENE.  IC 1612 lies 2.4' SSE and Kron 22 4' SE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1611 = DS 132 = D 26?, along with IC 1612, from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station. James Dunlop probably discovered the pair of cluster visually on 2 Sep 1826 and described "a small double nebula; the following is very faint."  His position is just 5' S of the clusters.  JH never verified Dunlop's D 26 and Stewart is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1612 = ESO 029-SC028 = Lindsay 62 = Kron 41

01 00 00.3 -72 22 18

V = 12.3;  Size 0.8'

 

30" (11/5/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): Second of three clusters with IC 1611 2.4' NNW and Kron 22 2.5' E.  Fairly bright, irregular shape elongated SW-NE, ~1.2' diameter.  A half-dozen stars are resolved around the edges including two very close pairs!  The background glow of the SMC is relatively bright in this region so the cluster is set over a background glow that seems to extend more noticeably to the west and SW.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1612 = DS 133 = D 26?, along with IC 1611, from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station. James Dunlop probably discovered the pair of cluster visually on 2 Sep 1826 and described "a small double nebula; the following is very faint."  His position is just 5' S of the clusters.  JH never verified Dunlop's D 26 and Stewart is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1613 = UGC 668 = MCG +00-03-070 = Cetus system = PGC 3844

01 04 46.2 +02 07 04

V = 9.2;  Size 16.2'x14.5';  Surf Br = 15.0;  PA = 50d

 

18" (9/15/07): faint, very large, irregular glow, roughly elongated 4:3 SW-NE, ~8'x6'.  A mag 10.5 star is just at the west edge of the glow. A very small knot (HII region?) or core is faintly visible just 2' E or ENE of the mag 10.5 star.  There appears to be a very faint detached piece to the NE about 7' from the mag 10.5 star.  Located ~12' S of  mag 7.2 HD 6375.

 

13.1" (12/22/84): faint, large, extremely diffuse.  This Local Group member appears as an irregular hazy region with a large brighter section to the NE and a fainter section to the SW.  No visible core.  Several brighter stars are in the field includes a star at the SW edge.  Located 46' N of 26 Ceti.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 1613 on a plates taken with the Bruce 16-inch telescope in Sep 1906.  Wolf's position (given in 1885 coordinates) is ~10' south and 1.5 minutes of time preceding the galaxy.  As he used BD stars to measure positions, its very possible the coordinates for the "densest part" are for 1855.  If so, his position is near the center of IC 1613!

 

William Baade first showed it was extragalactic in 1935 and a year later Hubble included it as a Local Group member.  The distance is ~2.4 million light years.

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IC 1619 = MCG +05-03-054 = CGCG 501-083 = PGC 3975

01 07 22.4 +33 04 02

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  PA = 101d

 

24" (10/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, very slightly brighter nucleus.  Sandwiched between two mag 12.5/13 stars with a 1.4' separation and oriented SSW-NNE.  Picked up 13' WSW of NGC 392/394/397 triplet.  UGC 692 lies 8' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1619 = J. 3-832 on 28 Nov 1899 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 1622 = ESO 541-022 = MCG -03-04-001 = PGC 3997

01 07 36.7 -17 32 19

V = 13.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.4

 

24" (10/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Picked up 3.1' SW of IC 1623, a very close double system, also known as Arp 236 and VV 114.  365x revealed a broad concentration with a brighter nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1622 = Sw XI-11, along with IC 1623, on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "vF; S; R; np of 2 [with IC 1623]."  His position is ~2' too far north-northwest, a similar error as IC 1623.  The IC description was corrected to read "sp of 2".

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IC 1623 = Arp 236 = VV 11 = ESO 541-IG23 = PGC 4007 + PGC 4008

01 07 47.2 -17 30 25

Size 1.2'x0.9'

 

24" (10/5/13): Arp 236 = VV 114 is in the Arp category of "appearance of fission", though this contact pair is apparently undergoing a merger and the two nuclei are separated by only 15"!  IC 1623A, the brighter western component, appeared fairly bright, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, high surface brightness.  IC 1634B, attached on the east end, appeared as a fairly faint, small glow that not separately resolved, just a bulge or knot on the east end.  365x revealed a broad concentration with a brighter nucleus.  Research reveals the IC 1634B is optically obscured but very bright in the infrared indicating intense star formation.  IC 1622 lies 3.1' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1623 = Sw XI-12, along with IC 1622, on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "B; cS; lE; sf of 2 [with IC 1622]."  His position is ~2.5' too far northwest, a similar error as IC 1622.  The IC description was corrected to read "nf of 2".

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IC 1624 = ESO 051-SC017 = Kron 52 = Lindsay 76

01 05 20.9 -72 02 35

V = 12.4;  Size 0.7'

 

18" (7/6/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 171x and UHC, this is the smaller of a pair of nebulous clusters with NGC 395.  It appeared about half the size of NGC 395, roughly 1' in diameter with a mottled appearance and no central condensation or resolution.  A mag 13 star is close west with a mag 11 star 2' W (supergiant SK 118).  A very small nebulous knot (SMC-N78C) was also noted ~2' SE. A large, scattered group of stars (OB-association) is superimposed on the field.  Located 9' E of NGC 371 and 3.5' SSE of NGC 395.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1624 = DS 137 from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, S, R."  Some catalogues give IC 1624 as the designation to the nebulosity only and the cluster associated with it is called Kron 52.  Here I have referred to IC 1624 as the name to the cluster, with Kron 52 being an alternate name.

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IC 1626 = ESO 029-SC030 = Lindsay 77

01 06 14.6 -73 17 51

V = 13.8

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 45"x35", fairly even glow.  A couple of faint stars are resolved at the NW and SW edge.  Two mag 11.5 stars lie 4' SW and mag 10.6 HD 6932 lies 8' NE.  Hodge-Wright (HW) 52, a faint cluster, lies 5' NE.  In addition, IC 1644 lies 14' NE and Lindsay 86 is located 9' ENE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1626 = DS 139 from a plate taken on 14 Dec 1903 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, cS, R."

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IC 1634 = UGC 740 = MCG +03-04-008 = CGCG 459-014 = PGC 4232

01 11 02.9 +17 39 45

Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/26/94): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms the north member of a similar double system with IC 1635 separation 40" between centers.  The halos are almost in contact.  A mag 14 star lies 50" W.  These are the brightest galaxies in the core of rich cluster AGC 154 which lies at a redshift of z = 0.067 (billion light years!).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1634 = J. 3-836, along with IC 1635, on 23 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbMN, granular."

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IC 1635 = UGC 739 = MCG +03-04-009 = CGCG 459-013 = PGC 4231

01 11 03.5 +17 39 07

Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/26/94): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms the south member of a similar double system with IC 1634 separation 40" between centers.  The halos are almost in contact.  A mag 14 star lies 1.1' NW.  These are the brightest galaxies in the core of rich cluster AGC 154.  With a redshift of z = 0.061, this corresponds to a distance of 900,000 - 1,000,000 light years!).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1635 = J. 3-837, along with IC 1634, on 23 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbMN, granular."

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IC 1636 = CGCG 501-125 = CGCG 502-001 = PGC 4280

01 11 37.5 +33 21 15

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 103d

 

18" (10/16/09): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, high surface brightness.  Located 15' NE of NGC 410 in a cluster.  IC 1638 lies 9' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1636 = J. 3-838, along with IC 1638, on 17 Oct 1903 and recorded "F, S, 15" to 20", gbMN."  CGCG incorrectly describes it as a double galaxy.

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IC 1638 = MCG +05-03-082 = CGCG 501-129 = CGCG 502-005 = PGC 4338

01 12 21.8 +33 21 52

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4

 

18" (10/16/09): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Appears as a high surface brightness knot.  IC 1636 lies 9' W. Located 8' W of a mag 8.5 star. Member of the NGC 410 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1638 = J. 3-839, along with IC 1636, on 17 Oct 1903 and recorded "F, R, 15" to 20", gbMN, stellar ncl 13m, granular."

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IC 1641 = ESO 051-SC022 = Kron 65 = Lindsay 87

01 09 25.1 -71 46 01

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'

 

18" (7/11/05 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): very faint, small, 30" diameter, low surface brightness and no hint of resolution.  Follows NGC 411 by 7' and forms the eastern vertex of an equilateral triangle with NGC 411 and a mag 8 star 6' SW.  Observation made through thin haze.

 

18" (7/6/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): this faint SMC cluster is located 7' following NGC 411.  At 228x it appeared as just a very faint knot, less than 1' diameter with a low surface brightness and no resolution.  Located 5.5' NE of mag 8.6 HD 7031.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1641 = D.S. 143 photographically on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He simply noted "eF, eS, R." IC 1641 has been misidentified as a very faint cluster (Hodge-Wright 62) just following NGC 422.  But NGC 422 was recently found (2014) by Harold Corwin to be a duplicate observation of NGC 411 (see notes on NGC 422), so IC 1641 should apply to the cluster formerly known as NGC 422.  See Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 1644 = ESO 029-EN035 = Lindsay 481 = SMC-N81

01 09 13.1 -73 11 37

Size 0.8'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): very bright, small, compact high surface brightness HII region, 20" diameter, good response to a NPB filter.  Located 14' NE of IC 1626 and 20' WNW of NGC 456.  Mag 10.6 HD 6932 lies 7.7' W and a mag 10.3 star is 9' ENE with IC 1644 on the line connecting these stars. Within Hodge Association 60.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1644 = HN 83 in 1901 from plates taken at the Arequipa station.

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IC 1648 = CGCG 501-131 = CGCG 502-007 = PGC 4417

01 13 42.1 +33 13 06

V = 14.4;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 132d

 

18" (10/16/09): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 5.4' NE and 9' NE of two mag 7.5-8 stars and 34' ENE of the NGC 410 quartet (NGC 407/408/410/414) in the same larger group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1648 = J. 3-847 on 7 Dec 1899 and noted "F, R, 15" to 20", mag 14 ncl, granular."

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IC 1655 = ESO 051-SC023 = Lindsay 90

01 11 54.4 -71 19 48

V = 14.0

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, soft round glow with an even surface brightness, 40" diameter.  Hodge-Wright (HW) 64 lies 5.5' W.  Located 19' NW of NGC 458.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1655 = D.S. 147 = D 59? on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He simply noted "eF, vS, close cl."  James Dunlop may have discovered the cluster on 6 Sep 1826 with his 9" reflector from Paramatta and noted "a very small faint nebula, about 10" diameter."  Dunlop's position from 1 observation is 11' southeast of this cluster, about halfway to NGC 458, which may be Dunlop 60.

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IC 1657 = ESO 352-024 = MCG -06-03-030 = IC 1663 = PGC 4440

01 14 06.9 -32 39 03

V = 12.4;  Size 2.3'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 ~N-S, 1.8'x0.5', brighter core.  Ends appear to taper giving a narrow lens appearance.  Two nearby faint companions off NW and NE side were not seen.  This is a Seyfert galaxy.

 

17.5" (11/6/93): fairly faint, very elongated 4:1 NNW-SSE, 1.6'x0.4', nearly edge-on appearance, weak concentration.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1657 = Sw XI-14 on 4 Sep 1897 and logged "eeF; S; eeE; a ray; no star nr."  His position is 19 seconds of time too large, but this edge-on is an obvious match in description.  He "rediscovered" it again less than two months later on 30 Oct 1897 and assumed it was new, describing XI-15 as "eeF, vE 350”; 5 sts sf have distant companions."  Although his second position is very poor (2 min of time too large and 2” too far north), the description matches and Harold Corwin equates IC 1657 = IC 1663.  See his identification notes.

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IC 1660 = ESO 051-SC024 = Lindsay 89

01 12 38.4 -71 45 41

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter.  A single brighter star is resolved along with a couple of extremely faint stars.  Located 8' SSW of mag 9.8 HD 7519, 17' SW of cluster NGC 458 and 22' due east of cluster NGC 411.  Several mag 12.5-13.5 stars are within 5', mostly on the south side.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1660 = D.S. 148 on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "eF, vS, R, * N inv in neb, or vF *."  His position is accurate.  For some reason, this object is included in Sky & Telescope's "Pocket Sky Atlas", although it is much fainter than other unplotted objects.

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IC 1662 = ESO 029-SC037 = Lindsay 92

01 12 33.4 -73 27 25

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 36"x24", brighter core.  No resolution except for a single star on the west side.  Lindsay 93, a fainter cluster, lies 1.5' SE.  Located 3.7' WNW of a mag 10.9 star and 11' SW of the bright emission nebula NGC 456.  NGC 456 is the first of three striking clusters and nebulae with 460 and 465.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1662 = D.S. 149 on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "vF, eS, neb or vS group of stars."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1667 = MCG -03-04-039 = PGC 4694

01 18 42.3 -17 03 01

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 69d

 

18" (12/17/11): extremely faint, small, round, 20"-24" diameter, very low surface brightness.  Required averted vision to glimpse a few times, but confirmed.  The IC identification is uncertain due to a poor position by Swift.

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter.  Appears as a very low surface brightness hazy spot without concentration.  Only visible intermittently with averted vision.  Located 4.8' W of brighter IC 93.  The B magnitude of 14.5 appears too bright (LEDA gives 15.3).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1667 = Sw XI-16 on 6 Oct 1896 and reported "eF, pS, R, no * near, 8m * in field nf".  There is nothing near his position.  MCG suggests MCG -03-4-039 = IC 1667.  This galaxy is 1 min of time east and 3.5' north of Swift's position, though there is a mag 8.4 star 11' ENE that would have been in Swift's field.  So, despite the poor position (more common in his later years) and no mention of IC 93 = IC 1671, which he "discovered" twice and lies only 5' ESE, MCG -03-4-039 is a reasonable candidate.

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IC 1670 = VV 779 = MCG -03-04-040/041 = PGC 4707 + PGC 4711

01 18 50.8 -16 48 10

 

18" (11/13/07): IC 1670 consists of a contact pair of spiral galaxies.  The brighter galaxy (IC 1670B) on the east side appeared fairly faint, fairly small.  At first glance I noticed a fairly high surface brightness knot ~20" in diameter but with careful viewing, faint extensions were seen oriented E-W, increasing the size to ~0.9'x0.3'.  The initial knot I noticed is the sharply concentrated core of the galaxy.  At the west edge is an attached companion, IC 1670A, just 1' between centers.  IC 1670A appeared very faint, very small, round, just 0.2' diameter.  Apparently I only viewed the core of this edge-on galaxy.  Located ~3' SW of a mag 11 star.  IC 93 lies 15' SSE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1670 = Sw XI-17 on 18 Dec 1895 and recorded "vF; pS; lE; wide D * near nf; f of 2."  There is nothing at his position, but 6' northwest is this double system.  In list XI  he called IC 1671 = IC 93  "p[receding] of 2", but these orientations are reversed.

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IC 1673 = CGCG 502-038 = PGC 4855

01 20 46.3 +33 02 42

V = 14.1;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, small, round 18" diameter, contains a bright core and very small halo.  Located 6' NE of a mag 9.8 star.  CGCG 502-044 lies 7' NE.  Situated on the SW side of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1673 = J. 3-858 on 17 Nov 1903 and noted "F, R, mag 13 stellar ncl."

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IC 1677 = MCG +05-04-025 = CGCG 502-042 = VV 600 = PGC 4891

01 21 07.1 +33 12 58

V = 15.2;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 129d

 

24" (10/4/13): extremely faint, small, round, 18" diameter, very low surface brightness with no core.  CGCG 502-043 lies 10' N and IC 1680 is 10' NE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1677 = J. 3-860 on 30 Nov 1899 and recorded "F, R, 30" to 40", mag 14 core."

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IC 1679 = MCG +05-04-027 = CGCG 502-048 = WBL 038-002 = PGC 4944

01 21 44.6 +33 29 37

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 50d

 

24" (10/4/13): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 20"x14".  Located 2.9' SW of NGC 483 in the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1679 = J. 3-862 on 2 Dec 1899 and logged "F, S, irr form, diffuse, weakly condensed."

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IC 1680 = MCG +05-04-028 = CGCG 502-049 = WBL 038-003 = PGC 4956

01 21 51.2 +33 16 57

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  PA = 103d

 

24" (10/4/13): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 15"-18" diameter.  Situated 1.5' N of a mag 9.8 star and 4' NW of mag 8.8 HD 8216.  IC 1682 lies  4.8' ESE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1680 = J. 3-863, along with IC 1682, on 29 Nov 1899 and noted "F, vS, 10" to 15", stellar nucl, mag 13.5 core, nebulous character certain."

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IC 1682 = UGC 912 = MCG +05-04-032 = CGCG 502-053 = WBL 038-005 = PGC 4983

01 22 13.3 +33 15 37

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9''x0.4';  PA = 120d

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 24"x16", weak concentration.  Located 2.1' NE of mag 8.8 HD 8216.  IC 1680 lies 4.8' WNW.  Member of the NGC 507 Group and 18' due W of this galaxy.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1682 = J. 865, along with IC 1680, on 29 Nov 1899.  His declination is 2' too far south (correctly copied into the IC), but Harold Corwin found that Javelle applied the wrong sign to his north polar distance from his offset star. Once corrected, his position is excellent.

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IC 1685 = PGC 169771

01 23 06.6 +33 11 22

V = 15.3;  Size 0.4'x0.3'

 

24" (10/4/13): very faint, extremely small, round, 10" diameter.  This member of the NGC 507 Group is situated just 2.5' NE of NGC 494 and 4.6' WSW of NGC 504. 

 

17.5" (10/4/97): this very difficult object is located 2.5' NE of NGC 494 in a cluster.  Just glimpsed with averted vision at 280x and appeared as a 10" fleeting spot with no concentration.  A mag 14.5 star lies 45" SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1685 = J. 3-868, along with IC 1687, on 1 Dec 1899 and reported "F, R, 20" to 25", diffuse, weakly condensed."  The identification is not in doubt, though the galaxy wasn't catalogued in RC3, CGCG, PGC or MCG.  Megastar software shows it as anonymous.

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IC 1687 = MCG +05-04-039 = CGCG 502-061 = PGC 5074

01 23 19.2 +33 16 40

V = 13.6;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 5d

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 1.6' SE of mag 7.6 HD 8347 and 4.5' WNW of NGC 507, the brightest member of the large group.  A mag 13.8 star is just 30" W.

 

17.5" (10/4/97): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Required averted vision to view.  Located just 1.6' SE of mag 7.5 SAO 54647 within the NGC 507 Group.  A mag 14 star lies 30" preceding.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1687 = J. 3-870, along with IC 1685, on 1 Dec 1899 and noted "faint, round, 15", central core mag 14."  He worked his way through the NGC 507 cluster very thoroughly over several nights, picking up a number of faint galaxies.

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IC 1690 = CGCG 502-071 = PGC 5110

01 23 49.6 +33 09 23

V = 13.9;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (10/4/97): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 20"x10".  Extended in the direction of a mag 12 star 1.5' SE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group and located 6.4' SSE of NGC 507.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1690 = J. 3-873 on 30 Nov 1899 and noted "faint, very small, round, 10" to 15", stellar ncl, mag 13.4 core.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1691 = PGC 169777

01 24 25.8 +33 24 25

V = 15.2;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 123d

 

24" (10/4/13): extremely to very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 4.0' WSW of NGC 517 and 4.8' SW of NGC 515 on the eastern side of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1691 = J. 3-874 on 2 Dec 1899 and recorded "pF, nearly round, 20", no concentration."  His position is 2' too far south, which appears to be caused by a error in declination offset from his comparison star (same problem with IC 1684).

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IC 1693 = I Zw 6 = ZH 32 = PGC 73940

01 24 02.4 -01 39 26

V = 15.3;  Size 0.6'x0.25';  PA = 162d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): extremely faint and small, round.  Forms a very close pair with a close double star, whose components are both mag 15.  Located 2.0' SE of CGCG 385-099.  Member of AGC 194.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1693 = Ho III-2 on 1 Jan 1900 and recorded "eF, vS, possibly only a faint star."  His micrometric position matches PGC 73940, though  Harold Corwin remarks that "This pair of objects [a faint star is superimposed] has also been confused with the middle (brightest) galaxy in the line, CGCG 385-099."  HyperLeda does not equate PGC 73940 with IC 1693 (as of Sept '15).

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IC 1695 = UGC 977 = MCG +01-04-055 = CGCG 411-054 = Shkh 40-1 = PGC 5245

01 25 07.7 +08 41 57

V = 14.0;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

48" (11/8/15): at 488x; bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~40" diameter, small very bright core.  A mag 15 star is embedded in the halo, just 10" NE of center.  A mag 13.5 star is 40" NW.

 

IC 1695 is the brightest member of Shakhbazian 40, which corresponds with the central region of AGC 193.  Nine additional galaxies ranging from V = 15.0 to V = 17.0 were visible in the 488x field: Shkh 40-14, 40-23, 40-29, 40-39, 40-43, 40-44, 40-56, 40-57, UGC 967.

 

18" (12/3/05): I forgot about my observation of IC 1695 two months ago and assumed it was part of the NGC 524 group.  But with a redshift of z = .048 compared to .008, this galaxy lies six times further away in the heart of AGC 193 and Shk 40!  At 225x it appeared faint to fairly faint, small, irregular round, slightly brighter core.  The core or a stellar knot seemed offset to one side (double galaxy).  A mag 12 star is less than 1' NW.  This description is quite similar to the one two months back.

 

18" (10/8/05): The brightest member of AGC 193 and Shakhbazian 40 appeared faint, small, irregularly round.  Situated just 43" SE of a mag 13 star.  In moments of better seeing this galaxy appeared double with an extremely faint knot or extension to the northeast of the core of the main galaxy.  The next day I checked the DSS and this observation matches the image!  This distant cluster has a redshift of z = .048 which corresponds to a distance of over 700 million light years.  The only other member seen was UGC 967, located 7.5' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1695 = Sw XI-19 on 26 Nov 1897 and recorded "eF; pS; R; 10m * att p; * with distant companion sf, another np."  His position is 3' too far northwest, but other nearby galaxies are much fainter.  A 12th magnitude star is ~45" northwest; I assume this is the "10m * attached preceding." and another mag 12 star 3.7' south-following (with "distant companion" 1.6' to its south).

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IC 1696 = UGC 973 = ZH 24 = MCG +00-04-122 = PGC 5231

01 24 52.3 -01 37 02

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 10d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): faint, very small, irregularly round, small bright core.  A mag 14 star is 34" NW of center.  Located 3' SE of NGC 530 in AGC 194.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1696 = Ho III-3 on 19 Jan 1900 at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver and recorded "eF, eS; [NGC] 530 is n.p."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1698 = UGC 983 = MCG +02-04-040 = CGCG 436-045 = IC 1699? = PGC

01 25 22.1  +14 50 19

V = 14.0;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  PA = 117d

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.3', small bright core.  IC 107 = IC 1700 lies 1.6' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1698 = J. 3-877 on 18 Jan 1896 and recorded "pB, irr form, 30" diameter, core of mag 14."  His position is accurate.  Harold Corwin suggests IC 1699 is probably a later duplicate observation with a typo in declination.  See his IC identifications.

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IC 1700 = IC 107 = UGC 986  = MCG +02-04-041 = CGCG 436-047 = PGC 5271

01 25 24.7 +14 51 53

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  PA = 6d

 

See observing notes for IC 107

 

See identification notes for IC 107

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IC 1704 = UGC 1027 = MCG +02-04-052 = CGCG 436-054 = PGC 5411

01 27 09.5 +14 46 35

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x0.75';  PA = 163d

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, ~42"x28", irregular surface brightness, increases to an elongated core.  There was a strong impression of structure due to mottling in the halo.  A mag 10.7 star lies 3' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1704 = J. 3-881, along with IC 1698, 1700 and 1706, on 18 Jan 1896.  He described this nebula as "pB, 40" to 50" diameter, diffuse, irr form, weak and gradual concentration."  There is nothing at his position, but Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson note that Javelle misidentified his reference star for IC 1704 and 1706.  Once his offsets are applied to the correct star, there is an exact match.

 

Malcolm Thomson notes the CGCG, UGC and MCG all misidentify IC 1704 as IC 1706 (this is pointed out in the PGC), while having no listing for the correct IC 1706.  RC3, PGC, HyperLeda, NED and Corwin's lists have the correct identities and coordinates.

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IC 1727 = VV 338a = Holm 46b = UGC 1249 = MCG +04-05-009 = KTG 8A = PGC 6574

01 47 30.0 +27 19 59

V = 11.5;  Size 6.9'x3.1';  Surf Br = 14.7;  PA = 150d

 

24" (12/28/13): fairly faint, very large, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low surface brightness, ~2.5'x0.8' though the outer halo fades into the background gradually so the dimensions are difficult to estimate.  Contains a slightly brighter "bar" that is extended 4:1 or 5:1 NW-SE, ~45"x10".  The halo is more extensive NW of this bar, so the appearance is asymmetric.  NGC 672 lies 8' NE.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, moderately large, elongated 2:1 NW-SE.  Very low surface brightness with no distinct edges or core.  Located 8' SW of NGC 672.

 

13" (11/5/83): very faint, moderately large, diffuse, ill-defined, elongated NNW-SSE, no central condensation.  Forms a pair with NGC 672 8' NE.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 1727 photographically on 29 Nov 1896 with his 20" reflector from his Starfield Observatory in England.  He reported (AN 3429) "It is nearly as large as NGC 672 and distant from centre to centre 8' only; nucleus consists of 6 faint stellar condensations forming a straight line in the direction south following to north preceding and there are 6 or 7 very faint condensations of nebulosity near the preceding margin; 15th mag star on the north preceding margin and a 16th mag star at the south following end of the nucleus."  Roberts was very amazed that this galaxy was missed by WH, JH and at Birr Castle (7 observations of NGC 672) and he felt this object must have "come into the state of visibility during the past half century."

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IC 1729 = ESO 477-004 = MCG -05-05-014 = PGC 6598

01 47 55.2 -26 53 32

V = 12.6;  Size 1.7'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 150d

 

18" (12/17/11): at 285x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 30"x20".  Sharply concentrated with a very small, very bright core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  ESO 477-008 lies 24' SE.

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.6'x0.4', gradually increases to center.  This galaxy appears to have a high surface brightness as if I was viewing the core region only (verified on the DSS).  Located 9' SSE of mag 8.9 HD 11020 near the corner where Cetus, Fornax and Sculptor meet.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1729 = Sw XI-24 on 8 Oct 1896 and noted "pB; eeS; almost stellar; in vacancy."  Using the 20-inch refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver, Howe measured an accurate position and reported "this looks resolvable, and is equivalent in brightness to a star of mag 10-11.  It is very small."

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IC 1730 = MCG +04-05-015a = CGCG 482-020 = PGC 6732

01 49 57.9 +22 00 44

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 64d

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, extremely small, round, 10" diameter.  Located 3.5' NE of NGC 680 and 1' SSE of a mag 12 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1730 = J. 3-891 on  17 Jan 1896 and noted "F, nearly round, 20" to 25", gradually condensed."  His position is 2' too far north, which Malcolm Thomson notes is due to an error in the position of his BD reference star.

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IC 1731 = UGC 1291 = MCG +04-05-018 = CGCG 482-021 = PGC 6756

01 50 12.4 +27 11 46

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 140d

 

17.5" (12/11/99): very faint, fairly small.  Appears as a low surface brightness glow, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE.  About 5' S is a distinctive group of 10 brighter stars (see Cr 21).  IC 1731 is located 34' SE of NGC 672.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 1731 photographically on 29 Nov 1896 with his 20" reflector from his Starfield Observatory in England.  He reported (AN 3429) "Faint; elongated south following to north preceding; faint stellar nucleus; probably a spiral; cluster of stars 9 to 15 mag on the south side 13" following the nucleus."

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IC 1732 = UGC 1307 = MCG +06-05-016 = CGCG 522-021 = PGC 6805

01 50 47.9 +35 55 57

V = 13.9;  Size 1.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 62d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): faint, fairly small, edge-on WSW-ENE.  A mag 15 star is at the NE edge 18" from the center.  Located 5.3' N of mag 7.3 SAO 55026 in AGC 262.

 

13" (10/20/84): very faint, small, elongated WSW-ENE.  One or two extremely faint stars possibly involved.  Located between two stars mag 7 and 8.

 

Bigourdan discovered IC 1732 = Big. 248 on 6 Nov 1891.  He noted it was 40" to 50" in diameter with a condensation of 12".

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IC 1733 = UGC 13101 = MCG +05-05-016 = CGCG 503-032 = PGC 6796

01 50 42.9 +33 04 56

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 50d

 

24" (9/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.7'x0.6', bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 1735 1.9' ENE.  Brightest member of AGC 260 (8 members viewed).  A mag 10.8 star 2' N forms an equilateral triangle with IC 1733 and 1735.

 

17.5" (10/5/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7, weak concentration.  Located 2.0' S of mag 10.8 SAO 55024.  This galaxy is the brightest in the galaxy cluster AGC 260.  Forms a pair with IC 1735 1.9' ENE (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1733 = J. 3-892, along with IC 1735, on 13 Nov 1903 and noted "F, nearly round, 15" to 20", granular."

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IC 1735 = MCG +05-05-018 = PGC 6803

01 50 51.7 +33 05 32

Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 168d

 

24" (9/15/12): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 24"x18".  Forms a close pair with brighter IC 1733 1.9' WSW.  Located 2' SE of a mag 10.8 star on the west side of AGC 260.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1735 = J. 3-893, along with IC 1733, on 13 Nov 1903 and noted "a little fainter than the preceding [IC 1733], 15" to 20", granular."

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IC 1738 = MCG -02-05-061 = PGC 6832

01 51 07.9 -09 47 31

V = 14.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 80d

 

13.1" (12/22/84): faint, small, round.  Forms a pair with NGC 701 5.4' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1738 = Sw XI-26 on 8 Dec 1895 and noted "eeF; vS; GC 418 [NGC 701] p."  His RA is 37 seconds too large and his dec is off by 3' (too far south), but this is the only candidate near NGC 701.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate micrometric position in 1899-00 at Denver.

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IC 1747 = PK 130+1.1 = PN G130.2+01.3

01 57 35.8 +63 19 19

V = 12.0;  Size 13"

 

48" (10/23/11): at 375x appeared as a very bright, small, bluish planetary with an irregularly brighter rim, slightly fainter on the west side of the rim.  At 488x, this is a very interesting annular planetary with a relatively thick brighter rim that appears clumpy and a dark center.  The rim dims, though, on the west side, so the annularity is incomplete.  Overall the impression is a thick crescent spanning 270”.

 

18" (11/17/08): immediately picked up at 175x as a small, bluish disc, ~12" diameter.  Situated within a distinctive 20' curving chain of stars that passes through much of the field.  Very good contrast gain using an OIII filter.  At 450x, the planetary is slightly elongated WNW-ESE, ~15"x12", and weakly annular.  At 800x it appeared irregularly brighter along the rim with a knotty structure, particularly along the northern half.  Located 30' SE of mag 3.4 Epsilon Cassiopeiae.

 

13.1" (12/7/85): at 166x without a filter appeared moderately bright, very small, round, about 12" diameter.  Takes 360x but no structure is visible.  Surrounded by three mag 13 stars 0.8' N, 1.0' SW and 1.3' E of center.  Three collinear mag 11 stars oriented SSW-NNE begin 3' NE.  Located 30' SE of mag 3.3 Epsilon Cassiopeiae.

 

8": just non-stellar at 125x.  Definite disk at 220x and possibly slightly elongated NW-SE.  Three mag 11 stars on a line are to the NE.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1747 = HN 103 in 1905 at Harvard College Observatory, while classifying stars by examining photographic objective-prism spectra.  A note in the 1905 Harvard College Observatory Circular No. 98 ("Stars Having Peculiar Spectra") reads "assumed to be the following and southern of two faint and difficult objects, which also appears somewhat hazy.  The spectrum consists of a bright band having wavelength of about 5000.  Therefore, this object has been assumed to be a gaseous nebula."

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IC 1761 = CGCG 387-019 = PGC 7484

01 58 52.2 +00 34 06

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 47d

 

24" (12/22/14): faint, small, round 12" diameter (only the core seen with certainty).  Located 3.7' NE of NGC 768 and 5.8' NW of mag 8.3 HD 12134.  A mag 14.5 star is 1.6' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1761 = J. 904 on 18 Dec 1897 and recorded "vF, vS, R, gbMN."  His position is 1' too far north.

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IC 1783 = ESO 354-046 = MCG -06-05-037 = LGG 052-001 = PGC 8279

02 10 06.1 -32 56 23

V = 12.5;  Size 2.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 3d

 

17.5" (10/8/94): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 1.5'x0.7', broad concentration.  A mag 13 star is 1.8' WSW of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1783 = Sw XI-35 on 29 Dec 1897 and recorded "vF; vS; eE; nearly 0”; F * p."  His position is fairly poor, but the identification is certain based on his description.

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IC 1788 = ESO 415-015 = MCG -05-06-011 = LGG 052-003 = PGC 8649

02 15 50.0 -31 12 04

V = 12.3;  Size 2.6'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 27d

 

17.5" (12/28/94): moderately bright, fairly large, nearly edge-on 4:1 SSW-NNE, 2.5'x0.6', broad concentration.  A mag 14 star is just west of the SSW end 1.6' from the center.  A wide pair of mag 10-11 stars at 36" separation lies 10' SSE.  Relatively bright for an IC galaxy.

 

17.5" (10/29/94): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 SSW-NNE, 2.1'x0.7', broad concentration.  A mag 14 star is just preceding the SSW tip.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1788 = Sw XI-36 on 25 Dec 1897 and logged "pF; pS; R; distant D * nf."

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IC 1795 = LBN 645 = LBN 646 = LBN 647 = Ced 6

02 26 32 +62 02 29

Size 21'

 

18" (10/13/07): NGC 896 and IC 1795 form a bright, detailed HII region at the NW corner of the huge IC 1805 HII ring ("Heart Nebula").  This complex is split into three or 4 distinct sections by dust lanes (LDN 1359).  The largest section is IC 1795, which extends mostly north of a mag 10 star for ~8'.  To the west of the mag 10 star is a  dust lane oriented NW-SE and beyond this lane to the west is a small, moderately high surface brightness patch (NGC 896) of 2' diameter.  To the east of the star is another broad dust lane extending N-S and following this lane is a fainter wash of nebulosity that streams to the north for over 15' in length.  It passes through mag 9 SAO 12287 and just north of this star the nebulosity has a small, brighter patch.  Initially, I thought the complex ended here on the NE side, but then additional fainter nebulosity was noticed spreading out to the west for several arc minutes increasing the total size to 15'-20' for both N-S and E-W directions.

 

17.5" (11/27/92): observation at 100x using an OIII filter.  This is the northeastern section of a large emission complex with NGC 896.  Very large, about 10' diameter, roundish, fainter than NGC 895 but still moderately bright.  A mag 9.5 star is embedded at the SE edge and several fainter stars are superimposed.  A small detached piece of nebulosity is visible about 10' N with a mag 11.5 off the south edge and several fainter stars are at the edges or superimposed.  NGC 896 and IC 1795 form the NE component with the IC 1805 ("Heart Nebula") complex spread out to the SE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1795 photographically, probably with the 6" Willard lens.  The IC description is simply "Patch of neby".

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IC 1799 = NGC 920 = UGC 1943 = MCG +08-05-012 = CGCG 553-014 = PGC 9432

02 28 45.9 +45 58 14

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 34d

 

See observing notes for NGC 920.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1799 = Big. 251 on 28 Jan 1891.  Lewis Swift is likely the original discoverer on 11 Sep 1885, but his position was 1.0 minute of time too small and Bigourdan assumed his discovery was new.  I suggested the equivalence of NGC 920 = IC 1799 = UGC 1943 to Corwin and Steinicke, instead of the standard identification NGC 920 = UGC 1920. They both concur with this identity.  See NGC 920, as well as Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1801 = Arp 276 NED2 = VV 238b = UGC 1936 = MCG +03-07-016 = PGC 9392

02 28 12.9 +19 34 60

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 30d

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, very small, elongated SW-NE, low surface brightness.  Forms a double system very close off the southeast end of NGC 935!

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1801 = J 3-926 on 18 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, 20" to 25", glbM, dif."

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IC 1802 = MCG +04-06-057 = CGCG 483-067 = PGC 9462

02 29 14.0 +23 04 58

V = 13.5;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 120d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, very small bright core.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW. A faint companion (PGC 1681200) 45" ENE of center was not noticed.  First in a group with IC 1803 and 1804 ~9' ENE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1802, along with IC 1803 and 1804, on 29 Oct 1888 using the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1802 = CGCG 483-067 = PGC 9462, although his computed position (sent directly to Dreyer) is poor 33 seconds of time too small and 2.2' too far north.  He noted "the p[receding] of 3. 1' s.f. 11m star."

 

His poor position for IC 1803, though, happens to fall closer to IC 1802 and PGC, RC3 and HyperLeda (as well as secondary sources such as Uranometria 2000.0 Sky Atlas and Megastar) misidentify IC 1802 as IC 1803.  NED has the correct position as Harold Corwin correctly identified this galaxy.

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IC 1803 = MCG +04-06-058 = PGC 9507

02 29 50.0 +23 06 31

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Fainter of a pair with IC 1804 1.3' SE.  The pair points to a mag 10.5 star situated 2.4' NW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1803, along with IC 1802 and 1804, on 29 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1803 = MCG +04-06-058 = PGC 9507, although his computed position (sent directly to Dreyer) is 32 seconds of time too small and 2.5' too far north (similar offset as IC 1802).  He noted "the p[receding] of 2 [with IC 1804], occasionally a star like point seen in b [IC 1803]."

 

His poor position for IC 1803, though, falls closer to this galaxy and PGC, RC3 and HyperLeda (as well as secondary sources such as Uranometria 2000.0 Sky Atlas and Megastar) misidentify IC 1802 as IC 1803.

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IC 1804 = MCG +04-06-060 = CGCG 483-068 = PGC 9512

02 29 54.4 +23 05 49

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, small brighter nucleus, low surface brightness halo.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1803 1.3' NW.  CGCG 483-070 = PGC 9527 lies 6' NE and logged as faint, small, round, 18" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Located 6' NE of IC 1803/1804 pair.  A mag 13 star is 1.6' WSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1804, along with IC 1802 and 1803, on 29 Oct 1888.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1804 (marked as "c") correspoinding to CGCG 483-068 = PGC 9512.  He reported a poor position to Dreyer, but his offset from mag 10.4 star Tycho 1766:638:1 is accurate.

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IC 1805 = Heart Nebula = LBN 656 = Ced 7 = Sh 2-190 = LBN 654 = Cr 26 = Mel 15

02 32 42 +61 27

V = 6.5;  Size 100'x80'

 

18" (10/13/07): IC 1805 is a cluster (Cr 26 = Melotte 15) involved with a huge emission complex (LBN 654) dubbed the "Heart Nebula". The central cluster, Cr 26, was striking at 73x, consisting of a 20' scattered group of mag 8 and fainter stars (I estimated 17 stars mag 8-10.5). Embedded within the group is a smaller, fairly rich, 4'x2.5' oval ring with over three dozen stars. Most of the stars are located along the irregular ring, itself, and not in the interior. On the SW side is the brightest member, mag 8 HD 15558, which has a mag 10.5 companion at 10" separation (ADS 1920). The central region is richest around this pair with 9 or 10 stars in total packed into a 1.6' region.

 

Adding an OIII filter, the cluster was encased in a fairly bright, irregular glow, ~12-15' in diameter and extending mostly to the east of the cluster. There appears to be dark lanes or obscuring dust involved as the surface brightness is irregular with brighter filaments within the glow. Fainter nebulosity extends to the east and then abruptly bifurcates into two branches, one heading NE and the other SE. There's a sharp border to the nebulosity at the split as the sky directly east immediately darkens, adding to the contrast.

 

Following the stream of nebulosity to the NE, it extends roughly 20' in that direction but then curves back sharply towards the west where it meanders for 30'-40', ending about 30' N of the cluster. Only 20' E of the bend at the NE corner is the fairly large open cluster, NGC 1027 (see notes) .

 

The southern river of nebulosity can be followed around in a huge loop. First it gently curves to the south or SSE for ~40' and then loops back sharply towards the west (this band forms the southern boundary of the "Heart") for at least 40', heading towards a distinctive N-S string of 5 stars with a length of 6'. This group is catalogued as Markarian 6 = Stock 7. At the south end of Mrk 6 are two doubles, ·264 = 8.6/9.8 at 17" and ·263 = 10/11 pair at 17".

 

At this point, the rim bends to the north and brightens noticeably in a 10' patch. It dims and continues on further to the north, passing about 25' W of the cluster and fades out pretty close to NGC 896, a nearly isolated bright patch to the NW of the main structure.  Near the northwest end of IC 1805 is Tombaugh 4, a low surface brightness cluster that requires high power to partially resolve.

 

I had now traced around the entire outline of the "Heart Nebula" visible on wide-field images, scanning over a degree and a half from north to south and perhaps 1.25” in extent from west to east. The entire outline, including the weaker interior glow, was also visible at 12.5x in my 80mm finder using an OIII filter, although without the detail visible in the main scope.

 

NGC 896 and IC 1795 are parts of a fairly bright, detailed region at the NW corner of this huge ring. The complex appears split into three or 4 distinct sections by dust lanes (LDN 1359). The largest section is IC 1795, which extends mostly north of a mag 10 star for ~8'. To the west of the mag 10 star is a dust lane oriented NW-SE and beyond this lane to the west is a small, moderately high surface brightness glow (NGC 896) of 2' diameter. To the east of the star is another broad dust lane extending N-S and east of this lane is a fainter wash of nebulosity that streams to the north for over 15' in length. It passes through mag 9 SAO 12287 and just north of this star the nebulosity has another small, brighter patch. Initially, I thought the complex ended here on the NE side, but additional fainter nebulosity was noticed spreading out to the west, increasing the total size to 15'-20' for both N-S and E-W directions.

 

Comparing my descriptions to the MegaStar outline, I noticed that the cluster Mrk 6 (perhaps it's an asterism) is not plotted, although the brighter stars are, of course. Secondly, the outline shows a large gap between the NW end of the Heart and NGC 896. Visually, it appeared the Heart Nebula extended closer to 896. Finally, I picked up additional nebulosity to the north of NGC 896 not shown on MegaStar.

 

17.5" (11/27/92): about 125 stars forming a bright, very large 40' field at 100x.  In the center is an oval ring consisting of about 30 stars within a 4'-5' diameter including a bright 8th magnitude multiple star (Stein 368).  The brighter stars in the outer region form a rough incomplete circular outline.  Using 100x with an OIII filter, the associated nebulosity (LBN 654) is clearly entwined within a large portion of the cluster.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1805 photographically with the discovery communicated directly to Dreyer.  The NGC position is off by 1 tmin in RA (same as IC 1824 = NGC 1027).  Barnard gave a corrected position in his Atlas of the Milky Way.

 

The Heart (IC 1805) and Soul (IC 1848) nebulae are part of the Cas OB6 Association, a sprawling complex of gas, dust and massive O- and B-class stars at a distance ~7500 light years in the Perseus Arm.

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IC 1815 = UGC 2047 = MCG +05-07-014 = CGCG 505-0 13 = PGC 9794

02 34 20.0 +32 25 46

V = 12.9;  Size 1.7'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

18" (1/26/11): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 35" diameter, even moderate concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  Located 3.5' SE of mag 7.6 HD 15896 and 4.5' S of NGC 973.  I'm surprised Swift missed this galaxy but picked up NGC 973, a lower surface brightness edge-on.

 

17.5" (11/30/91): fairly faint, small, irregularly round, small bright core, stellar nucleus.  Located 3.5' ESE of mag 7.5 SAO 55664.  Smaller but higher surface brightness than NGC 973 4.5' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1815 = J 3-931 on 20 Jan 1898 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbM, mag 14 stellar nucleus."

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IC 1827 = UGC 2152 = MCG +00-07-075 = CGCG 388-089 = PGC 10087

02 39 46.5 +01 33 30

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.0;  PA = 154d

 

17.5" (11/26/94): faint, small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.2', bright core.  A mag 13 star is very close to the SE end 28" from the center.  Forms a pair with NGC 1038 5.6' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1827 = J 3-938 on 21 Dec 1903 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "F, 15" to 20", fan-shaped, star 13-14 in contact."

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IC 1830 = IC 1826 = Haro 18 = ESO 416-006 = MCG -05-07-012 = UGCA 37 = PGC 10041

02 39 03.7 -27 26 37

V = 12.8;  Size 1.7'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

17.5" (12/9/01): moderately bright and large, elongated 4:3 WNW-ESE, 1.2'x0.9', brighter core.  A mag 10.5 star (SAO 167947) lies 1.3' W of center.

 

DeLisle Stewart found IC 1830 = D.S. 162 on a photographic plate taken in 1901 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "vF, S, susp, ef* 1.5' sp."  Lewis Swift discovered this galaxy on 6 Sep 1897 and recorded Sw XI-42 "pB; cS; R, 8m * near preceding."  His RA is 38 seconds too small so Dreyer assumed the two objects were different, but the equivalence IC 1826 = 1830 is certain.

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IC 1848 = Soul Nebula = LBN 667 = Sh 2-199 = Ced 9 = Cr 32 = Cr 33 = Cr 34 = Baby Nebula

02 51 12 +60 24

V = 6.5;  Size 100'x50'

 

18" (10/13/07): I only took a fairly quick look at this huge HII region ("Soul Nebula" or "Baby Nebula") at the end of the evening after a long examination of IC 1705 ("Heart Nebula").  In comparison, portions of this object clearly have a higher surface brightness using an OIII filter at 73x.  Near the center is an E-W elongated, scattered group of stars (Cr 32), ~10'x4' in size.  On the west end are two mag 7/8.3 with a number of fainter stars huddled nearby.  About 60' to the ENE is another larger, scattered group (Cr 34).  Weak nebulosity is evident throughout the field without a filter.

 

Adding an OIII filter greatly increases the contrast and nebulosity is fairly prominent in several different sections.  About 20' E of Cr 32 is a brighter, elongated patch.  To the east of this patch is a dark lane or intrusion and on the eastern side is a brighter, 10' circular glow (IC 1871) with an irregular outline. IC 1871 is located roughly 45' ENE of Cr 32.  This patch is irregular in surface brightness with brighter streaks.  A larger region spreads out to the east of the cluster increasing the total length to over 1.5 degrees.  I also noticed brighter regions of nebulosity to the west of Cr 32, but didn't take notes on this area or try to follow the entire outline of the complex.

 

17.5" (10/2/99): at 100x, this large but weak grouping is dominated by a 2' pair of mag 7/8 stars which are both surrounded by several close, faint companions.  The surrounding one degree field is undistinguished but it appears weakly concentrated around the bright pair.  Faint nebulosity is visible in portions of the field.  At 220x, the view is striking with ~12 stars huddled around the southern mag 9 star including a nice pair of mag 12 stars nearly collinear and equally spaced.  The brighter mag 7 star (·306) is surrounded by 8-10 companions.  The 20' field is fairly rich but scattered with a matched pair of mag 9 stars ~10' N.

 

Using a UHC filter at 100x, the field is immersed in a very large, faint nebulosity about a degree in length, elongated E-W.  A large, bright region elongated N-S is at the east end, ~35  following the core, and seems detached from the main cloud.  It surrounds a weak scattered group (Cr 34) that is devoid of stars in the center.  The main body of nebulosity has a sharper border and is generally brighter to the north of the core and fades into the background on the south side.  The outline is interesting on the north side with irregular extensions and bulges.  A small brighter circular patch stands out at the west end about 10' W of the core.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1848 photographically and notified Dreyer directly.  The IC description reads "Cl, st F, extends 8 min. f, in F neby."  The Heart (IC 1805) and Soul (IC 1848) nebulae are part of the Cas OB6 Association, a sprawling complex of gas, dust and massive O- and B-class stars at a distance ~7500 light years in the Perseus Arm.

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IC 1853 = MCG -02-08-006 = LGG 076-001 = PGC 10595

02 48 04.3 -13 59 35

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 91d

 

17.5" (12/28/94): extremely faint, very small.  Just glimpsed 2.0' SSW of NGC 1103.  Too faint to view any additional details.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1853 = Ho III-8 on 23 Jan 1900 and recorded "eF, vS, near [NGC] 1103."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1858 = ESO 416-029 = MCG -05-07-033 = PGC 10671

02 49 08.4 -31 17 24

V = 13.1;  Size 1.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 176d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): extremely faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, 25"x20" (viewed core only).  Faintest in a trio with IC 1859 and IC 1860 in the ACO S301 cluster.  Located 8' SW of IC 1860 and 7' S of IC 1859.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1858 = Sw XI-45, along with IC 1859 and 1860, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "vF; pS; R; 1st of 3."  His RA is 25 seconds too small and IC 1859 is actually a bit further west.

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IC 1859 = ESO 416-028 = MCG -05-07-032 = PGC 10665

02 49 03.9 -31 10 22

V = 13.2;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 35d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  Located 1.3' E of a mag 13 star.  First of three with IC 1858 and IC 1860 in the ACO S301 = Klemola 2 cluster.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1859 = Sw XI-46, along with IC 1858 and 1860, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "pF; pS; R; 2nd of 3."  His RA is 25 seconds too small.

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IC 1860 = ESO 416-031 = MCG -05-07-035 = PGC 10707

02 49 33.8 -31 11 23

V = 12.7;  Size 1.7'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 6d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Largest and brightest in a trio with IC 1858 8' SW and IC 1859 6.5' WNW in the core of the ACO S301 = Klemola 2 cluster.  A mag 12.3 star is 1.7' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1860 = Sw XI-47, along with IC 1858 and 1859, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "pF; pS; lE; 3rd of 3."  His RA is 17 seconds too small.

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IC 1864 = ESO 356-017 = MCG -06-07-011 = PGC 10925

02 53 39.3 -34 11 53

V = 12.6;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 63d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak even concentration.  Located 2.8” east of the Fornax Dwarf.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1864 = Sw XI-49 on 19 Oct 1897 and recorded "eF; S; R."  His RA is 29 seconds too small, but pretty accurate in declination.

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IC 1871 = LBN 675 = Ced 11 = Sh 2-201?

02 57 21 +60 40 18

Size 4.0'x4.0'

 

See description of IC 1848 = "Soul Nebula"

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1871 photographically at Lick Observatory and communicated the discovery directly to Dreyer.  Barnard's position matches mag 9.4 BD +60d 624 = GSC 4048:1659.  Harold Corwin writes "I think that Barnard got the wrong magnitude 9.3 BD star.  Instead of BD +60d 596 which is surrounded by nebulosity, "chiefly following", he listed the position of BD +60d 624."  Corwin's star is on the eastern side of IC 1848.

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IC 1886 = MCG -01-09-001 = PGC 11724

03 08 03.2 -04 23 59

Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (1/7/89): very faint, extremely small, round.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.9' S of center.  Picked up 10' SSW of NGC 1221.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1886 = Big 254 on 9 Dec 1893,  He noted the mag 13 star to the south.

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IC 1892 = Arp 332 NED4/5 = VV 260a/b = ESO 480-036 = MCG -04-08-030 = UGCA 55 = PGC 11750

03 08 27.8 -23 03 16

V = 13.2;  Size 1.9'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 2d

 

17.5" (11/10/96): extremely faint, moderately large, very low surface brightness, no concentration, probably elongated ~N-S.  Initially suspected while viewing the NGC 1228 group and confirmed using John Vickers' CCD Atlas.  Located  8.6' SSE of NGC 1228 and 6.7' SE of NGC 1229. This galaxy is the largest in the group, but is fairly difficult, though according to its recessional velocity IC 1892 is superimposed in the front of the group.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1892 = Ho III-11 on 22 Jan 1899 and noted "vF, L; near [NGC] 1230."  His micrometric position is very accurate.

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IC 1897 = MCG -02-09-009 = PGC 11866

03 10 45.9 -10 47 46

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (12/28/94): faint, small, round, weak concentration.  A mag 13 star is 1.5' S.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 1238 3.3' NE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1897 = Ho III-12 on 24 Jan 1900 with the 20-inch refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory.  He noted "eF, vS; near [NGC] 1238" and his micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1900 = MCG +06-08-007 = CGCG 525-013 = KTG 10A = PGC 12124

03 15 55.2 +37 09 15

V = 13.9;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 92d

 

24" (2/5/13): brightest and first in the trio of IC galaxies.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", increases to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.

 

24" (1/12/13): brightest in a trio (KTG 10) with IC 1901 2.9' SSE and IC 1902 3.7' NE.  At 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, very small, elongated 3:2 E-W, ~20"x14", very small brighter nucleus.  Located 2.9' ESE of a mag 11.3 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1900 = J 3-973, along with IC 1901 and 1902, on 18 Jan 1898.  He reported "F, nearly R, 30", gbM, 14 mag stellar ncl."

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IC 1901 = MCG +06-08-008 = CGCG 525-014 = KTG 10B = PGC 12136

03 16 02.6 +37 06 45

Size 0.7'x0.2';  PA = 164d

 

24" (2/5/13): second brightest in the KTG 10 trio (differing opinion than last month) with IC 1900 and IC 1902.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, small, elongated 24"x15" N-S, sharply concentrated with a bright quasi-stellar nucleus and very faint extensions.  Located 2.9' SSE of IC 1900 and 2.4' ENE of a mag 10.3 star.

 

24" (1/12/13): faintest member of the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 2.9' NNW and IC 1902 4.4' NNE.  At 375x appeared faint, very small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, 15"x8" (core region viewed), brighter nucleus.  The galaxy has a similar surface brightness as IC 1900, but is smaller.  A 1.2' pair of  mag 10.3/11 stars lies ~3' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1901 = J 3-974, along with IC 1900 and 1902, on 18 Jan 1898.  He reported "F, R, 20" to 30", similar to IC 1900."

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IC 1902 = CGCG 525-015 = KTG 10C = PGC 12150

03 16 12.4 +37 10 39

Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 67d

 

24" (2/5/13): faintest in the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 and IC 1901.  At 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter, contains a stellar nucleus.  Located 3.7' NE of IC 1900.

 

24" (1/12/13): faint to fairly faint, very small, 15", moderately high even surface brightness except for a faint nearly stellar nucleus.  Furthest northeast in the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 and IC 1901.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1902 = J 3-975, along with IC 1900 and 1901, on 18 Jan 1898.

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IC 1947 = ESO 200-030 = Rose 37 = PGC 13027

03 30 32.8 -50 20 19

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 131d

 

24" (4/5/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): IC 1947 is a faint companion to NGC 1356, located just 2.2' SW of the much brighter galaxy.  At 260x it appeared faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ~0.5'x0.25'.  Forms the west vertex of a small triangle with a mag 12.7 star 1' NE and a mag 11.7 star 1.3' SSE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1947 = DS 206 from a plate taken on 14 Oct 1898 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.

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IC 1953 = ESO 548-038 = MCG -04-09-026 = UGCA 78 = LGG 097-021 = PGC 13184

03 33 41.9 -21 28 43

V = 11.7;  Size 2.8'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 121d

 

13" (10/10/86): fairly faint, very large, diffuse, oval WNW-ESE, weak concentration.  Located 9' N of the bright star Tau 5 Eridani (V = 4.3) that detracts from viewing.  Member of the NGC 1332 group?

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1953 = DS 213 from a plate taken in 1899 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He reported "vF, cL, spir or ring neb."

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IC 1954 = ESO 200-036 = LGG 093-002 = PGC 13090

03 31 31.4 -51 54 17

V = 11.6;  Size 3.2'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 66d

 

24" (4/5/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 260x this was a surprisingly bright and detailed IC galaxy that was missed by John Herschel!  Appears elongated ~2:1 WSW-ENE, ~2.8'x1.4' with a broad concentration to a large, brighter core.  With direct vision a small brighter nucleus was visible at the center.  There was a strong impression of spiral structure with slightly enhanced arcs (probably portions of spiral arms) extending east of the core on the south side and west of the core on the north side (this is consistent with images of the galaxy).

 

Robert Innes discovered IC 1954 in 1898 with the 7-inch Merz refractor at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope.  His discovery position in MN, 59, p339 is 12 seconds of RA too large.  DeLisle Stewart also found this galaxy on a plate taken on 14 Oct 1898 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.

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IC 1970 = ESO 249-007 = MCG -07-08-003 = AM 0334-440 = LGG 102-001 = PGC 13322

03 36 31.5 -43 57 25

V = 12.1;  Size 3.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 75d

 

24" (11/18/12 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): fairly bright, fairly large, thin edge-on ~5:1 WSW-ENE, 2.0'x0.4', with a slightly brighter, bulging core.  Located 25' WNW of NGC 1411.  Member of the NGC 1433 subgroup of the Dorado Group complex.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1970 = Sw XI-57) on 17 Nov 1897 and recorded "eeeF; vS; eeE; a ray, 90”; B * following."  His position is 7' too far west-southwest, but the identification is certain based on the description.  DeLisle Stewart measured an accurate position using an Arequipa plate taken in 1901 and noted "eF, vS, eE at 75”."  Stewart's position angle is accurate.

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IC 1993 = ESO 358-065 = MCG -06-09-032 = AM 0345-335 = PGC 13840

03 47 04.8 -33 42 36

V = 11.7;  Size 2.5'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 56d

 

18" (1/21/04): fairly faint, fairly large, low surface brightness glow with just a very weak concentration, slightly elongated ~N-S, roughly 2.0'x1.7'.  Located just 1.5' ESE of mag 9.3 SAO 194528!  Outlying member of the Fornax I cluster on the northeast side.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1993 = Sw XI-62 on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "eF; L; cE; 7 1/2m in contact; ee diff."

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